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Full-Text Articles in Melanesian Studies

Agroecology And Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Interdisciplinary Research And Development In The South Pacific, Cherise Addinsall Jan 2017

Agroecology And Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Interdisciplinary Research And Development In The South Pacific, Cherise Addinsall

Theses

The aim of this thesis is to understand, recognise and support relationships between sustainable rural Ni-Vanuatu livelihoods and engagement in traditional and cash economies. Rural development literature tends to advocate for shifts to formal economies, while devaluing and displacing traditional ‘hybrid’ livelihoods. Agroecology supports traditional hybrid livelihoods by fostering ecologically, culturally and socially integrated practices and facilitating resilience though diversity of activities. This thesis contributes to the literature by attempting to conceptually and methodically synthesise two frameworks based on agroecology and sustainable livelihoods. These frameworks seek to provide an effective tool to enhance sustainable traditional hybrid livelihood strategies.


Reconciling Kastom, Tourism, And Art In The Pacific: The Case Of The Leweton Cultural Group And "Water Music", Thomas Joseph Dick Jan 2017

Reconciling Kastom, Tourism, And Art In The Pacific: The Case Of The Leweton Cultural Group And "Water Music", Thomas Joseph Dick

Theses

Embodying dual legacies (ancestral and colonial), communities throughout the Pacific Islands are configuring and re-configuring themselves, their cultures and, consequently, the world around them in ways that are both continuing and new. Contemporary Vanuatu is an intercultural space contextualised by extremely high levels of linguistic and cultural diversity. This research project examines the multiple emplacements of a diasporic community which is navigating this intercultural space by mobilizing itself and its cultural assets in a variety of rapidly evolving formats that span a range of industries, sectors and cultural transition areas.


Tourism, Indigenous Women And Empowerment: A Case Study Of Taveuni, Fiji, Patricia Matilda Bibi Jan 2017

Tourism, Indigenous Women And Empowerment: A Case Study Of Taveuni, Fiji, Patricia Matilda Bibi

Theses

For the Pacific Island nation of Fiji, tourism is the largest contributor to gross domestic product and foreign exchange, and is a catalyst for the development of iTaukei (indigenous Fijian) communities. This thesis explored the ways that tourism employment impacts the lives of iTaukei women on the island of Taveuni. The study took a qualitative, interpretive approach, heavily influenced by an Indigenist framework, the Fijian Vanua Research Framework (FVRF). Scheyvens’ (1999) framework of economic, social, psychological and political empowerment was adopted, with findings revealing that iTaukei women attained numerous levels of empowerment, with positive outcomes for them, their families and ...