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Modern Literature Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Modern Literature

Jewish Destiny In The Novels Of Albert Cohen, David J. Bond Jan 1976

Jewish Destiny In The Novels Of Albert Cohen, David J. Bond

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

The unity of Cohen's novels is due to their common theme of Jewish destiny. This is traced in the lives of the Valeureux and of Solal. The Valeureux are caricatures of the Jew, and demonstrate that Jewish identity and destiny are imposed by others. Their lives are precarious because Jews are always persecuted, a message also conveyed by other persecuted characters and by Cohen's direct interventions. But the Valeureux cling to their Jewishness and exalt their religion because it teaches the need to tame man's instincts. Solal seeks success in Gentile society, but learns it is a ...


Miguel Delibes' Parábola Del Náufrago: Utopia Redreamed, H. L. Boudreau Jan 1976

Miguel Delibes' Parábola Del Náufrago: Utopia Redreamed, H. L. Boudreau

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Delibes' anti-utopian novel is analyzed from a triple per­spective: its internal exegesis, the author's literary development, and the three-phase Utopian genre. Artistic versus thematic orien­tation is examined via parabolic technique, linguistic characteriza­tion, and Parábola's internalization as its author's nightmare. The latter facilitates novelistic exposition through the control and order inherent in the associative language and logic of the dream. Delibes frees his Utopian world from the perquisites of reality by creating an estetic dimension and psychological verisimilitude uncommon in the genre.


Same Voices, Other Tombs: Structures Of Mexican Gothic, Djelal Kadir Jan 1976

Same Voices, Other Tombs: Structures Of Mexican Gothic, Djelal Kadir

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

The new Gothic may be explained in part as a consequence of a transition from an analogical to a metaphorical relationship between the corporeal and transcendent spheres of human experience. Irving Malin and, in a related effort, J. Douglas Perry delineate certain categories of themes, images, and narrative structures which define "new American Gothic" in contemporary fiction. Departing from Northrop Frye's observation that archetypes are basically a problem of structure rather than historical origin, and, that there may be archetypes of genres as well as of images, the present essay attempts to decipher certain paradigmatic categories and structures which ...


The Expressionist Moment: Heym, Trakl And The Problem Of The Modern, James Rolleston Jan 1976

The Expressionist Moment: Heym, Trakl And The Problem Of The Modern, James Rolleston

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Hugo Friedrich's genealogical and normative theory of modern poetry is contrasted with Michel Foucault's essentially static formulations of man's self-creating posture at the centre of a world without transcendence. The role of history and history- making in the modern consciousness is then viewed from the perspective of the early Expressionist poets, Georg Heym (1887-1912) and Georg Trakl (1887-1914). Both writers saw the tradition of Romantic individualism as dead yet persisting in an aimless afterlife, but their responses were antithetical. Trakl, using his personal experience as an emblematic image of the end, reorchestrated the myths and depravities of ...


Breton's Nadja: A Spiritual Ethnography, Louis Tremaine Jan 1976

Breton's Nadja: A Spiritual Ethnography, Louis Tremaine

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

A comparison of Breton's Nadja (1928, revised 1962) with Carlos Castaneda's recent ethnographic studies provides numerous insights into the structure of Breton's work. The narrative technique of Nadja combines documentary and literary modes, reflecting the double focus of the narrator's personal quest for self-knowledge and quasi-scientific quest for knowledge of external surrealistic phenomena. Nadja offers Breton a personal relationship capable of integrating, through an essentially cultural process, the subjective and objective levels of his investigation, but his fear of madness causes him to reject this personal involvement. He thereby rejects the only source of the integrative ...


Front Matter, And A Letter From The Editor, Vol. 1, No. 1, Luis González-Del-Valle Jan 1976

Front Matter, And A Letter From The Editor, Vol. 1, No. 1, Luis González-Del-Valle

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Editorial board and Advisory Council, masthead, and Letter From the Editor