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Exile

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Geographies Of Exile And The Making Of French Nationhood In The Nineteenth Century, Lisa Rose Bromberg Jan 2016

Geographies Of Exile And The Making Of French Nationhood In The Nineteenth Century, Lisa Rose Bromberg

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes space, geography, and political discourse in the exilic works of Napoleon I, Victor Hugo, Louise Michel, Alfred Dreyfus, and Èmile Zola to show how, through their constructions of island space and the Revolutionary legacy, their outcast voices paradoxically shaped the development of mainstream Frenchness.

Chapter 1 analyzes Napoleon’s exile to Saint Helena (1815-1821) through close readings of the Mémorial de Sainte-Hèlène (1823); here, the Emperor emphasized his exilic island and martyrdom to re-construct his imperial legacy as a republican gesture. Chapter 2 discusses Hugo’s exile to Guernsey (1856-1870); Hugo interpreted the Revolution as a conflict ...