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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Human Technology And Terrorism: Implications For Aviation Security, Editor Sep 2001

Human Technology And Terrorism: Implications For Aviation Security, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes common human vulnerabilities when using technology to minimize aviation security threat.


Abstracting Aristotle’S Philosophy Of Mathematics, John J. Cleary Apr 2001

Abstracting Aristotle’S Philosophy Of Mathematics, John J. Cleary

Research Resources

In the history of science perhaps the most influential Aristotelian division was that

between mathematics and physics. From our modern perspective this seems like an unfortunate deviation from the Platonic unification of the two disciplines, which guided Kepler and Galileo towards the modern scientific revolution. By contrast, Aristotle’s sharp distinction between the disciplines seems to have led to a barren scholasticism in physics, together with an arid instrumentalism in Ptolemaic astronomy. On the positive side, however, astronomy was liberated from commonsense realism for the conceptual experiments of Aristarchus of Samos, whose heliocentric hypothesis was not adopted by later astronomers ...


Examining Recent Expert Elicitation Judgment Guidelines: Value Assumptions And The Prospects For Rationality, Patricia Fleming Mar 2001

Examining Recent Expert Elicitation Judgment Guidelines: Value Assumptions And The Prospects For Rationality, Patricia Fleming

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

This paper was presented at the VALDOR Symposium, Stockholm, June 1999. The author examines the value assumptions in the U.S. Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission guidance on the use of expert judgment relating to high level nuclear waste disposal site selection.


A Portrait Of The Artist As A Work In Progress, Stephen Asma Jan 2001

A Portrait Of The Artist As A Work In Progress, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

Features performance artists Orlan and Stelarc and their different approaches to explore the fuzzy boundary between technology and biological body. How art students described nose surgery of Stelarc, a French performance artist; Definition of posthuman artist; Qualities of posthuman artists; Details on the works of Stelarc; Information on the `Stomach Sculpture' of Stelarc.


Joachim Castella: Studien Zur Thematik "Kalkül Und Kreativität", Rudolf Kaehr Jan 2001

Joachim Castella: Studien Zur Thematik "Kalkül Und Kreativität", Rudolf Kaehr

Rudolf Kaehr

Utopie der Zeichen – Zeichen der Utopie Vilém Flusser und Gotthard Günther als Komplement einer neuen Medienphilosophie Medientheorie als Theoriemedium Prolegomena einer allgemeinenMedientheorie Philosophie des LMR Joachim Castella 2000/2001


Sokal’S Hermeneutic Hoax: Physics And The New Inquisition, Babette Babich Jan 2001

Sokal’S Hermeneutic Hoax: Physics And The New Inquisition, Babette Babich

Research Resources

“The Hermeneutics of a Hoax: Physics and the New Inquisition” offers a rhetorical analysis and hermeneutics reading of the parodic character of Sokal's "hoax." From the perspective of a philosopher of science, it is argued that it is important to attend both to the rhetorical level of philosophy and science. In addition it is important to consider the culture of status (Bourdieu) as well as the self-reflective weaknesses of the culture of physics including those of (traditionally) physics-dominated philosophy of science. Echoing some of the criticisms and highlighting the points of social advocacy of the late Paul Feyerabend underscores ...


Heidegger Circle Conference 2001 - Proceedings, Babette Babich Jan 2001

Heidegger Circle Conference 2001 - Proceedings, Babette Babich

Research Resources

Heidegger on Science and Technology. Proceedings of the 35th annual meeting of the North American Heidegger Conference at Fordham University: May, 2001. Convenor: Babette Babich


Afterword: The Hermeneutics Of Natural Science, Patrick A. Heelan Jan 2001

Afterword: The Hermeneutics Of Natural Science, Patrick A. Heelan

Research Resources

A Husserlean intentionality analysis of the early Bohr-Heisenberg view of the quantum theory; of quantum logic as a context logic of differently embodied inquirers; of the problems of causality and localization in quantum mechanics.

Heideggerian analysis of the ontological status of measurement and laboratory data. The Husserlean group transformation structure of perceptual objects in general, and of theoretically denominated laboratory entities construed as perceptual objects.

A critique of David Marr’s program for machine perception.

A study of Vincent Van Gogh’s painting, Bedroom at Arles (1888), of the art and aesthetics of the (negatively curved) local Riemannian pictorial space ...


Heidegger Circle Conference 2001 - Proceedings, Babette Babich Jan 2001

Heidegger Circle Conference 2001 - Proceedings, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

Heidegger on Science and Technology. Proceedings of the 35th annual meeting of the North American Heidegger Conference at Fordham University: May, 2001. Convenor: Babette Babich


Who’S Afraid Of Postmodernism?, Simon Blackburn Jan 2001

Who’S Afraid Of Postmodernism?, Simon Blackburn

Philosophic Exchange

Postmodernism is a celebration of relativism. It is a movement that has actively embraced the collapse of standards that it takes this to imply. This paper examines the debate between postmodernists and their opponents, approaching it through the debate over Alan Sokal’s famous hoax.


Contextual Unanimity And The Units Of Selection Problem, Stuart M. Glennan Jan 2001

Contextual Unanimity And The Units Of Selection Problem, Stuart M. Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Sober and Lewontin’s critique of genic selectionism is based upon the principle that a unit of selection should make a context‐independent contribution to fitness. Critics have effectively shown that this principle is flawed. In this paper I show that the context independence principle is an instance of a more general principle for characterizing causes,called the contextual unanimity principle. I argue that this latter principle, while widely accepted, is erroneous. What is needed is to replace the approach to causality characterized by the contextual unanimity criterion with an approach based on the concept of causal mechanism. After sketching ...


Developmental Systems, Darwinian Evolution,And The Unity Of Science, Bruce Weber, David Depew Dec 2000

Developmental Systems, Darwinian Evolution,And The Unity Of Science, Bruce Weber, David Depew

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


Genetic Biotechnology And Evolutionary Theory: Some Unsolicited Advice, David Depew Dec 2000

Genetic Biotechnology And Evolutionary Theory: Some Unsolicited Advice, David Depew

David J Depew

In his book The Biotech Century Jeremy Rifkin makes arguments about the dangers of market-driven genetic biotechnology in medical and agricultural contexts. Believing that Darwinism is too compromised by a competitive ethic to resist capitalist depredations of the “genetic commons,” and perhaps hoping to pick up anti-Darwinian allies, he turns for support to unorthodox non-Darwinian views of evolution. The Darwinian tradition, more closely examined, contains resources that might better serve his argument. The robust tradition associated with Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, and others provides an alternative, scientifically sound basis for challenging the rhetoric of genetic reductionism.


Peirces Zeichenbegriff: Seine Funktionen, Seine Phänomenologische Grundlegung Und Seine Differenzierung, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Dec 2000

Peirces Zeichenbegriff: Seine Funktionen, Seine Phänomenologische Grundlegung Und Seine Differenzierung, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

No abstract provided.