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Philosophy of Science

2005

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Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Phenomena Supportive Of Metaphysical Idealism, Kedar Joshi Dec 2005

Phenomena Supportive Of Metaphysical Idealism, Kedar Joshi

Kedar Joshi

This work lists some of the problems that I find supportive of metaphysical/philosophy of mind idealism.
Image: By Guma89 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


Vestiges, Mark Y. Herring Nov 2005

Vestiges, Mark Y. Herring

Dacus Library Faculty Publications

Can intelligent design be found?


Appearance Vs. Reality As A Scientific Problem, Bas C. Van Fraassen Oct 2005

Appearance Vs. Reality As A Scientific Problem, Bas C. Van Fraassen

Philosophic Exchange

The history of science is replete with ideals that involve some criterion of completeness. One such criterion requires that physics explain how the appearances are produced in reality. This paper argues that it is scientifically acceptable to reject this criterion, along with all other completeness criteria that have been proposed for modern science.


Reckoning The Shape Of Everything: Underdetermination And Cosmotopology, P.D. Magnus Jul 2005

Reckoning The Shape Of Everything: Underdetermination And Cosmotopology, P.D. Magnus

Philosophy Faculty Scholarship

This paper offers a general characterization of underdetermination and gives a prima facie case for the underdetermination of the topology of the universe. A survey of several philosophical approaches to the problem fails to resolve the issue: the case involves the possibility of massive reduplication, but Strawson on massive reduplication provides no help here; it is not obvious that any of the rival theories are to be preferred on grounds of simplicity; and the usual talk of empirically equivalent theories misses the point entirely. (If the choice is underdetermined, then the theories are not empirically equivalent!) Yet the thought experiment ...


My Teaching Experience In Cambodia, Stephen Asma Apr 2005

My Teaching Experience In Cambodia, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

No abstract provided.


Formalismo, Sistemismo Y Explicación, Jorge Gibert-Galassi Mar 2005

Formalismo, Sistemismo Y Explicación, Jorge Gibert-Galassi

jorge gibert-galassi

This essay discusses three axioms of sociopoietic theory from the point of view of philosophy of social science. The first axiom, its de-ontologised character, it is associated to theory formalism and it allows to question the validity of a factual theory that do not presuppose the reality. The second one, allow to discuss the pertinence of the social system concept adopted by the sociopoietic view. Finally, argue that a theory about something it is not possible without having an explanation about this "something", and it is asked how an epistemology of the event can acquired content excluding the radical determinism ...


Embryological Models In Ancient Philosophy, Devin Henry Feb 2005

Embryological Models In Ancient Philosophy, Devin Henry

Devin Henry

No abstract provided.


Fibonacci In Contextures, An Application, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2005

Fibonacci In Contextures, An Application, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

No abstract provided.


Contextures. Programming Dynamic Complexity, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2005

Contextures. Programming Dynamic Complexity, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

No abstract provided.


Gödel Games: "Cloning Gödel's Proofs", Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2005

Gödel Games: "Cloning Gödel's Proofs", Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Gödel's Proofs in the context of beautifying (Hehner) and re-beautifying in polycontextural logic. Deconstruction of the relevance.


Lambda Calculi In Polycontextural Situations, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2005

Lambda Calculi In Polycontextural Situations, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

No abstract provided.


Polylogics. Towards A Formalization Of Polycontextural Logics, Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2005

Polylogics. Towards A Formalization Of Polycontextural Logics, Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

No abstract provided.


Limits Of Truth: Exploring Epistemological Approaches To Argumentation, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2005

Limits Of Truth: Exploring Epistemological Approaches To Argumentation, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Some proponents of epistemological approaches to argumentation (Biro, Siegel, Lumer, Goldman) assume that it should be possible to develop non-relative criteria of argument evaluation. By contrast, this paper argues that any evaluation of an argument depends (a) on the cognitive situation of the evaluator, (b) on background knowledge that is available for this evaluator in a certain situation, and (c)—in some cases—on the belief-value-system this person shares.


Logical Argument Mapping: A Method For Overcoming Cognitive Problems Of Conflict Management, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2005

Logical Argument Mapping: A Method For Overcoming Cognitive Problems Of Conflict Management, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

A crucial problem of conflict management is that whatever happens in negotiations will be interpreted and framed by stakeholders based on their different belief-value systems and world views. This problem will be discussed in the first part of this article as the main cognitive problem of conflict management. The second part develops a general semiotic solution of this problem, based on Charles Peirce's concept of "diagrammatic reasoning." The basic idea is that by representing one 's thought in diagrams, the conditions that determine interpretations can become visible, we can "experiment" with them, and we can change them eventually. The ...


Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement, Peter Taylor Jan 2005

Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement, Peter Taylor

Curriculum and Instruction Faculty Publication Series

Ambitiously identifying fresh issues in the study of complex systems, Peter J. Taylor, in a model of interdisciplinary exploration, makes these concerns accessible to scholars in the fields of ecology, environmental science, and science studies. Unruly Complexity explores concepts used to deal with complexity in three realms: ecology and socio-environmental change; the collective constitution of knowledge; and the interpretations of science as they influence subsequent research.

