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Spanish literature

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"¡Ay, Reino Mal Gobernado!": The Monarchy In Mira De Amescua’S Las Desgracias Del Rey Don Alfonso, El Casto, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 2014

"¡Ay, Reino Mal Gobernado!": The Monarchy In Mira De Amescua’S Las Desgracias Del Rey Don Alfonso, El Casto, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

Until relatively recently, the conventional wisdom regarding the comedia held that the vast and remarkable cultural production of Spain’s Golden Age not only mirrored its political dominance but served as imperial propaganda in the effort to project the Hapsburg monarchy, the Castilian language, the Iberian political and economic systems, and the Roman Catholic religion both at home and abroad. More recent scholarship has found the relationship between imperial cultural production, politics, and society to be much more complicated, porous, and nuanced. Baroque art and literature teem with representations of racial and sexual diversity, class distinctions, and national identities, and ...


Memory And Exile In María Teresa León’S Las Peregrinaciones De Teresa (1950), Debra J. Ochoa Jan 2007

Memory And Exile In María Teresa León’S Las Peregrinaciones De Teresa (1950), Debra J. Ochoa

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

María Teresa León (1903-1988) is most well known for her autobiography Memoria de la melancolía (1977), written during her last years of exile from her native Spain. The year 2003 marked the centenary of her birth and a reevaluation of her fiction, including a new edition of her short stories edited by Gregorio Torres Nebrera. [1] In the twenty-first century León finally receives much overdue recognition. [2] This article will examine León‘s conception of memory and exile, through a close textual reading of her short stories ―Primera peregrinación de Teresa," ―El noviciado de Teresa," ―Cabeza de ajo," and ―Esplendor ...


Gender And The Gaze: Sor Juana, Lacan, And Spanish Baroque Poetry, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 2003

Gender And The Gaze: Sor Juana, Lacan, And Spanish Baroque Poetry, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

There are few motifs more ubiquitous in Renaissance and Baroque poetry than those that link falling in love to the eyes. Based at least in part on Theophrastus, as Halstead has pointed out (113-20), this notion of love describes a process by which one is captivated by looking at the object of desire, prompting an exchange of humors or spirits. If the love is returned, both lovers feel complete and satisfied, but if the object of desire does not reciprocate, one feels empty because one has given one’s soul to another while receiving nothing in return.


Homo/Hetero/Social/Sexual: Gila In Vélez’S La Serrana De La Vera, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 2000

Homo/Hetero/Social/Sexual: Gila In Vélez’S La Serrana De La Vera, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

There is an ever growing body of criticism noting the homosocial underpinnings of comedia society in which women serve primarily to cement the relationships among men. Barbara Simerka, Harry Vélez de Quiñones, and others have convincingly begun to establish the homosocial nature of the stage society in which women, often as objects given signification only when they acquire exchange value, frequently have little say in their marriages or in other important aspects of their lives. The dama, to borrow a definition from Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, is a character who takes her "shape and meaning from a sexuality of which she ...


Pedro Calderón De La Barca, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 1998

Pedro Calderón De La Barca, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

Don Pedro Calderón de Ia Barca was born on January 17, 1600, to parents of noble lineage. Although little is known of the early years of his life, it has been determined that Calderón attended the Jesuit Colegio Imperial in Madrid from about 1608 to about 1613. His mother died in 1610, after which his brother Diego left abruptly for Mexico, his sister Dorotea entered a convent, and his youngest sister Antonia went to live with her grandmother. In 1614, Pedro entered the University of Alcalá, and in 1615, after the death of his father, he went to study at ...


Sainthood And Psychoanalysis: Tirso's Santa Juana, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 1996

Sainthood And Psychoanalysis: Tirso's Santa Juana, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

In his seminar of February 20,1973, entitled "God and the Jouissance of Woman," Lacan provocatively implies a connection between feminine sexuality and sainthood, using as examples two Spanish mystics, San Juan de la Cruz and Santa Teresa de Avila. He does not here discuss sainthood per se, but rather mysticism, with its emphasis on unity of the soul with God, noting that mystics are most often women or "highly gifted people like Saint John of the Cross," that is, men who have enrolled themselves on the feminine side of sexuality, in the "not-all" (Lacan 1982, 146-47). In the next ...


La Literatura Y La Mujer En El Barroco: Valor, Agravio Y Mujer, De Ana Caro, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 1986

La Literatura Y La Mujer En El Barroco: Valor, Agravio Y Mujer, De Ana Caro, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

Existen hoy varios estudios que tratan de investigar el feminismo en Ia comedia del Siglo de Oro. Algunos se enfocan en aquellas mujeres que se llaman a veces mujeres varoniles —Ia amazona, Ia desdeñosa, Ia pundonorosa, Ia vengadora de las mujeres, por ejemplo. En general, estos estudios terminan por concluir que, a pesar de Ia grandeza de estas mujeres, las soluciones a los conflictos dramáticos restablecen Ia superioridad del hombre sobre Ia mujer. Sin embargo, casi todas las obras estudiadas fueron escritas por hombres, —Lope, Tirso, Vélez y Calderón, por ejemplo. Afortunadamente, tenemos a nuestra disposición las obras teatrales de ...


The Resocialization Of The Mujer Varonil In Three Plays By Vélez, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 1983

The Resocialization Of The Mujer Varonil In Three Plays By Vélez, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

When Arnold Reichenberger writes of the tendency in the comedia toward a restored society, he refers to the conservative, patriarchal, ideal society represented by the dramatic works. Characters who exhibit eccentric social behavior are not allowed to remain marginally attached to the society; they are either resocialized into the fabric of the comedia's society or they are expelled. This pattern not only allows for the possibility of an implicit moral lesson, as Alexander A. Parker would assert, but it also creates dramatic tension the resolution of which results in exciting reversals in the plot. As might be expected, the ...


La Numancia Como Auto Secular, Matthew D. Stroud Jan 1981

La Numancia Como Auto Secular, Matthew D. Stroud

Modern Languages and Literatures Faculty Research

Si por «tragedia» en la Numancia entendemos la situación patética de la destrucción del pueblo numantino, no puede haber duda de que el drama es trágico, y que el patético pueblo numantino es el protagonista trágico. Hay también quien ve a Cipión como el protagonista, pero aun estos críticos están de acuerdo en que hay sufrimiento de parte de los numantinos. Lo que no está de acuerdo con la idea de la obra como tragedia es el énfasis del drama en Ia resurrección del pueblo en los siglos que siguen a una catástrofe tan total. Casalduero, quien expresó por primera ...