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Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Death Positivity: A New Genre Of Death And The Genre Function Of Memento Mori, Melony Elsie Del Real Jun 2020

Death Positivity: A New Genre Of Death And The Genre Function Of Memento Mori, Melony Elsie Del Real

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This article explores Caitlin Doughty’s “death positivity” as an evolved form of the medieval memento mori, and how this medieval genre serves as a genre function for current day thanatophobic audiences. This is specifically done by analyzing Doughty’s book titled Smoke Gets in Your Eyes, as well as some of her other death positivity mediums. By modeling her rhetoric of death positivity after memento mori, Doughty can effectively deliver her anti-death fearing message to the very audiences that fear death.

Furthermore, analyzing Doughty’s rhetoric as operating within the genre function, a concept put forth by Anis Bawarshi ...


Mental Associations And Music Therapy: Including The History Of Associationism And The Neurology Of Associations, Dianna Rose May 2020

Mental Associations And Music Therapy: Including The History Of Associationism And The Neurology Of Associations, Dianna Rose

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Associations are formed in our minds based upon three elements: sensory experience, emotions, and memories. These associations, unique to each individual, dictate thoughts, beliefs, behaviors, and actions. Some are necessary and supportive, while others can be maladaptive. Established associations can be changed, and new associations can be formed, to align with a client’s goals. The literature presents a strong history of associationism, as well as a body of research that demonstrates the neurological processes of how mental associations are formed. There are also studies showing how music activates the brain. However, there is a lack of research which draws ...


The Political Animal: Aristotle's Man And The Natural Political Life, Joseph Rodriguez May 2020

The Political Animal: Aristotle's Man And The Natural Political Life, Joseph Rodriguez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Aristotle's Politics offers what may be called a "political anthropology". I argue that Aristotle's conception of the polis as natural derives from the specifically human kind of partnership that is tied to the exercise of the specifically human capacity for logos. I assert that Aristotle's political naturalism is rooted in two claims: (a) the claim that humans are the most political animal and (b) the claim that the polis is naturally prior to the individual. Together these two claims constitute Aristotle's argument that the polis alone has the potential to fully satisfy our unique human capacity ...


One Of Wittgenstein’S Methods: A Defense And Elaboration Of Baker’S Analogy, Griffin Pion May 2020

One Of Wittgenstein’S Methods: A Defense And Elaboration Of Baker’S Analogy, Griffin Pion

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In his later writings, Wittgenstein uses the term “picture” in a variety of ways. One such way is to mean a “conception” of or “way of looking” at a given philosophical problem (PI §144). Gordon Baker and David Egan offer two detailed accounts of this use (Baker 2004, 266-278; Egan 2011); for convenience, I will call such pictures “conceptual pictures”. Baker finds a helpful analogy between conceptual pictures and the phenomenon of aspect-seeing: in the same way that we can shift the aspect under which we view an image, Wittgenstein shifts the conceptual picture by means of which we view ...


Relations And Folds In Leibniz: Monadological Intimacy, Jeff Lambert May 2020

Relations And Folds In Leibniz: Monadological Intimacy, Jeff Lambert

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

My goal is to provide a clear explanation of Leibniz’s notoriously difficult system of relations. Relations among ‘windowless’ substances that exert no causal power over one another seems like a pipe dream that should be abandoned. However, I demonstrate that each substance expresses its relations only through the unique representation of all other substances. That is, any relation a substance expresses is due to this unique, perspectival, non-causal, representation of others. Because this is the case for all substances, this means that this relation of representation is an ongoing process of interconnection for all substances. This representation is not ...


A Rhetoric And Philosophy Of Gifts, Mary Eberhardinger May 2020

A Rhetoric And Philosophy Of Gifts, Mary Eberhardinger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This project synthesizes a selected scope of rhetorical and philosophical perspectives of the gift. The research question is what the relationship between gifts and rhetoric might be. In order to approach this question, this project offers a review of related literature on the topic of gifts. It then provides analysis and discussion that contextualize the question. The project finally concludes by offering implications. The implications address why the question concerning the relationship between gifts and rhetoric matters for the larger landscape of international relations.


The Psychology Of Dystopian And Post-Apocalyptic Stories: The Proverbial Question Of Whether Life Will Imitate Art, Donna Roberts May 2020

The Psychology Of Dystopian And Post-Apocalyptic Stories: The Proverbial Question Of Whether Life Will Imitate Art, Donna Roberts

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Dystopian and Post-Apocalyptic genres challenge our notions of Aristotelian mimesis vs Anti-mimesis – i.e., In the study of the human condition, does life imitate art or art imitate life? Popular culture, then and now, provides us with examples to depict the circularity of these notions and the psychological importance of exploring this aspect of human nature, particularly the contemplation of our own collective demise. While we recoil in horror at the images these genres portray, we are also morbidly fascinated by them, and we can’t help but ask ourselves . . . Could that really happen? Will that happen?

