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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Medieval Studies

The Burgos Tapestry: Medieval Theatre And Visual Experience, Nathalie Rochel Frch '11 Dec 2013

The Burgos Tapestry: Medieval Theatre And Visual Experience, Nathalie Rochel Frch '11

The Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

In the field of art history, the medium of tapestry has only recently begun to gain attention as its own significant art form. This paper examines the possible relationship between the Burgos Tapestry, recently on view at The Cloisters after a thirty-year conservation, and medieval theatre. The compositional and stylistic forms of the tapestry may have been influenced by productions of medieval mystery plays, which through analysis can help provide a greater understanding of the medieval cultural mindset, the possible artistic decisions behind maintaining medieval pictorial traditions into the early sixteenth century, and the medieval viewer’s experience when looking ...


Civility And Gower's "Visio Anglie", Lynn Arner Dec 2013

Civility And Gower's "Visio Anglie", Lynn Arner

Accessus

Deploying conventions from medieval courtesy manuals, Gower’s Visio Anglie assigned varied degrees of authority to Englishmen and women at the bodily level, a system of signification in which food, physical appearances, and overall comportment were key elements. Echoing courtesy manuals, the Visio constructed corporal marks of distinction, interpreted physical signifiers as indices of people’s inner character and value, and classified bodies into social groups accordingly. Offering understandings of civility that began with codes of bodily conduct and that expanded to claims about the cosmos, the Visio’s corporal regulatory system promoted particular understandings of citizenship and governance that ...


The Trentham Manuscript As Broken Prosthesis: Wholeness And Disability In Lancastrian England, Candace Barrington Dec 2013

The Trentham Manuscript As Broken Prosthesis: Wholeness And Disability In Lancastrian England, Candace Barrington

Accessus

Gower’s Trentham manuscript allows us to think about pre-modern disabilities in three ways. First, because it encourages Henry IV to restore the body politic disabled by Richard II, we can see the manuscript as presenting itself as a prosthesis able to compensate, even cure, Henry’s illegitimate claims to the throne. Here, disability is a condition that needs to be eradicated at best, repaired at least.

Second, because the Trentham manuscript reports Gower’s blindness, we can examine how it registers that disability. As “Henrici quarti primus” makes clear, Gower’s disability allows him to assert his own legitimacy ...


Blindness, Confession, And Re-Membering In Gower's Confessio, Tory Vandeventer Pearman Dec 2013

Blindness, Confession, And Re-Membering In Gower's Confessio, Tory Vandeventer Pearman

Accessus

Much scholarship on Gower’s Confessio Amantis has focused on the poem’s assertion that poetic narration, represented by Amans’ ongoing confession, has the ability to restore the fragmentary natures of social and spiritual bodies. Surprisingly, the role that the (dis)abled body plays in the poem’s struggle with fragmentation and integration has been ignored. By focusing on the poem’s representation of blindness in the tales of Medusa and Constance, I will demonstrate that the formal structure and thematic explorations of the Confessio, in fact, rely upon the (dis)abled body and its inextricable relationship to narration. Indeed ...


Blind Advocacy: Blind Readers, Disability Theory, And Accessing John Gower, Jonathan Hsy Dec 2013

Blind Advocacy: Blind Readers, Disability Theory, And Accessing John Gower, Jonathan Hsy

Accessus

Toward the end of his life, medieval poet John Gower (d. 1408) composed Latin poetry about his own progressive blindness, and later nineteenth-century Blind readers appropriated Gower’s work as part of a platform to advocate for changed perceptions and opportunities for the blind and other people with disabilities. In this essay, I approach nineteenth-century narrative compilations of blind lives (which include Gower’s) as transformative acts of literary historiography. These compilers not only appropriate the medieval blind poet to advance their own social and political ends, but they also create a new disability-centered approach to the entire Western artistic ...


Introduction, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury Dec 2013

Introduction, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury

Accessus

This Introduction by co-editors Georgiana Donavin and Eve Salisbury celebrates the publication of the first issue of Accessus: A Journal of Premodern Literature and New Media, a biannual publication of The Gower Project. The Introduction provides a short history of The Gower Project and explains the scope of Accessus: an e-journal dedicated to articles composed in electronic formats on Western European literature written before 1660. This first issue is dedicated to scholarship on the fourteenth-century English poet John Gower, who inspired the Project and this journal. For a decade The Gower Project has supported exciting new interpretations of Gower's ...


