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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Great With Child: A Review Of 'Writers And Their Mothers' Edited By Dale Salwak, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Sue Norton Nov 2018

Great With Child: A Review Of 'Writers And Their Mothers' Edited By Dale Salwak, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Sue Norton

Other Resources

No abstract provided.


Quantitative Fine-Grained Human Evaluation Of Machine Translation Systems: A Case Study On English To Croatian, Filip Klubicka, Antonio Toral, Victor Manuel Sanchez-Cartagena Jan 2018

Quantitative Fine-Grained Human Evaluation Of Machine Translation Systems: A Case Study On English To Croatian, Filip Klubicka, Antonio Toral, Victor Manuel Sanchez-Cartagena

Articles

This paper presents a quantitative fine-grained manual evaluation approach to comparing the performance of different machine translation (MT) systems. We build upon the well-established Multidimensional Quality Metrics (MQM) error taxonomy and implement a novel method that assesses whether the differences in performance for MQM error types between different MT systems are statistically significant. We conduct a case study for English-to- Croatian, a language direction that involves translating into a morphologically rich language, for which we compare three MT systems belonging to different paradigms: pure phrase-based, factored phrase-based and neural. First, we design an MQM-compliant error taxonomy tailored to the relevant ...


Wh-Interrogatives In Early L1 Greek: Comprehension Vs. Production, Evangelia K. Asproudi Jun 2017

Wh-Interrogatives In Early L1 Greek: Comprehension Vs. Production, Evangelia K. Asproudi

The ITB Journal

This paper examines the comprehension and production of wh-interrogatives in early L1 Greek. Specifically, children’s performance is explored at both levels with regard to argument/adjunct extraction and presence/absence of negation. In order to test the predicted lead of comprehension over production, a group of ninety four-to-seven-year old Greek children participated in elicitation tasks that were designed mainly along the methodological principles of Crain and Thornton (1998). On the whole, the results were in line with the initial expectation. That is, the Greek children performed better in question comprehension compared to question production, with individual findings suggesting that ...


Gender And Mutation In Irish: A Preliminary Account For Further Investigation, Alessio S. Frenda May 2017

Gender And Mutation In Irish: A Preliminary Account For Further Investigation, Alessio S. Frenda

The ITB Journal

Standard Irish is the outcome of language planning and as such it significantly diverges from the three main spoken dialects of the language (or traditional Gaeltacht varieties) that provided the basis for its creation. It is also expected to differ, in its codified form, from the way it is actually employed within the small, usually urban communities of bilinguals who employ standard Irish and not some form of Gaeltacht Irish as a second language. The reason why such difference is expected is that the language planners codified as part of the standard many complex structures that had already been abandoned ...


In Italiano, As Gaeilge: A Matter Of Metaphorical Semantics, Alessio S. Frenda May 2017

In Italiano, As Gaeilge: A Matter Of Metaphorical Semantics, Alessio S. Frenda

The ITB Journal

In the present article the linguistic expression of MATTER will be considered with regards to (a) the prepositions involved and (b) the basic spatial meanings (BSMs) of such prepositions. The analysis will concentrate on Italian and Irish. The motivations for the choice of the preposition(s) will be sought after in the theoretical frame provided by Lakoff’s metaphorical semantics. In other words, we shall assume that the MATTER sense is a motivated extension of the spatial senses that primarily expressed by those prepositions. According to the abovementioned framework, a preposition is chosen to express MATTER when there is a ...


Cross-Linguistic Comparisons: A Case Study Involving Irish And Italian Prepositions, Alessio S. Frenda May 2017

Cross-Linguistic Comparisons: A Case Study Involving Irish And Italian Prepositions, Alessio S. Frenda

The ITB Journal

Cross-linguistic comparison of unrelated or distantly related languages is often hindered by the lack of a one-to-one correspondence between the formal repertoires of the different languages. This article presents an example of such a situation, where the comparison of the Irish and Italian prepositional inventories is made impossible, on a formal basis, by the different sizes of the two sets of forms and the different semantic segmentation of the spatial-content continuum, i.e., the fact that one and the same form can express different concepts in a way that is cross-linguistically not always valid, and – conversely – that one and the ...


Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Greek, Evangelia Asproudi May 2017

Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Greek, Evangelia Asproudi

The ITB Journal

This paper examines the various constructions that convey reflexivity and reciprocity in Modern Greek. Modern Greek reflexive and reciprocal constructions are characterized by a considerable degree of overlap between them, in the sense that they are structurally parallel to each other. More concretely, both reflexives and reciprocals in the language can be lexicalized through the addition of the non-active suffix -mai to a transitive verb; moreover, reflexivity and reciprocity can be syntactically realized by means of an active transitive verb followed by a pronominal that is referentially bound to an antecedent. Lastly, pronoun incorporation to a –mai verb constitutes another ...


