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Full-Text Articles in Music

Cultivating Meaning At Work, In Four Movements, Yumi Kendall Aug 2017

Cultivating Meaning At Work, In Four Movements, Yumi Kendall

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This paper explores ways to enhance meaning at work for professional orchestra musicians, whose psychological needs include both the collective symphonic whole as well as individual mastery needs. An introduction to meaning and meaning in work is followed by a discussion of four pathways to enhance meaning at work for professional orchestra musicians. Finally, for each of the four pathways, initial interventions are proposed. In support of the research on meaning pathways and related psychological experiences of this population, a series of appendices review theoretical constructs from social science at the individual and group levels. Concluding the appendices is a ...


Ifá Tradicional Nigeriano: The Polemics Of “Re-Yorubized” Spirituality In Cuban Sound, Ruth Meadows Jan 2017

Ifá Tradicional Nigeriano: The Polemics Of “Re-Yorubized” Spirituality In Cuban Sound, Ruth Meadows

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In Cuba, emergent circulations between Cuba and contemporary Yor�b�land, Nigeria are transforming the landscape of gender, belief, and state religious policy. This project examines this reencounter through the lens of the controversial Yorubization – or re-Yorubization – of the religions of Regla de Ocha, also known as Santeria, and If�. Through an ethnography of affective belonging and emancipatory desire in Havana, Santiago de Cuba, and the provinces of Holgu�n, Ciego de �vila, and Guant�namo, this work examines how “African Traditionalists” mobilize select aspects of the Yor�b� Traditional Religion (YTR) and Yor�b� language of Nigeria in order ...


Coloureds Performing Queer, Or Queer Coloureds Performing?: Asserting Belonging Through Queer Behavior In Cape Town, South Africa, Glenn Holtzman Jan 2017

Coloureds Performing Queer, Or Queer Coloureds Performing?: Asserting Belonging Through Queer Behavior In Cape Town, South Africa, Glenn Holtzman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The mixed-race community of Cape Town is known locally as the “coloured” people of South Africa: neither black nor white according to nuances of strict racial criteria and classification systems rooted in colonialism and apartheid legislature. South Africa’s “coloured” people have historically been regarded as the “bastard children” of the nation. From their very beginnings, their classification as “off-white” rather than as black created a crisis in their identity. Coloured people dealt with this crisis in diverse ways. Some chose to reject the notion of colonialism and white privilege by embracing black or Afro-centric consciousness movements, but many adopted ...


Sound Business: Great Women Of Gospel Music And The Transmission Of Tradition, Nina Christina Öhman Jan 2017

Sound Business: Great Women Of Gospel Music And The Transmission Of Tradition, Nina Christina Öhman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

From the 1930s to the present, women have played instrumental and visible leadership roles in the remarkable growth of African American gospel music. Through both creative and entrepreneurial activities, these women paved the way for the expansion of an emotive sacred music expression from the worship practices of southern migrants to audiences around the world. This dissertation focuses on the work of three cultural trailblazers, Mahalia Jackson, Aretha Franklin, and Karen Clark Sheard, who stand out in the development of gospel music as virtuosic vocalists and pivotal figures whose sonic imprints can be heard both in sacred songs performed in ...


Obligato / Obligé: A Musical Etymology, Suzanne Anita Bratt Jan 2017

Obligato / Obligé: A Musical Etymology, Suzanne Anita Bratt

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

OBLIGATO / OBLIGÉ: A MUSICAL ETYMOLOGY

Suzanne Anita Bratt

Emily I. Dolan

Ask for a definition of the musical term “obligato”; receive a different answer from everyone asked. What truth this axiom possesses lies in the multiple meanings acquired by the word during the past four hundred years. The varied definitions that presently circulate – an obligatory musical line, a virtuosic one, a filigree or descant, the use of a specific instrument, the use of organ pedal, the interaction of solo instrument and voice – all convey this complex legacy. Through analyses of music in manuscript, printed scores, and publishing materials, this ...


Dancehall Diaspora: Roots, Routes & Reggae Music In Ghana, Osei Alleyne Jan 2017

Dancehall Diaspora: Roots, Routes & Reggae Music In Ghana, Osei Alleyne

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The recent explosion of Ghanaian Reggae Dancehall reflects the longstanding and still growing influence of Jamaican-inspired popular culture in Ghana today. This emerging genre has been nurtured by local Rastafarian communities and championed by youth from the zongos—sprawling internal migrant and largely Islamic unplanned neighborhoods. Suffering similar forms of economic and political alienation from mainstream Ghanaian society, emerging Reggae Dancehall artists from these groups have adopted similar socio cultural and politically rebellious postures as their counterparts in Jamaica—mirroring Jamaican Patois, 'Dread Talk' and Rasta, ‘rudebwoy’ and ‘rudegyal’ identities as counter hegemonic ways of being and knowing in Ghana ...