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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Optimizing Language Instruction: Matters Of Explicitness, Practice, And Cue Learning, Catherine Stafford, Harriet Bowden Aug 2012

Optimizing Language Instruction: Matters Of Explicitness, Practice, And Cue Learning, Catherine Stafford, Harriet Bowden

Harriet Wood Bowden

Input exposure is essential for nonprimary language learning, but the importance of explicit instruction and corrective feedback continues to be debated. If instruction is required, how might it be optimized in terms of its nature and timing? In this study, 65 Spanish-English bilinguals were introduced to Latin through an interactive computer program designed to promote initial learning of thematic role assignment by drawing learners’ attention to efficient input processing strategies when new, informative morphosyntactic cues to thematic role assignment were set up in competition with more familiar but potentially misleading cues. Participants in 4 experimental groups completed input-based, task-essential practice ...


Gender And Heritage Spanish Bilingual Grammars: A Study Of Code-Mixed Determiner Phrases And Copula Constructions, Elena Valenzuela, Ana Faure, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo, Ewelina Barski, Yolanda Pangtay, Adriana Diez Feb 2012

Gender And Heritage Spanish Bilingual Grammars: A Study Of Code-Mixed Determiner Phrases And Copula Constructions, Elena Valenzuela, Ana Faure, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo, Ewelina Barski, Yolanda Pangtay, Adriana Diez

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

There has been a growing interest in the examination of the steady state of simultaneous bilinguals. An understanding of what leads to the possible weaknesses in the grammar of early bilinguals can contribute to our understanding of the possible causes of the apparent characteristic ‘failures’ in second language acquisition (Montrul 2008). Spanish has a gender feature for nouns (Carroll 1989) and gender agreement for determiners and adjectives. Problems with the acquisition of gender marking on the noun and/or with gender agreement are well-known in the L2 literature (Hawkins 1998; Fernández–Garcia 1999; Franceschina 2001; Bruhn de Garavito and White ...


Verbal Inflectional Morphology In L1 And L2 Spanish: A Frequency Effects Study Examining Storage Versus Composition, Harriet Bowden, Matthew Gelfand, Christina Sanz, Michael Ullman Feb 2010

Verbal Inflectional Morphology In L1 And L2 Spanish: A Frequency Effects Study Examining Storage Versus Composition, Harriet Bowden, Matthew Gelfand, Christina Sanz, Michael Ullman

Harriet Wood Bowden

This study examines the storage versus composition of Spanish inflected verbal forms in first language (L1) and second language (L2) speakers of Spanish. L2 participants were selected to have mid-to-advanced proficiency, high classroom experience, and low immersion experience, typical of medium-to-advanced foreign language learners. Participants were shown the infinitival forms of verbs from either Class I (the default class, which takes new verbs) or Classes II and III (nondefault classes) and were asked to produce either first-person singular present tense or imperfect forms, in separate tasks. In the present tense, the L1 speakers showed inflected-form frequency effects (i.e., higher ...


Cross-Dressing And Lesbian Representation In Belle Époque By Fernando Trueba, Nuria Cruz-Camara Dec 2009

Cross-Dressing And Lesbian Representation In Belle Époque By Fernando Trueba, Nuria Cruz-Camara

Nuria Cruz-Camara

"The Oscar-winning film Belle Époque (1992), directed by Fernando Trueba, systematically deconstructs patriarchal forms of masculinities by mocking the “Iberian macho” stereotype, by representing actively desiring women, and by allegedly making the male protagonist the object of the female gaze. The inversion of traditional gender roles throughout the film reaches its peak at the carnival cross-dressing sequence, when Violeta, dressed as a male soldier, aggressively seduces Fernando, dressed as a maid, and maintains total control over the love-making process. However, as I will demonstrate in this article, this seemingly subversive reversal of sexual identities is superficial and, in fact, reinstates ...


Transferencia Diferencial: El Caso Del Náhuatl Y El Español, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo Dec 2009

Transferencia Diferencial: El Caso Del Náhuatl Y El Español, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

Este trabajo2 mostrará que la variabilidad en el desempeño entre los hablantes de una L1 y una L2 no siempre resulta ser un problema debido a un déficit sintáctico (Hawkins y Chan 1997; Hawkins y Liszka 2003; Tsimpli 2003; Hawkins y Franceschina 2004; y otros más) y que la adquisición completa de esta última no depende de los rasgos que están disponibles en la L1. Para tal efecto, me concentraré en la adquisición de los infinitivos y del subjuntivo en español por hablantes de náhuatl. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es contribuir evidencia a favor de la hipótesis de ...


