Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Modern Languages Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Capitalismo, Esquizofrenia E Raça: O Negro E O Pensamento Negro Na Modernidade Ocidental, Ingrid Robyn Jan 2017

Capitalismo, Esquizofrenia E Raça: O Negro E O Pensamento Negro Na Modernidade Ocidental, Ingrid Robyn

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Mbembe, Achille. Crítica da razão negra. 1. ed. Lisboa: Antígona, 2014. Tradução de Marta Lança.

Crítica da razão negra, de Achille Mbembe (original em francês pela editora La Découverte, 2013), é um desses livros que nasceu já clássico: clássico não no sentido de antigo, ou imune à passagem do tempo, mas no sentido borgeano de ter sido escolhido por uma comunidade de leitores como leitura obrigatória. E o livro é, de fato, leitura obrigatória não apenas para aqueles que se interessam pela questão do “negro”,1 mas para todos aqueles que, de alguma forma, se interessam pela relação entre raça ...


Going Through The Trash: Meaning In The Cabaret And Cabinet Baroque Lyric, Russell J. Ganim Jun 2005

Going Through The Trash: Meaning In The Cabaret And Cabinet Baroque Lyric, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Joan DeJean's recent book, The Reinvention of Obscenity, brings front and center issues of filth and impiety as they relate to cultural norms. DeJean's assertion that "Paris was the center for the production of dirty books and dirty pictures” in the Early Modern period underscores the extent to which obscene literature becomes a cultural referent, either open or clandestine. While her focus is on obscenity as it relates to the neo- Classical era, DeJean emphasizes that the Baroque period also contributed to the "reinvention" of smut that characterized a distinct element of literary and artistic production during the ...


Review Of Tristan L’Hermite: Oeuvres Complètes. Iii: Poésie (Ii). Volume Publié Sous La Direction De Jean-Pierre Chauveau, Russell J. Ganim Jan 2005

Review Of Tristan L’Hermite: Oeuvres Complètes. Iii: Poésie (Ii). Volume Publié Sous La Direction De Jean-Pierre Chauveau, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This effort marks the second volume of poetry in a five-set edition of complete works consisting of Tristan’s prose, poetry and tragedies, as well as other plays and the Plaidoyers historiques. The present volume represents the culmination of an extensive undertaking by Champion and by noted Tristan scholars to render the Baroque author’s known works more accessible to researchers, students and the literate public. By any measure, the results are eminently satisfying both in terms of the volume in question and the entire project. This volume centres on texts composed and published mainly in the period afterwards. The ...


Scatology, The Last Taboo: Introduction To Fecal Matters In Early Modern Literature And Art, Jeff Persels, Russell J. Ganim Jan 2004

Scatology, The Last Taboo: Introduction To Fecal Matters In Early Modern Literature And Art, Jeff Persels, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This collection of essays was provoked by what its editors considered to be a curious lacuna: the relative academic neglect of the copious and ubiquitous scatological rhetoric of Early Modem Europe, here broadly defined as the representation of the process and product of elimination of the body’s waste products (feces, urine, flatus, phlegm, vomitus). Our most educated forebears, different from ourselves, did not disdain it — if such proof may be found in the mere proliferation of examples — and, further, employed it in all manner of works, not just in the crude jokes of comic ephemera. This neglect led to ...


Pissing Glass And The Body Crass: Adaptations Of The Scatological In Théophile, Russell J. Ganim Jan 2004

Pissing Glass And The Body Crass: Adaptations Of The Scatological In Théophile, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Examination of scatological motifs in Théophile de Viau’s (1590-1626) libertine, or ‘cabaret’ poetry is important in terms of how the scatological contributes to the depiction of the Early Modern body in the French lyric.1 This essay does not examine Théophile’s portrait of the body strictly in terms of the ‘Baroque’ or the ‘neo-Classical.’ Rather, it argues that the scatological context in which he situates the body (either his, or those of others), reflects a keen sensibility of the body representative of the transition between these two eras. Théophile reinforces what Bernard Beugnot terms the body’s inherent ...


