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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Scientific Objectivity And Framework Transpositions, Patrick A. Heelan Jan 1970

Scientific Objectivity And Framework Transpositions, Patrick A. Heelan

Research Resources

Truth-invariance relative to synchronous communities of knowers in all countries of the world seems to be one of the striking facts about science that distinguishes it from common sense or even from philosophy. Science is international, cosmopolitan and has, it is claimed, but one language. So pervasive is this belief about the one language of science that it might seem to be almost part of what we mean by the scientific enterprise, and it was indeed a part of the classical philosophy of Newton, Descartes and Kant which supported the scientific enterprise in the first three hundred years of its ...


A Scientist’S Comments On ‘The Scientific Enterprise And Social Conscience', Robert Morison Jan 1970

A Scientist’S Comments On ‘The Scientific Enterprise And Social Conscience', Robert Morison

Philosophic Exchange

Professor Edel correctly emphasizes the ecological mode of thought. As we penetrate deeper into that ecological mode of thought, we will discover that almost every decision that we make in science will have consequences for many people. Thus, science has an obligation to consider and show, as clearly as possible, what the consequences of these decisions will be.


A Note On Professor Edel’S Paper, Max Black Jan 1970

A Note On Professor Edel’S Paper, Max Black

Philosophic Exchange

Professor Edel’s conclusions are excessively mild. We are often frighteningly ignorant of the consequences of scientific and technological innovations. This ignorance requires a much greater degree of caution in science than Professor Edel has admitted.


The Scientific Enterprise And Social Conscience, Abraham Edel Jan 1970

The Scientific Enterprise And Social Conscience, Abraham Edel

Philosophic Exchange

The scientific enterprise is constantly changing, and the moral conscience of society changes as well. The moral obligations of scientists to society change with both of these changes. Four such changes are especially relevant here. Over time, society has come to accept the idea of intervening to change the course of nature. Both science and society have begun to believe that there are no principled barriers to progress in science. Within society, there has emerged an “ecological mode of thought.” Finally, the relationship between theory and practice has changed. All four of these changes profoundly affect the ethics of science ...