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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Cosmological Significance Of Animal Generation, Devin Henry Dec 2104

The Cosmological Significance Of Animal Generation, Devin Henry

Devin Henry

This paper explores the relation between Aristotle’s mature theory of animal generation and his broader cosmology.


Toward A Feminist Ethics Of Nonviolence [Toc], Timothy J. Huzar, Clare Woodford Jan 2021

Toward A Feminist Ethics Of Nonviolence [Toc], Timothy J. Huzar, Clare Woodford

Philosophy

Edited collection of original essays debating Adriana Cavarero’s feminist ethics of nonviolence. Including an original essay by Adriana Cavarero and responses from Judith Butler, Bonnie Honig, Olivia Guaraldo, Simona Forti, Christine Battersby, Lorenzo Bernini, Mark Devenney, Tim Huzar and Clare Woodford. Although inspired by Cavarero’s recent work on an ethical maternal posture of inclination the responses situate Cavarero’s argument in her wider corpus of nonviolence and uniqueness, that critiques and offers an alternative to the masculine symbolic of philosophy. This introduction endeavours to not only introduce Cavarero’s work, but to chart the journey of an increasingly ...


Infrapolitical Passages: Global Turmoil, Narco-Accumulation, And The Post-Sovereign State [Toc], Gareth Williams Dec 2020

Infrapolitical Passages: Global Turmoil, Narco-Accumulation, And The Post-Sovereign State [Toc], Gareth Williams

Literature

This book proposes to clear a way through some of the dominant political determinations and violent symptoms of contemporary globalization. It does this in in order to make a case for “infrapolitics” as an enactment of intellectual responsibility in the face of a tumultuous world of war and of technological value extraction on a planetary scale. In Infrapolitical Passages the politics of contemporary global capital is a race to the bottom of reason itself, extended in the wake of the subordination of all forms of living to the economized relation between means and ends. It is this relation which, thanks ...


Shibboleth: Judges, Derrida, Celan [Toc], Marc Redfield Dec 2020

Shibboleth: Judges, Derrida, Celan [Toc], Marc Redfield

Philosophy

In the Book of Judges, the Gileadites use the word shibboleth to target and kill members of a closely related tribe, the Ephraimites, who cannot pronunce the initial shin phoneme. In modern European languages, shibboleth has come to mean a hard-to-falsify sign that winnows identities, and establishes and confirms borders; it has also acquired the ancillary meanings of slogan or cliché. The semantic field of shibboleth thus seems keyed to the waning of the logos in an era of technical reproducibility—to the proliferation of technologies and practices of encryption, decryption, exclusion and inclusion that saturate modern life. In the ...


Merleau-Ponty's Poetic Of The World: Philosophy And Literature [Table Of Contents], Galen A. Johnson, Emmanuel De Saint Aubert, Mauro Carbone Aug 2020

Merleau-Ponty's Poetic Of The World: Philosophy And Literature [Table Of Contents], Galen A. Johnson, Emmanuel De Saint Aubert, Mauro Carbone

Philosophy

Merleau-Ponty’s Poets and Poetics offers detailed studies of the philosopher’s engagements with Proust, Claudel, Claude Simon, André Breton, Mallarmé, Francis Ponge, and more. From Proust, Merleau-Ponty developed his conception of “sensible ideas,” from Claudel, his conjoining of birth and knowledge as “co-naissance,” from Valéry came “implex” or the “animal of words” and the “chiasma of two destinies.” Thus also arise the questions of expression, metaphor, and truth and the meaning of a Merleau-Pontyan poetics. The poetic of Merleau-Ponty is, inseparably, a poetic of the flesh, a poetic of mystery, and a poetic of the visible in its relation ...


Questions Concerning Attention And Stiegler’S Therapeutics, Noel Fitzpatrick Jun 2020

Questions Concerning Attention And Stiegler’S Therapeutics, Noel Fitzpatrick

Articles

The article sets out to develop the concept of attention as a key aspect to building the possible therapeutics that Bernard Stiegler’s recent works have pointed to (The Automatic Society, 2016, The Neganthropocene, 2018 and Qu’appelle-t-on Panser, 2018). The therapeutic aspect of pharmacology takes place through processes that are neganthropic; therefore, which attempt to counteract the entropic nature of digital technologies where there is flattening out to the measurable and the calculable of Big Data. The most obvious examples of this flattening out can be seen in relation to the use of natural language processing technologies for text ...