Comment. Two intellectual ...


Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn May 2020

Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis attempts to provide a conception of the Russell Tribunal as an organization deeply rooted in ritual practice and social criticism. Contrary to prevailing views that describe the Tribunal as nothing more than a (failed) legal court or an organization that sought to engage with international law, this thesis argues that the Tribunal, far from an organization rooted in judging the legality of the Vietnam War, can actually be understood as an organization that sought to enhance the social criticism of its members.


The Science That Will Save The World: Tektological Practice For The Coming Storm, Remi Debs Bruno May 2020

The Science That Will Save The World: Tektological Practice For The Coming Storm, Remi Debs Bruno

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Alexander Bogdanov, a Russian physicist, philosopher of science, and Old Bolshevik who strove to devolve scientific knowledge from its rarified perch amongst the 'intelligentsiya' to the level of mass engagement originated what has since been developed into systems theory. The conjuncture between Bogdanov's Tektology (meaning, roughly, "the universal science of organization", which was later developed into the field of cybernetics and complexity theory) and a universalizable approach to ecology is a fecund terrain containing, this presentation will argue, the seeds of a revolutionary approach to the existential impasses of the Anthropocene-- those interposed amongst social formations as well as ...


Mapping The Modern History Of Philosophy Of Religion With Machine Learning, Jackson C. Foster Apr 2020

Mapping The Modern History Of Philosophy Of Religion With Machine Learning, Jackson C. Foster

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

A current debate in the philosophy of religion ("PoR") is about future routes for scholarship (see Bilimoria and Irvine 2010; Crockett, Putt, and Robbins 2014; Wildman 2010). Yet, while many scholars have assessed where the field should expand, few have addressed the disciplines' modern history. Making use of new methods in the digital humanities, this project proposes a history of the field based on empirical evidence, a meaningful foundation for future growth. "Mapping the History" utilizes various computational techniques to process twenty-thousand research articles from fifteen journals in PoR and religious studies, spanning a period of over ninety years (from ...


"I Am The Sole Author": Challenging The Dictionary Of The Social Self In Zadie Smith's Nw, Rachel Mary Stroia Apr 2020

"I Am The Sole Author": Challenging The Dictionary Of The Social Self In Zadie Smith's Nw, Rachel Mary Stroia

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Zadie Smith explores the tension between the notions of identity based on essentialism and identity as fluid. Her novel NW (2012) follows the lives of Leah Hanwell and Natalie Blake in their respective struggles to forge their identities in post-multicultural London. I propose that Smith's characters fall on either side of the spectrum between stasis and becoming, and neither one can achieve the balance between the two extremes. In addition to exploring these ontological questions, Smith challenges the promise of self-sufficiency, individualism, and social mobility in contemporary London, categories which are immersed in neoliberal sensibilities that ostensibly celebrate autonomy ...


The Conceptions Of Self-Evidence In The Finnis Reconstruction Of Natural Law, Kevin P. Lee Apr 2020

The Conceptions Of Self-Evidence In The Finnis Reconstruction Of Natural Law, Kevin P. Lee

St. Mary's Law Journal

Finnis claims that his theory proceeds from seven basic principles of practical reason that are self-evidently true. While much has been written about the claim of self-evidence, this article considers it in relation to the rigorous claims of logic and mathematics. It argues that when considered in this light, Finnis equivocates in his use of the concept of self-evidence between the realist Thomistic conception and a purely formal, modern symbolic conception. Given his respect for the modern positivist separation of fact and value, the realism of the Thomistic conception cannot be the foundation for the natural law as Finnis would ...


Socrates As A Philosophical Exemplar, Aria Mia Loberti Apr 2020

Socrates As A Philosophical Exemplar, Aria Mia Loberti

Senior Honors Projects

In Plato’s dialogues, Socrates famously denied being a teacher. Nonetheless, others took him to be a teacher, and there is no doubt that his attempts to encourage people to philosophy are pedagogical. So, we are presented with a puzzle—one that is still with interpreters today, despite important work on the issues (e.g., Nehamas 1985, 1992). In this project, I approach these issues from a different angle, asking not whether Socrates is a teacher (or whether philosophy can be taught) but considering Socrates as a philosophical exemplar. I contend that this question will help us to understand not ...


