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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Lexical Complexities In The St. Louis Dialect Island, Larry Lafond, Kenneth Moffett May 2020

Lexical Complexities In The St. Louis Dialect Island, Larry Lafond, Kenneth Moffett

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

The Greater St. Louis “dialect island” poses interesting problems for dialect documentation, partly because Greater St. Louis is a transitional area where many overlapping linguistic influences have left their mark, and also because is an area with new immigrant communities, racial divides, and an aging population.Using a sample from survey and interview data from 815 participants over a seven-year period, we examine lexical diversity in Greater St. Louis, comprising counties both in Missouri and Illinois. We discover that both age and place are robust indicators of lexical selection in Southern Illinois and St. Louis. Our findings provide a concurring ...


Insight On Planning And Assessing The Teaching-Learning Process, Khalid Aada Jan 2020

Insight On Planning And Assessing The Teaching-Learning Process, Khalid Aada

Writing and Language Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article discusses the important relationship between two essential areas at Educational level: Planning and Assessment during the Teaching and the Learning process. The main purpose of this work is to present a pedagogical tool that could facilitate the organization and the establishment of a follow-up in an actual form, and thus contribute to the improvement of the study programs. Readers interested in this field of education will find in this article considerable ideas that would help them to understand the transcendence of a systematized planning and organized assessment under a complex process, to complement their didactic training and thus ...


Untitled: Deconstruction And Reconstruction Of Identity In Le Chevalier De La Charrette And The Romance Of Tristran, Devin Louise Moulton Aug 2019

Untitled: Deconstruction And Reconstruction Of Identity In Le Chevalier De La Charrette And The Romance Of Tristran, Devin Louise Moulton

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

Questions of identity are a central source of tension within the genre of the chivalric romances. Even among the large collective that is King Arthur’s court, innumerable romances recount the tales of individual knights in search of individual glory and of some way to distinguish their names among the masses of the court and the group of knights across chivalric traditions while simultaneously bound by the confines of that same group and its structures. For most, such a feat is impossible and many knights, though they may earn a name in the course of a single romance, never truly ...


Imitation And Creation: Bing Xin’S Fanxing (A Maze Of Stars) 繁星And Chunshui (Spring Water) 春水, Xiaoqing Liu Jul 2019

Imitation And Creation: Bing Xin’S Fanxing (A Maze Of Stars) 繁星And Chunshui (Spring Water) 春水, Xiaoqing Liu

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Fanxing (A Maze of Stars) and Chunshui (Spring Water) are two poetry collections of modern Chinese woman writer Bing Xin (1900–1999). Because they stand at the beginning of a new genre, xiaoshi (short poetry), and are commonly regarded as representative works of this genre, people use the epithets “Bing Xin style,” “Fanxing style,” or “Chunshui style” to refer to xiaoshi writing. Nevertheless, viewed from their intimate relationship with Rabindranath Tagore’s Stray Birds, I argue that Fanxing and Chunshui are products of both imitation and creation. Imitation is not plagiarism. Dryden defines imitation as a form of translation, which ...


Assessing L2 Listening In Call And Listening Strategy Use, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jun 2019

Assessing L2 Listening In Call And Listening Strategy Use, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This longitudinal study examines students’ learning strategies of 222 Spanish intermediate learners when taking several listening tests. It also examines the effect of different instructional formats (online-hybrid vs. face2face-blended) on the learners’ strategy use. There were four versions of the same text: an audio format, a video format, a redundancy-enhanced version in audio format, and a redundancy-enhanced version in video format. A pseudo-cross over design was utilized for this study with four listening tests used with each group. Participants completed a questionnaire immediately after each listening test to learn about learners’ strategies before, during and after listening in order to ...


