Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Modern Languages Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 31 - 48 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Review Of: Inflectional Morphology: A Theory Of Paradigm Structure, Edward J. Vajda Mar 2003

Review Of: Inflectional Morphology: A Theory Of Paradigm Structure, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

Although the presence or absence of inflection in a language has been a cornerstone of typology since before Wilhelm von Humboldt, a consensus regarding inflectional morphology as a distinct component of linguistic structure has yet to emerge. This book is an attempt to formalize what can be deduced about inflectional paradigms based on a rigorous inspection of the data. Gregory Stump calls his approach paradigm function morphology (PFM), describing it as an 'inferential-realizational' theory that regards 'the paradigm and not merely the word' (28) as the primary focus of analysis with respect to inflectional morphology. The book develops the idea ...


Review Of: An Introduction To Syntax, Edward J. Vajda Mar 2003

Review Of: An Introduction To Syntax, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

Written by a scholar known for his innovative analyses of genetically and typologically varied languages, this comprehensive introduction will not disappoint the student or teacher yearning for a more diverse sampling of languages. At the same time, the discussion is attentive to various competing syntactic formalisms and offers a firm grounding in contemporary linguistic theory along with exposure to a wide range of typological variation. Engaging and logical from beginning to end, it opens with the practical, yet intriguing question, 'How does an Aborigine from central Australia, a Basque from Spain or an inhabitant of the island of Madagascar put ...


Review Of: Slovene: A Comprehensive Grammar, Edward J. Vajda Jan 2003

Review Of: Slovene: A Comprehensive Grammar, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

This book lives up to its subtitle of 'comprehensive' in several ways. It provides a thorough, up-to-date introduction to Slovene grammatical structure. It also deals with all facets of the written standard in a straightforward fashion that pays careful attention to the differences between written and spoken Slovene. The sections dealing with phonology and orthography (5-26) are particularly useful as a prelude to the longer grammatical descriptions that follow. There are also sections on word order (333-44) and a general treatment of word formation (345-62), in addition to separate sections on all major and minor parts of speech; no significant ...


Review Of: Compendium Of The World's Languages, Volume 1: Abaza To Kurdish; Volume 2: Ladakhi To Zuni, 2nd Edn., Edward J. Vajda Jun 2002

Review Of: Compendium Of The World's Languages, Volume 1: Abaza To Kurdish; Volume 2: Ladakhi To Zuni, 2nd Edn., Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

These two weighty volumes actually go far in showcasing the world's linguistic diversity, both past and present, in a format that is invitingly accessible to any reader with a modicum of familiarity with general linguistic terms and concepts. Engaging the curiosity of the nonspecialist is a very worthwhile goal as linguists succeed in bringing ever more language forms to the attention of the general public. However, because even the most dedicated linguist can intimately know only a miniscule fraction of the world's linguistic richness, the success of any encyclopedic treatment of world languages hinges crucially on the published ...


Review Of: Classifiers: A Typology Of Noun Categorization, Edward J. Vajda Mar 2002

Review Of: Classifiers: A Typology Of Noun Categorization, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

This book offers a multifaceted, cross-linguistic survey of all types of grammatical devices used to categorize nouns. It represents an ambitious expansion beyond earlier studies dealing with individual aspects of this phenomenon, notably Corbett's (I99I) landmark monograph on noun classes (genders), Dixon's important essay (I982) distinguishing noun classes from classifiers, and Greenberg's (I972) seminal paper on numeral classifiers. Aikhenvald's Classifiers exceeds them all in the number of languages it examines and in its breadth of typological inquiry. The book is intended to inspire and guide more linguists into conducting fieldwork on undescribed or under-described languages by ...


Review Of: Changing Valency: Case Studies In Transitivity, Edward J. Vajda Mar 2002

Review Of: Changing Valency: Case Studies In Transitivity, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

In languages that contain them, verb-internal subject/object agreement affixes are normally a purely grammatical affair. But the morphological patterns that create distinctive transitive and intransitive verb stems are derivational. The dependence of a verb's grammatical properties on derivational processes of stem creation is particularly interesting when valency-changing mechanisms are considered cross-linguistically. This is precisely the aim of this volume, which compares techniques used to build passives, deagentives, causatives, applicatives and other valency-related stem types in a range of languages deliberately chosen for their genetic and typological diversity.


