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Articles 691 - 719 of 719

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Following Form And Function: A Philosophical Archaeology Of Life Science, Stephen Asma Dec 1996

Following Form And Function: A Philosophical Archaeology Of Life Science, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

No abstract provided.


Against Nature: On Robert Wright's The Moral Animal, Amy L. Wax Jan 1996

Against Nature: On Robert Wright's The Moral Animal, Amy L. Wax

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Trees Of History In Systematics And Philology, Robert O’Hara Dec 1995

Trees Of History In Systematics And Philology, Robert O’Hara

Robert J. O’Hara

«The Natural System» is the name given to the underlying arrangement present in the diversity of life. Unlike a classification, which is made up of classes and members, a system or arrangement is an integrated whole made up of connected parts. In the pre-evolutionary period a variety of forms were proposed for the Natural System, including maps, circles, stars, and abstract multidimensional objects. The trees sketched by Darwin in the 1830s should probably be considered the first genuine evolutionary diagrams of the Natural System—the first genuine evolutionary trees. Darwin refined his image of the Natural System in the well-known ...


Natural Selection And Self-Organization: Dynamical Models As Clues To A New Evolutionary Synthesis, Bruce Weber, David Depew Dec 1995

Natural Selection And Self-Organization: Dynamical Models As Clues To A New Evolutionary Synthesis, Bruce Weber, David Depew

David J Depew

The Darwinian concept of natural selection was conceived within a set of Newtonianbackground assumptions about systems dynamics. Mendelian genetics at first did not sit well with the gradualist assumptions of the Darwinian theory. Eventually, however. Mendelism and Darwinism were fused by reformulating natural selection in statistical terms. This reflected a shift to a more probabilistic set of background assumptions based upon Boltzmannian systems dynamics. Recent developments in molecular genetics and paleontology have put pressure on Darwinism once again. Current work on self-organizing systems may provide a stimulus not only for increased problem solving within the Darwinian tradition, especially with respect ...


Mapping The Space Of Time: Temporal Representation In The Historical Sciences, Robert J. O’Hara Dec 1995

Mapping The Space Of Time: Temporal Representation In The Historical Sciences, Robert J. O’Hara

Robert J. O’Hara

William Whewell (1794–1866), polymathic Victorian scientist, philosopher, historian, and educator, was one of the great neologists of the nineteenth century. Although Whewell’s name is little remembered today except by professional historians and philosophers of science, researchers in many scientific fields work each day in a world that Whewell named. “Miocene” and “Pliocene,” “uniformitarian” and “catastrophist,” “anode” and “cathode,” even the word “scientist” itself—all of these were Whewell coinages. Whewell is particularly important to students of the historical sciences for another word he coined, one that was unfortunately not as successful as many of his others because it ...


Design And Construction Of Two Large-Scale Botanical Models: A Sunflower Capitulum And A Grass Spikelet, Nisa Blackmon May 1995

Design And Construction Of Two Large-Scale Botanical Models: A Sunflower Capitulum And A Grass Spikelet, Nisa Blackmon

Nisa Blackmon

During the years that I worked on the models, my thoughts about the project changed significantly. I began with the simple goal of having my work culminate in two scientifically accurate, visually pleasing, durable models, which would be practical teaching tools. I envisioned a neat and tidy application of my skills as an artisan to the physical representation of scientific data. I should have known that very little about art or science is ever so easily encompassed. In my own artwork, I often make use of botanical forms and phenomena as a formal addition to the work, or as a ...


Scientific Outsiders And The Human Genome Project. Review Of Timothy F. Murphy And Marc A. Lappé, Justice And The Human Genome Project; Robert F. Weir, Susan S. Lawrence, And Evan Fales, Genes And Human Self-Knowledge: Historical And Philosophical Reflections On Modern Genetics; Tom Wilkie, Perilous Knowledge: The Human Genome Project And Its Implications, Susan M. Lindee Jan 1995

Scientific Outsiders And The Human Genome Project. Review Of Timothy F. Murphy And Marc A. Lappé, Justice And The Human Genome Project; Robert F. Weir, Susan S. Lawrence, And Evan Fales, Genes And Human Self-Knowledge: Historical And Philosophical Reflections On Modern Genetics; Tom Wilkie, Perilous Knowledge: The Human Genome Project And Its Implications, Susan M. Lindee

Departmental Papers (HSS)

The Human Genome Project, the international effort to map and sequence the genetic material of Homo sapiens, has by now generated a mass of information about DNA sequences. It has also generated an independent, but related, mass of texts exploring the philosophical, historical, sociological, and legal implications for medical care, human identity, law, politics, and reproduction that the project raises. Indeed, the Human Genome Project is perhaps most noteworthy for its status as the first and only scientific project to fund independent studies of its own social implications. The genome project budget in the United States, which is divided among ...


Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics And The Genealogy Of Natural Selection, David Depew, Bruce Weber Dec 1994

Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics And The Genealogy Of Natural Selection, David Depew, Bruce Weber

David J Depew

Darwinism Evolving examines the Darwinian research tradition in evolutionary biology from its inception to its turbulent present, arguing that recent advances in modeling the nonlinear dynamics of complex systems may well catalyze the next major phase of Darwinian evolutionism.While Darwinism has successfully resisted reduction to physics, the authors point out that it has from the outset developed and applied its core explanatory concept, natural selection, by borrowing models from dynamics, a branch of physics. The recent development of complex systems dynamics may afford Darwinism yet another occasion to expand its explanatory power.Darwinism's use of dynamical models has ...


Evolution, Ethics, And The Complexity Revolution, David Depew, Bruce Weber Dec 1994

Evolution, Ethics, And The Complexity Revolution, David Depew, Bruce Weber

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


Review Of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, And Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich Eds., American Association For The Advancement Of Science 1994), Suzanne A. Sprunger Sep 1994

Review Of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, And Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich Eds., American Association For The Advancement Of Science 1994), Suzanne A. Sprunger

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Review of: The Genetic Frontier: Ethics, Law, and Policy (Mark S. Frankel & Albert Teich eds., American Association for the Advancement of Science 1994). Acknowledgments, appendix, contributors, figures, index, introduction, notes, references, tables. LC 93-37230, ISBN 0-87168-526-4. [260 pp. Paper $22.95. 1333 H St., NW, Washington DC 20005.]


Effects Of Soluble Calcium-To-Protein Ratio On Age Gelation Of Ultra, Je Hong Ryue May 1994

Effects Of Soluble Calcium-To-Protein Ratio On Age Gelation Of Ultra, Je Hong Ryue

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Reverse osmosis (RO) and ultrafiltration (UF) retentates were ultra-high temperature (UHT) processed and compared for storage life at room temperature. Viscosity studies indicated that UHT-treated, RO retentate delayed age gelation longer than UF retentate at the same total solids level (26% TS). When compared at 6.4% protein level (2x RO vs 2.7x UF where x=ratio of the feed volume to concentrate volume), the storage life for both RO and UF retentates was about 6 to 8 months.

Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) and disodium phosphate (DSP) at 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 mM concentrations were incorporated prior to ...


An Analysis Of The Philosophy Of International Agricultural And Extension Education: A Post-Positivist Approach , Stephen Michael Campbell Jan 1994

An Analysis Of The Philosophy Of International Agricultural And Extension Education: A Post-Positivist Approach , Stephen Michael Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to articulate a post-positivist philosophy of international agricultural and extension education. The study was phenomenological, in that it tried to discover and describe the essence of international agricultural and extension education. In doing so, it articulated a philosophy which was both evolutionary and non-exclusionary as regards social divisions such as race, class, and gender;A multi-faceted, qualitative methodology was used. The study first examined the historical and philosophical views of traditional agricultural education. A philosophy was then outlined. Next, the history and present status of the philosophy of general education was examined. This included ...


The Effects Of Temperature And Daylength On The Rosa Polyphenism In The Buckeye Butterfly, Precis Coenia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Kelly C. Smith Dec 1993

The Effects Of Temperature And Daylength On The Rosa Polyphenism In The Buckeye Butterfly, Precis Coenia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Kelly C. Smith

Publications

In North Carolina, Precis coenia that emerge during the Summer months exhibit a ventral hindwing (VHW) with well-defined reddish-brown and brown pattern elements on a light tan background. During late Summer and early Fall, however, individuals begin to appear with poorly defined or obscured pattern elements on a dark reddish-brown background. The present study shows that the Fall (rosa) color morph can be induced by either low rearing temperatures or short daylengths. The effect of such conditions seems to be cumulative throughout the larval life, although animals are much more sensitive during the last 24 hours of larval life and ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


The Influence Of Philosophical And Scientific World Views On The Development Of The Theology, Norman R. Gulley Jan 1993

The Influence Of Philosophical And Scientific World Views On The Development Of The Theology, Norman R. Gulley

Journal of the Adventist Theological Society

No abstract provided.


Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett Jan 1993

Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about the meaning and relevance, in today's world, of indigenous knowledge, and particularly the traditional cosmologies and sacred beliefs that underly this knowledge. The case of Vedic knowledge in Nepal is studied to illustrate traditional agriculture within a cosmological framework and to provide an holistic, indigenous perspective on development with emphasis on sustainable, indigenous approaches to agriculture and related sectors in Nepal. Indigenous knowledge is defined from an indigenous perspective and an alternative, emic approach to understanding the role of indigenous knowledge in development and the synthesis of modern and indigenous knowledge systems is proposed. Implications ...


Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan Jun 1992

Moral Hazard And Gatt Article Xviii(B), Hartley Furtan

GATT Research Papers

Article XVIII(B) of the GATT code allows developing countries to use tariffs to reduce imports when their balance-of-payments problems result in a low foreign currency reserve. While the intent of this GATT provision is sound, it has led to moral hazard problems. This chapter reviews the history and safeguards of Article XVIII(B0 and identifies some of its specific moral hazard problems. A model addressing these problems is then presented, and alternative policies are suggested to reform the Article.


The Palmer Philosophy Of Chiropractic – An Historical Perspective., Dennis M. Richards Jan 1991

The Palmer Philosophy Of Chiropractic – An Historical Perspective., Dennis M. Richards

Dennis M Richards

This paper presents the Palmer philosophy of chiropractic from an historical viewpoint. It examines how influences in the life of DD Palmer, such as spiritualism, theosophy and magnetic healing helped to shape the chiropractic philosophy expressed by him. It also oulines the philosophy of BJ Palmer, explaining how it may have been influenced by legal challenges to the early pioneers of chiropractic. Contemporary expression of the Palmer philosophy, as articulated by Strang, is also noted.


"Group Selection And The Evolution Of Myxomatosis", Timothy Shanahan Jun 1990

"Group Selection And The Evolution Of Myxomatosis", Timothy Shanahan

Timothy Shanahan

Before it is possible to assess the importance of "group selection" in nature, it is necessary to rigorously define this term. A definition of group selection is derived from a critical analysis of conceptions common in the biological literature. This definition is then used to clarify the debate over the mechanism responsible for the evolution of myxomatosis in Australia.


Entropy, Information, And Evolution: New Perspectives On Physical And Biological Evolution, David Depew, Bruce Weber Dec 1987

Entropy, Information, And Evolution: New Perspectives On Physical And Biological Evolution, David Depew, Bruce Weber

David J Depew

Can recent developments in thermodynamics and information theory offer a way out of the current crisis in evolutionary theory? One of the most exciting and controversial areas of scientific research in recent years has been the application of the principles of nonequilibrium thermodynamics to the problems of the physical evolution of the universe, the origins of life, the structure and succession of ecological systems, and biological evolution. These sixteen original essays by evolutionists, ecologists, molecular biologists, physical chemists, physicists, and philosophers of science provide the best current summary of this developing research program.Chapters in the book's first part ...


The Relationship Between Mathematical Expression And Biological Insight: Some Issues In Community Ecology Modeling, Exemplified By The Logistic Equation, Peter J. Taylor Aug 1985

The Relationship Between Mathematical Expression And Biological Insight: Some Issues In Community Ecology Modeling, Exemplified By The Logistic Equation, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers on Science in a Changing World

The relationship between mathematical expression and biological insight is a central problem for modelers in community ecology. In this paper I distinguish three interpretations of this relationship: models as redescriptions as observations; models as capturing fundamental or generative biological relations; and models as an aid in exploring how to formulate the inquiries we put to nature. I aim to show that we can reduce ambiguities and confusion and ecological theory if we hold the different interpretations clearly in mind. I conclude by advancing an overall strategy of model building—de/composition—in which each of the interpretations plays a role ...


Apparent Interactions In Community Models: A Challenge For Theoretical Ecology, Peter J. Taylor Aug 1985

Apparent Interactions In Community Models: A Challenge For Theoretical Ecology, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers on Science in a Changing World

The primary aim of this working paper is to challenge theoretical ecologists to clarify the intended status of any simple model that they use. If we restrict our attention to a subcommunity and treat it as if it were the full community, we need to invoke apparent interactions that incorporate the effects of unspecified or hidden variables as well as direct interactions. This position resembles that of previous discussions of apparent competition (Holt 1977), indirect effects (Lawlor 1979), and ecological abstraction (Schaffer 1981), but my definition of apparent interactions differs from those stated or implied by these authors. I advance ...