L’Excitation Insolite : La Perversité Amoureuse Chez Tristan, Russell J. Ganim Jun 2003

L’Excitation Insolite : La Perversité Amoureuse Chez Tristan, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

CET EXPOSÉ S’ATTACHE à poser les questions suivantes: En quoi consiste le désir chez Tristan? Et comment le désir s’exprime-t-il? Nous pouvons, dans un premier temps, discerner des parallèles très forts entre Tristan et certains poètes/amants de la Pléiade. En fait, le poète se voit souvent comme un amant maudit dont l’affection ne sera jamais partagée par sa bien-aimée ingrate. Mais au moment même où Tristan choisit ce portrait commun pour se dépeindre, il modifie l’image du poète/amant traditionnel en y ajoutant une dimension sinistre, voire perverse. Par moments, la passion chez Tristan se ...


Intercourse As Discourse: The Calculus Of Objectification And Desire In The Novel And Film Versions Of Les Liaisons Dangereuses, Russell J. Ganim Mar 2003

Intercourse As Discourse: The Calculus Of Objectification And Desire In The Novel And Film Versions Of Les Liaisons Dangereuses, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

The calculus of objectifi cation and desire in both the novel and film versions of Choderlos de Laclos’s Liaisons dangereuses is derived in two principal ways. The first derivation, that of the Sadean will to objectify the other for erotic and intellectual satisfaction, precedes the second, that of the overarching wish to produce a written object announcing the conquest of the human object. Limited by the medium, the film adaptations of the Liaisons dangereuses cannot place as great an emphasis on the composition of letters. Nevertheless, they make allusions to it in such a manner that underscores this type ...


Views Of Kingship: Britannicus And Louis Xiv’S Mémoires, Russell J. Ganim Jun 2002

Views Of Kingship: Britannicus And Louis Xiv’S Mémoires, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This study situates itself within a current trend in Racinian scholarship to accentuate the political dimensions of Racine’s dramaturgy. Recently, Timothy Reiss, Suzanne Gearhart, and Alain Viala, among others, have emphasized the socio-political aspects of Racine’s oeuvre in part to counteract the mid twentieth-century notion that Racine’s classicism, if not his work in general, is based almost exclusively on the psychological representation of plot and character. I will argue that to a significant extent, the nature – «classical» or other – of Racine’s drama is also founded on a keen sense of the historic as it relates to ...


Review Of Julien Gœury: L 'Autopsie Et Le Théorème: Poétique Des Théorèmes Spirituels (1613-1622) De Jean De La Ceppède., Russell J. Ganim Jun 2002

Review Of Julien Gœury: L 'Autopsie Et Le Théorème: Poétique Des Théorèmes Spirituels (1613-1622) De Jean De La Ceppède., Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Les lecteurs de La Ceppède seront contents de recevoir le livre de Julien Gœury car son étude représente une addition importante aux ouvrages récents sur le poète aixois. Faisant partie de la redécouverte critique des Théorèmes initiée par les travaux de Jean Rousset dans les années 50, L'Autopsie et le théorème jette un nouveau regard sur l'oeuvre laceppédienne en adoptant ce que l'on peut appeler une perspective néo-structuraliste. L'exposé se divise en quatre parties: 1) Morphologie, 2) Anatomie, 3) Physiologie et 4) Psychologie. Une telle répartition suggere le désir de dégager le caractère organique du texte ...


Through The Talking Glass: Translucence And Translation In The Condé Museum’S Psyche Gallery, Russell J. Ganim Jun 2002

Through The Talking Glass: Translucence And Translation In The Condé Museum’S Psyche Gallery, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

The forty-four stained-glass windows (dating from 1540–44) that recount the mythological tale of Psyche in Chantilly’s Condé Museum present a unique semeiological challenge to scholars. Accompanied by lyric inscriptions of either four or eight lines, the panels reveal an image/text combination that represents a literal example of the Renaissance notion of ut pictura poesis. These seldom-discussed panels merit inquiry because they reflect certain historic, artistic, and literary trends that illustrate factional and intellectual movements crucial to understanding France of the early to mid-sixteenth century. In its examination of these issues, this essay asks three questions:
1) What ...


"Introduction" To The Shape Of Change: Essays In Early Modern Literature And La Fontaine In Honor Of David Lee Rubin, Anne L. Birberick, Russell J. Ganim Jan 2002

"Introduction" To The Shape Of Change: Essays In Early Modern Literature And La Fontaine In Honor Of David Lee Rubin, Anne L. Birberick, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Since Michel Foucault’s The Archeology of Knowledge gained widespread critical recognition in the late 1960s, the concept of change has held a privileged position in the discourse of literary and cultural studies. Concerned with disruptions, transformations, and upheavals, scholars have focused on those moments of rupture when the present breaks with the past, when originality displaces convention, when inventio repudiates imitatio. This emphasis on aesthetic and epistemic shifts has all too often resulted in the neglect of more traditional issues having to do with problems of cultural development, evolution, and influence. It has also overlooked the idea of reading ...