Review Of: Conversational Strategies In Akan: Prosodic Features And Discourse Categories, Edward J. Vajda Dec 2001

Review Of: Conversational Strategies In Akan: Prosodic Features And Discourse Categories, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

The existing literature on conversation analysis (CA) has largely ignored the prosodic features that characterize spontaneous dialog, focusing instead on 'spoken prose, "invented" discourse, or written text'. This study is valuable both for the typological perspective its subject language brings to the study of CA, as well as for its innovative examination of a maximally wide range of prosodic features used in natural conversation-features that have all too often been ignored even in more intensively studied languages.


Review Of: Gramática Para La Composición, Joan M. Hoffman Dec 2001

Review Of: Gramática Para La Composición, Joan M. Hoffman

Modern & Classical Languages

Gramdtica para la composicidn reflects the understanding that written communication is more than a final product to be completed and forgotten. It is, instead, a process involving prewriting, composition and revision that must have a sound basis in grammatical knowledge and practice. The text is meant for students progressing from the intermediate to the advanced ACTFL proficiency levels in Spanish.


Review Of: Handbook Of Amazonian Languages, Edward J. Vajda Jun 2001

Review Of: Handbook Of Amazonian Languages, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

Building upon the best tradition of missionary-inspired descriptive linguistic work fostered in connection with Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) activities, editors Desmond Derbyshire and Geoffrey Pullum launched HAL during the mid1980s as a means of attracting scholarly attention to one of the world's most persistently ignored linguistic areas. With the appearance of Vol. 4, HAL coverage of the Amazon now increases to three typological studies, four historical-comparative analyses, and ten grammatical descriptions of languages belonging to eight different genetic groupings. Unfortunately, this tally barely begins to approach exhaustive coverage of the region, since the rain forests of South America ...


Review Of: Handbook Of Amazonian Languages, Edward J. Vajda Mar 2001

Review Of: Handbook Of Amazonian Languages, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

This thick book is the first supplement to the Handbook of Amazonian languages (henceforward, HAL) to appear in nearly a decade. Building upon the best tradition of missionary-inspired descriptive linguistic work fostered in connection with Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) activities, editors Desmond Derbyshire and Geoffrey Pullum launched HAL during the mid1980s as a means of attracting scholarly attention to one of the world's most persistently ignored linguistic areas. With the appearance of Vol. 4, HAL coverage of the Amazon now increases to three typological studies, four historical-comparative analyses, and ten grammatical descriptions of languages belonging to eight different ...


Review Of: Women Living Zen, Michiko Yusa Nov 2000

Review Of: Women Living Zen, Michiko Yusa

Modern & Classical Languages

This is an anthropological study, carried out with love, care, and attention to detail, of the Japanese Sata nuns. Why would modern (Japanese) women want to give up the comforts of modern life, part with their beautiful hair-a powerful symbol of womanhood-and become monastics? What are their self-perceptions and their daily lives like? Arai ably answers these questions. She first takes the reader on a journey through the history of Japanese monastic Buddhist tradition, which began when three women were ordained sometime around the year 590. She then clarifies the modern academic arguments surrounding Dogen's view of women's ...


Review Of: The Languages Of Native North America, Edward J. Vajda Nov 2000

Review Of: The Languages Of Native North America, Edward J. Vajda

Modern & Classical Languages

Mithun estimates that at least 300 distinct languages may have been spoken in North America on the eve of European contact. Of these, many disappeared without being adequately recorded or were not recorded at all. Of those that remained long enough to be documented in some appreciable detail, Goddard (I996: 3) lists I20 as already extinct by the mid I990s, and 72 as spoken by only a handful of elderly speakers. Of the remaining languages, 91 are no longer being learned naturally by children, and only 46 are still currently spoken by appreciable numbers of people of all ages. To ...


Torn Lace And Other Transformations: Rewriting The Bride's Script In Selected Stories By Emilia Pardo Bazán, Joan M. Hoffman May 1999

Torn Lace And Other Transformations: Rewriting The Bride's Script In Selected Stories By Emilia Pardo Bazán, Joan M. Hoffman

Modern & Classical Languages

In three of her tales—"El encaje roto"( 1897), "Champagne("1898), and "La boda"( 1909), Pardo Bazán presents her readers with a bride on her wedding day; in each case, and each in her own way, the bride breaks with convention and time-honored tradition on this most anticipated day of her life, only to see her life irrevocably altered—not by the marriage—but by her own actions and decisions. The juxtaposition of these three tales with a fourth later one, "La punta del cigarro" (1914), the story of a man in search of a wife wherein a male narrator ...


