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Hong Kong Baptist University

生命倫理學

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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

儒家視角下的死亡的尊嚴, Jianhui Li, Yaming Li Jan 2016

儒家視角下的死亡的尊嚴, Jianhui Li, Yaming Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

What does a death have dignity? In modern healthcare, the wide use of new technology has generated confusion around how to define and protect human dignity, especially in the case of death and dying. Those who advocate the legalization of assisted suicide often appeal to the right to “die with dignity” and the right to individual autonomy. The problem is that it is very difficult to justify one particular understanding of human dignity in the contemporary pluralistic world through a rational formulation without defining dignity.

In this paper, the authors attempt to respond to the current debate on euthanasia and ...


張仲景醫學倫理學思想述評, Jinhai Yan, Yanjie Peng, Yue Yang Jan 2015

張仲景醫學倫理學思想述評, Jinhai Yan, Yanjie Peng, Yue Yang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Zhang Zongjing (150-219), known as the Chinese Hippocrates, was one of the most eminent physicians in China during the Han Dynasty. In the Shanghailun, a famous treatise on cold pathogenic diseases, Zhang not only described past medicinal discoveries but provided regulations for contemporary medical practice. The Shanghailun is thus an important text for scholars of the history of traditional Chinese medicine. The treatise was privately transmitted with no public acknowledgment until the Jin Dynasty (265-420), when it was re-edited and rearranged. The treatise received more attention and became increasingly popular during the Song Dynasty, when a Confucian basis for medical ...


走向中國生命倫理學——重審後基礎之醫學道德, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. Jan 2012

走向中國生命倫理學——重審後基礎之醫學道德, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Unnoticed by many bioethicists, the very foundations of the dominant Western secular morality, and by extension the foundations of the dominant secular bioethics of the West, have been brought into question. After Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and in the light of arguments by philosophers from G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831) to Richard Rorty (1931-2007) and Gianni Vattimo (1936-), it has become ever clearer that neither the content of the dominant Western secular morality nor the content of the dominant Western bioethics can be secured as canonical through sound rational argument. Western secular morality and Western secular bioethics have become foundationless. They ...


生命倫理基礎的形成——從中國醫療衛生體制改革的歷史進程看, Lin Bian Jan 2012

生命倫理基礎的形成——從中國醫療衛生體制改革的歷史進程看, Lin Bian

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Medical and healthcare reform in China over the past three decades has faced various challenges, one of which has been the lack of an ethical spirit in public life. The old moral foundation has collapsed and a new ethical system has not been established. It follows that neither the validity of reform nor public policies derived from that reform have a solid moral and ethical foundation. As the government seeks an effective way of reshaping the national healthcare system in terms of quality and accessibility to keep pace with rapid socio-political and economic transformation, it has to deal with various ...


以儒家中庸思想探討生命倫理學基本理論和原則, Hongxia Wang Jan 2012

以儒家中庸思想探討生命倫理學基本理論和原則, Hongxia Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay explores the doctrine of the mean as the key concept in Confucian thought and practice, contending that it has both general and specific dimensions as it recognizes the absoluteness of moral and ethical principles while acknowledging the importance of relativity in concrete situations when those principles are used. The notion of the “mean” is thus not merely a moral virtue that enables the avoidance of extremes; rather, it is utilitarian because it looks for goodness and effectiveness.

This essay points out that the Confucian notion of the mean can be applied to a wide range of bioethical issues ...


人性、人格與幹細胞研究, Yuanyuan Liang Jan 2012

人性、人格與幹細胞研究, Yuanyuan Liang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Despite stem cell researchers receiving the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovering that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent, stem cell research is still controversial in bio-medical debates. Stem cells have undoubted medical potential in areas such as repairing aging and injured tissues and organs, but stem-cell research involves the creation, use, and destruction of human embryos. That leads to the question of whether embryonic stem cells have moral status and what it means to be human.

This essay explores how new stem cell technology will drastically change the way we define humans and human relationships. We ...


