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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

The Toxicity Of Otherness, Justin Malone Dec 2018

The Toxicity Of Otherness, Justin Malone

English Department: Traveling American Modernism (ENG 366, Fall 2018)

This article discusses the dangerous philosophical principle of Othering, wherein a group of people are ostracized for being different from the majority. While categorization of information is a fundamental aspect of how the brain works, the categorization of people homogenizes their complexities. In doing so, a group is seen as a single entity, rather than individuals, which strips them of their humanity. After a group has been Othered, society will inevitably invoke some method of forced displacement upon them. Additionally, the article emphasizes the importance of affected individuals telling the stories of their experiences with oppression from Othering. Sharing one ...


The Objectivity Of Subjectivity: The Dialectics Of Marx, Lenin, And Brecht, Timothy Wells Jan 2018

The Objectivity Of Subjectivity: The Dialectics Of Marx, Lenin, And Brecht, Timothy Wells

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A Primer, Thomas V. Gourlay 402884 Oct 2017

Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A Primer, Thomas V. Gourlay 402884

Thomas V. Gourlay

No abstract provided.


Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A Primer, Thomas V. Gourlay 402884 Oct 2017

Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A Primer, Thomas V. Gourlay 402884

Thomas V. Gourlay

No abstract provided.


Group Rights: A Defense, David Ingram Sep 2017

Group Rights: A Defense, David Ingram

David Ingram

Human rights belong to individuals in virtue of their common humanity. Yet it is an important question whether human rights entail or comport with the possession of what I call group-specific rights (sometimes referred to as collective rights), or rights that individuals possess only because they belong to a particular group. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) says they do. Article 15 asserts the right to nationality, or citizenship. Unless one believes that the only citizenship compatible with a universal human rights regime is cosmopolitan citizenship in a world state – a conception of citizenship that is not countenanced by ...


Existential Counseling For An Extraordinary Community, John Cox May 2017

Existential Counseling For An Extraordinary Community, John Cox

Senior Honors Projects

Existential philosophy views the anticipation of death as an opportunity to live more authentically; in doing so Existentialism challenges us to take responsibility for our fundamental freedom and the creation of meaning in life. In addition, psychotherapeutic methods that consciously utilize core existential concepts appear to have beneficial effects on those experiencing grief or bereavement. In particular the psychotherapeutic method Logotherapy, which is grounded in existential analysis, appears to be especially conducive to grief therapy in practice. Logotherapy helps client find their ‘will to meaning,’ which has astounding implications for the bereaved individual’s meaning making process.

Such implications, however ...


Allowing Animal Rights: Contra Natural Law Arguments, Rachel Tobias Jan 2017

Allowing Animal Rights: Contra Natural Law Arguments, Rachel Tobias

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Natural Law theories dominate the way in which humans view their relationships with other animals. Natural Law theories, commenced by Aristotle, claim that rationality is the morally relevant feature that differentiates humans from other animals. As a result, human beings often use non-human animals at their disposal, which has propelled factory farming and the mistreatment of animals. The term, "Speciesism" describes unjustified mistreatment of a species based on species membership. This essay examines the origin of Speciesism, as it relates to Natural Law theories. Additionally, the text discusses the negative consequences of Speciesism and the arbitrariness of omitting non-human animals ...


Plato's Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Emmanuelle M. Mckinney Apr 2016

Plato's Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Emmanuelle M. Mckinney

Young Historians Conference

Plato is undeniably one of the most influential men in the history of Western philosophy, and he deeply examined a remarkable number of diverse fields. However, in the attempt to understand his various writings, scholars too often over-categorize Plato’s work without recognizing that there are no partitioning lines between subjects: they are all blended together to form a complex body of thought. This paper summarizes Plato’s philosophy of ethics, with a focus on its inclusion of many contrasting disciplines.


Donating Digital Me: What Can Be Learned From My Digital Footprint?, Katie Hannan Jan 2016

Donating Digital Me: What Can Be Learned From My Digital Footprint?, Katie Hannan

Research Data

At some point in the future I am going to die. When this happens, I can donate my body to science but I’m currently unable to donate my data or even my metadata to research. I will present a scenario where an end of life service exists for people to donate their data.

Over the next three months I will examine the relationship that members of the public have with the concept of digital legacy and their willingness to want to donate their data.

I will briefly outline the concept of an end of life data donation service and ...


