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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan Jan 2017

Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

The Umbrella Movement in 2014 was an important event in the history of democratic movements in Hong Kong. Christians were an integral part of the Occupy Central with Love and Peace Movement and the subsequent Umbrella Movement. Using the model of religious competition and creative innovation, this paper examines the innovative practices employed by Protestant groups competing for Christian representation and the language of social justice in response to church leaders who disputed the movement. The refutations by the Protestant groups were also acts of opposition in reaction to the Chinese Government’s control of universal suffrage. The case of ...


Kant’S Perspectival Solution To The Mind-Body Problem: Or, Why Eliminative Materialists Must Be Kantians, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jul 2016

Kant’S Perspectival Solution To The Mind-Body Problem: Or, Why Eliminative Materialists Must Be Kantians, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant’s Critical philosophy solves Descartes’ mind-body problem, replacing the dualism of the “physical influx” theory he defended in his early career. Kant’s solution, like all Critical theories, is “perspectival,” acknowledging deep truth in both opposing extremes. Minds are not separate from bodies, but a manifestation of them, each viewed from a different perspective. Kant’s transcendental conditions of knowledge portray the mind not as creating the physical world, but as necessarily structuring our knowledge of objects with a set of unconscious assumptions; yet our pre-conscious (pre-mental) encounter with an assumed spatio-temporal, causal nexus is entirely physical. Hence, today ...


The Paradox Of Inwardness In Kant And Kierkegaard: Ronald Green's Legacy In The Philosophy Of Religion, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2016

The Paradox Of Inwardness In Kant And Kierkegaard: Ronald Green's Legacy In The Philosophy Of Religion, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Aside from bioethics, the main theme of Ronald Green's lifework has been an exploration of the relation between religion and morality, with special emphasis on the philosophies of Immanuel Kant and Søren Kierkegaard. This essay summarizes and assesses his work on this theme by examining, in turn, four of his relevant books. Religious Reason (1978) introduced a new method of comparative religion based on Kant's model of a rational religion. Religion and Moral Reason (1988) expanded on this project, clarifying that religious traditions cannot be reduced to their moral grounding. Kierkegaard and Kant: The Hidden Debt (1992) offered ...


The Transcendental Priority Of Touch: Friendship As A Foundation For A Philosophy Of Touch, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2016

The Transcendental Priority Of Touch: Friendship As A Foundation For A Philosophy Of Touch, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

As the boundary between the body and the external world, skin has a transcendental status not possessed by other organs. Considered in this way, touch is the most fundamental sense: sight, hearing, smell, and taste can all be regarded as forms of touch. Increasing sensitivity to touching leads modern societies to intensify sexual harassment laws. Anti-touch legislation is nothing new, as a review of relevant biblical texts demonstrates. Surprisingly, the Gospels’ portrayal of Jesus can serve as a model for modifying touching taboos: when employed responsibly, touch promotes moral/spiritual renewal. Correlating the five senses with five types of love ...


Kantian Theocracy As A Non-Political Path To The Politics Of Peace = 引向和平政治的非政治路徑的康德神治觀, Stephen Palmquist Jan 2016

Kantian Theocracy As A Non-Political Path To The Politics Of Peace = 引向和平政治的非政治路徑的康德神治觀, Stephen Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant is well known as one of the founding fathers of modern liberal democracy: his political theory reaches its climax in the ground-breaking work, Perpetual Peace (1795), which sets out the basic framework for a world federation of states united by a system of international law. What is less well known is that two years earlier, in his Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason (1793/1794), Kant had postulated a very different, explicitly religious path to the politics of peace: he presents the idea of an "ethical community" as a necessary requirement for humanity to become "satisfactory to God ...


Paul Tillich’S Understanding Of Theology: A Pneumatological Christological Perspective, Keith Ka-Fu Chan Jan 2015

Paul Tillich’S Understanding Of Theology: A Pneumatological Christological Perspective, Keith Ka-Fu Chan

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

This paper, firstly, demonstrates the internal problem of Tillich’s theology in general and theological method in particular in Tillich shifting his logos Christology to Spirit-Christology. The motif “particularity-universality” as a key notion is not well-balanced throughout its theological development. Secondly, this paper proposes that the doctrine of Trinity, well-articulated in Tillich’s 1913 work but finds little attention in his mature work, may provide a more fruitful and embracing symbol to release the tension within the notion of particularity-universality and keep its balance in a dialectical way.


What Is Kantian Gesinnung? On The Priority Of Volition Over Metaphysics And Psychology In Religion Within The Bounds Of Bare Reason, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2015

What Is Kantian Gesinnung? On The Priority Of Volition Over Metaphysics And Psychology In Religion Within The Bounds Of Bare Reason, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant’s enigmatic term Gesinnung baffles many readers of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. This study clarifies the notion in Kant’s theories of both general moral decision-making and specifically religious conversion. It is argued that Kantian Gesinnung is volitional, referring to a person’s principle-based choice to live a certain way. More specifically, interpreted as principled ‘conviction’, Kantian Gesinnung is a religiously manifested, moral form of Überzeugung (‘convincing’). This is confirmed by a detailed analysis of the 169 occurrences of Gesinnung and cognate words in Religion. It contrasts with what is suggested by translating Gesinnung as ‘disposition ...


