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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Who Wants To Be A Russellian About Names?, Siu Fan Lee Mar 2014

Who Wants To Be A Russellian About Names?, Siu Fan Lee

Department of Religion and Philosophy Book Chapters

Russell had two theories of names and one theory of description. Logically proper names are Millian names, which have only denotation but no connotation. Ordinary names are not genuine names but disguised definite descriptions subject to quantificational analyses. Only by asserting that ordinary names are definite descriptions could Russell motivate his theory of description to solve three problems for Millian names, namely, Frege's puzzle, empty reference and negative existentials. Critics usually discuss Russell's theories of names and his theory of description separately. This paper takes a new perspective and presents a dilemma for the overall project, arguing that ...


兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee Jan 2014

兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

批判性思維教學在國內方興未艾, 同事們就搜集教材、試驗學生反應、測試教學成果及理解課程本質等紛紛交流意見。在國外包括港台等地, 批判性思維教學已有一段時間的實踐經驗, 亦不時有提出理念反思。美國哲學家理察·保羅(Richard Paul) 在其1981/1995年的文章中, 提出兩種意義下的批判思維教學理念, 引起廣泛關注和討論。「弱式」批判思維視批判思維教學為提供規則、鍛鍊技巧、學習把對手逐點擊破的手段; 「強式」批判思維則強調思維的整體性, 把思考看作是人的生命形態, 鍛鍊學生敏銳地察覺及指認自己與他人的世界觀, 分析不同觀念、發掘相關問題、進行對話、以審視其價值, 成為智性上開放、道德之個體。本文介紹保羅的理念, 並嘗試結合一些筆者在英國及香港的經驗, 對批判思維教學的理念作出反省。討論將包括英國牛津大學和倫敦大學國王學院的導修制度, 以及香港中學生、大學生、乃至中學老師對批判思考的理解和態度等。