Surviving Long-Term Mass Atrocities, Claudia Card, François Tanguay-Renaud, Alice Maclachlan Oct 2015

Surviving Long-Term Mass Atrocities, Claudia Card, François Tanguay-Renaud, Alice Maclachlan

François Tanguay-Renaud

Speaker: Claudia Card, Emma Goldman Professor of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Respondents: François Tanguay-Renaud, Osgoode Hall Law School; Alice McLachlin


Clay Fabric And Mass Physical Properties Of Surficial Marine Sediment Near The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Andrew Head, Richard H. Bennett, Jessica R. Douglas, Kenneth J. Curry Feb 2012

Clay Fabric And Mass Physical Properties Of Surficial Marine Sediment Near The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Andrew Head, Richard H. Bennett, Jessica R. Douglas, Kenneth J. Curry

Kenneth J. Curry

Surficial sediment was obtained on the RV Cape Hatteras Cruise (2010) from the seafloor at a water depth of 1570 meters located at latitude 28°44'20.16"N and longitude 88°20'24.96"W in close proximity to the Deepwater Horizon well, Gulf of Mexico. Preliminary clay nano- and microfabric observation using a transmission electron microscope (TEM) depicted a sediment rich in clays and organic matter (OM) especially in the upper 2 cm subbottom. Initial analysis of TEM micrographs depicted a high porosity clay sediment. Initial study of the mass physical properties revealed water content ωt = 67.32 ...


Kant On Teleology, Georgia Rae Rainer, Kenneth J. Curry Feb 2012

Kant On Teleology, Georgia Rae Rainer, Kenneth J. Curry

Kenneth J. Curry

Immanuel Kant was born (1724) into a society that largely embraced a mechanical universe in which matter theory rested on material properties of size, shape, solidity, and motion. But the development of organisms from undifferentiated matter could not be explained by the properties of matter alone. The ontogeny of organisms appeared to have a goal toward which matter was organized, and the parts of organisms seemed in so many instances to play both cause and effect of each other. Kant argued that human artefacts were explained in part by the intention of the designer and in part by the mechanics ...


Science: World Under Construction, Georgia Rae Rainer Feb 2012

Science: World Under Construction, Georgia Rae Rainer

Kenneth J. Curry

Society naively accepts the position of scientific realism, which grants that science has an epistemic advantage in providing true theories about a mind-independent natural world. For realists, there is no distinction made between observable and unobservable entities in that both have the same ontological status that aid in the discovery of facts about the natural world. The opposing position, scientific anti-realism, traditionally denies the existence of a mind independent world and claims that the explanatory value of scientific theories is based not on truth or correlation to the perceived world, but rather how well the theory works within the paradigm ...


Group Rights: A Defense, David Ingram Jan 2011

Group Rights: A Defense, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Human rights belong to individuals in virtue of their common humanity. Yet it is an important question whether human rights entail or comport with the possession of what I call group-specific rights (sometimes referred to as collective rights), or rights that individuals possess only because they belong to a particular group. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) says they do. Article 15 asserts the right to nationality, or citizenship. Unless one believes that the only citizenship compatible with a universal human rights regime is cosmopolitan citizenship in a world state – a conception of citizenship that is not countenanced by ...


"Techne In Aristotle's Ethics: Crafting The Moral Life" Review, Julie E. Ponesse Dec 2010

"Techne In Aristotle's Ethics: Crafting The Moral Life" Review, Julie E. Ponesse

Julie E Ponesse

No abstract provided.


Environmental Virtue Ethics: Core Concepts And Values, Mark H. Dixon Jan 2010

Environmental Virtue Ethics: Core Concepts And Values, Mark H. Dixon

Philosophy and Religion Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Architecture Of Solitude, Mark H. Dixon Apr 2009

The Architecture Of Solitude, Mark H. Dixon

Philosophy and Religion Faculty Scholarship

As a spiritual or meditative practice solitude implies more than mere silence or being alone. While these are perhaps indispensablecomponents, it is possible to be alone or to live in silence and nevertheless be unable to reconfigure these into genuine solitude. Solitude is also more than being in some remote or inaccessible place. Even though geographical isolation might be conducive to solitude, with rare exceptions human beings have seldom sought solitude in complete seclusion in the wilderness. The places where human beings have sought solitude have in the end been human places, human-built places. It should come as no surprise ...