06. Richard Richards, Robert Roberts, And Aristotelian Aristotelianism, Steven Gimbel Mar 2020

06. Richard Richards, Robert Roberts, And Aristotelian Aristotelianism, Steven Gimbel

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

This paper is a tribute to a philosopher and a person I have long admired, Richard C. Richards. As a clear and rigorous thinker, a thoughtful and accessible writer, and as a kind, blunt, and extremely funny person, Richard embodies virtues I hope to someday claim as well. [excerpt]


07. Richard Richards Is A Gay Scientist, David Monroe Mar 2020

07. Richard Richards Is A Gay Scientist, David Monroe

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

A little recognized and under-appreciated fact about the august Richard Richards is that he is a gay scientist. I know what you may be thinking—Richard’s never shagged dudes, and if he has, it’s shitty to out him in an essay that’s meant to honor him. That’s strictly his business. Or you may be thinking that that Richard identifies as a philosopher, not a physicist, biologist, or even (egads!) a psychologist. As far as I know, you would be right in both cases—and it would be terrible to call him out--despite the fact that this ...


05. Aesthetics, Humor, And Virtue: Reflections On Richards And The Good Life, Elizabeth Victor Mar 2020

05. Aesthetics, Humor, And Virtue: Reflections On Richards And The Good Life, Elizabeth Victor

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

In A Philosopher Looks at the Sense of Humor, Richard C. Richards discusses how one's appreciation of and ability to create incongruities is a necessary condition for developing a sense of humor. One's sense of humor, according to Richards, can be a component of happiness. In this paper, I will build on Richards's concept of the sense of humor. I will argue that Richards account is consistent with an Aristotelian picture of happiness as holistic well-being. Specifically, I will suggest that the attitude underlying the aesthetic and/or the humorous is a kind of pro-attitude that must ...


Praxis, Poems, And Punchlines: Essays In Honor Of Richard C. Richards, Steven Gimbel Mar 2020

Praxis, Poems, And Punchlines: Essays In Honor Of Richard C. Richards, Steven Gimbel

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

Richard C. “Dick” Richards has a 40 year history of being an influential philosopher, teacher, and colleague. This volume collects thoughts, memories, and philosophical essays that engage with and celebrate the life and career of this much beloved figure.


00. Introduction, Steven Gimbel Mar 2020

00. Introduction, Steven Gimbel

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

One of the most wonderful aspects of the job of university professor is that one’s occupation is based on an area of personal expertise that shapes one’s Being. So it is with Richard C. “Dick” Richards, who, amongst other areas of specialization, is a philosopher of love. Richard’s Being is one deeply entrenched in love. There is, of course, the romantic love he long shared with his recently passed wife Marty, but there is also the love of many, many students and colleagues, both in and beyond the department at California State Polytechnic University at Pomona, and ...


01. Richard C. Richards, I Hardly Knew Ye, Peter Francev Mar 2020

01. Richard C. Richards, I Hardly Knew Ye, Peter Francev

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

I first met Richard Richards at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, in the fall of 1996. I was a Freshman who had a curious interest in philosophy; yet, at the time, I was a Biology major planning of a life in Hawaii where I’d be conducting research on sharks while teaching at the University of Hawaii and surfing before and after work. Little did I know that my life would be changed forever, after a chance meeting with Richard. [excerpt]


02. Humor And The Good Life, Laurie Shrage Mar 2020

02. Humor And The Good Life, Laurie Shrage

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

I don’t remember how it started, but somehow throughout my career at Cal Poly Pomona, Dick regularly asked me what colors I wanted. Then, a few days later, he would leave a bag of bearded iris rhizomes in our department office for me. Evidently, Dick was obsessed with breeding these plants, and his breeding program generated many “rejects,” which he shared with his friends and colleagues. My garden was full of his beautiful rejects, and I soon learned to appreciate these plants, which I think was Dick’s true aim. [excerpt]


03. Humor In The Zhouyi, Bradford Hatcher Mar 2020

03. Humor In The Zhouyi, Bradford Hatcher

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

It was the 1969-1970 school year at Cal Poly, Pomona, when I signed up to study some philosophy under Dick Richards, on the advice of my brother Byron. I was in the middle of a radical renovation of my worldview at the time, having dropped out of college. The rocket science major didn’t work out, once I realized that all the jobs were military, and the math major had suffered from an epiphany while trying to differentiate inverse hyperbolic trig functions on two hits of acid. I needed to switch to some more primitive human endeavors, where it wasn ...


04. Mongo Give Good E-Mail, Camille Atkinson Mar 2020

04. Mongo Give Good E-Mail, Camille Atkinson

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

The first time I met Richard C. Richards (whom I later learned was also known as Mongo) we were at the 2013 LPS conference on the west coast of Florida. He was wearing a T-shirt that said something about having attended his own funeral, so I figured that he, like me, had a penchant for gallows humor. Later, during an author-meets-critics session focusing on his at-the-time-new book (A Philosopher Looks at The Sense of Humor), I was as eager to learn more about his work as I was delighted by the friendly banter between him and the other attendees. Although ...