Berkeley On Infinite Divisibility, David Mwakima Jun 2020

Berkeley On Infinite Divisibility, David Mwakima

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

Berkeley, arguing against Barrow, claims that the infinite divisibility of finite lines is neither an axiom nor a theorem in Euclid The Thirteen Books of The Elements. Instead, he suggests that it is rooted in ancient prejudice. In this paper, I attempt to substantiate Berkeley’s claims by looking carefully at the history and practice of ancient geometry as a first step towards understanding Berkeley’s mathematical atomism.


Berkeley On Perceptual Discrimination Of Physical Objects, Keota Fields Jun 2020

Berkeley On Perceptual Discrimination Of Physical Objects, Keota Fields

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

Commentators are divided over whether Berkeley holds that physical objects are immediately perceived by sense. As I read Berkeley, discrimination is necessary for perceiving physical objects by sense. Berkeley says that discrimination requires perceiving motion. Since motions can only be mediately perceived according to Berkeley, physical objects can only be mediately perceived by sense. I defend this reading against the following objections. First, that perception of physical objects is non-conceptual. Second, that physical objects are divinely instituted collections of ideas rather than psychologically associated collections of ideas. Third, that some physical objects are small enough to be immediately perceptually discriminated ...


A Commentary On Tracy Bowell’S Whataboutisms, Arguments And Argumentative Harm, Mark Battersby Jun 2020

A Commentary On Tracy Bowell’S Whataboutisms, Arguments And Argumentative Harm, Mark Battersby

OSSA Conference Archive

A commentary on Tracy Bowell's Whataboutisms, Arguments and Argumentative Harm summarizing her arguments and suggesting that the use of "argumentative harm" is not a helpful way to identify fallacious uses of "whatabout" questions.


Recovery And Reconstruction Of Principles Of Academic Debate As Dialectical Model: An Outline Of A Procedural Model Of Argumentative Rationality, Curtis Scott Jacobs Jun 2020

Recovery And Reconstruction Of Principles Of Academic Debate As Dialectical Model: An Outline Of A Procedural Model Of Argumentative Rationality, Curtis Scott Jacobs

OSSA Conference Archive

For over 125 years, argumentation scholars have taught and studied academic debate. According to debate theory, reasonable argumentation satisfies six obligations: (1) self-administration; (2) making prima facie/presumptively adequate moves; (3) clash; (4) meeting the burden of proof; (5) rejoinder/rebuttal; and (6) extension. These obligations define a kind of procedural rationality for argumentation distinct from the kinds of rationality that are the focus of logical and rhetorical theories. Those obligations are grounded in the pragmatics of conversation and are made visible in debate practice.


Browne’S Critique Of Religious Propositions In Berkeley: A Reply To Pearce, Benjamin Formanek Jun 2020

Browne’S Critique Of Religious Propositions In Berkeley: A Reply To Pearce, Benjamin Formanek

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Informal Discussion, Todd Derose Jun 2020

Informal Discussion, Todd Derose

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Commentary On: Christina Pontoppidan’S “Where Do You Place Your Argument? The Toulmin Model Revisited And Revised From A Rhetorical Perspective”, Manfred E. Kraus Jun 2020

Commentary On: Christina Pontoppidan’S “Where Do You Place Your Argument? The Toulmin Model Revisited And Revised From A Rhetorical Perspective”, Manfred E. Kraus

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Petar Bodlović: "Presumptions, Burdens Of Proof, And Explanations", David Godden Jun 2020

Commentary On Petar Bodlović: "Presumptions, Burdens Of Proof, And Explanations", David Godden

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Where Do You Place Your Argument?, Christina Pontoppidan Jun 2020

Where Do You Place Your Argument?, Christina Pontoppidan

OSSA Conference Archive

Toulmin’s logical approach to argumentation affects the purpose and design of his argument model. The author argues that, even though the model has proven useful and influential in the rhetorical tradition, it misses the most central aspects of persuasive argumentation and the rhetorical role of the topics. The author outlines a rhetorical argument model that takes the metaphor of places seriously and shows the process of building a persuasive argument guided by different types of topical places.