Concurrent Verbalizations, Pedagogical Conditions, And Reactivity: Two Call Studies, Christina Sanz, Hui-Ju Lin, Harriet Bowden, Catherine Stafford Feb 2009

Concurrent Verbalizations, Pedagogical Conditions, And Reactivity: Two Call Studies, Christina Sanz, Hui-Ju Lin, Harriet Bowden, Catherine Stafford

Harriet Wood Bowden

The article summarizes results from two experimental studies on reactivity. In the first experiment, 24 college-age participants received a computerized treatment that delivered a grammar lesson, practice, and feedback on assignment of semantic functions in Latin. Verbalizations did not induce reactivity on accuracy, but they slowed down posttest performance. The second experiment (N= 24), which did not include a grammar lesson, showed that thinking aloud had a facilitating effect. Our results suggest that reactivity depends not only on the task and on the nature of the assessment tool but also on the nature of the dependent variables (i.e., latency ...


La Doctrina Socialista Y El Público En Una Mujer Por Caminos De España De María Martínez Sierra, Nuria Cruz-Camara Dec 2008

La Doctrina Socialista Y El Público En Una Mujer Por Caminos De España De María Martínez Sierra, Nuria Cruz-Camara

Nuria Cruz-Camara

No abstract provided.


Processing Instruction And Meaningful Output-Based Instruction: Effects On Second Language Development, Kara Morgan-Short, Harriet Bowden Feb 2006

Processing Instruction And Meaningful Output-Based Instruction: Effects On Second Language Development, Kara Morgan-Short, Harriet Bowden

Harriet Wood Bowden

This study investigates the effects of meaningful input- and output-based practice on SLA. First-semester Spanish students (n = 45) were assigned to processing instruction, meaningful output-based instruction, or control groups. Experimental groups received the same input in instruction but received meaningful practice that was input or output based. Both experimental groups showed significant gains on immediate and delayed interpretation and production tasks. Repeated-measures analyses of variance showed that overall, for interpretation, both experimental groups outperformed the control group. For production, only the meaningful output-based group outperformed the control group. These results suggest that not only input-based but also output-based instruction can ...


Individual Differences: Age, Sex, Working Memory, And Prior Knowledge, Harriet Bowden, Christina Sanz, C Stafford Oct 2005

Individual Differences: Age, Sex, Working Memory, And Prior Knowledge, Harriet Bowden, Christina Sanz, C Stafford

Harriet Wood Bowden

Winner of the 2006 Kenneth W. Mildenberger Award from the Modern Language Association How do people learn nonnative languages? Is there one part or function of our brains solely dedicated to language processing, or do we apply our general information-processing abilities when learning a new language? In this book, an interdisciplinary collaboration of scholars and researchers presents an overview of the latter approach to adult second language acquisition and brings together, for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the latest research on this subject.

Clearly organized into four distinct but integrated parts, Mind and Context in Adult Second Language ...


Náhuatl Y Español: Un Caso De Convergencia Sintáctica, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo Dec 2004

Náhuatl Y Español: Un Caso De Convergencia Sintáctica, Alma Ramirez-Trujillo

Alma P Ramirez-Trujillo

Recent research suggests that, when the two languages spoken by bilinguals share certain features, but one of the languages favors the use of a particular structure, possibly due to pragmatic reasons, the two languages may converge in the relevant domain (Hulk and Müller 2000; Müller and Hulk 2001; Sánchez 2003; Sánchez, 2004; Toribio 2001). This in turn may lead to convergence between the two languages in a society where most of the speakers are bilingual, assuming bilinguals and second language learners are often the agents of language change (Winford, 2003). Classical Nahuatl is a polysynthetic language (Baker, 2001) with variable ...


Notas Sobre Un Bildungsroman Posmoderno: Tocarnos La Cara De Belén Gopegui, Nuria Cruz-Camara Dec 2003

Notas Sobre Un Bildungsroman Posmoderno: Tocarnos La Cara De Belén Gopegui, Nuria Cruz-Camara

Nuria Cruz-Camara

ISSN 0278-7261


La Re-Creación Del Romanticismo En La Reina De Las Nieves De Martín Gaite, Nuria Cruz-Camara Dec 2002

La Re-Creación Del Romanticismo En La Reina De Las Nieves De Martín Gaite, Nuria Cruz-Camara

Nuria Cruz-Camara

ISSN 0039-7709 (Print), 1931-0676 (Online)