Variations On The Virgin: Anne De Marquets’S Depiction Of Mary In The Sonets Spirituels, Russell J. Ganim Jan 2002

Variations On The Virgin: Anne De Marquets’S Depiction Of Mary In The Sonets Spirituels, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This paper explores the manner in which Anne de Marquets’s (1533– 1588) Sonets Spirituels (published posthumously in 1605) reshapes conventional portraits of the Virgin Mary. A Dominican nun at the Royal Priory in Poissy, Marquets, like many Baroque Catholic poets, follows Church tradition in glorifying Mary as a maternal symbol of chastity and faith. Yet, unlike Gabrielle de Coignard (OEuvres chrestiennes, 1594), Jean de La Ceppède (Théorèmes, 1613, 1622), or other of her lyric peers, Marquets depicts the Virgin as a subjective, intellectual near-deity whose role occasionally borders on the messianic. The basic approach of this study is comparative ...


Anus As Oculus: Satire And Subversion In Eustorg De Beaulieu's Du Cul , Russell J. Ganim Apr 2001

Anus As Oculus: Satire And Subversion In Eustorg De Beaulieu's Du Cul , Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This study seeks to rehabilitate Eustorg de Beaulieu's (c. 1495-1552) Du cul (1537) in terms of the poem's satirically subversive nature. I choose the term "rehabilitate" in order to challenge certain aspects of Annette and Edward Tomarken's argument that the poem should be read more in terms of its commentary on the lyric genre of the blason than as a derisive indictment of social norms. I hold that on an implicit level, the poem does support the Tomarkens' contention that Beaulieu "push[es] to its ultimate limits the genre (i.e., the blason) with which he is ...


Book Review: Sabine Lardon. L’Écriture De La Méditation Chez Jean De Sponde., Russell J. Ganim Oct 2000

Book Review: Sabine Lardon. L’Écriture De La Méditation Chez Jean De Sponde., Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Sabine Lardon’s monograph commands attention for the precision with which it analyses Sponde’s rhetorical tech¬nique in his Méditations sur les Pseaumes. Basing the need for her book on the critics’ preference for writing about Sponde’s lyric offerings rather than his prose, Lardon pro¬duces a study that yields great insight into Sponde’s ad¬ap¬tation of language and form within the context of bibli¬cal exegesis. Lardon’s work makes a valuable contribution to Spondian studies, and will no doubt help renew interest in baroque devotional literature.


Book Review: Jean De Sponde, Méditations Sur Les Pseaumes. Édition Critique Par Sabine Lardon., Russell J. Ganim Oct 2000

Book Review: Jean De Sponde, Méditations Sur Les Pseaumes. Édition Critique Par Sabine Lardon., Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

This edition of the Méditations is a noteworthy project that will prove a valuable research tool. Part of Lardon’s suc¬cess stems from the fact that she preserves the integrity of the original 1588 La Rochelle edition by making only the slight¬est and most obvious changes in orthography and punctua¬tion for purposes of enhanced readability. The volume is more remarkable, however, for the ways in which it goes beyond Alan Boase’s 1954 and 1978 editions of the Médita¬tions.


Manuscripts And Markets: The Case And Cause Of Authors In Search Of Publishers, Russell J. Ganim Jan 1999

Manuscripts And Markets: The Case And Cause Of Authors In Search Of Publishers, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

In November 1996, the New Yorh Times ran a front page article dealing with the crisis in publishing monographs in the humanities. The piece opened with the experience of a young scholar in Oregon who had sent a book manuscript on Theodor Adorno to a major university press who refused to read it for reasons of "marketability" (Al). As the report continued, it outlined the economic and editorial reasons why many researchers in the humanities, especially at the beginning of their careers, encountered significant difficulty landing contracts at presses that would have published their work in the past. At the ...