Evolution At A Crossroads: The New Biology And The New Philosophy Of Science, David Depew, Bruce Weber Dec 1984

Evolution At A Crossroads: The New Biology And The New Philosophy Of Science, David Depew, Bruce Weber

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


Justice And The Treatment Of Animals, Michael Pritchard Dec 1980

Justice And The Treatment Of Animals, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

Although the participants in the initial situation of justice in John Rawls’ Theory of Justice choose principles of justice only, their choices have implications for other moral concerns. The only check on the self-interest of the participants is that there be unanimous acceptance of the principles. But, since animals are not participants, it is possible that principles will be adopted which confiict with what Rawls calls “duties of compassion and humanity” toward animals. This is a consequence of the initial situation’s assumption that principles of justice can be determined independently of other moral considerations. We question this assumption, and ...


Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program Jan 1978

Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

Papers representative of the variety of scholarly research conducted at WKU.

  • Adams, Kathy. The Appalachian Language
  • Barnett, Philip. A Study of Deviant Behavior of XYY Individuals in Regard to Environment and Genotype
  • Bell, Brooks. Loving, Loyal Linda Loman: An Interpretive Note
  • Danhauer, Janice. Motivating Workers Through Job Design
  • Davis, Barbara. The Transformation of a Man into a Man of Understanding in Murinbata Society
  • Davis, Diane. The Argot of the Homosexual
  • Jewell, Teresa. The Life Story of the Hero of World War I - Sergeant Alvin C. York
  • Lanham, Wayne. Das Knarrenschiff and a Ship of Fools: A Study in Influence
  • Maerker ...


Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Vol. Ii, Wku Honors Program Jan 1974

Ua35/11 Student Honors Research Bulletin, Vol. Ii, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

Articles written by honors program students. They were originally research projects, class papers or essays written for academic credit, but in each case the student has done further work editing and improving his or her manuscript for this publication. The articles represent a broad range of interests and disciplines, and they indicate a healthy attempt on the part of at least some students to dig for deeper knowledge and understanding than is usually associated with undergraduate study.

  • Greene, Bruce. The Traditional Fiddle Music of South-Central Kentucky
  • Moody, Marlin. Some Effects of the Herbicide Glyphosate on Johnson Grass Rhizomes
  • Jones, Larry ...


Ua35/11 Student Honors Bulletin, Vol. I, No. 1, Wku Honors Program Jan 1973

Ua35/11 Student Honors Bulletin, Vol. I, No. 1, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

Articles written by honors program students. They were originally research projects, class papers or essays written for academic credit, but in each case the student has done further work editing and improving his or her manuscript for this publication. The articles represent a broad range of interests and disciplines, and they indicate a healthy attempt on the part of at least some students to dig for deeper knowledge and understanding than is usually associated with undergraduate study.

  • Harris, James. The Trent Affair; Restraint vs. Irresponsibility
  • Massey, Scott. Foolishness
  • Oskins, Doug. Reuse of Sewage as a Potable Water Supply
  • Alvey, Richard ...


Ua35/11 Perspectives On Contemporary Man, Wku Honors Program Oct 1965

Ua35/11 Perspectives On Contemporary Man, Wku Honors Program

WKU Archives Records

Lectures delivered by WKU professors to the Freshman Colloquium in the fall of 1964. The Freshman Honors Colloquium is a special course open only to freshmen students whose test scores, on the battery of tests administered to all entering freshmen, fall in the upper 15% and who graduated in the top quarter of their high school graduating class. The book lists the participants in the colloquium.

Lectures:

  • Bailey, Donald. What is a Man, According to a Biologist?
  • Nash, Ronald. A Philosopher Looks at Man
  • Tachau, Charles. A Theologian Looks at Man
  • Watson, John. A Sociologist Looks at Man
  • Shedd, Charles ...


Cytogenetic Studies In The Genus Cymbidium, Donald E. Wimber Jan 1956

Cytogenetic Studies In The Genus Cymbidium, Donald E. Wimber

CGU Theses & Dissertations

The orchids known today make up one of the largest Angiospermous families in the world. Recent estimates place the number of genera at about 450 which estimates between 10,000 and 15,000 species (some authorities go as high as 20,000). They are without doubt one of the most highly specialized groups of green plants. Botanically the flowers are of more than passing interest for they deviate so distinctly from the norm of the Monocots. They are the possessors of a number of unique structures that are found in no other family of flowering plants.