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Hong Kong Baptist University

1999

遺傳諮詢

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

科學與政治:遺傳學歷史上的辛酸教訓, Ren-Zong Qiu Jan 1999

科學與政治:遺傳學歷史上的辛酸教訓, Ren-Zong Qiu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

What happened in Nazi Germany or Nazi Genetics and eugenics left us a grave lesson we should never forget. We must keep in our mind that everybody is ethically and legally equal regardless of race, healthy or ill, smart or retarded, and enjoy equal rights including life, Health, marriage and reproduction. Calling retarded "inferior" is a discriminatory action. Science, medicine and genetics aim at "better life for all", should not do harm to anybody who comes to seek help. Technologically possible does not amount to ethically obligatory. Technological imperative is untenable and harmful. State intervention in to private affairs such ...


遺傳聯繫、家族關係和社會紐帶:面對遺傳知識的權利和責任, Rosamond Rhodes Jan 1999

遺傳聯繫、家族關係和社會紐帶:面對遺傳知識的權利和責任, Rosamond Rhodes

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

目前,涉及遺傳聯繫的一些意義重大的道德問題與遺傳知識有關。在這篇文章中, 我沒有著眼於通常提到的專業或公共機構對個人負責的問題,而是著手談論就遺傳知識而言,個人應相互負有的責任。我提出:個人在不提供社會的群體遺傳學知識、不增加他們家族的遺傳歷史知識、不發現關於他們自己和他們後代的遺傳信息的情況下,是否具有追求自己目標的道德權利。這些問題引導我們考察對遺傳不知的推定權利並探究各種各樣的社會紐帶。根據上述考慮我分析了幾個案例,從而導致了一些意想不到的結論,觸及了廣為人們接受的遺傳諮詢規則,也獲得了對典型問題的倫理學洞察力,並且進一步引發了未被答覆的面對遺傳知識個人所負何種責任的問題。


中國文化視野中遺傳知識的應用, Xin-He Hu Jan 1999

中國文化視野中遺傳知識的應用, Xin-He Hu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The solutions or resolutions of ethical issues in genetic screening and testing as well as in other fields are shaped by a framework of ethical principles. Now the three (or four) basic ethical principles, i.e. beneficence (or plus nonmaleficence), autonomy and justice which were developed in a medical context of Judeo-Christian culture have been widely accepted in the world as well as in some countries with non-Judeo-Christian culture. So it can be said that these principles form a common framework in the international community, and more or less became universal principles in the world. However, when applying these principles ...