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Spanish and Portuguese Language and Literature

World Languages and Cultures

2004

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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

The Teenage Dissent Of Newman And Unamuno: Conscience As A Safeguard Against Coercive Manipulation, Kevin T. Fagan Jan 2004

The Teenage Dissent Of Newman And Unamuno: Conscience As A Safeguard Against Coercive Manipulation, Kevin T. Fagan

World Languages and Cultures

Teenagers seem easy targets for despotic groups, such as cults. Moral conscience, however, may be a dike against a sea of despotism. John Henry Newman and Miguel de Unamuno were giant defenders of conscience in their respective cultures. Their philosophies and phenomenologies of conscience depict conscience as supreme in the mind of the ordinary person, though subject to pressures, even death. This notion becomes alive in the deep religious crisis and conversion of their adolescence, marked by a sense of personal divine experience, confidence in final predestination or holy trust, and an ethical commitment. Both men, however, dissent from their ...