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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Philosophy

Argument Map: Loewi's Argument That Neuro-Transmission Works With Chemical Signals Instead Of Eletrical (Short Version), Michael Hoffmann Dec 2014

Argument Map: Loewi's Argument That Neuro-Transmission Works With Chemical Signals Instead Of Eletrical (Short Version), Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument shows how the hypothesis that muscles are probably stimulated exclusively by chemical signals and not by electrical ones can be justified by Loewi's experimentum crucis.


Argument Map: Devoloping Scientific Hypotheses And Experimental Designs In Form Of An Argumentation. Loewi's Crucial Experiment On Chemical Neurotransmission, Michael Hoffmann Nov 2014

Argument Map: Devoloping Scientific Hypotheses And Experimental Designs In Form Of An Argumentation. Loewi's Crucial Experiment On Chemical Neurotransmission, Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument map presents Paul Loewi’s crucial experiment in which he showed that neural transmissions of signals are chemical in nature, not electrical, in form of an argumentation. The map can be used in science education to show how the formulation of hypotheses should be related to a corresponding determination of experimental designs.


Survival Of The Selfish: Natural Selection And The Myth Of Altruism, Kyle O'Shea Oct 2013

Survival Of The Selfish: Natural Selection And The Myth Of Altruism, Kyle O'Shea

The Intellectual Standard

No abstract provided.


Review Of Mark Bekoff's Ignoring Nature No More: The Case For Compassionate Conservation, Ian Werkheiser Jan 2013

Review Of Mark Bekoff's Ignoring Nature No More: The Case For Compassionate Conservation, Ian Werkheiser

Ian Werkheiser

No abstract provided.


The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

The Evolved Apprentice. How Evolution Made Humans Unique, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina Jan 2012

Perception, Action, And Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics And Two Visual Systems, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein Jan 2012

Do Ssds Extend The Conscious Mind?, Mirko Farina, Julian Kiverstein

Mirko Farina

Is the brain the biological substrate of consciousness? Most naturalistic philosophers of mind have supposed that the answer must obviously be «yes » to this question. However, a growing number of philosophers working in 4e (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive) cognitive science have begun to challenge this assumption, arguing instead that consciousness supervenes on the whole embodied animal in dynamic interaction with the environment. We call views that share this claim dynamic sensorimotor theories of consciousness (DSM). Clark (2009), a founder and leading proponent of the hypothesis of the extended mind, demurs, arguing that as matter of fact the biology of consciousness ...


Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina May 2011

Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds And Spongy Brains, Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

We offer an argument for the extended mind based on considerations from brain development. We argue that our brains develop to function in partnership with cognitive resources located in our external environments. Through our cultural upbringing we are trained to use artefacts in problem solving that become factored into the cognitive routines our brains support. Our brains literally grow to work in close partnership with resources we regularly and reliably interact with. We take this argument to be in line with complementarity or “second-wave” defences of the extended mind that stress the functional differences between biological elements and external, environmental ...


The Study Of Social Sciences In Developing Societies: Towards An Adequate Conceptualization Of Relevance, Syed Farid Alatas Mar 2011

The Study Of Social Sciences In Developing Societies: Towards An Adequate Conceptualization Of Relevance, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

Since the 19th century, there has been a strong awareness of a lack of fit between the western1 social sciences and non-western realities. Many examples of the irrelevance of western concepts, theories and assumptions have been noted in the literature. The fact that the social sciences emerged in the West, were initially practised in the Third World by colonialists and other European scholars, and then finally implanted among the locals during and after formal independence, had raised the question of the relevance of these bodies of knowledge to Third World societies and their problems. Some nonwestern scholars in the 19th ...


Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina Jan 2011

Cognitive Systems And The Extended Mind, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina Sep 2010

Supersizing The Mind: Embodiment, Action And Cognitive Extension, Mirko Farina

Mirko Farina

No abstract provided.


On Blushing, Lee T. Nutini Jan 2010

On Blushing, Lee T. Nutini

Lee T Nutini

Guided by Darwin's writing, an intensive look at one of the most interesting and inexplicable phenomenons of human emotion.


Obesity: The Bioethics We Need Now, Or What We Owe To Each Other, Lee T. Nutini Jan 2009

Obesity: The Bioethics We Need Now, Or What We Owe To Each Other, Lee T. Nutini

Lee T Nutini

This is an essay written to address the philosophical and food industrial practices underlying the current obesity epidemic in the United States. It appears in its modified lecture format, given at Yale University in 2009. As such, citations are not included. For any question about a specific citation, please contact the author directly.


A Sustainable Future, David A. Bainbridge Jan 2009

A Sustainable Future, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

A key step toward a more sustainable future is beginning the discussion of what this would entail. What are the defining characteristics of sustainability? How could we get there? What benefits and costs might this involve?


Hamadryas Visual Identification Guide, David W. Markman Jan 2009

Hamadryas Visual Identification Guide, David W. Markman

David W Markman

No abstract provided.


Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva May 2007

Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva

armando silva

Exposición sobre el proyecto de imaginarios urbanos de armando silva en la fundación Antoni Tapies de Barcelona, mayo del 20007


Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva May 2007

Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva

armando silva

Exposición sobre el proyecto de imaginarios urbanos de armando silva en la fundación Antoni Tapies de Barcelona, mayo del 20007


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


The Palmer Philosophy Of Chiropractic – An Historical Perspective., Dennis M. Richards Jan 1991

The Palmer Philosophy Of Chiropractic – An Historical Perspective., Dennis M. Richards

Dennis M Richards

This paper presents the Palmer philosophy of chiropractic from an historical viewpoint. It examines how influences in the life of DD Palmer, such as spiritualism, theosophy and magnetic healing helped to shape the chiropractic philosophy expressed by him. It also oulines the philosophy of BJ Palmer, explaining how it may have been influenced by legal challenges to the early pioneers of chiropractic. Contemporary expression of the Palmer philosophy, as articulated by Strang, is also noted.