Social Justice: The Moral Foundations Of Health And Society, Dr. Madison Powers Ph.D., Dr. Ruth Faden Ph.D Jan 2008

Social Justice: The Moral Foundations Of Health And Society, Dr. Madison Powers Ph.D., Dr. Ruth Faden Ph.D

Verbum Incarnatum: An Academic Journal of Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Must All Be Saved? A Kierkegaardian Response To Theological Universalism, Jack E. Mulder Feb 2006

Must All Be Saved? A Kierkegaardian Response To Theological Universalism, Jack E. Mulder

Faculty Publications

In this paper, I consider how a Kierkegaardian could respond critically to the question of strong theological universalism, i.e., the belief that all individuals must eventually be reconciled to God and experience everlasting happiness. A Kierkegaardian would likely reject what Thomas Talbott has called "conservative theism," but has the resources to mount a sustained attack on the view that all individuals must experience everlasting happiness. Some have seen that Kierkegaard has some potential in this regard, but a full Kierkegaardian response to strong theological universalism has yet to be given. In this paper, I give such an account.


Book Review: Fermat's Enigma By Simon Singh, Matthew Becker Jan 2004

Book Review: Fermat's Enigma By Simon Singh, Matthew Becker

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Base And Subbase In A Number System, Walter S. Sizer Jan 2004

Base And Subbase In A Number System, Walter S. Sizer

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


From Art And Architecture To Mathematics: From Intuition To Insight; From Decoration To Demonstration, John Pottage Jan 2004

From Art And Architecture To Mathematics: From Intuition To Insight; From Decoration To Demonstration, John Pottage

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Re-Radicalizing Kierkegaard: An Alternative To Religiousness C In Light Of An Investigation Into The Teleological Suspension Of The Ethical, Jack E. Mulder Jul 2002

Re-Radicalizing Kierkegaard: An Alternative To Religiousness C In Light Of An Investigation Into The Teleological Suspension Of The Ethical, Jack E. Mulder

Faculty Publications

In this paper I defend the view that not only does Fear and Trembling espouse the teleological suspension of the ethical as a radical suspension and even possible violation of otherwise ethical duties, but also that Kierkegaard himself espouses it and carries the belief through his entire authorship. A brief analysis of Religiousness A suggests that Climacus made a dialectical error inConcluding Unscientific Postscript. This error is corrected by Anti-Climacus and Kierkegaard's own journals, and the correction makes possible a full-blooded affirmation of the teleological suspension where Climacus failed. This reaffirmation can explain the shift from Climacus to Anti-Climacus ...


Beyond The Liberal Peace Project: Toward Peace With Justice, Harry Van Der Linden Jan 2001

Beyond The Liberal Peace Project: Toward Peace With Justice, Harry Van Der Linden

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Many contemporary liberals adhere to the "liberal peace project" (LPP) -- that is, the idea that world peace can be realized through the spread of political liberalism, or capitalist democracy. The LPP is based on projecting toward the future the well-documented fact that secure modern democracies have never fought wars with one another. A spirit of optimism prevails among LPP proponents, bolstered by the recent uprise in democracies, and they argue that their cause can be advanced by a liberal foreign policy that promotes free trade and human rights. I argue that the LPP is flawed by not recognizing that the ...


Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart M. Glennan Jan 1997

Probable Causes And The Distinction Between Subjective And Objective Chance, Stuart M. Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

In this paper I present both a critical appraisal of Humphreys' probabilistic theory of causality and a sketch of an alternative view of the relationship between the notions of probability and of cause. Though I do not doubt that determinism is false, I claim that the examples used to motivate Humphreys' theory typically refer to subjective rather than objective chance. Additionally, I argue on a number of grounds that Humphreys' suggestion that linear regression models be used as a canonical form for the description of causal relations is untenable. I conclude by exploring the variety of ways in which probabilistic ...


Computationalism And The Problem Of Other Minds, Stuart M. Glennan Jan 1995

Computationalism And The Problem Of Other Minds, Stuart M. Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

In this paper I discuss Searle's claim that the computational properties of a system could never cause a system to be conscious. In the first section of the paper I argue that Searle is correct that, even if a system both behaves in a way that is characteristic of conscious agents (like ourselves) and has a computational structure similar to those agents, one cannot be certain that that system is conscious. On the other hand, I suggest that Searle's intuition that it is “empirically absurd” that such a system could be conscious is unfounded. In the second section ...