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Modern Literature Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Modern Literature

Verbal Inflectional Morphology In L1 And L2 Spanish: A Frequency Effects Study Examining Storage Versus Composition, Harriet Bowden, Matthew Gelfand, Christina Sanz, Michael Ullman Feb 2010

Verbal Inflectional Morphology In L1 And L2 Spanish: A Frequency Effects Study Examining Storage Versus Composition, Harriet Bowden, Matthew Gelfand, Christina Sanz, Michael Ullman

Harriet Wood Bowden

This study examines the storage versus composition of Spanish inflected verbal forms in first language (L1) and second language (L2) speakers of Spanish. L2 participants were selected to have mid-to-advanced proficiency, high classroom experience, and low immersion experience, typical of medium-to-advanced foreign language learners. Participants were shown the infinitival forms of verbs from either Class I (the default class, which takes new verbs) or Classes II and III (nondefault classes) and were asked to produce either first-person singular present tense or imperfect forms, in separate tasks. In the present tense, the L1 speakers showed inflected-form frequency effects (i.e., higher ...


Bees In America: How The Honey Bee Shaped A Nation, Tammy Horn Dec 2009

Bees In America: How The Honey Bee Shaped A Nation, Tammy Horn

Tammy Horn

" Honey bees--and the qualities associated with them--have quietly influenced American values for four centuries. During every major period in the country's history, bees and beekeepers have represented order and stability in a country without a national religion, political party, or language. Bees in America is an enlightening cultural history of bees and beekeeping in the United States. Tammy Horn, herself a beekeeper, offers a varied social and technological history from the colonial period, when the British first introduced bees to the New World, to the present, when bees are being used by the American military to detect bombs. Early ...


Viable (A Letter Confessing My Own Lack Of Faith To My Newborn Son), Julie Hensley Dec 2009

Viable (A Letter Confessing My Own Lack Of Faith To My Newborn Son), Julie Hensley

Julie Hensley

Last January, in the minute and a half it took the ultrasound technician to pronounce that word, hours after I stood up from the sofa and felt the blood rush warm out of me, I thought about the moments when knowledge of your life was mine alone, when I had sat, heart-pounding, holding the confirmation of your presence inside me, frozen, unable or unwilling, to rise and begin the inevitable process of sharing you.