Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Modern Literature Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Modern Literature

Cardinal's The Words To Say It: The Words To Reproduce Mother, Eilene Hoft-March Jun 1997

Cardinal's The Words To Say It: The Words To Reproduce Mother, Eilene Hoft-March

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

The Words to Say it, an autobiographical novel by Algerian-born Frenchwoman Marie Cardinal, earned praise for the accuracy with which it documents a classic psychoanalysis. Quickly sketched, the plot seems to suggest that the separation from an overpowering mother is effected by paternal language and phallic law—the normal, normative psychic itinerary of the human subject. In its reconsideration of the Oedipal, this essay explores Irigaray's idea of the ambiguities of separation from mother and the possibility that the story of (feminine) subjectivity begins with the mother, begins with affiliation and affirmation even as it speaks of separateness. From ...


Family Values: Decoding Boris Vian's Les Bâtisseurs D'Empire, Laurence M. Porter Jun 1997

Family Values: Decoding Boris Vian's Les Bâtisseurs D'Empire, Laurence M. Porter

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Although the full intricacy of his accomplishment has not yet been recognized, Vian interweaves three codes in this play: the absurdist, the anti-colonial, and the psychoanalytical. A bourgeois family periodically retreats from a terrifying noise, moving upstairs into a series of ever-smaller apartments. In each they find already established the "schmürz"—a battered, silent scapegoat figure—and at each new level they lose a member of the family, until finally only le Père and the schmürz remain. Presumably they perish at the end. In 1959, the shrinking space suggested the shrinking French overseas empire, and the schmürz, its colonized victims ...


The Order Of Bourgeois Protest, Geoffey Waite Jan 1986

The Order Of Bourgeois Protest, Geoffey Waite

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Relatively little theoretical work is currently being produced by Western "Leftists" on committed protest culture. Simultaneously and not by chance, Western Marxism has drifted increasingly away from solidarity with the concept and practice of the vanguard party and toward a more or less easy compact with the problematic of poststructuralism and postmodernity. This relative paucity of discussion of commitment and protest stands in significant relationship to two critical moments: first, a powerful, overtheorized tradition of Western Marxist debate about commitment and protest (Benjamin, Sartre, Barthes, Marcuse, Adorno, among others); second, a wide-spread, undertheorized work-a-day practice of "traditional" liberal ...


Sembène Ousmane's Xala: The Use Of Film And Novel As Revolutionary Weapon, Kenneth Harrow Jan 1980

Sembène Ousmane's Xala: The Use Of Film And Novel As Revolutionary Weapon, Kenneth Harrow

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Sembène Ousmane's Xala was written as a novel and made into a film in 1974. It is a biting attack upon the newly risen bourgeois class that has ascended to power and wealth in Senegal since independence. The ideological framework of Xala rests upon Marxist assumptions adapted to and modified by the circumstances in Africa. The distinctively Senegalese features which mark Sembène's portrayal include Muslim and traditional religious beliefs which form the basis of the class oppression and the sexism depicted in Xala. They also supply the title to the work since xala means impotency in Wolof, and ...