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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Hannah Arendt distinguishes between labor (life-sustaining activity), work (creative activity) and action (activity directed toward maintaining human relationships). This paper extends Arendt’s framework to three corresponding forms of inactivity: incorporating leisure, play and rest into a balanced, sixfold framework provides a robust, philosophical theology of work as divine-human cooperation. The philosopher’s life of leisure suggests a synthesis of Adam Smith’s and Karl Marx’s contrasting views on labor. An overview of biblical perspectives highlights a similarly paradoxical role for play in “the work” of divine creativity. Finally, an attitude of religious “rest” empowers us to transcend alienating ...


Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill Jan 2009

Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


研究方法論的轉向 (代導言), Ruiping Fan Jan 2009

研究方法論的轉向 (代導言), Ruiping Fan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

本期論文是從香港浸會大學應用倫理學研究中心舉辦的第三屆「建構中國生命倫理學」研討會中挑選出來的有關儒家生命倫理學的論文。這些論文各具特點:有的側重探索理倫層面,有的主要關注實踐領域;有的討論一般問題,有的則試圖解決具體問題;有的分析外來主張是否同中國文化相互適應,有的則用中國倫理評判國際宣言。這些論文的共同之處,是以儒家的倫理學說為基礎來構建自己的論證;在“理論”方面,都帶有鮮明的中國特色。


臨終關懷決策問題的倫理考慮, Ho Mun Chan Jan 2009

臨終關懷決策問題的倫理考慮, Ho Mun Chan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This paper examines the end-of-life (EOL) decision-making process for mentally incapacitated patients from an ethical perspective. It introduces four common models in EOL decision making: medical paternalism, individualism, familism and the shared decision-making model. According to medical paternalism, the final decision should be made by the medical practitioner, whereas individualism asserts that this decision should be made by the patient before losing decisional capacity. Familism regards the final decision as a collective choice made by the family, whereas the shared decision-making model maintains that the family should jointly make the decision after taking the patient’s wishes, values and beliefs ...


自殺與儒家的生死價值觀:以《列女傳》為例, Ellen Y. Zhang Jan 2009

自殺與儒家的生死價值觀:以《列女傳》為例, Ellen Y. Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The Lienüzhuan (LNZ) or the Collected Life-Stories of Women complied by the late-Western Han Confucian scholar Liu Xiang (79-8 B.C.E.), consists of 125 exemplary life stories of women covering a broad period from earlier legendary time to the Han Dynasty. LNZ, like many other narratives in the early Chinese tradition, is a form of character-focused narrative based on quasi-historical accounts. To locate this Han text in a comprehensive framework of Confucian moral philosophy is not an easy task, and neither is recreating the moment of interpretative creativity. What intrigues the reader today about this work is not whether ...


當代中國的公共衞生——基於儒家家庭觀的一點想法, Haihong Zhang Jan 2009

當代中國的公共衞生——基於儒家家庭觀的一點想法, Haihong Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The SARS epidemic in China in 2003 highlighted the significant role played by public health in contemporary society. It also stimulated public health research in Chinese academia. Although the area is too complex to be concisely defined, it is widely recognized that public health focuses mainly on prevention, protection, and promotion. In China, we have usually attempted to copy Western models to deal with Chinese problems in general and public health issues in particular. A serious problem, however, is that such models may fit Chinese contexts well. Chinese scholars have engaged in Western theoretical debates without considering China’s unique ...


儒家論墮胎與母胎關係, Shui Chuen Lee Jan 2009

儒家論墮胎與母胎關係, Shui Chuen Lee

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Abortion is a perennial problem in the West. This essay shows that although the three major Western approaches to this issue – pro-life conservativism, pro-choice liberalism and the third way view that supports early but disallows late abortions – sound quite incompatible with each other, they nevertheless share a fundamental idea. They take the maternal-fetal relation as a relation between two unrelated right-holders, the pregnant woman and the fetus. This assumption can be criticized as not appropriate to the reality of the maternal-fetal relation. In this essay, I adapt the not-one-and-not-two relationship model of the pregnant woman and the fetus proposed by ...


安樂死:一種儒家倫理之考量, Jun Li Jan 2009

安樂死:一種儒家倫理之考量, Jun Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay reexamines the issue of euthanasia from the perspective of Confucian ethics. The author, as a Confucian scholar, responds to and analyzes the ethical challenge posed by euthanasia. In this way, the essay constitutes a preliminary attempt to establish a Confucian understanding of and attitude towards euthanasia.

Confucians generally see death as the end of life in this world, leaving open the question of the immortality of the soul or the resurrection of the body. This view differs little from that generally held in the secularized modern world and seems close to a pro-euthanasia position, making Confucianism different from ...


導言:生死決策的西方思想困境與儒家軟實力, Ruiping Fan Jan 2009

導言:生死決策的西方思想困境與儒家軟實力, Ruiping Fan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

生死決策是人生最重要的決策,也是生命倫理學中最艱難的決 策。本期的六篇論文,除了最後一篇論述長期照護的政策之外,其餘各篇均探討生死決策問題,特別是有關墮胎、臨終關懷以及自殺方面的決策問題。綜合看來,這些論文表達了兩方面的思想。一方面是,西方主流生命倫理學在生死決策方面陷入了困境,難以自拔;另一方面是,儒家傳統在生死決策方面具有豐富的資源,構成了不同於西方主流思想的軟實力,值得我們認真探索。本前言將依據各篇論文,概述這兩方面的思想,供讀者參考。


從墮胎問題看權利觀點的局限, Kam Por Yu Jan 2009

從墮胎問題看權利觀點的局限, Kam Por Yu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay examines the shortcomings and limitations of the rights-based approach to the problem of abortion, and explores Confucianism as an alternative in providing a theoretical framework for handling that problem. It mainly focuses on the downside of the rights-based approach and the upside of the Confucian approach.