Fundamentals Of Machine Learning For Neural Machine Translation, John Kelleher Oct 2016

Fundamentals Of Machine Learning For Neural Machine Translation, John Kelleher

Conference papers

This paper presents a short introduction to neural networks and how they are used for machine translation and concludes with some discussion on the current research challenges being addressed by neural machine translation (NMT) research. The primary goal of this paper is to give a no-tears introduction to NMT to readers that do not have a computer science or mathematical background. The secondary goal is to provide the reader with a deep enough understanding of NMT that they can appreciate the strengths of weaknesses of the technology. The paper starts with a brief introduction to standard feed-forward neural networks (what ...


Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan Nov 2015

Reflexive And Reciprocal Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan

The ITB Journal

This paper examines reflexive (and reciprocal) constructions in modern Irish, a VSOX language for which the generative analysis using c-command is problematic. Reflexive and reciprocal constructions are best reflected in the inherent VSOX word order. The reflexive occurs in transitive constructions with the reflexive marker féin, which can also be used non-reflexively but emphatically. A continuum is observed with a human/animate participant as the subject argument at the reflexive pole and a nonhuman inanimate at the emphatic end. Motion is an ingredient in reflexivity. Fictive or nontranslational motion are both non-reflexive. Translational motion alone allows reflexivity. Reciprocals are complex ...


Passive Voice Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan Nov 2015

Passive Voice Constructions In Modern Irish, Brian Nolan

The ITB Journal

This paper is about the passive construction, of which modern Irish (a VSO language) has two primary forms, the personal passive and its variants, and the impersonal. An empirical question is posed as to whether a third passive form exists within the language, that of a functionally defined GET-passive. To deliver a unified analysis of the various passive constructions, a perspective that takes account of the complete event is necessary.


Towards A Study Of Situation Types Of Irish, Brian Nolan Nov 2015

Towards A Study Of Situation Types Of Irish, Brian Nolan

The ITB Journal

In this paper we analyse the structure of situation types as found in Irish. We translate these situation types into a logical metalanguage, giving the logical structure of each type. We do this to differentiate, for Irish, the aktionsarten distinctions of state, activity, achievement and accomplishment as they are found within the language. The motivation of this paper is therefore to describe the aktionsart of modern Irish and to determine the logical structure that underpins these situation types.


Teaching And Learning Amidst Difference And Diversity, Sue Norton, Marty Meinardi Apr 2014

Teaching And Learning Amidst Difference And Diversity, Sue Norton, Marty Meinardi

Conference Papers

This paper considered classroom management strategies for working with diverse, multicultural groups of students in higher education settings.


Understanding Presence, Affordance And The Time/Space Dimensions For Language Learning In Virtual Worlds, Susanna Nocchi, Françoise Blin Jan 2013

Understanding Presence, Affordance And The Time/Space Dimensions For Language Learning In Virtual Worlds, Susanna Nocchi, Françoise Blin

Articles

Notwithstanding their potential for novel approaches to language teaching and learning, Virtual Worlds (VWs) present numerous technological and pedagogical challenges that require new paradigms if the language learning experience and outcomes are to be successful. In this presentation, we argue that the notions of presence and affordance, together with the time/space dimensions of interactions in virtual worlds (e.g. Bakhtin’s (1981) chronotope, Foucault’s (1984) heteropia, and Lemke’s (2000) heterochrony), provide new insights into language learners’ trajectories as they attempt to carry out tasks that are designed to make use of virtual worlds’ characteristics and potentialities. We ...


Clickers-Ready Lessons For French., Valerie Hascoet Dec 2012

Clickers-Ready Lessons For French., Valerie Hascoet

Other Resources

No abstract provided.


"Listen And Click": Enhancing Listening Comprehension Skills In The Language Classroom Through The Use Of Clickers, Valerie Hascoet Jun 2012

"Listen And Click": Enhancing Listening Comprehension Skills In The Language Classroom Through The Use Of Clickers, Valerie Hascoet

Conference Papers

The following article relates to an experiment with a group of second year students learning an applied language as a minor subject of their degree. Personal Response Devices were introduced to improve the students’ listening skills by creating more engagement with the course material. It led to 100% participation in class activities run through clickers, facilitated the students in self-evaluating their performance at the tasks and was fun, despite some technical issues occasionally. The experiment fell short however on the reflective aspect. Students were either incapable of or unwilling to reflect on the questions they found difficult. The lecturer was ...


Come Si Fa?: Can Virtual Worlds Help Us Promote Intercultural Awareness, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2011

Come Si Fa?: Can Virtual Worlds Help Us Promote Intercultural Awareness, Susanna Nocchi

Conference Papers

This paper describes the author’s experience with a pilot course of Italian in SL®2. The course is part of a PhD research on Exploring the potential of virtual worlds to promote Intercultural Awareness in students learning Italian as a Foreign Language. In the paper the author will justify her choice of virtual worlds for the development of language competence and Intercultural Awareness and will present some results of her activity theoretical analysis of the data. Problematic areas and potential moments for the development of Intercultural Awareness were highlighted during the analysis.