Presumptions, Burdens Of Proof, And Explanations, Petar Bodlović Jun 2020

Presumptions, Burdens Of Proof, And Explanations, Petar Bodlović

OSSA Conference Archive

On the standard view, all types of presumptions share the same deontic function: they asymmetrically allocate the burden of proof. In this paper, I take into account the differences between cognitive and practical presumptions and explore the deontic function in some detail. What, exactly, does the deontic function of presumption amount to? Once presumptions are rejected, do they always place the burden of proof on the opponents? If they do, what does the burden of proof amount to; and, if they do not, what other obligations might be relevant? Do presumptions place the burden of arguing, the burden of explanation ...


Does Berkeley Anthropomorphize God, Kenneth Pearce Jun 2020

Does Berkeley Anthropomorphize God, Kenneth Pearce

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

Berkeley occasionally says that we use analogy in thinking and speaking of God (Alc, §4.21). However, the scholarly consensus is that Berkeley rejects the traditional doctrine of divine analogy and holds instead that words like ‘wise’ apply to God in precisely the same way as they apply to Socrates. The difference is only a matter of degree (Daniel 2011; Curtin 2014; Pearce 2018; Fasko 2018). Univocal theories of the divine attributes have historically been charged with anthropomorphism—that is, with imagining God to be too similar to human beings (see Maimonides, Guide, ch. 1.1). Can Berkeley fairly be ...


Metalinguistic Disagreements, Underdetermination And The Straw Man Fallacy: Toward Meaning Argumentativism, Marcin Lewinski Jun 2020

Metalinguistic Disagreements, Underdetermination And The Straw Man Fallacy: Toward Meaning Argumentativism, Marcin Lewinski

OSSA Conference Archive

The goal of this paper is to critically analyze some of the dubious assumptions about language and meaning hidden in the dominant accounts of the straw man fallacy. I will argue that against the background of the resurgent conception of language as an underdetermined and in-principle negotiable entity (Dorr & Hawthorne 2014; Ludlow 2014; Plunkett & Sundell 2013, 2019), some alleged straw man attacks are better seen as reasonable moves in the metalinguistic disagreements permeating our ordinary argumentative practice.


Piggybacking In? A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Argumentation Schemes, Harmony Peach Jun 2020

Piggybacking In? A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Argumentation Schemes, Harmony Peach

OSSA Conference Archive

In this paper, Douglas Walton’s Argumentation Schemes and corresponding critical questions are taken through Thomas Huckin’s (1997) Critical Discourse Analysis in order to further demonstrate that a schematic-pragmatic approach to argument evaluation needs to account for bias in and of itself. Building on the work of Audrey Yap (2013, 2015) and Ciurria and Al Tamini (2014) which demonstrates how the schemes have not addressed, and may even intensify, various disadvantages people with systemic identity prejudices face, Huckin’s approach offers additional nuance as to how these concerns can be exacerbated by the schemes. As the schemes have been ...


Between Evidence And Facts: An Argumentative Perspective Of Legal Evidence, Wenjing Du, Minghui Xiong Jun 2020

Between Evidence And Facts: An Argumentative Perspective Of Legal Evidence, Wenjing Du, Minghui Xiong

OSSA Conference Archive

In this paper, we will present an argumentative view of legal evidence. In an argumentation-based litigation game, the only purpose of the suitor (S) or the respondent (R) is to maximize their own legal rights while the purpose of the trier (T) is to maintain judicial fairness and justice. Different selections of evidence and different orders of presenting evidence will lead to different case-facts and even adjudicative results, the purpose of litigation is to reconcile a balance among the three parties - S, R, and T.