Introduction. Viktor Shklovsky’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Philosophy, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing Jun 2019

Introduction. Viktor Shklovsky’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Philosophy, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing

Modern Languages Faculty Research

This book aims to examine the heritage of Victor Shklovsky in a variety of disciplines. To achieve this end, we drew upon colleagues from eight different countries across the world – USA, Canada, Russia, England, Scotland, the Netherlands, Norway, and Hong Kong – in order to bring the widest variety of points of view on the subject. But we also wanted this book to be more than just another collection of essays of literary criticism: we invited scholars from different disciplines – literature, cinematography, and philosophy – who have dealt with Shklovsky’s heritage and saw its practical application in their fields. Therefore, all ...


Batalla Cinematográfica: El Cine Durante La Guerra Civil Española, Júlia Raup-Collado Apr 2019

Batalla Cinematográfica: El Cine Durante La Guerra Civil Española, Júlia Raup-Collado

Modern Languages: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was a conflict that pitted two sides with two different ideologies against each other: The Republicans, who supported the then-current democraticallyelected government of the Second Republic, and the Nationalists, those who rose up against it in a coup d'état that led to the war. In the battlefield, they met and fought for dominance—but another front existed: the movie theaters. Through the art of the moving image, both sides strove to sway or strengthen the general population to their respective sides. This research project analyzes the different types of cinematography produced during that tumultuous ...


An Analysis Of Early Globalization: The Introduction Of The Utilization Of Incense And Scents In Japan And The Influence From The Eastern World, Quinten R. Yonkers Apr 2019

An Analysis Of Early Globalization: The Introduction Of The Utilization Of Incense And Scents In Japan And The Influence From The Eastern World, Quinten R. Yonkers

Modern Languages: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

The precursors toward the establishment of the Japanese ceremony of incense appreciation called Kōdō have been documented since Japan’s book of creation, the Nihon Shoki. Similar to Sadō, the Japanese ceremony of tea drinking, Kōdō has been an integral part of Japanese culture, being used by figureheads that shaped Japan into the amalgamation of the country it is now, such as Prince Shotoku during the sixth and seventh centuries. Even today, Kōdō is still being practiced, and the fundamentals behind it are still used in ceremonies and practices that are integral parts of Japanese culture and society. Despite this ...


Daoism And Dialogism: A Dialogue Between The East And The West, Xiaodi Zhou Apr 2019

Daoism And Dialogism: A Dialogue Between The East And The West, Xiaodi Zhou

Bilingual and Literacy Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, I explore Chinese Daoist theoretical connections with modern conceptions of dialogue and Western theories of psychology (Murase, 2008). I investigate and compare these lines of Western thinking (Strang, 2004) with classical Chinese thought (Zhang & Chen, 2009), noting the complexities in each. I discuss and disseminate how the Daoist principle of yin yang may be related to the dialogic understandings of Bakhtin (1981, 1984a, 1986, 1990, 1993). I also contend that the Western field of psychology, particularly the work of Carl Jung (2014), has incorporated Daoist principles of yin yang in its conception and practice. I argue that ...


Motivated To Learn: Motivational Differences In High School And University-Level Foreign Language Classroom Experiences, Roy Williams Iv Apr 2019

Motivated To Learn: Motivational Differences In High School And University-Level Foreign Language Classroom Experiences, Roy Williams Iv

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Student motivation in the context of foreign language learning is a complex topic that influences many areas of language study. Dornyei’s L2 Motivational Self Model and the concept of future self guides give some insight into the underlying motivational orientations when used to analyze self-reported survey data regarding language learning and its perceived benefits (Dornyei & Ushioda, 2009, p. 456). This analysis brings to light some of the major differences between these two contexts, challenges the idea that they are identical or equivalent in learning outcomes, and suggests some practical application to the foreign language classroom at Western Kentucky University.


Teaching-Oriented Research, John M. Levis Mar 2019

Teaching-Oriented Research, John M. Levis

English Publications

This paper examines some of the factors that make for a good teaching-oriented paper, in which research and practice are most clearly connected. Such papers have clear research questions, explicit and systematic approaches to teaching and learning for experimental and control groups, improvement measured by pre and posttests, and well-developed teaching implications. Various papers from different journals are used to illustrate the characteristics of successful teaching-oriented papers.


