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Full-Text Articles in Modern Languages

Prominence In Singapore And American English: Evidence From Reading Aloud, John M. Levis Aug 2019

Prominence In Singapore And American English: Evidence From Reading Aloud, John M. Levis

John Levis

English has spread far beyond the boundaries of the traditional L1 varieties (eg British, American, Australian English). Not only is English a leading foreign language throughout the world, it is also a central language for many multilingual communities throughout the world. The speakers of these new Englishes are not yet fully seen as ‘native speakers’ by many speakers from the traditional L1 varieties but cannot be called ‘non‐native speakers’ in any meaningful sense of the word. Kachru (1990) calls these new varieties ‘outer circle’ Englishes, a contrast to the ‘inner circle’ native speaker varieties and the ‘expanding circle’ foreign ...


Modern Chinese Essays: Zhou Zuoren, Lin Yutang And Others, Tonglu Li Apr 2019

Modern Chinese Essays: Zhou Zuoren, Lin Yutang And Others, Tonglu Li

Tonglu Li (李同路)

Modern essay, or creative nonfiction prose, whose success almost surpasses that of poetry, theater and fiction,1 was born out of the marriage of traditional Chinese and Western culture.2 On a superficial level, it distinguishes itself from traditional essay by using vernacular instead of classical or literary Chinese, and thus is more accessible to the masses. In terms of genre, it is narrower in scope than traditional essay which includes all non-verse writings, literary or not. More importantly, as Yu Dafu points out, modern essay values the expression of individuality and personality more than any other writings.3 By ...


Rethinking Ionesco’S Absurd: The Bald Soprano In The Interlingual Context Of Vichy And Postwar France, Julia Elsky Mar 2019

Rethinking Ionesco’S Absurd: The Bald Soprano In The Interlingual Context Of Vichy And Postwar France, Julia Elsky

Julia Elsky

Rereading Eugène Ionesco’s postwar play La cantatrice chauve (The Bald Soprano) in the light of the original, wartime Romanian version alongside archival materials concerning his political activity in Vichy France allows us to reconsider his role in the theater of the absurd. Instead of staging the emptiness of language in a conformist world, the Romanian play dramatizes how language and language exchange created meaning but also upheld state violence during the Second World War. Although the French version of the play adapts this theme to the postwar context, traces of state power over language remain. This new approach to ...


The Story Of The Predestined Pilgrim And His Brother Reprobate. Alexandre De Gusmão. Trans. Christopher C. Lund. Medieval And Renaissance Texts And Studies 489; Medieval And Renaissance Latin America 2. Tempe: Arizona Center For Medieval And Renaissance Studies, 2016. Xxxvi + 138 Pp. $55., D. Scott Hendrickson Mar 2019

The Story Of The Predestined Pilgrim And His Brother Reprobate. Alexandre De Gusmão. Trans. Christopher C. Lund. Medieval And Renaissance Texts And Studies 489; Medieval And Renaissance Latin America 2. Tempe: Arizona Center For Medieval And Renaissance Studies, 2016. Xxxvi + 138 Pp. $55., D. Scott Hendrickson

D. Scott Hendrickson

The Story of the Predestined Pilgrim and His Brother Reprobate, published in Portugal in 1682, is an allegorical novel originally written in Portuguese by Father Alexandre de Gusmão (1629–1724) in the Jesuit mission territory of Brazil. Subsequent editions were printed in both Portuguese and Spanish in Europe and the Americas. Christopher C. Lund’s translation is part of the Latin America series in the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies and is the first English-language edition. It is a welcome addition to scholarly work in the fields of colonial Latin American history and Jesuit history.


Prologue In Nieremberg. Aforismsos Y Fragmentos Sobre La Naturaleza Humana, D. Scott Hendrickson Mar 2019

Prologue In Nieremberg. Aforismsos Y Fragmentos Sobre La Naturaleza Humana, D. Scott Hendrickson

D. Scott Hendrickson

Prologue to to bilingual (Spanish - Albanian) edition of aphorisms of the Spanish Jesuit Juan Eusebio Nieremberg (1595-1658).


Early Guaraní Printing: Nieremberg’S De La Diferencia And The Global Dissemination Of Seventeenth-Century Spanish Asceticism, D. Scott Hendrickson Mar 2019

Early Guaraní Printing: Nieremberg’S De La Diferencia And The Global Dissemination Of Seventeenth-Century Spanish Asceticism, D. Scott Hendrickson

D. Scott Hendrickson

This article examines both how and why the Spanish Jesuit Juan Eusebio Nieremberg’s (1595–1658) once famous treatise De la diferencia entre lo temporal y eterno (1640) came to be translated and printed in the Paraguay reductions in 1705, the significance it holds in the transmission of Iberian asceticism to the American missions and how Juan Yaparí and other Guaraní craftsmen participated in its printing and enhanced its illustration. It situates the Guaraní imprint within the context of early modern mission practices and the book-trade of Counter-Reformation Europe, and seeks to show how—in what some scholars consider to ...