Italian: As/A2 Digital Reading Practice Tests 2009, Silvia Bertoni, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2009

Italian: As/A2 Digital Reading Practice Tests 2009, Silvia Bertoni, Susanna Nocchi

Books/Book Chapters

AS/A2 Digital Reading Practice Tests 2009 consists of authentic reading material and practice test questions. This resource is ideal for practising, improving and building up students’ reading skills in preparation for the AS/A2 Level exams in the UK.The tests are also suitable practice materials for students preparing for other advanced level exams, such as Irish Leaving Certificate, International Baccalaureate or Advance Placement.


Grammatica Avanzata Della Lingua Italiana: Chapter Seven, Roberto Tartaglione, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2006

Grammatica Avanzata Della Lingua Italiana: Chapter Seven, Roberto Tartaglione, Susanna Nocchi

Books/Book Chapters

Tutto quello che uno studente straniero dovrebbe sapere sulla lingua italiana e non ha mai osato chiedere! Grammatica avanzata della lingua italiana si rivolge infatti a studenti già in possesso di una buona conoscenza dell'italiano che vogliano perfezionare la loro competenza della lingua (dal livello B1 al livello C1 del Quadro Comune Europeo).

Presenta forme, costrutti sintattici, stilemi di livello medio e avanzato, anche della lingua parlata, molto diffusi ma generalmente poco trattati nei testi d'italiano per stranieri: quando e come usare l'articolo, la posizione dell'aggettivo, l'uso di parole particolari (anzi, magari, mica, addirittura, macché ...


Grammamia!: Esercizi E Giochi Per Imparare Il Lessico: Chapter Eight, Tiziana Chiappelli, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2005

Grammamia!: Esercizi E Giochi Per Imparare Il Lessico: Chapter Eight, Tiziana Chiappelli, Susanna Nocchi

Books/Book Chapters

GrammaMia! è una grammatica italiana con esercizi rivolta a studenti stranieri dagli 11 ai 14 anni. Il testo costituisce un primo contatto con la grammatica italiana. Attraverso schede chiare ed essenziali, vengono spiegate tutte le principali regole della lingua. A ciò vanno aggiunti moltissimi esercizi, quiz, giochi, che consentono di esercitarsi nell’italiano e di ricavare al contempo informazioni sulla vita, la società, la cultura, la geografia e la storia italiana. Particolare attenzione è stata rivolta agli ambiti lessicali più frequentati dai giovani, fornendo quindi agli studenti strumenti non solo linguistici ma anche comunicativi. Il libro è adatto per studenti ...


Le Parole Italiane: Introduction, Silvia Bertoni, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2003

Le Parole Italiane: Introduction, Silvia Bertoni, Susanna Nocchi

Books/Book Chapters

Le parole italiane

presenta una vasta gamma di esercizi e giochi per l’apprendimento, la memorizzazione e l’ampliamento del lessico italiano.Una prima sezione si occupa di studiare le parole dal punto di vista delle aree lessicali, concentrandosi anche su espressioni idiomatiche, modi di dire e cambiamento di significato dei vocaboli nei diversi contesti.Una seconda sezione è dedicata alla “grammatica del lessico”. Attraverso schede chiare ed essenziali e ad esercizi originali e stimolanti, viene affrontato lo studio di argomenti di solito poco trattati nei manuali di lingua, come ad esempio la formazione delle parole, la collocazione, la derivazione ...


Grammatica Pratica Per Studenti Cinesi: Chapter 1, Susanna Nocchi Jan 2002

Grammatica Pratica Per Studenti Cinesi: Chapter 1, Susanna Nocchi

Books/Book Chapters

Esercizi e schede grammaticali chiare ed essenziali con istruzioni e grammatica in cinese. Questo libro permette agli studenti cinesi di esercitare la grammatica italiana in modo completo ed efficace. Attraverso schede grammaticali chiare ed essenziali, vengono spiegate tutte le principali regole della lingua italiana. A ciò vanno aggiunti moltissimi esercizi, quiz, giochi, che oltre ad “allenare” lo studente nell’uso della lingua, consentono di ricavare anche informazioni sulla vita, la società, la cultura e la storia italiana. Sia nella presentazione delle regole che negli esercizi, particolare attenzione è riservata alle forme più utili e frequenti, nell’intento di fornire una ...


Transitivity And The Choice Of A Preposition In Any Language, Valerie Hascoet Jan 2000

Transitivity And The Choice Of A Preposition In Any Language, Valerie Hascoet

Other Resources

This thesis examines the question of determination of transitivity for a verb through a comparison of processes involved in English and in French. It takes in several theories belonging to the area of the syntax-semantics interface in order to understand how a predicate is construed as either intransitive or direct transitive or indirect transitive in either language.The study focuses on a corpus of verbs that present different argument structures in French and in English. It analyses the various factors that determine the choice of a transitivity status for a given predicate. It discusses whether that process of determination lies ...