Integrating Language, Content, Technology, And Skills Development Through Project-Based Language Learning: Blending Frameworks For Successful Unit Planning, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar H. Beckett Feb 2019

Integrating Language, Content, Technology, And Skills Development Through Project-Based Language Learning: Blending Frameworks For Successful Unit Planning, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar H. Beckett

English Publications

In this article, the authors first summarize the literature on project-based language learning (PBLL), a sound approach to second language teaching, addressing its various benefits such as providing opportunities to develop language authentically in real-world contexts, building decision-making and problem-solving skills, and developing content knowledge. In acknowledging reports that have also suggested that students can struggle to see how language is being developed through PBLL, the authors then argue that by looking at a project as a social practice, educators can demonstrate how language, content, and 21st century skills can be taught as an integrated whole through PBLL. They describe ...


Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis Feb 2019

Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

This paper reports on the role of technology in state-of-the-art pronunciation research and instruction, and makes concrete suggestions for future developments. The point of departure for this contribution is that the goal of second language (L2) pronunciation research and teaching should be enhanced comprehensibility and intelligibility as opposed to native-likeness. Three main areas are covered here. We begin with a presentation of advanced uses of pronunciation technology in research with a special focus on the expertise required to carry out even small-scale investigations. Next, we discuss the nature of data in pronunciation research, pointing to ways in which future work ...


El Espectro, En Teoría, Alberto Ribas-Casasayas Jan 2019

El Espectro, En Teoría, Alberto Ribas-Casasayas

Modern Languages & Literature

The article offers a synthesis of spectral theory from the publication of Spectres de Marx by Jacques Derrida and Ghostly Matters, by Avery Gordon, with a focus on its impact and relevance for Latin American cultural and narrative studies. He also offers a summary of the contents in the special issue "XVI. México espectral".


Examining The Connections Between Target Community Exposure And Language-Related Motivations In University Spanish Students, Allison N. Beecher Jan 2019

Examining The Connections Between Target Community Exposure And Language-Related Motivations In University Spanish Students, Allison N. Beecher

Honors Program Projects

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Texte Aus Dem Nachlass Von Egon Schwarz — “Lebe Wohl Südamerika” Und “Dank An Die Emigration”, Reinhard Andress Jan 2019

Texte Aus Dem Nachlass Von Egon Schwarz — “Lebe Wohl Südamerika” Und “Dank An Die Emigration”, Reinhard Andress

Modern Languages and Literatures: Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Project-Based Learning For Span 316e: Criminal Justice Spanish, Carmen Jany Jan 2019

Project-Based Learning For Span 316e: Criminal Justice Spanish, Carmen Jany

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

Project-based Learning for Span 316E

For this course, I developed project-based learning starting with an open-ended question: Are Spanish language skills and cultural knowledge important for First Responders, Law Enforcement, and Prison Personnel to interact successfully with the Latino Population in Southern California? The discussion then led to the identification of important areas of knowledge (linguistic and cultural) for practitioners in Criminal Justice who engage with the Latino Population. Discussions relied on students’ everyday experiences and personal experiences. Moreover, examples from TV and Cinema were used. Students were then asked to identify a topic of interest and were, based on ...


Toward A Dynamic View Of Second Language Comprehensibility, Charles Nagle, Pavel Trofimovich, Annie Bergeron Jan 2019

Toward A Dynamic View Of Second Language Comprehensibility, Charles Nagle, Pavel Trofimovich, Annie Bergeron

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study took a dynamic approach to second language (L2) comprehensibility, examining how listeners construct comprehensibility profiles for L2 Spanish speakers during the listening task and what features enhance or diminish comprehensibility. Listeners were 24 native Spanish speakers who evaluated 2–5 minute audio clips recorded by three university-level L2 Spanish speakers responding to two prompts. Listeners rated comprehensibility dynamically, using Idiodynamic Software to upgrade or downgrade comprehensibility over the course of the listening task. Dynamic ratings for one audio clip were video-captured for stimulated recall, and listeners were interviewed to understand which aspects of L2 speech were associated with ...


