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Hong Kong Baptist University


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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

誰應為醫療保健買單?——中國城鎮衛生籌資責任主體歷史演進的儒家反思, Jingxian Wu Jan 2017

誰應為醫療保健買單?——中國城鎮衛生籌資責任主體歷史演進的儒家反思, Jingxian Wu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

A morally justifiable health care system should not only ensure that everyone has equal access to basic health care services, but also be financially sustainable. It is normally supposed that governments, individuals and families take joint responsibility for health care in a certain country or region. Their levels of financial responsibility are a significant factor in the effective allocation of healthcare resources and fair delivery of health care services.

This paper divides the historical evolution of health care financing responsibilities in urban China since 1949 into four periods: a planned economy period, an economic system transition period, an initial period ...

“換頭術”的迷思:儒家生命倫理學的視角, Chuyuan Qiu Jan 2017

“換頭術”的迷思:儒家生命倫理學的視角, Chuyuan Qiu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Head transplant surgery has aroused extensive concerns in the field of biomedical ethics since it was put on the clinical medicine agenda a few years ago. This paper shows that analyzing the ethical controversy over head transplant surgery from the perspective of Confucianism not only helps to avoid the intuitive disgust at “Frankenstein” medical action from a Western tradition, but also provides an innovative perspective different from the instrumentalist rationality and individualism that prevails in Western thought. Under the guidance of the Confucian Principle of Life, people must respect the lives of others and should regard the body and mind ...

儒家視角下的死亡的尊嚴, Jianhui Li, Yaming Li Jan 2016

儒家視角下的死亡的尊嚴, Jianhui Li, Yaming Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

What does a death have dignity? In modern healthcare, the wide use of new technology has generated confusion around how to define and protect human dignity, especially in the case of death and dying. Those who advocate the legalization of assisted suicide often appeal to the right to “die with dignity” and the right to individual autonomy. The problem is that it is very difficult to justify one particular understanding of human dignity in the contemporary pluralistic world through a rational formulation without defining dignity.

In this paper, the authors attempt to respond to the current debate on euthanasia and ...

支援父母捐獻遺體不孝麼?, Yao Fang Jan 2015

支援父母捐獻遺體不孝麼?, Yao Fang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

According to recent statistics, the global organ shortage is particularly serious in China. Some scholars argue that filial piety, a key principle of Confucianism, is the main deterrent to organ donation in China. The same is true of whole-body donation for medical research and education. Most hospitals and medical schools in China refuse to accept bodies even when the donors have provided written consent in their wills, due to pressure from the donors’ children.

In this essay, the author uses a recent case in Zhejiang Province to illustrate the difficulties faced by children in carrying out their parents’ planned body ...

儒家生命倫理對基因改造的倫理辯護與批判, Tao Liu Jan 2015

儒家生命倫理對基因改造的倫理辯護與批判, Tao Liu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Many people feel that genetic engineering, particularly genetic enhancement, has disrupted the traditional understanding of the distinction between choice and chance and its ethical implications. Scholars in the West have strongly objected to scientists’ “playing God” on the grounds that genetic engineering devalues human beings and contravenes intrinsic ethical principles. What is the traditional Confucian view of genetic engineering? The author contends that certain aspects of Confucian thought support the idea of genetic engineering. For instance, Confucian scholars do not define human nature (renxing) as fixed, let alone biologically fixed. The Confucian understanding of human nature as processual offers an ...

儒家倫理是器官捐獻的觀念障礙麼?——如何理解“身體髮膚,不敢毀傷”, Yao Fang Jan 2014

儒家倫理是器官捐獻的觀念障礙麼?——如何理解“身體髮膚,不敢毀傷”, Yao Fang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

There is an organ shortage worldwide and particularly in China. Many researchers in the field of bioethics agree that Confucianism impedes the modern notion of organ donation due to its position on “filial piety” (xiao) in terms of “not damaging one’s body.” The Confucian concept of xiao demands that children obey their parents, serve them diligently, bury them respectfully and worship them afterward. It also proclaims that a person’s body, hair and skin are gifts from their parents that cannot be damaged.

This essay intends to show that such an interpretation of the Confucian concept of xiao is ...

家庭成員共同決定——儒家家庭本位思想在臨床決定中的體現, Hanhui Xu Jan 2013

家庭成員共同決定——儒家家庭本位思想在臨床決定中的體現, Hanhui Xu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Family involvement in medical decision making is a common practice in China due to the influence of Confucianism, which emphasizes the family as an organic unit. Instead of speaking of the individual’s right to choose and make a decision, the Confucian model for “informed consent” calls for “family co-decision making” or “co-determination.” The essay argues that China has long-standing moral traditions such as Confucianism, with its inherent ethical views toward family values that are still pertinent to a person’s daily life in general and bio-medical issues in particular.

The author points out that those who acknowledge the role ...

