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Full-Text Articles in Modern Literature

The Trope Of Nature In Latin American Literature: Some Examples , Becky Boling Jun 2006

The Trope Of Nature In Latin American Literature: Some Examples , Becky Boling

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

The article examines the trope of nature through selected texts from Latin American literature, from the writings of Christopher Columbus to more contemporary narratives such as those by Luis Sepúlveda and Mayra Montero. It focuses on the transition in the manner in which writers conceive of the "natural" world within their particular ideological contexts. From early manifestations of Utopian writing to texts extolling urbanization and development, the trope of nature undergoes several permutations which say a great deal about the ideological contexts of the writers and their conceptualization of the place of humans in the scheme of things. Late 20th ...


Reviews Of Recent Publications Jun 2006

Reviews Of Recent Publications

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Julian W. Connolly, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Nabokov. Thomas Seifrid

Simon Franklin and Emma Widdis, eds. National Identity in Russian Culture: An Introduction. Keith Livers

Sander L. Gilman. Franz Kafka. Esther K. Bauer

Jill Robbins, ed. P/herversions: Critical Studies of Ana Rossetti. Roberta Johnson

Jennifer Warburton. John Fowles: A Life in Two Worlds. John Fowles. The Journals, Vol. I. Ed. Charles Drazin Gerd Bayer


Texts Of Light And Shadow: Dickens And Lautréamont In Alejandra Pizarnik's Sombra Poems , Beth Zeiss Jun 2006

Texts Of Light And Shadow: Dickens And Lautréamont In Alejandra Pizarnik's Sombra Poems , Beth Zeiss

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

In her poetry, the Argentinean Alejandra Pizarnik (1936-72) persistently explores the transformations that the poetic subject undergoes in language. She articulates a cycle wherein the subject's desire to (re)create herself as a presence in language is followed by the desire for death, the absence of the self, when her desire becomes frustrated by language's inadequacies. As yet, the importance of the theme of the fluctuating self in language as developed by Pizarnik in a series of poems protagonized by Sombra, has not been analyzed. The character Sombra appears in six fragment-like poems published posthumously in Textos de ...


Going Under: The Metro And The Search For Oneself In Julio Cortázar's "The Pursuer" , Patricia E. Reagan Jun 2006

Going Under: The Metro And The Search For Oneself In Julio Cortázar's "The Pursuer" , Patricia E. Reagan

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Johnny's metaphysical experience on the metro in Julio Cortázar's "The Pursuer" catalyzes his perception. The metro incident and the ensuing commentary propel all the elements of the narrative. The metro facilitates the development of Johnny's character; relates his character to Charlie Parker; aids our comprehension of the relationship between the metro and Johnny's music; and establishes the metaphysical difference between Johnny and Bruno. The subway is also physical space in which Cortázar reveals a view of time perception in which chronological time succumbs to subjective time. Johnny's metacognitive search for the yonder marks a change ...


Expressions Of National Crisis: Diamela Eltit's E. Luminata And Pablo Picasso's Guernica , Gisela Norat Jun 2006

Expressions Of National Crisis: Diamela Eltit's E. Luminata And Pablo Picasso's Guernica , Gisela Norat

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Diamela Eltit emerged as a writer during the 1980s when Chile was ruled by the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet (1973 -1989). The obscurity of her first book, Lumpérica (trans. E. Luminata) reflects that period of national repression. Despite the negligible attention she received for her first novel, Eltit has since published six other novels and managed to carve out a place for herself within Chile's predominantly male literary establishment. Her writing challenges its mainstream cultural apparatus with a female-centered postmodern writing very different from that of compatriots like best selling authors Isabel Allende in the United States ...


Introduction: Rethinking Spain From Across The Seas, Jill Robbins, Roberta Johnson Jan 2006

Introduction: Rethinking Spain From Across The Seas, Jill Robbins, Roberta Johnson

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

For much of the twentieth century, critical studies of "Peninsular Spanish Literature" largely followed a generational paradigm that stressed the peculiarities of Spanish history and texts written by Spanish men in the Castilian language, thereby circumscribing the literary within the boundaries of a specific form of national identity...


Jorge Oteiza's Modernity And His Latin American Travels , Marina Pérez De Mendiola Jan 2006

Jorge Oteiza's Modernity And His Latin American Travels , Marina Pérez De Mendiola

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Along with Eduardo Chillida, Jorge Oteiza is one of the best-known Basque sculptors of his generation. Although many scholars have written on Oteiza's significant contribution to the field of sculpture, and have analyzed his theories on the meaning of art, very few take into consideration Oteiza's 13 years in Latin America, much less acknowledge that these years had a decisive impact on his art and particularly on his critical essays and poetry. In this essay, I explore how Oteiza's stay in Latin America contributed to his reevaluation of the avant-garde movements in Europe and Latin America, and ...


From The Atlantic To The Pacific: Maruja Mallo In Exile , Shirley Mangini Jan 2006

From The Atlantic To The Pacific: Maruja Mallo In Exile , Shirley Mangini

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Maruja Mallo's life (1902-1995) and art represent one woman's odyssey from the European vanguards to political commitment during the Spanish Republic (1931-1939) and finally to a unique transcendent art form after her wrenching exile from Spain and her residence in Latin America from 1937 to 1965. In her early career she was a leader among the avant-garde painters when few Spanish women were recognized as creative artists. In Latin America, her work diverged radically from European avant-garde trends and from her ideologically oriented subject matter of the 1930s; Mallo not only reflects the impact of her discovery of ...


