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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

前言:當代生命倫理學所面臨的問題:共性與殅性
Introduction: Contemporary Issues In Bioethics: The Universal And The Particular
, Ellen Y. Zhang
Jan 2019

前言:當代生命倫理學所面臨的問題:共性與殅性Introduction: Contemporary Issues In Bioethics: The Universal And The Particular, Ellen Y. Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

當代生命倫理學有幾個具有時代印記的問題,如老年化社會的危機,醫學生物科技的挑戰,醫患關係的重新定位,從傳統醫學治療(medical treatment)轉向健康護理(healthcare)所引發的醫療費用的增長等等。我們對這些問題的倫理思考,既需要文化普遍性的考量,也需要文化特殊性的斟酌。本期所刊登的文章,部分來自香港浸會大學應用倫理學中心於2019年5月在廣州舉辦的第十三屆「建構中國生命倫理學」研討會。其中不少問題仍然涉及到如何看待西方生命倫理學原則在中國語境下的應用與 踐。


養老領域中的代際衝突與代際公平--基於儒家倫理的視閾
Generational Conflict And Generational Equity In Elderly Care: From The Perspective Of Confucian Ethics
, Jue Wang
Jan 2019

養老領域中的代際衝突與代際公平--基於儒家倫理的視閾Generational Conflict And Generational Equity In Elderly Care: From The Perspective Of Confucian Ethics, Jue Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

From a global perspective, generational equity has long been a core issue in pension reform and medical resource allocation. Indeed, discussion of generational equity involves a financial crisis related to pension deficits and the fairness of the pension system, which is a crisis that threatens the ethical foundation of the social insurance institution, i.e., the intergenerational contract. From an ethical perspective, how to reconstruct the intergenerational contract under the pressure of aging is crucial to the debate on generational equity. This study critically examines the dominant framework of the debate on generational equity and proposes an alternative interpretation framework ...


儒家如何看待脱離婚姻的生育行為--由單身女性「凍卵」問題引發的法律與倫理討論
How Does Confucianism View The Procreative Behavior Of Marriage? A Legal And Ethical Discussion Triggered By The Problem Of Single Women's Frozen Eggs
, Jie Bai
Jan 2019

儒家如何看待脱離婚姻的生育行為--由單身女性「凍卵」問題引發的法律與倫理討論How Does Confucianism View The Procreative Behavior Of Marriage? A Legal And Ethical Discussion Triggered By The Problem Of Single Women's Frozen Eggs, Jie Bai

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In recent years, thanks to the promotion of the status of women and the celebrity effect, the issue of the frozen eggs of single women has become a focus of public opinion, leading to discussion of the reproductive rights of single women in the legal arena. However, single women's frozen eggs are also an ethical issue. The laws and regulations not only involve ethics, but also ethical considerations in the clinical practice of frozen eggs. In today's society, in which the marriage rate and fertility rate continue to decline, many single women choose to freeze their eggs to ...


「知情同意」視角下人工智能用於醫療診斷的透明度問題
The Problem Of The Non-Transparency Of Artificial Intelligence Technologies In Medical Diagnosis: A View Based On Informed Consent
, Hanhui Xu
Jan 2019

「知情同意」視角下人工智能用於醫療診斷的透明度問題The Problem Of The Non-Transparency Of Artificial Intelligence Technologies In Medical Diagnosis: A View Based On Informed Consent, Hanhui Xu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Since the introduction of artificial intelligence technologies in medical diagnosis, ethical issues have emerged. One of these concerns is the "black box," which can only be seen in terms of inputs and outputs, with no way to understand the AI algorithm. This is problematic because patients, physicians, and even designers do not understand why or how a treatment recommendation is produced by AI technologies. In this paper, I argue that AI technologies should be explained on the grounds that patients have a right to informed consent.

隨著人工智能技術在醫療診斷中得到了越來越廣泛的應用,對於其“不透明性”的擔心也日益加重。這種擔心來自人們對人工智能系統的工作機制尚不清楚。在我們還無法知道其内部工作原理的情況下,根據它的診斷對患者進行治療是否可行?本文嘗試從患者知情同意權的角度去論證,應用於醫療診斷的人工智能系統應該更加透明,以避免對患者造成可能的傷害。


世界首例基因編輯嬰兒事件的科學與倫理學思考
Scientific And Ethical Thinking About The World's First Gene-Edited Infant Event
, Deming Fu, Hongqi Wang
Jan 2019

世界首例基因編輯嬰兒事件的科學與倫理學思考Scientific And Ethical Thinking About The World's First Gene-Edited Infant Event, Deming Fu, Hongqi Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This study is based on the announcement by Dr. He Jiankui of Southern University of Science and Technology on November 26, 2018 that a pair of gene-edited babies were born in China in November. It discusses the ethical problems posed by Dr. He's research in CRISPR-based gene editing technology for human embryos, analyzes the scientific and ethical problems in CRISPR/Cas9 technology and choosing CCR5 as the target of anti-AIDS infection, and investigates the feasibility of relevant research. The fact that human genetic material can be irreversibly transformed into a human gene pool presents a huge risk and an ...


從屬性論及關係論看胎兒在道教的道德地位
The Moral Status Of A Fetus In Taoism Based On The Theory Of Attributes And The Theory Of Relationships
, Kim Lung Yu
Jan 2019

從屬性論及關係論看胎兒在道教的道德地位The Moral Status Of A Fetus In Taoism Based On The Theory Of Attributes And The Theory Of Relationships, Kim Lung Yu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The West generally focuses on whether a fetus is a human being when discussing its moral status. However, a carefully reading of the Taoist scriptures indicates that this question is less important and may not be the best way to consider the status of the fetus in Taoism. Therefore, this study focuses on the Taoist scriptures, using the approaches of the theory of attributes and the theory of relationships, to determine whether a fetus has a moral status and what it is. It is found that it is not necessary for a fetus to be a human being to have ...


人類的尊嚴、人權和自主性
Dignity Of The Human Species, Human Rights, And Autonomy
, Yaming Li
Jan 2019

人類的尊嚴、人權和自主性Dignity Of The Human Species, Human Rights, And Autonomy, Yaming Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Human dignity is a concept with multiple dimensions. Its primary dimension should be the dignity of the human species as a whole. The basis of the dignity of the human species rests on certain essential characteristics of the species, and the moral demand of the dignity of the human species is to maintain and promote these characteristics. In bioethical research, human dignity has often been equated with human rights or autonomy. Some people have even suggested that the concept of human dignity can be replaced with the concept of human rights or autonomy. However, the analysis of the dignity of ...


藏傳佛教與古代藏醫學發展
Tibetan Buddhism And The Development Of Ancient Tibetan Medicine
, Xi Chen
Jan 2019

藏傳佛教與古代藏醫學發展Tibetan Buddhism And The Development Of Ancient Tibetan Medicine, Xi Chen

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

As a traditional ethnic medicine with a long history, Tibetan medicine still has great clinical value today. Tibetan Buddhism played an extremely important role during the development of Tibetan medicine. Closely related to the introduction of ancient Indian Ayurvedic medicine to Tibet, Tibetan Buddhism laid the foundation of the basic theory of the balance between the three factors and seven substances of Tibetan medicine. The celestial burial ceremony was convenient for anatomical research, and the emphasis on medical knowledge during the education of monks further promoted the development of Tibetan medical education. However, Tibetan Buddhism also introduced special religious characteristics ...