Review Of: L'Lo E Il Tu, Michiko Yusa, Massimiliano Tomasi Oct 1998

Review Of: L'Lo E Il Tu, Michiko Yusa, Massimiliano Tomasi

Modern & Classical Languages

L'lo e II Tu is an Italian translation of Nishida KitarO's 1932 essay, "Watakushi to Nanji" (I and Thou), with an introduction by the translator, Renato Andolfato. The translation is followed by an essay by Giangiorgio Pasqualotto, the author of II Tao della Filosofia (1989), who teaches at the University of Padova. The present book grew out of Andolfato's graduation thesis of 1994 for the University of Venice. Since Nishida's "I and Thou" has never been translated until now, this is a welcome addition to the field of Nishida Studies. The book tells its readers something ...


An Analysis Of Attitudes Toward Spanish As Expressed In Us English Update, Shaw N. Gynan Jan 1993

An Analysis Of Attitudes Toward Spanish As Expressed In Us English Update, Shaw N. Gynan

Modern & Classical Languages

An analysis of the content of the first ten years of the primary publication of the US ENGLISH organization, US ENGLISH Update, reveals that the main focus of the group is restriction of use of the Spanish language in the United States. This policy objective has its roots in language attitudes based on impressions and hearsay. US ENGLISH asserts that many US Spanish-speakers are not willing to learn English, for which bilingual education is singled out as a significant cause. US ENGLISH claims to support only constituency- and state-benefit-based language policies, but the ulterior goal that emerges is the elimination ...


Review Of: Emerging From Meditation, Michiko Yusa Jul 1992

Review Of: Emerging From Meditation, Michiko Yusa

Modern & Classical Languages

This volume contains an English translation of Okina no fumi (Writings of an Old Man) (1746) and Shutsujo-kogo (Emerging from Meditation) (1745), by Tominaga Nakamoto (1715-1746), preceded by the translator's Introduction and followed by a Note on the editions used, the Conventions adopted in translation, a Bibliography, and Indexes of writings and characters for titles of writings and other names. Pye's translation assertively brings onto the Western academic stage a free and critical thinker, Tominaga Nakamoto-an unexpected but by no means unusual product of Tokugawa Japan, as Pye makes clear in his Introduction-who has hitherto been given very ...


Review Of: The Complete Guide To Everyday Kanji: A Systematic Approach To Mastering The 1,945 Jōyō Kanji As Well As 1,257 Common Compounds And Reading Japanese Financial Newspapers: An Innovative And Integrated Approach To Enhancing Reading Competence In Business Japanese, Michiko Yusa Apr 1992

Review Of: The Complete Guide To Everyday Kanji: A Systematic Approach To Mastering The 1,945 Jōyō Kanji As Well As 1,257 Common Compounds And Reading Japanese Financial Newspapers: An Innovative And Integrated Approach To Enhancing Reading Competence In Business Japanese, Michiko Yusa

Modern & Classical Languages

These books, both assisted by grants from the Japan Foundation, are welcome additions to the library of fast-growing Japanese language materials. Both volumes show the enormous time and effort that the authors put into them. The Complete Guide to Everyday Kanji, a carefully arranged reference to the 1,945 joyo- kanji, presents every kanji with on- and kun-reading(s) as applicable, a concise etymology and English meaning(s), and one or two words, either by themselves or in compounds.

Reading Japanese Financial Newspapers is a textbook, suitable for the students of intermediate to advanced Japanese. This book cannot but be ...


Review Of: Mexican-American Language: Usage, Attitudes, Maintenance, Instruction, And Policy, Shaw N. Gynan Mar 1989

Review Of: Mexican-American Language: Usage, Attitudes, Maintenance, Instruction, And Policy, Shaw N. Gynan

Modern & Classical Languages

The prologue to this collection indicates the contributors' enthusiasm. The quality of some papers is good, but more than enthusiasm is needed to make certain selections valuable.