Coding Empathy, Fabrizio Macagno, Chrysi Rapanta Jun 2020

Coding Empathy, Fabrizio Macagno, Chrysi Rapanta

OSSA Conference Archive

The possibility of dialogue is rooted in the fundamental and basic capacity of understanding the interlocutor’s utterances – and more importantly, positions. As pointed out in the literature (Gilbert 1997; Buber 1999[1957]), understanding involves adopting the worldview of the other, which includes his or her values, emotions, and other background assumptions. This constraint on understanding leads to a problem: how is it possible to understand the other in a dialogue, when the only access to his or her worldview is the dialogue itself?

In the rhetorical tradition, the notion of empathy has always been considered as the crucial bridge ...


Commentary On Jens Kjeldsen’S “What Makes Us Change Our Minds In Everyday Life?”, Harry Weger Jr. Jun 2020

Commentary On Jens Kjeldsen’S “What Makes Us Change Our Minds In Everyday Life?”, Harry Weger Jr.

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Yun Xie's "The Notion Of On-Balance Premise Reconsidered", Derek Allen Jun 2020

Commentary On Yun Xie's "The Notion Of On-Balance Premise Reconsidered", Derek Allen

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


What Makes Us Change Our Minds In Our Everyday Life? Working Through Evidence And Persuasion, Events And Experiences., Jens E. Kjeldsen Jun 2020

What Makes Us Change Our Minds In Our Everyday Life? Working Through Evidence And Persuasion, Events And Experiences., Jens E. Kjeldsen

OSSA Conference Archive

We know almost nothing about the reasoning that makes people change their minds in everyday life. Which role do arguments play in contrast to personal relations and ethos? Are people persuaded to change, or does change rather follow personal experiences? This paper examines the epistemologies people use to rhetorically work through their opinions, when moving from one conviction to another. The paper is based on research interviews with people who have changed their minds.


The Notion Of On-Balance Premise Reconsidered, Robert Xie Jun 2020

The Notion Of On-Balance Premise Reconsidered, Robert Xie

OSSA Conference Archive

The notion of on-balance premise has played a crucial role in understanding the structure of conduction. It is a widely accepted view that in any third-pattern conductive argument there is always an implicit on-balance premise which represents a judgment that the positive reasons for the conclusion have outweighed the counter-considerations against it. This paper aims to provide a critical examination of the notion, and to reveal its inadequacy as a theoretical tool. First, it argues that the notion of on-balance premise has rested upon a metaphor of outweighing that is too simplistic to characterize the weighing and balancing between reasons ...


Connectives And Straw Men. Experimental Approach On French And English., Jennifer Schumann, Sandrine Zufferey Jun 2020

Connectives And Straw Men. Experimental Approach On French And English., Jennifer Schumann, Sandrine Zufferey

OSSA Conference Archive

In this paper, we present experiments designed to assess the role of causal connectives with an attributive meaning (e.g. since and puisque ) on the acceptability of straw man fallacies. Our results show that connectives play a role for the detection of straw man fallacies by increasing readers’ awareness to the speaker’s persuasive intent, thus creating a forewarning effect. We also uncover a crucial difference between causal connectives both within and across languages. Taken together, our experiments plead in favor of conducting fine-grained analyses of connectives in different languages in order to deepen our understanding of their role for ...


Day 3 Schedule, Benjamin Hill Jun 2020

Day 3 Schedule, Benjamin Hill

Western E-Vent in Early Modern Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Comments On Wagemans' "Argument Levers", Hans Vilhelm Hansen Jun 2020

Comments On Wagemans' "Argument Levers", Hans Vilhelm Hansen

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Automated Argument Analysis – Comment On: Mizrahi & Dickinson: "Argumentation In Philosophical Practice: An Empirical Study", Christoph Lumer Jun 2020

Automated Argument Analysis – Comment On: Mizrahi & Dickinson: "Argumentation In Philosophical Practice: An Empirical Study", Christoph Lumer

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.


Commentary On "The Problem Of Mission Creep", Curtis Scott Jacobs Jun 2020

Commentary On "The Problem Of Mission Creep", Curtis Scott Jacobs

OSSA Conference Archive

No abstract provided.