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Binghamton University

Theophrastus

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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Cicero, On Invention 1.51-77: Hypothetical Syllogistic And The Early Peripatetics, William W. Fortenbaugh Dec 1996

Cicero, On Invention 1.51-77: Hypothetical Syllogistic And The Early Peripatetics, William W. Fortenbaugh

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

In the course of this paper, I shall say some things about Cicero’s discussion of induction, but my primary concern will be with his account of deduction. In particular, I want to call attention to Cicero’s argument for a quinquepartite analysis of deductive reasoning (Ded. 3). It is remarkable in that it makes elaborate use of the mixed hypothetical syllogism, and also of some importance in that it supplements our evidence for early Peripatetic interest in syllogisms of this land. Recent scholarship on the history of ancient logic has generally focused on later sources—like Alexander of Aphrodisias ...


The Lives Of The Peripatetics: Diogenes Laertius, Vitae Philosophorum, Book Five, Michael Sollenberger Dec 1986

The Lives Of The Peripatetics: Diogenes Laertius, Vitae Philosophorum, Book Five, Michael Sollenberger

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

The fifth book of Diogenes Laertius’ Lives of the Philosophers is concerned with the first four heads of the Peripatos – Aristotle, Theophrastus, Strato, and Lyco – and two outstanding members of the school – Demetrius of Phalerum and Heraclides of Pontus. Consideration is given her to rather general matters of structure, organization, and arrangement of material in Book Five as a whole, to the different categories of information in the individual lives, and to the most striking feature of this book which set it apart from other books: namely, the wills of the first four scholarchs and the extensive catalogues of writings ...


Anaxagoras On The Composition Of Matter, David Sider Dec 1975

Anaxagoras On The Composition Of Matter, David Sider

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

We will try to ignore the often-repeated "everything in everything," which if taken literally leads to an infinite regress. We hope that Anaxagoras' theory of the composition of matter can be established by first examining his more straightforward and conventional statements; then, perhaps, the paradox will take care of itself.


Parmenides' Way Of Truth And B16, Jackson P. Hershbell Dec 1970

Parmenides' Way Of Truth And B16, Jackson P. Hershbell

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

At least three interpretations have been given to B16 of Parmenides' poem. It has been taken for a fragment of his theory of knowledge, of his doctrine of sense perception, and of his views on sensing and knowing. It is usually assigned to the second part of the poem, the Way of Seeming. In this study I will argue that it comes from the first part of the poem, and that it is an affirmation of the close relationship between thought and being.


Notes On Aristotle De Anima 3.5, John M. Rist Dec 1963

Notes On Aristotle De Anima 3.5, John M. Rist

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Of all the Aristotelian doctrines perhaps the most difficult is that concerning the Active and Passive Intellects which we find in the short fifth chapter of the third book of the De Anima. Interpretations of this chapter have been almost as numerous as interpreters, and it would be naive to expect at this stage to be definitive. Nevertheless it seems that progress has been delayed in many cases by a too casual approach to what Aristotle says in the chapter itself - and this at least admits of some improvement.


The Biographical Tradition Of The Presocratics, John B. Mcdiarmid Dec 1955

The Biographical Tradition Of The Presocratics, John B. Mcdiarmid

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

Traces the influence of Aristotle and Theophrastus on later accounts of Presocratic philosophy. This is especially clear in the matter of the relationship between Xenophanes and Parmenides.