“禮”而非“理”——為何應以儒家視角看待胚胎幹細胞研究問題, Jie Yin Jan 2011

“禮”而非“理”——為何應以儒家視角看待胚胎幹細胞研究問題, Jie Yin

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Stem cell research is a controversial issue in bioethical debates because, although stem cells have great therapeutic potential, such research involves the creation, use, and destruction of human embryos. Some debates center on the question of whether embryonic stem cells have a moral status. This paper contends that in the West, the discussion on whether research on embryonic stem cells is ethically acceptable is usually approached from the perspective of reason or rationality, as one sees in legal provisions pertaining to the issue. Very often, (instrumental) rationality is taken as the primary source for moral and legal justification. The paper ...


中國醫改實踐的生命倫理學困境與中國結構性倫理學視角, Jitong Liu, Dongqi Zhang Jan 2011

中國醫改實踐的生命倫理學困境與中國結構性倫理學視角, Jitong Liu, Dongqi Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The medical reform in China over the past decade is facing various challenges, such as physician-patient relations, healthcare allocation, and the ethics of medical professionalism. This paper attempts to argue that the medical situation in China today cannot be fully understood without examining its cultural, social, and political superstructure, which clarifies the situation in China in the current transitional stage. The studies described in the paper are based on documented literatures that include various “ideal types” in terms of moral philosophies and governmental policies intended to resolve the problems at the practical level. Nevertheless, the attempt to uncover what they ...


儒道與生命倫理, Sen Pei Jan 2010

儒道與生命倫理, Sen Pei

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In this essay, I begin by addressing H. Tristram Engelhardt’s argument of the breakdown of the traditional consensus on moral and religious good. Engelhardt maintains that in the post-modern age, the possibility of constructing a full account of human good is almost impossible. People from different groups and communities engage with one another as moral strangers who need to negotiate moral arrangements. These negotiations are governed by the principle of autonomy, or the “principle of permission.” I contend that Engelhardt’s argument is also relevant in China, although from a different perspective. The traditional distinctions used to distinguish moral ...


履行知情同意原則在中國傳統倫理下的困境, Yan Li Jan 2008

履行知情同意原則在中國傳統倫理下的困境, Yan Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The informed consent has been practiced as a clinical and ethical principle for many years in China. With traditional emphasis on the family as a whole and a hierarchical social structure there is a strong ethic of indebtedness and obligations for one family member to others. Within this moral framework there is a special need for evoking a sense of self-restraint and communal responsibility towards the well-being of a family instead of an individual. As a result, the implementation of the informed consent in China sometimes takes a different direction. This paper intends to explore how traditional values systems, namely ...


中國傳統身體觀與當代墮胎難題, Jue Wang Jan 2007

中國傳統身體觀與當代墮胎難題, Jue Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Abortion is a subject of much controversy in contemporary Western culture. However, the heated debate produces a dilemma: pro-life or pro-choice. For the pro-life advocates, the fetus is regarded as a person and therefore has the absolute right to life, which is undeniable in any case. Even when pregnancy threatens the mother's life, the mother has no right to take the innocent life of the fetus; In other words, the choice of life or death should submit to pure chances, as some critics uphold. On the other hand, however, the pro-choice advocates claim that the pro-life argument is incoherent ...


對虐貓事件的儒家生命倫理學思考——兼論動物權利, Yungling Wang Jan 2007

對虐貓事件的儒家生命倫理學思考——兼論動物權利, Yungling Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In the spring of 2006, a Chinese woman maltreated a cat and caused indignation in Chinese society. Many individuals launched critiques on the woman with severe tongue, and public media took part in the report and critique of the incident. Some individuals argue that the woman infringed animal rights and the Chinese government should formulate a law to protect animal rights. This essay draws on Confucian moral and intellectual resources to contend that animals do not have rights and the Chinese government should not issue any law on animal rights.

The proposition of animal rights came from the modern Western ...


中國傳統文化對生命倫理的影響, Zongliang Xu Jan 2007

中國傳統文化對生命倫理的影響, Zongliang Xu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

China, with a civil history of 5000 years, has rich cultural resources. Chinese culture differs from Western culture in the content of thought, the means of thinking and the form of expression. Generally, Chinese culture is not an analytical, discursive, dualistic system. Rather, it is characteristic of an entire, comprehensive monism. In the humanities, the Chinese have integrated literature, history and philosophy into one system, making them an integral whole. As the main body of Chinese culture, Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism agitate and annotate each other, becoming a cultural unity. Finally, the core of Chinese culture is the thought of ...