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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Gender And Heritage Spanish Bilingual Grammars: A Study Of Code-Mixed Determiner Phrases And Copula Constructions, Elena Valenzuela, Ana Faure, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo, Ewelina Barski, Yolanda Pangtay, Adriana Diez Feb 2012

Gender And Heritage Spanish Bilingual Grammars: A Study Of Code-Mixed Determiner Phrases And Copula Constructions, Elena Valenzuela, Ana Faure, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo, Ewelina Barski, Yolanda Pangtay, Adriana Diez

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

There has been a growing interest in the examination of the steady state of simultaneous bilinguals. An understanding of what leads to the possible weaknesses in the grammar of early bilinguals can contribute to our understanding of the possible causes of the apparent characteristic ‘failures’ in second language acquisition (Montrul 2008). Spanish has a gender feature for nouns (Carroll 1989) and gender agreement for determiners and adjectives. Problems with the acquisition of gender marking on the noun and/or with gender agreement are well-known in the L2 literature (Hawkins 1998; Fernández–Garcia 1999; Franceschina 2001; Bruhn de Garavito and White ...


Transferencia Diferencial: El Caso Del Náhuatl Y El Español, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo Dec 2009

Transferencia Diferencial: El Caso Del Náhuatl Y El Español, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

Este trabajo2 mostrará que la variabilidad en el desempeño entre los hablantes de una L1 y una L2 no siempre resulta ser un problema debido a un déficit sintáctico (Hawkins y Chan 1997; Hawkins y Liszka 2003; Tsimpli 2003; Hawkins y Franceschina 2004; y otros más) y que la adquisición completa de esta última no depende de los rasgos que están disponibles en la L1. Para tal efecto, me concentraré en la adquisición de los infinitivos y del subjuntivo en español por hablantes de náhuatl. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es contribuir evidencia a favor de la hipótesis de ...


Náhuatl Y Español: Un Caso De Convergencia Sintáctica, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo Dec 2004

Náhuatl Y Español: Un Caso De Convergencia Sintáctica, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

Recent research suggests that, when the two languages spoken by bilinguals share certain features, but one of the languages favors the use of a particular structure, possibly due to pragmatic reasons, the two languages may converge in the relevant domain (Hulk and Müller 2000; Müller and Hulk 2001; Sánchez 2003; Sánchez, 2004; Toribio 2001). This in turn may lead to convergence between the two languages in a society where most of the speakers are bilingual, assuming bilinguals and second language learners are often the agents of language change (Winford, 2003). Classical Nahuatl is a polysynthetic language (Baker, 2001) with variable ...