I begin by examining the major arguments of the pro-life and pro-choice camps, and argue that they have many things in common. The arguments have similar structures and some common assumptions, and they are both framed predominantly in the language of rights. The arguments lead to extreme positions, either regarding abortion as ...


醫乃仁術:儒家視野下的醫患關係, Jue Wang Jan 2009

醫乃仁術:儒家視野下的醫患關係, Jue Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay addresses the ethical implications of the physician-patient relationship from the Confucian perspective, which holds that the physician must regard the patient as a family member to treat the patient properly. It is well known that there are two primary approaches to moral authority in contemporary Western medical ethics. One is internal, and assumes that the good inherent to medicine is the source of moral authority in medical activities. The other is external, and denies that the ends and ethics of medicine can be determined by typical medical activities. It holds that medical ethics should be based on general ...


儒家誠信倫理乃醫患誠信之本——重塑中國現代醫患信任關係, Yang Yang Jan 2009

儒家誠信倫理乃醫患誠信之本——重塑中國現代醫患信任關係, Yang Yang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

A crisis of trust exists in the doctor-patient relationship in contemporary transitional China. This essay applies the Confucian notions of sincerity and trustworthiness to analyze the causes of the crisis. It argues that sincerity is the root of trust in human relations. For trust to develop between patients and doctors, sincerity must be cultivated. Without sincerity mediating human relations, trust between doctors and patients is impossible.

The Confucian doctrine of sincerity is based on one’s inherent moral personality, and is part of the virtuous treatment of others. In Confucianism, love is a relational virtue, meaning one should practice filial ...


醫學的工具理性與儒家的中庸之道, Linjuan Zheng Jan 2009

醫學的工具理性與儒家的中庸之道, Linjuan Zheng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Recent years have witnessed various unusual events in the medical field in China. This essay explores one particular event that has attracted intense attention and generated broad discussion: the use of a new but unapproved and unaccredited medical technique in a large Shanghai hospital that caused the death of a patient. Also examined are the series of incidents that led up to this tragic occurrence. Such events and incidents indicate that modern scientific medicine in China has taken a direction that may not be consistent with medicine as health care. Specifically, recent medical developments show an instrumentalist rationality – medicine as ...


中國文化是否構成了對知情同意的挑戰?, Wei Zhu Jan 2009

中國文化是否構成了對知情同意的挑戰?, Wei Zhu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Since its introduction into China as a bioethical principle, informed consent has been a controversial topic. Many doubt its adoptability in the Chinese context. They claim that in China, it is often the family and not the patient that makes the decision about patient care in real clinical practice or medical research. In addition, Chinese culture appears incompatible with the principle of informed consent. As a result, many scholars conclude that Chinese culture constitutes a challenge to the application of informed consent in China.

This essay contends that such an argument does not hold water, or at least, is not ...


醫師專業精神的儒家倫理解讀:《新世紀醫師專業精神——醫師宣言》簡評, Pingchuan Zhang Jan 2009

醫師專業精神的儒家倫理解讀:《新世紀醫師專業精神——醫師宣言》簡評, Pingchuan Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

This essay introduces the basic content and key features of the document “Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium: A Physicians’ Charter” issued by a few American and European medical organizations in 2002. It provides a Confucian evaluation of the fundamental professional principles that the Charter upholds: the primacy of patients’ welfare, patients’ autonomy, and social justice. Drawing on rich Confucian moral and intellectual resources, this essay shows that these fundamental principles must be reinterpreted in terms of Chinese medical ethical concerns and commitments in relation to Chinese healthcare contexts. For example, the principles of the primacy of patient’s welfare ...


墮胎與“人”的程度:闡釋墮胎(及動物權利)問題無法解決的因由, Hon Lam Li Jan 2009

墮胎與“人”的程度:闡釋墮胎(及動物權利)問題無法解決的因由, Hon Lam Li

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The aim of this article is to understand the apparent impasse in the problem of abortion. I admit that the particular circumstance in which an abortion is sought is morally relevant. Thus, if an abortion is sought because the mother’s life is endangered, or the fetus is grossly deformed, or the pregnancy was the result of rape, then abortion is morally justified, regardless of whether a fetus is a person or not. Notwithstanding these cases, whether a fetus is a person is morally vital for answering the question of whether abortion is justified in most other cases. I assume ...


再議台灣長期照護政策的性別正義問題與出路, Shu Chen Lee Jan 2009

再議台灣長期照護政策的性別正義問題與出路, Shu Chen Lee

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Facing the ever increasing pace of ageing in society, the Taiwanese government proposed a “Ten-year Plan for Long-term Care” in 2007 as the basis of its long-term care policy. However, the plan clearly does not pay attention to the issue of gender justice in Taiwanese society. For example, the supply and distribution of care-giving labor as determined in the plan does not establish a system and practice that would conform to mainstream Taiwanese thought on gender issues. Feminists are keen to criticize that the long-term care of the elderly has been a burden and an indication of gender injustice in ...