08. The Legend Of The Altweiß, Elizabeth Sills Mar 2020

08. The Legend Of The Altweiß, Elizabeth Sills

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

Once upon a time there was an Old White Man. He was very funny, but not in a “haha” kind of way. He was funny mostly in a non-threatening whimsical kind of way. Everywhere he went, people laughed merrily. He would make horrible puns and people would laugh. He would pause dramatically before saying something innocuous and people would laugh. He would make racist quips using words for Italian people that haven’t been popular since the 1920s and people would laugh. [excerpt]


10. Putting The ‘Fun’ Back In ‘Funeral’, Thomas Brommage Mar 2020

10. Putting The ‘Fun’ Back In ‘Funeral’, Thomas Brommage

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius writes in his notebooks: “You are a little soul carrying a corpse,” quoting the Greek stoic philosopher Epictetus. As he was likely writing these notes to himself as a form of mental discipline in the throes of a military campaign, he obviously meant that observation to be comforting. To most it is far from that, of course—but the reason why this is so is worthy of some attention. [excerpt]


11. Objectively Funny Jokes: Comedy’S El Dorado Or A Simple Macguffin?, Michael Cundall Mar 2020

11. Objectively Funny Jokes: Comedy’S El Dorado Or A Simple Macguffin?, Michael Cundall

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

Could there ever be an objectively funny joke or bit of humor? With the popularity of certain forms of humor, with the appearance of puns as consistent stages in the development of humor in children, this seems a reasonable query. Further, give recent developments in humor theory, and depending on what stance you take on what is essential to the funny or humorous your answer could be yes or no. [excerpt]


09. A Philosopher With A Sense Of Humor, Eugenio Zaldivar Mar 2020

09. A Philosopher With A Sense Of Humor, Eugenio Zaldivar

Praxis, Poems, and Punchlines: Essays in Honor of Richard C. Richards

In this very short acknowledgment I think I’d like to accomplish two things. First, I’d like to give a sense of the affect that having seen Richard in action has had on me. Second, I’d like to point to an important development in philosophy of humor contributed by Richards in his work “A Philosopher Looks at the Sense of Humor” which I believe needs to be central to the philosophical discussion of humor and joking going forward. [excerpt]


African American Existential Heroes: Narrative Struggles For Authenticity, Michael Cotto Feb 2020

African American Existential Heroes: Narrative Struggles For Authenticity, Michael Cotto

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

African American Existential Heroes: Narrative Struggles for Authenticity argues for the development of existential authenticities and their impact on African American self-identity constructions in three African American literary classics:

Richard Wright’s The Outsider, Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, and James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain. For that purpose, the introduction puts forward the aforementioned topic; defines the major terms, authenticity, existentialism, and African Americanness; identifies the three texts to be studied; explicates its methodology; studies the anagnorisis of each text in relation to the existential crisis; accounts for the existential philosophers used, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre ...


Objectivity, Dagfinn Føllesdal Jan 2020

Objectivity, Dagfinn Føllesdal

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


The “Indirect Message” In Kierkegaard And Chán Buddhism, Zdeněk Zacpal Jan 2020

The “Indirect Message” In Kierkegaard And Chán Buddhism, Zdeněk Zacpal

Comparative Philosophy

The article seeks to analyse Kierkegaard’s indirecte Meddelelse, which the author proposes to translate as ‘indirect message’. It attempts to consider and illuminate this concept and its general characteristics, types and cases in Kierkegaard's work. They are to serve as a baseline for investigations of indirect messages in Buddhism, especially the famous ‘public cases’ (gong-àn / kōan 公案) of the Chán Buddhists. The author tries to specify indirect messages on both sides of the cultural divide in terms of some Western philosophers. Kierkegaard’s theoretical rationale for his indirect message is profound, sophisticated and appropriate to the theoretical investigation ...


On What Is Real In Nāgārjuna’S “Middle Way”, Richard H. Jones Jan 2020

On What Is Real In Nāgārjuna’S “Middle Way”, Richard H. Jones

Comparative Philosophy

It has become popular to portray the Buddhist Nāgārjuna as an ontological nihilist, i.e., that he denies the reality of entities and does not postulate any further reality. A reading of his works does show that he rejects the self-existent reality of entities, but it also shows that he accepts a "that-ness" (tattva) to phenomenal reality that survives the denial of any distinct, self-contained entities. Thus, he is not a nihilist concerning what is real in the final analysis of things. How Nāgārjuna’s positions impact contemporary discussions of ontological nihilism and deflationism in Western philosophy is also discussed.