Old English Ecologies: Environmental Readings Of Anglo-Saxon Texts And Culture, Ilse Schweitzer Vandonkelaar Dec 2013

Old English Ecologies: Environmental Readings Of Anglo-Saxon Texts And Culture, Ilse Schweitzer Vandonkelaar

Dissertations

Conventionally, scholars have viewed representations of the natural world in Anglo-Saxon (Old English) literature as peripheral, static, or largely symbolic: a “backdrop” before which the events of human and divine history unfold. In “Old English Ecologies,” I apply the relatively new critical perspectives of ecocriticism and placebased study to the Anglo-Saxon canon to reveal the depth and changeability in these literary landscapes. Overall, this interdisciplinary study of Anglo-Saxon texts brings together literary and environmental sources and modes of inquiry to explore the place of humans (and non-humans) within the natural environments of Anglo-Saxon England, as well as the ways in ...


Recovering The Saumurois: Lay Patronage To Saint-Florent Of Saumur, Ca. 950-1150, Adam C. Matthews Dec 2013

Recovering The Saumurois: Lay Patronage To Saint-Florent Of Saumur, Ca. 950-1150, Adam C. Matthews

Master's Theses

In the mid-tenth century, the lay powers of the Loire valley established the abbey of Saint-Florent at Saumur with the local aristocracy welcoming the monks and forming spiritual and economic relationships through acts of patronage. The brothers remembered gifts of property, grants of rights, and exemptions in charters which were ultimately collected into the abbey's first cartulary, the Livre Noir. Despite this wealth of sources, historians have paid only cursory attention to Saint-Florent in recent scholarship. The present study incorporates the abbey's charter sources into broader debates concerning society in eleventh-century France. The use of case studies provides ...


The Hearts Of Ovid's Heroines In Trojumanna Saga, Luke J. Chambers Dec 2013

The Hearts Of Ovid's Heroines In Trojumanna Saga, Luke J. Chambers

Master's Theses

In western civilization no story has been retold more times than the Trojan War. Homer's works were known only by repute in western Europe after the fall of Rome. As such, the Middle Ages saw the blossoming of a new Troy tradition based on Dares Phrygius's De Excidio Troiae Historia (The History of the Destruction of Troy). Most countries of medieval Europe used this laconic work to retell the Troy story in each country's particular idiom.

The settlers of Iceland developed a sophisticated literary culture in the thirteenth century. No other people wrote narrative prose works on ...


Appendix A To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset Nov 2013

Appendix A To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset

Supplementary Material for Published Books

Appendix A: Brief Descriptions of Frequently Cited Manuscripts

These descriptions provide a list of contents for selected manuscripts frequently cited in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif (Cornell U. P., 2014). I have worked extensively with each of these manuscripts, but I also rely on previous descriptions as cited within. Abbreviations used are those listed in the table of abbreviations in the published book.


Appendix B To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset Nov 2013

Appendix B To Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings After Wyclif, Fiona Somerset

Supplementary Material for Published Books

Appendix B: The Pastoral Syllabus of SS74 and a Detailed Summary of the Sermons

This appendix summarizes the contents of each sermon in the sermon cycle that occupies the bulk of Cambridge, Sidney Sussex College MS 74. Details are given of the epistle lection, the sermon from the English Wycliffite Sermons included as a protheme, the content of the epistle sermon, and the pastoral teaching provided. Abbreviations used are those in the table of abbreviations in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif (Cornell, 2014).


The Tacuinum Sanitatis: A Medieval Health Manual, Loren D. Mendelsohn Nov 2013

The Tacuinum Sanitatis: A Medieval Health Manual, Loren D. Mendelsohn

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Reassessing The Roles Of Women As 'Makers' Of Medieval Art And Architecture, Marian Bleeke Oct 2013

Reassessing The Roles Of Women As 'Makers' Of Medieval Art And Architecture, Marian Bleeke

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Medieval Feminist Forum, V.49 No.1 2013 Oct 2013

Front Matter, Medieval Feminist Forum, V.49 No.1 2013

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


The King's Other Body: Maria Of Castile And The Crown Of Aragon, Laura Gathagan Oct 2013

The King's Other Body: Maria Of Castile And The Crown Of Aragon, Laura Gathagan

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Eleanor De Montfort: A Rebel Countess In Medieval England, Katrin E. Sjursen Oct 2013

Eleanor De Montfort: A Rebel Countess In Medieval England, Katrin E. Sjursen

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Witnesses, Neighbors, And Community In Late Medieval Marseille, Sara M. Butler Oct 2013

Witnesses, Neighbors, And Community In Late Medieval Marseille, Sara M. Butler

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Daughters Of London: Inheriting Opportunity In The Late Middle Ages, Lizabeth Johnson Oct 2013

Daughters Of London: Inheriting Opportunity In The Late Middle Ages, Lizabeth Johnson