Translating To Change The Nation: The Case Of José Pedro Varela, A Reformer In Late 19th Century Uruguay, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez Jan 2019

Translating To Change The Nation: The Case Of José Pedro Varela, A Reformer In Late 19th Century Uruguay, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez

Writing and Language Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

The history of translation in Hispanic America can be segmented into specific historical periods that differ from those found in Europe, namely: encounter and conquest, the colonial period; pre-independence and emancipation; independence and republic; and an ongoing period that started in 1920 (Bastin, 2006). A great deal of work has been done regarding the first three of those periods. Later historical periods, while still receiving some scholarly attention, have not been the focus of as much research (cf. e.g., Montoya, 2014). This paper hopes to provide further insights on translation practices during the Independence and Republic Period by focusing ...


The Good Bloke In Contemporary Australian Workplaces: Origins, Qualities And Impacts Of A National Cultural Archetype In Small For-Profit Businesses, Christopher George Taylor Jan 2019

The Good Bloke In Contemporary Australian Workplaces: Origins, Qualities And Impacts Of A National Cultural Archetype In Small For-Profit Businesses, Christopher George Taylor

Dissertations & Theses

This study explored the nature and significance of a common but widely misunderstood phrase encountered in Australia: The Good Bloke. Underlying this enquiry was awareness, based on the researcher’s personal and professional experience, that the idea of a Good Bloke powerfully influences individual perceptions of leaders in Australian small-to-mid sized for-profit firms. The study commenced with an exploration of the origins and history of the phrase, tracing it to the 1788 arrival of a disproportionately male Anglo-Celtic population was composed significantly of transported convicts. The language and mores of this unique settler population evolved for two centuries based on ...


Modern Theoretical Approaches To Medieval Translation, Michelle Warren Jan 2019

Modern Theoretical Approaches To Medieval Translation, Michelle Warren

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

This chapter explores some of the ways in which modern literary theory opens insights into medieval European translations. Rather than drawing a distinction between theoretical approaches that apply to medieval studies and those that do not, I will explore a few examples that might in turn inspire readers to their own insights. It is my hope that over time readers of this Companion to Medieval Translation will posit many more modern theoretical approaches to medieval translation than can be suggested here. We might even imagine that some of the particularities of medieval European theories of translation could themselves be codified ...


Petro-Texts, Plants, And People In The Anthropocene: The Dark Green, Heather I. Sullivan Jan 2019

Petro-Texts, Plants, And People In The Anthropocene: The Dark Green, Heather I. Sullivan

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

The ‘dark green’ refers to the green plant-human relationships that undergird human cultures as well as the darkly petroleum-fueled industrialization, mass species extinctions, and strange new ecosystems in the Anthropocene. I consider briefly three petro-culture novels based on various ‘road trips’ that explicitly address both the long-term and massive, albeit oft-ignored, ecological power of plants whether in living vegetal form or in their rotted, processed form of petroleum products: Frank Herbert’s Dune, portraying worm ‘spice’ as a stand-in for oil; Cormac McCarthy’s The Road, eliminating all energy and plant life leaving only hungry humans; and Paolo Bacigalupi’s ...


La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester Dec 2018

La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the last decade, university institutions have been increasing, which demand from the teaching staff a greater offer of courses where technology is effectively incorporated into teaching. Critical studies published today, relating to the use of different technological tools in conjunction with language teaching, repeatedly contain the terms "distance learning" or "online course", as well as the terms "hybrid" or "combined" for make reference to the same model, to the same type of course. This study distinguishes two terms to refer to two models of courses: "hybrid at a distance" and "face-to-face ALAO". The oral dexterity of 132 participants was ...