Twelve Basic Philosophical Concepts In Kant And The Compound Yijing, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2015

Twelve Basic Philosophical Concepts In Kant And The Compound Yijing, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

This is the third in a series of articles that correlates Kant's architectonic with the Yijing's sixty-four hexagrams (gua 卦). Previous articles explained “architectonic” reasoning, introduced four levels of the “Compound Yijing,” consisting of 0 + 4 + 12 + (4 × 12 = 48) gua, and suggested correlating the fourth level's four sets of twelve to the four “faculties” in Kant's model of the university. This third paper examines the philosophy faculty, assessing whether the twelve proposed gua meaningfully correlate with twelve basic philosophical concepts that Kant introduces in his three Critiques. A key differenceemerges: Kant's architectonic method ...


Is It Really Better To Give Than To Receive? (Not If Your Friends Know Where To Shop!) = آیا واقعاً بخشش(دادن) بهتر از گرفتن است؟, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2015

Is It Really Better To Give Than To Receive? (Not If Your Friends Know Where To Shop!) = آیا واقعاً بخشش(دادن) بهتر از گرفتن است؟, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

The common saying, “it is better to give than to receive”, is so widespread that its truth is often merely assumed. But can this maxim withstand a careful analysis? The relevant concepts (“giving”, “receiving”, and “better”) can be interpreted in too many ways to discuss thoroughly in a single essay. Instead, this essay classifies the various ways of interpreting the distinction between giving and receiving, then explores in depth one of the options, based on a pivotal distinction between active and passive types of both giving and receiving. I defend the controversial claim that there is at least one important ...


兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee Jan 2014

兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

批判性思維教學在國內方興未艾, 同事們就搜集教材、試驗學生反應、測試教學成果及理解課程本質等紛紛交流意見。在國外包括港台等地, 批判性思維教學已有一段時間的實踐經驗, 亦不時有提出理念反思。美國哲學家理察·保羅(Richard Paul) 在其1981/1995年的文章中, 提出兩種意義下的批判思維教學理念, 引起廣泛關注和討論。「弱式」批判思維視批判思維教學為提供規則、鍛鍊技巧、學習把對手逐點擊破的手段; 「強式」批判思維則強調思維的整體性, 把思考看作是人的生命形態, 鍛鍊學生敏銳地察覺及指認自己與他人的世界觀, 分析不同觀念、發掘相關問題、進行對話、以審視其價值, 成為智性上開放、道德之個體。本文介紹保羅的理念, 並嘗試結合一些筆者在英國及香港的經驗, 對批判思維教學的理念作出反省。討論將包括英國牛津大學和倫敦大學國王學院的導修制度, 以及香港中學生、大學生、乃至中學老師對批判思考的理解和態度等。


Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2014

Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

In this review of Fan Ruiping’s book, I am concerned first of all about how representative his account of Confucianism/Ruism is in relationship to the multiform traditions associated with that teaching through more than two thousand years of its existence. Fan emphasizes pre-imperial forms of Confucian traditions, but neglects many alternatives from later sources. Secondly, his account of “familism” lends itself to questions related to the problem of revenge that is associated with traditional Confucianism. This raises further ethical doubts about the effectiveness of his reconstructed Confucianism within contemporary Chinese society. Finally, his “familism” appears to focus on ...


Sublating Reverence To Parents: A Kierkegaardian Interpretation Of The Sage-King Shun's Piety, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Sublating Reverence To Parents: A Kierkegaardian Interpretation Of The Sage-King Shun's Piety, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

In the Mengzi there is a hypothetical situation relating how the ancient sage king Shun 舜 would respond if his father had committed murder. This has recently become a source of debate among Chinese philosophers. Here we will apply arguments made by Johannes de silentio (Kierkegaard’s pseudonym) about the “teleological suspension of the ethical” related to the action of the biblical Abraham, and link them up to alternative interpretations the actions of Shun. This challenges the current and traditional interpretations of his actions, suggesting how this new approach can overcome ethical quandaries related to the Mengzian account of Shun ...


Introduction: Søren Kierkegaard And Chinese Philosophy, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Introduction: Søren Kierkegaard And Chinese Philosophy, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Mao Qiling's Critical Reflections On The Four Books, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Mao Qiling's Critical Reflections On The Four Books, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

After introducing some scholarship on the value of Mao Qiling’s (1623-1713) works, we present an account of canonization processes in order to understand the hermeneutic context of Mao’s battle with the Cheng-Zhu orthodoxy. His work is an attempt to decanonizing Zhu Xi’s Four Books, preferring instead an alternative relying on the Old Texts of the Taixue 《太學》/ Daxue 《大學》and Zhongyong 《中庸》. Mao argues against Zhu Xi’s textual changes and interpretations on a number of bases, producing a hermeneutics of suspicion against the Cheng-Zhu orthodoxy. Instead, Mao offers an alternative account of the sagely way, following ...