儒家倫理如何為“生命”的道德辯護——以“人類輔助生殖技術”為例進行的考察, Weihua Guo Jan 2012

儒家倫理如何為“生命”的道德辯護——以“人類輔助生殖技術”為例進行的考察, Weihua Guo

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

By profoundly intervening in human life, human assisted reproductive technology is challenging the convictions of all well-established ethics, Confucian ethics included. Through such technology, human life is thrown from the divine, transcendent metaphysical situation it has traditionally held into this-worldly circumstances. In particular, human assisted reproductive technology brings with it a series of ethical problems. First, the sanctity of life is put in jeopardy. From this perspective, every human life is unique and independent. However, human assisted reproductive technology has the potential to destroy such uniqueness and independence. Second, human subjectivity is lost. An essential attribute of human life is ...

儒家倫理視閾下家庭醫療儲蓄帳戶之“家庭”的界定, Lijuan Bu, Xiaoyang Chen Jan 2012

儒家倫理視閾下家庭醫療儲蓄帳戶之“家庭”的界定, Lijuan Bu, Xiaoyang Chen

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The notion of family health savings accounts has attracted wide attention from academic circles, both domestic and international. Many Chinese scholars understand the importance of this notion and support the establishment of family health savings accounts in Chinese society, because it fits very well with Confucian family ethics and the family-oriented values that are vibrant in Chinese society. However, to pursue fully the significance and function of the family in operating appropriate health savings accounts, we must explore the question of how the family should be defined.

The problem is not only in offering a theoretical definition, but also related ...

軍醫生命倫理探析, Fang Yang Jan 2011

軍醫生命倫理探析, Fang Yang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The modern world faces various military bioethical problems. A series of prominent issues – such as battlefield euthanasia, battlefield organ transplants, military medical research, the use of vaccines, emergent public health crises, and ecological ethical problems – challenge our moral conscience and our cultural commitments, both in the West and in China. Chinese bioethical scholars need to turn their attention to these important but thorny issues and provide ethically appropriate solutions by drawing on their intellectual and ethical resources.

The recent history of military bioethical research in China shows that the character of such research is culture-laden. Influenced by the long-standing Confucian ...

輔助生殖技術應用的儒家倫理解讀, Xiangjin Kong, Mingjie Zhao Jan 2011

輔助生殖技術應用的儒家倫理解讀, Xiangjin Kong, Mingjie Zhao

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has provided both opportunities and crises for people to achieve pregnancy and reproduction by artificial or partially artificial means. As Chinese people have been shaped by Confucian family values, they are committed to pursuing the continuity, integrity, and prosperity of the family. Applying ART is not unethical in principle. However, different types of ART carry different ethical implications and should be defined clearly according to the Confucian moral perspective.

Confucian ethics is committed to maintaining the continuity of the family. For infertile couples, both artificial insemination (AI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be beneficial and ...

輔助生殖技術對傳統儒家倫理的挑戰與反思, Miao He Jan 2011

輔助生殖技術對傳統儒家倫理的挑戰與反思, Miao He

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Chinese traditional Confucian ethics recognizes the fundamental importance of the family. Appropriate blood-tie relationships have become a major concern in Chinese marriages and family life. As the Confucian ethical tradition has been established for thousands of years, the core values and meanings of Confucian family ethics are implicit in Chinese life and embodied in everyday activities. The family has been taken as a foundation of the state, and family regulation has been taken as an indispensable element in the Confucian societal ideal of “personal cultivation, family regulation, state governance, and the whole world made peaceful.”

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has ...

試論儒家倫理對構建當代生命科技倫理的價值, Xiuqin Shen, Tongwei Yang Jan 2008

試論儒家倫理對構建當代生命科技倫理的價值, Xiuqin Shen, Tongwei Yang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

We live in an age of unprecedented human mastery — over birth and death, body and mind, nature and human nature. The rapid pace of scientific and technological development is not always matched by the ethical considerations within wider society on the impacts of such development. Very often, technological progress such as organ transplants and genetic engineering is not always ethically acceptable. Meanwhile, traditional ethical values also face great challenges. Contemporary science and technology ethics re-examines the ethical issues by which we live and ask the question: do we have in place the ethical guidelines through which we can incorporate these ...

儒家倫理對構建醫師專業精神的若干啟示, Enchang Li, Yumei Xu, Yue Teng Jan 2008

儒家倫理對構建醫師專業精神的若干啟示, Enchang Li, Yumei Xu, Yue Teng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

As a dominant cultural tradition in China, Confucianism has greatly inf luenced the Chinese medical ethics. From the view point of Confucian ethics, medicine is the“ art of benevolence” (renshu ). For a Confucian, Confucianism and medicine share the same principle. The concept of patients-first is deeply rooted in the Confucian ethical system in which the“ virtue of a doctor” (yide ) is a primary concern in medical professionalism. This paper f irst discusses the major three principles of professionalism presented by“ The Declaration of Medical Professionalism in the New Century,” and attempts to deal with the limitations of the Declaration by ...