Traducir En Pro De La Educación Del Pueblo: La Labor Traductora De La Sociedad De Amigos De La Educación Popular, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez Dec 2018

Traducir En Pro De La Educación Del Pueblo: La Labor Traductora De La Sociedad De Amigos De La Educación Popular, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez

Writing and Language Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

Este trabajo pone en relieve una labor desempenada por la So­ciedad de Amigos de la Educacion Popular (SAEP) que, si bien no es desconocida, tampoco ha recibido suficiente atencion por parte de historiadores y academicos. Se trata de los esfuerzos traductores desplegados por las integrantes de la SAEP en su celo por introdu­cir en el Estado Oriental del Uruguay nuevas e innovadoras ideas en cuanto a la educacion y su funcion social. El trabajo contex­tualiza esta labor dentro del papel historico de la traduccion en el continente americano, para luego dar paso a la descripcion de las ...


Early Guaraní Printing: Nieremberg’S De La Diferencia And The Global Dissemination Of Seventeenth-Century Spanish Asceticism, D. Scott Hendrickson Nov 2018

Early Guaraní Printing: Nieremberg’S De La Diferencia And The Global Dissemination Of Seventeenth-Century Spanish Asceticism, D. Scott Hendrickson

Modern Languages and Literatures: Faculty Publications and Other Works

This article examines both how and why the Spanish Jesuit Juan Eusebio Nieremberg’s (1595–1658) once famous treatise De la diferencia entre lo temporal y eterno (1640) came to be translated and printed in the Paraguay reductions in 1705, the significance it holds in the transmission of Iberian asceticism to the American missions and how Juan Yaparí and other Guaraní craftsmen participated in its printing and enhanced its illustration. It situates the Guaraní imprint within the context of early modern mission practices and the book-trade of Counter-Reformation Europe, and seeks to show how—in what some scholars consider to ...


Gaspar Octavio Hernández, Un Poeta Modernista, Karina Ayodele Clarke Murrain Nov 2018

Gaspar Octavio Hernández, Un Poeta Modernista, Karina Ayodele Clarke Murrain

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

Panama is known empirically for its geography, climate and natural environment, so it is not surprising that the Afro-Panamanian writer and journalist, Gaspar Octavio Hernández (1893-1918) uses climate and natural conditions as inspirations for his writing. As a modernista, it is entirely plausible that Hernández was attracted to and compelled by both the process and the production of writing poetry. As we approach his work critically, it is evident that Hernández explores nature in his work and his acknowledgment thereof is the principal motivation of his poetry. From this point, Hernández establishes not only a framework for exploring themes identity ...


Great With Child: A Review Of 'Writers And Their Mothers' Edited By Dale Salwak, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Sue Norton Nov 2018

Great With Child: A Review Of 'Writers And Their Mothers' Edited By Dale Salwak, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Sue Norton

Other Resources

No abstract provided.


The Prehistory Of The Hollywood Eastern Genre, John Eisele Oct 2018

The Prehistory Of The Hollywood Eastern Genre, John Eisele

Arts & Sciences Articles

No abstract provided.


Strength Or Weakness: When To Break The (Grammatical) Rules, Mohala Kaliebe Oct 2018

Strength Or Weakness: When To Break The (Grammatical) Rules, Mohala Kaliebe

Student Scholarship & Creative Works By Year

When it comes to the evaluation of the grammatical and syntactical aspects of written language, two perspectives stand apparently opposed. The prescriptivist perspective promotes strict rule-following; the descriptivist, an acceptance of rule breaking as natural language usage and evolution. Yet the diverse nature of written language – in terms of purpose, audience, style, etc. – demands the application of both, with emphasis on one or the other depending upon such distinctions. Although certain situations demand prescriptive grammatical adherence, the effectiveness of technically erroneous communication in colloquial contexts suggests that the successful transfer of meaning outweighs the importance of standard, conventional language usage.


The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey Sep 2018

The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This paper discusses changes in the field of L2 pronunciation over the past decade, including research studies, resources, and changes in methodology. To do so, it revisits the history of PSLLT over its 10 years as a conference by considering the inclusion of both research and teaching and the effects of the conference on the field of L2 pronunciation. This paper also describes changes in how L2 pronunciation research is being carried out and the general categories of the papers in the Proceedings of the 10th annual PSLLT conference.