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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2011

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Classics Or Sacred Books? Grammatological And Interpretive Problems Of Ruist And Daoist Scriptures In The Translation Corpora Of James Legge (1815-1897) And Richard Wilhelm (1873-1930), Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2011

Classics Or Sacred Books? Grammatological And Interpretive Problems Of Ruist And Daoist Scriptures In The Translation Corpora Of James Legge (1815-1897) And Richard Wilhelm (1873-1930), Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


輔助生殖技術對傳統儒家倫理的挑戰與反思, Miao He Jan 2011

輔助生殖技術對傳統儒家倫理的挑戰與反思, Miao He

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Chinese traditional Confucian ethics recognizes the fundamental importance of the family. Appropriate blood-tie relationships have become a major concern in Chinese marriages and family life. As the Confucian ethical tradition has been established for thousands of years, the core values and meanings of Confucian family ethics are implicit in Chinese life and embodied in everyday activities. The family has been taken as a foundation of the state, and family regulation has been taken as an indispensable element in the Confucian societal ideal of “personal cultivation, family regulation, state governance, and the whole world made peaceful.”

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has ...


導言, Ellen Y. Zhang Jan 2011

導言, Ellen Y. Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

當代中國生命倫理學面臨三大困境和挑戰:一是中國倫理學的總體理論議題,即當代中國人應該如何反思自身文化身份和整合倫理價值,並在此基礎上與西方倫理學對話;二是生命倫理學的具體理論議題,即傳統倫理學如何面對由於現代科學技術所產生的新問題;三是當代中國生命倫理學的實踐議題,即生命倫理學如何引導當局實踐“中國醫藥衞生體制改革”以解決目前諸多問題,並制定與之相關的政府政策。本期所刊登的六篇文章皆與上述三大困境和挑戰相關,其中五篇曾於今年暑期,在香港浸會大學應用倫理學研究中心舉辦的第六屆“建構中國生命倫理學”研討會上宣讀。研討會上,論文作者與來自美國萊斯大學(Rice University)的恩格爾哈特教授(H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.)就生命倫理學的一些具體問題進行了深入交流和爭論,特別是如何理解在中國文化的語境中探討當代生命倫理學與醫療科技的關係。


導言:中國生命倫理學前途何在?, Ruiping Fan Jan 2011

導言:中國生命倫理學前途何在?, Ruiping Fan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

本期所刊論文均以儒家傳統倫理為出發點,探討新的生殖技術所帶來的道德挑戰以及軍隊醫學在當代所面臨的道德問題,故以“儒家傳統與新的挑戰” 為題。論文曾在今年7 月香港浸會大學應用倫理學研究中心舉辦的第五屆「建構中國生命倫理學」研討會上交流,後經編者評議和作者修改而成。


從儒家倫理看克隆人的正當性問題, Shunqing Zhang Jan 2011

從儒家倫理看克隆人的正當性問題, Shunqing Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay attempts to offer a Confucian view of human cloning. It analyzes the nature of human cloning from the perspective of Confucian ethics. It argues that we should not make simple “Confucian” conclusions about human cloning based on certain isolated Confucian views, but should take a personal view on the fundamental spirit of Confucianism. Evidently, the foundation of Confucian ethics is its view of the Dao of Heaven (tiendao). From the perspective of this essay, the Dao of Heaven offers two principles with which people should comply. The first principle is that the Dao of humans must follow the ...


儒家生命倫理視野下人工生殖倫理觀之構建, Caixia Wang, Jun Zhang, Shuo Zhang Jan 2011

儒家生命倫理視野下人工生殖倫理觀之構建, Caixia Wang, Jun Zhang, Shuo Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

With the development and application of artificial reproductive technology, humans are able to “artificially reproduce.” However, a series of ethical problems and conflicts have arisen from the practice of artificial reproduction, suggesting that modern artificial reproductive technology serves as a kind of “double-edged sword” – it provides both benefit and harm to human beings. How to attend to the ethical conflicts arising from artificial reproduction, and more importantly, how to develop adequate contemporary ethics to provide guidance to society regarding artificial reproduction, are crucially important ethical tasks that must be addressed. This essay argues that Confucian ethical wisdom and principles should ...


“禮”而非“理”——為何應以儒家視角看待胚胎幹細胞研究問題, Jie Yin Jan 2011

“禮”而非“理”——為何應以儒家視角看待胚胎幹細胞研究問題, Jie Yin

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Stem cell research is a controversial issue in bioethical debates because, although stem cells have great therapeutic potential, such research involves the creation, use, and destruction of human embryos. Some debates center on the question of whether embryonic stem cells have a moral status. This paper contends that in the West, the discussion on whether research on embryonic stem cells is ethically acceptable is usually approached from the perspective of reason or rationality, as one sees in legal provisions pertaining to the issue. Very often, (instrumental) rationality is taken as the primary source for moral and legal justification. The paper ...