Locus Amoenus Vs. Locus Terribilis: The Spatial Dynamics Of The Pastoral And The Urban In La Ceppède’S Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim Jan 1997

Locus Amoenus Vs. Locus Terribilis: The Spatial Dynamics Of The Pastoral And The Urban In La Ceppède’S Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

The opening sonnets of Jean de La Ceppède’s Théorèmes (1613, 1622) present an urban vs. rural conflict that mirrors the dialectic between sin and salvation running throughout the work. La Ceppède’s focus for this struggle becomes the stark contrast between Jerusalem and the garden at the Mount of Olives. Jerusalem, as the place where Christ is persecuted and eventually tried, represents a Babylon-like enclave of transgression, while the garden is portrayed as a site of purity and tranquil reflection. From a literary standpoint, La Ceppède’s emphasis on the clash between dystopian and utopian settings comprises part of ...


Christ’S Body As Public And Private Signifier: A Study Of Blason In La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim Dec 1994

Christ’S Body As Public And Private Signifier: A Study Of Blason In La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Much of the concept of space in La Ceppède's Théorèmes is defined in the portrayal of Christ's body. In this text, space appears as distances or gaps—between God and humankind, grace and damnation, poet and reader—which must be overcome by contemplation of Christ's redemptive act. Within the poet's meditative framework, Christ's body acts as a physical, intermediate space in which the metaphysical principles of celestial will take form. For the meditant, the knowledge gained from reflection on Christ's body allows the transcendence from the external, physical spaces of the material world in ...


Saisons Riches Et Fécondes: Education Et Identité Africaine Dans Le Cinéma D'Euzhan Palcy, Russell J. Ganim Sep 1994

Saisons Riches Et Fécondes: Education Et Identité Africaine Dans Le Cinéma D'Euzhan Palcy, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

La surprise est la réaction la plus fréquente des critiques lorsqu'ils découvrent que la réalisatrice martiniquaise Euzhan Palcy est la force créatrice derrière des films aussi différents que la Rue Cases-Nègres (1984) et A Dry White Season (Une saison blanche et sèche) (1989). Le ton et le style narratif sont si distincts dans les deux films que les liens existants entre eux restent difficiles à identifier. Pourtant, à l'examen des intrigues respectives des films, on remarque une nette affinité qui suggère que le deuxième film est analogue au premier. Ensemble, ils constituent un projet intégré sur l'éducation ...


A Kiss Is Not Just A Kiss: The Use Of The Baiser In La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim May 1994

A Kiss Is Not Just A Kiss: The Use Of The Baiser In La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

The combination of religious and erotic motifs plays a large role in shaping the artistic experience of the Renaissance. One thinks of paintings such as della Francesca’s Baptism of Christ (1540), as well as Michelangelo’s Last Judgment (1545). Lyric poetry also provides numerous examples of this aesthetic bond; among them Petrarch’s “Chiare fresche e dolci acque” and Ronsard’s “Je veux brûler, pour m’envoler aux cieux.” The lyric subgenre which perhaps most distinctly follows the trend of merging sexual and divine experience is the baiser, or kiss. Originally secular in nature, the baiser first appeared in ...


Emblem As Meditative Icon In La Ceppède’S Théorèmes , Russell J. Ganim Jan 1994

Emblem As Meditative Icon In La Ceppède’S Théorèmes , Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

While full comprehension of the divine image in La Ceppède’s Théorèmes is at times quite remote, understanding of the human image is often more accessible. I will argue that many of La Ceppède’s sonnets can be read as emblems which, both didactically and aesthetically, reveal the human in the divine through the iconographic portrayal of images, either written or graphic. By icon, I refer to the sacred representation and interpretation of images for the purpose of collective worship. Icons become the artistic means by which a devout subject, either poet or meditant, may identify and envision a religious ...


More Than A Reasonable Facsimile: Yvette Quenot's Edition Of Jean De La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim Jan 1993

More Than A Reasonable Facsimile: Yvette Quenot's Edition Of Jean De La Ceppède's Théorèmes, Russell J. Ganim

Faculty Publications - Modern Languages and Literatures

Since the rehabilitation of Jean de La Ceppède's Théorèmes, study of the work has been hindered by the lack of an easily readable, critically annotated edition. Though extracts of his meditations appeared in a few poetry anthologies during the twentieth century, it was not until 1966, with the appearance of Jean Rousset's Droz facsimile that full access to the sonnets and the poet's annotations could be gained without consulting the original Toulouse editions of 1613 and 1622. The Droz text, though in many ways quite useful, is not sufficient for serious scholarship. Its archaic typefaces, moreover, make ...