For each realm Taylor shows that unruly complexity-situations that lack definite boundaries, where what goes on "outside" continually restructures what is "inside," and where diverse processes come together to produce change-should not be suppressed ...


Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement, Peter Taylor Jan 2005

Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement, Peter Taylor

Peter Taylor

Ambitiously identifying fresh issues in the study of complex systems, Peter J. Taylor, in a model of interdisciplinary exploration, makes these concerns accessible to scholars in the fields of ecology, environmental science, and science studies. Unruly Complexity explores concepts used to deal with complexity in three realms: ecology and socio-environmental change; the collective constitution of knowledge; and the interpretations of science as they influence subsequent research. For each realm Taylor shows that unruly complexity-situations that lack definite boundaries, where what goes on "outside" continually restructures what is "inside," and where diverse processes come together to produce change-should not be suppressed ...


Who Believes What? Clearing Up Confusion Over Intelligent Design And Young-Earth Creationism, Marcus R. Ross Jan 2005

Who Believes What? Clearing Up Confusion Over Intelligent Design And Young-Earth Creationism, Marcus R. Ross

Marcus R. Ross

The question of what differentiates young-Earth creationism (YEC) from Intelligent Design (ID) has resulted in inaccurate and confusing terminology, and hinders both understanding and dialogue. Though both YEC and ID groups have drawn distinctions between themselves, previous attempts to classify design-based positions on origins have been unable to adequately resolve their relationships. The Nested Hierarchy of Design, a multiple-character classification system, categorizes teleological positions according to the strength of claims regarding the reality, detectability, source, method, and timing of design, and results in an accurate and robust classification of numerous positions. This method avoids the philosophical and theological pitfalls of ...


Modeling Mechanisms, Stuart Glennan Jan 2005

Modeling Mechanisms, Stuart Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Philosophers of science increasingly believe that much of science is concerned with understanding the mechanisms responsible for the production of natural phenomena. An adequate understanding of scientific research requires an account of how scientists develop and test models of mechanisms. This paper offers a general account of the nature of mechanical models, discussing the representational relationship that holds between mechanisms and their models as well as the techniques that can be used to test and refine such models. The analysis is supported by study of two competing models of a mechanism of speech perception.


"I Knew There Was Something Wrong With That Paper": Scientific Rhetorical Styles And Scientific Misunderstandings, Carol Reeves Jan 2005

"I Knew There Was Something Wrong With That Paper": Scientific Rhetorical Styles And Scientific Misunderstandings, Carol Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

This selection unpacks scientific prose and claim substantiation for Nobel Prize winner, Stan Prusiner, in the transmissible spongiform encephlopathies field (i.e., mad cow disease). Applying linguistic strategies such as M. A. K. Halliday's "favorite clause type," the author examines argumentative strategies in dense scientific prose both in bold and cautious rhetorical styles and invented lexical changes in new scientific development.


The Science And Religion Dialogue: Are Philosophical Foundations Necessary?, Michael Ventimiglia Jan 2005

The Science And Religion Dialogue: Are Philosophical Foundations Necessary?, Michael Ventimiglia

Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies Faculty Publications

William James is well-known for arguing that different words which describe the same practical state of affairs are, in fact, equivalent in meaning. This theory of meaning is one important strain of American pragmatism, the movement which remains America’s primary philosophical contribution to intellectual history, and it invites us to consider a unique perspective on the contemporary dialogue between science and religion. Specifically, it raises the question of the necessity of philosophical foundations when there is practical agreement.

This paper argues that when practical agreement can be reached there are certain purposes for which philosophical foundations can be strategically ...


Knowledge Of The Self-Revealing God In The Thought Of Thomas Forsyth Torrance, John Morrison Dec 2004

Knowledge Of The Self-Revealing God In The Thought Of Thomas Forsyth Torrance, John Morrison

John D. Morrison

No abstract provided.


What You Should Know To Survive In Knowledge Societies. On A Semiotic Understanding Of 'Knowledge', Michael H.G. Hoffmann Dec 2004

What You Should Know To Survive In Knowledge Societies. On A Semiotic Understanding Of 'Knowledge', Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Different situations - like school and workplace - demand different forms of knowledge. Even more important, in particular for lifelong learning, are forms of knowledge we need for managing movements between those situations. To develop a better understanding of how to 'navigate' knowledge boundaries, this paper analyzes, firstly, interviews with scientists interpreting familiar and unfamiliar graphs. Our goal is to identify those forms of knowledge that should receive special attention in education. Secondly, the article elaborates - based on Peirce's semiotic - an epistemologically reflected semiotic model to describe the role and conditions of knowledge.


Darwinisms’S Multiple Ontologies, David J. Depew Dec 2004

Darwinisms’S Multiple Ontologies, David J. Depew

David J Depew

No abstract provided.