合成生命的倫理觀:有所為,有所不為, Xinqing Zhang Jan 2011

合成生命的倫理觀:有所為,有所不為, Xinqing Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Modern biotechnology that creates living organisms challenge the traditional definition of life. This paper argues that although we should be very cautious when using synthetic biology, it would be ethically wrong and practically unwise to resist the new biotechnology all together. Daoism is used to discuss the dilemma between being natural (ziran) and being artificial (renwei). Moreover, Daoism calls for the Chinese science community to develop an ethical-regulatory framework to deal with both the potential of biotechnological research and its risks. The paper urges that if we decide to proceed with biotechnology, relevant factors concerning bio-safety and bio-security must be ...


軍醫生命倫理探析, Fang Yang Jan 2011

軍醫生命倫理探析, Fang Yang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The modern world faces various military bioethical problems. A series of prominent issues – such as battlefield euthanasia, battlefield organ transplants, military medical research, the use of vaccines, emergent public health crises, and ecological ethical problems – challenge our moral conscience and our cultural commitments, both in the West and in China. Chinese bioethical scholars need to turn their attention to these important but thorny issues and provide ethically appropriate solutions by drawing on their intellectual and ethical resources.

The recent history of military bioethical research in China shows that the character of such research is culture-laden. Influenced by the long-standing Confucian ...


輔助生殖技術應用的儒家倫理解讀, Xiangjin Kong, Mingjie Zhao Jan 2011

輔助生殖技術應用的儒家倫理解讀, Xiangjin Kong, Mingjie Zhao

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has provided both opportunities and crises for people to achieve pregnancy and reproduction by artificial or partially artificial means. As Chinese people have been shaped by Confucian family values, they are committed to pursuing the continuity, integrity, and prosperity of the family. Applying ART is not unethical in principle. However, different types of ART carry different ethical implications and should be defined clearly according to the Confucian moral perspective.

Confucian ethics is committed to maintaining the continuity of the family. For infertile couples, both artificial insemination (AI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be beneficial and ...


生物信息庫研究中個人遺傳信息的告知, Min Liu Jan 2011

生物信息庫研究中個人遺傳信息的告知, Min Liu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The establishment of human biobanks has begun to play an important function in promoting healthcare in many countries. Biobanks can disclose genetic data and can be used to identify health- and disease-relevant environmental, individual, and clinical factors. Indeed, studies of genetic epidemiology and human genomics increasingly rely on the use of human biobanks, which have played a positive role in breakthroughs in chronic disease research. They have also strongly supported creative research on drugs and the improvement of therapeutic methods.

Currently, biobanks are an important target for development within the area of biomedicine. However, at least in the context of ...


從儒家倫理學到“儒家生命倫理學”的距離, Shuai Wang Jan 2011

從儒家倫理學到“儒家生命倫理學”的距離, Shuai Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Contemporary bioethics and moral principles often emphasize values such as human dignity, equality, and individual autonomy, particularly in the case of moral dilemmas. Given that traditional Confucian ethics does not speak of these values, the effort to construct “Confucian bioethics” today may face challenges from two aspects: (1) the notion of individualism, and (2) individual autonomy that makes moral choices possible. The paper contends that there is an ethical incommensurability between traditional Confucian moral philosophy and contemporary bioethics. This leads to the argument that one cannot simply apply the moral principles of bioethics to assess and judge Confucian ethics. It ...


道、技與自然——現代生物科技的莊子式批判, Hongwen Li Jan 2011

道、技與自然——現代生物科技的莊子式批判, Hongwen Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses such as engineering, technology, and medical research. This paper highlights the social, legal, and moral issues brought about by modern biotechnology. It is particularly concerned with materialism, capitalism, and commercialism where biotechnological means are explored and exploited without ethical boundaries. The result of biotechnological abuse is that we human beings will become increasingly alienated from our authentic nature and being.

Daoism was one of the major philosophical traditions of ancient China, based on the teaching of Laozi and Zhuangzi. This paper focuses on the ...


同體共生——從佛教觀點看器官捐獻, Jing Hao Jan 2011

同體共生——從佛教觀點看器官捐獻, Jing Hao

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

With the rapid development of medicinal technology, organ transplantation and donation have become an important issue in contemporary bioethics. On the one hand, organ transplantation is an effective means to saving lifes which has benefited from the incredible progress of medical science in the past few decades. On the other hand, organ donation involves profound ethical dimensions and ambiguities. This paper attempts to examine the issue of organ donation from a Buddhist viewpoint. Through textual exegeses and the explication of some key Buddhist ideas, such as the Bodhisattva’s great compassion and doctrine of inter-dependent origination, it seems that organ ...


中國醫改實踐的生命倫理學困境與中國結構性倫理學視角, Jitong Liu, Dongqi Zhang Jan 2011

中國醫改實踐的生命倫理學困境與中國結構性倫理學視角, Jitong Liu, Dongqi Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The medical reform in China over the past decade is facing various challenges, such as physician-patient relations, healthcare allocation, and the ethics of medical professionalism. This paper attempts to argue that the medical situation in China today cannot be fully understood without examining its cultural, social, and political superstructure, which clarifies the situation in China in the current transitional stage. The studies described in the paper are based on documented literatures that include various “ideal types” in terms of moral philosophies and governmental policies intended to resolve the problems at the practical level. Nevertheless, the attempt to uncover what they ...