Cyberspace And The Cyberdildo: Dislocations In Cenicienta En Chueca , Jill Robbins Jan 2006

Cyberspace And The Cyberdildo: Dislocations In Cenicienta En Chueca , Jill Robbins

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Cenicienta en Chueca (Cinderella in Chueca) is a collection of short stories by Argentine exile María Felicitas Jaime, published by Spanish gay/lesbian press Odisea in 2003, that represent the neocolonial relations between the Americas, Spain, and the European Union in a globalized age. The stories foreground communication technologies—including type, e-mail, chats, and dialects—in order to highlight the discursive nature of sexuality and to reveal the social, ethnic, racial, nationalistic, economic, gendered tensions underlying linguistic exchange. This article focuses on the neocolonial relations between Spain and Latin America in three stories from this collection—"Chateo" (Chat), "Ejecutivas" (Women ...


Carmen Nestares's Venus En Buenos Aires: Neocolonialist Cyber-Romance, Virtual Lies, And The Transatlantic Queer , Maite Zubiaurre Jan 2006

Carmen Nestares's Venus En Buenos Aires: Neocolonialist Cyber-Romance, Virtual Lies, And The Transatlantic Queer , Maite Zubiaurre

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Carmen Nestares's novel Venus en Buenos Aires (2001) chronicles a transatlantic lesbian love affair between a Spaniard and an Argentinean that begins in cyber-space and culminates in reality. At first, the novel reads "innocently" as an uncomplicated cyber-romance fiction, but once the romance becomes physical after the lovers meet on Latin American soil, certain unsettling elements arise. Online, the Spanish and Argentinean cultures, supposedly "united" by the same language, seem to intermingle easily and graciously, but offline, they are more conflicted, as the Spanish lover adopts a neocolonialist stance. From a distance she considers Argentina a land of capitalist ...


Symptoms Of Spanish Fantasies: Africa As The Sign Of The Other In Angel Ganivet's Idearium Español And La Conquista Del Reino De Maya , Yaw Agawu-Kakraba Jan 2006

Symptoms Of Spanish Fantasies: Africa As The Sign Of The Other In Angel Ganivet's Idearium Español And La Conquista Del Reino De Maya , Yaw Agawu-Kakraba

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Angel Ganivet's La conquista del reino de Maya (1897, The Conquest of the Realm of Maya) elucidates the aggressive impulse embedded within modern self-consciousness, one that precipitates the need for journeys—linguistic and artistic, as well as authentically colonial—to either the "dark continent" or to the "heart of darkness" to find the irrational Other of the rational modern man. This impulse, however, is not only at the service of individual subjective experience, elevating the ego in relation to a declining awareness of objective or synchronous outside reality. That modernity also precipitated the creation of modern nations, often in ...


"Soy Tú. Soy Él": African Immigration And Otherness In The Spanish Collective Conscience, Michael Ugarte Jan 2006

"Soy Tú. Soy Él": African Immigration And Otherness In The Spanish Collective Conscience, Michael Ugarte

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

The commonly heard statement "Spain is different" contains a series of contradictions, paradoxes, and questions concerning Iberia's place within the global community, a community that is itself deeply contradictory—more and more the same and yet more and more fragmented. Immigration highlights the sameness/otherness dichotomy in Spanish culture, and the situation of African immigrants has especially caused the Spanish national consciousness an ethical quandary. Here I examine four recent cultural representations of African immigration in Spain—two journalistic works: Mikel Azurmendi's Estampas del Ejido and Antonio Elorza's articles in El País; and two documentary films: Básel ...


Telling Tales Of War To Teens: Ignacio Martínez De Pisón's Una Guerra Africana And Morocco As "Open Wound" In The Spanish National Imaginary , Silvia Bermúdez Jan 2006

Telling Tales Of War To Teens: Ignacio Martínez De Pisón's Una Guerra Africana And Morocco As "Open Wound" In The Spanish National Imaginary , Silvia Bermúdez

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Exactly ten years after its traumatic defeat in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain appeared to find some compensation for the loss of its last colonies by undertaking the invasion of Morocco in 1908. The enterprise proved difficult when the forces of Abd-el-Krim defeated the Spanish army in the summer of 1921. This terrible loss was metaphorized as an "open wound" and entered the collective imagination by becoming a theme in novels such as José Díaz Fernández's El blocao (1928), Ramón Sender's Imán (1930), and Arturo Barea's series La forja de un rebelde (1941-1944). Known as the ...


Atlantic Nessologies: Image, Territory, Value , Francisco-]. Hernández Adrián Jan 2006

Atlantic Nessologies: Image, Territory, Value , Francisco-]. Hernández Adrián

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

This essay addresses the emerging field of Atlantic Studies and questions the status of "the Atlantic" as an object of study. Rather than assuming a self-evident grid where Atlantic cultural phenomena oscillate between such poles as "centers and peripheries," or "the colonizer and the colonized," I consider a different formulation of the Atlantic. Taking as a starting point an analysis of a poem by Tomás Morales, a modernista poet from the Canary Islands, my essay outlines the notion of "Atlantic nessologies." Three parallel departures are offered from this analysis: image (or the realm of the imaginary); territory (or spatial and ...