Post-Secularity Within Contemporary Chinese Philosophical Contexts, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2012

Post-Secularity Within Contemporary Chinese Philosophical Contexts, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Based on publications addressing post-secularity in international contexts, this article identifies four basic interpretive positions manifest within our post-secular age: resistant post-secular secularists, strategic post-secular secularists, engaged post-secular intellectuals, and engaged post-secular religious intellectuals. Subsequently, an article addressing governance and religious studies in mainland China published by Zhuo Xinping in 2010 is assessed, indicating how Zhuo serves as an engaged post-secular intellectual position, charging Chinese Marxist officials to adopt a strategic post-secular secularist position. Finally, it is shown how in a major volume on philosophical studies in China published in 2008 by Li Jingyuan a strategic post-secularist position is manifest.


The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2011

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Ethics Of Grace: Perspectival Solutions To The Moral Difficulties With Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2010

Kant’S Ethics Of Grace: Perspectival Solutions To The Moral Difficulties With Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein’S Worldview: (I) The Early Influence Of Kant’S System Of Perspectives, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2010

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein’S Worldview: (I) The Early Influence Of Kant’S System Of Perspectives, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Recent perspectival interpretations of Kant suggest a way of relating his epistemology to empirical science that makes it plausible to regard Einstein’s theory of relativity as having a Kantian grounding. This first of two articles exploring this topic focuses on how the foregoing hypothesis accounts for various resonances between Kant’s philosophy and Einstein’s science. The great attention young Einstein paid to Kant in his early intellectual development demonstrates the plausibility of this hypothesis, while certain features of Einstein’s cultural-political context account for his reluctance to acknowledge Kant’s influence, even though contemporary philosophers who regarded themselves ...


Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Hannah Arendt distinguishes between labor (life-sustaining activity), work (creative activity) and action (activity directed toward maintaining human relationships). This paper extends Arendt’s framework to three corresponding forms of inactivity: incorporating leisure, play and rest into a balanced, sixfold framework provides a robust, philosophical theology of work as divine-human cooperation. The philosopher’s life of leisure suggests a synthesis of Adam Smith’s and Karl Marx’s contrasting views on labor. An overview of biblical perspectives highlights a similarly paradoxical role for play in “the work” of divine creativity. Finally, an attitude of religious “rest” empowers us to transcend alienating ...


Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill Jan 2009

Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Moral Panentheism, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2008

Kant’S Moral Panentheism, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Although Kant is often interpreted as an Enlightenment Deist, Kant scholars are increasingly recognizing aspects of his philosophy that are more amenable to theism. If Kant regarded himself as a theist, what kind of theist was he? The theological approach that best fits Kant’s model of God is panentheism, whereby God is viewed as a living being pervading the entire natural world, present ‘in’ every part of nature, yet going beyond the physical world. The purpose of Kant’s restrictions on our knowledge of God is not to cast doubt on God’s existence, but to preserve a mystery ...


Philosophical Explorations Of The Transformative Dimension In Chinese Culture, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2008

Philosophical Explorations Of The Transformative Dimension In Chinese Culture, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Philosophers' Views On The Use Of Non-Essay Assessment Methods: Discussion Of An E-Mail Survey, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1998

Philosophers' Views On The Use Of Non-Essay Assessment Methods: Discussion Of An E-Mail Survey, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant's Critical Hermeneutic Of Prayer, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1997

Kant's Critical Hermeneutic Of Prayer, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Kingdom Of God Is At Hand!" (Did Kant Really Say That?), Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1994

The Kingdom Of God Is At Hand!" (Did Kant Really Say That?), Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Triangulating God: A Kantian Rejoinder To Perovich, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1994

Triangulating God: A Kantian Rejoinder To Perovich, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant's “Appropriation” Of Lampe's God, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1992

Kant's “Appropriation” Of Lampe's God, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

It would be difficult to find a philosopher who has suffered more injustices at the hands of his commentators (friends and foes alike) than Immanuel Kant. This is particularly true when it comes to the many anecdotes that commentators are, for some reason, quite fond of reciting about Kant. The problem is that such tales are often used surreptitiously to twist Kant's own explicit claims about what he was attempting to accomplish, so that when his writings are read with these stories in mind, misunderstanding is almost inevitable. As an example, it is only necessary to think of the ...


Kant On Euclid: Geometry In Perspective, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1990

Kant On Euclid: Geometry In Perspective, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant's Critique Of Mysticism: (1) The Critical Dreams, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 1989

Kant's Critique Of Mysticism: (1) The Critical Dreams, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.