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Stolen Women In Medieval England: Rape, Abduction, And Adultery, 1100-1500, Michelle Armstrong-Partida Oct 2013

Stolen Women In Medieval England: Rape, Abduction, And Adultery, 1100-1500, Michelle Armstrong-Partida

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Sartorial Strategies: Outfitting Aristocrats And Fashioning Conduct In Late Medieval Literature, Wendy A. Matlock Oct 2013

Sartorial Strategies: Outfitting Aristocrats And Fashioning Conduct In Late Medieval Literature, Wendy A. Matlock

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Walsingham And The English Imagination, Cate Gunn Oct 2013

Walsingham And The English Imagination, Cate Gunn

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Revivalist Fantasy: Alliterative Verse And Nationalist Literary History, Christine E. Kozikowski Oct 2013

Revivalist Fantasy: Alliterative Verse And Nationalist Literary History, Christine E. Kozikowski

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


The Ends Of The Body: Identity And Community In Medieval Culture, Jessica A. Boon Oct 2013

The Ends Of The Body: Identity And Community In Medieval Culture, Jessica A. Boon

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Sexuality, Sociality, And Cosmology In Medieval Literary Texts, Chelsea S. Henson Oct 2013

Sexuality, Sociality, And Cosmology In Medieval Literary Texts, Chelsea S. Henson

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Back Matter, Medieval Feminist Forum, V.49 No.1 2013 Oct 2013

Back Matter, Medieval Feminist Forum, V.49 No.1 2013

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Methods Of Revision In Sixteenth-Century English Cycle Drama, John Case Tompkins Oct 2013

Methods Of Revision In Sixteenth-Century English Cycle Drama, John Case Tompkins

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation contends that guilds-folk in sixteenth-century England made their own changes to the play-texts of civic drama and that these changes remain visible to us in the manuscripts which preserve the plays. Further, it argues that the actors and pageant-makers themselves often made these revisions, rather than the civic or ecclesial authorities traditionally credited for rewriting the pageants. These changes, introduced in production and transferred into the texts, helped keep the plays vibrant and successful throughout most of the sixteenth century and reflect the practical and local concerns of their participants. This work continues the historical investigations into pageant ...


Changing The Canon Of The Mass In The Beauvais Sacramentary, Elizabeth Teviotdale Sep 2013

Changing The Canon Of The Mass In The Beauvais Sacramentary, Elizabeth Teviotdale

Elizabeth C Teviotdale

The Beauvais Sacramentary (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig V 1) comprises the surviving ten leaves of a deluxe liturgical manuscript almost certainly created at the behest of Roger, bishop of Beauvais (998–1016). According to tradition, its parent manuscript was one of three liturgical codices left to the cathedral church of Saint Peter by Roger. A half century or more after the manuscript was originally copied, a single scribe added new text to the canon of the mass on top of an erasure, in a margin, and on an inserted slip of parchment. This paper explores the ...


Bridget Of Sweden (1303-1373) As Author, Mark E. Peterson Sep 2013

Bridget Of Sweden (1303-1373) As Author, Mark E. Peterson

Libraries

No abstract provided.


The Medieval Forms And Meanings Of Francois: The Political And Cultural Vicissitudes Of An Ethnonym, Levilson C. Reis Sep 2013

The Medieval Forms And Meanings Of Francois: The Political And Cultural Vicissitudes Of An Ethnonym, Levilson C. Reis

Modern Languages & Cultures Faculty Scholarship

The article looks at the evolution of the ethnonym Francois in the Middle Ages and its significance to Germanic peoples known as Franks in the context of their cross-cultural relations with Muslim, Byzantine and British people. The author analyzes chronicles of the First Crusade and examines the use of Francois as an exonym and an autonym, and its role in the development of the French identity.


The Kahal, Zawiya, And Monastic Multiplexes: Informational Centripetalism As Medieval Mission, Larry Poston, Linda Poston Jun 2013

The Kahal, Zawiya, And Monastic Multiplexes: Informational Centripetalism As Medieval Mission, Larry Poston, Linda Poston

Annual Conference on Information and Religion

The missiological strategies developed in the Middle Ages by the adherents of Judaism, Islam, and Christianity were centripetal in approach, drawing persons inward to a central structure. Multiplex institutions—kahals, zawiyas and monasteries—were constructed as outposts for the spread and/or maintenance of these religions’ respective beliefs and practices. In addition to the standard religious structures were collections of religious documents – libraries, in other words – that served as repositories for both Scriptures and other spiritually-oriented information. Those who made use of such collections added to them and in their comprehensive form they served as resource material for the education ...