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Agriculture

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Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in United States History

Feeding Victory: 4-H, Extension, And The World War Ii Food Effort, Katherine Sundgren Sep 2019

Feeding Victory: 4-H, Extension, And The World War Ii Food Effort, Katherine Sundgren

Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy

4-H and the Extension Service were instrumental in contributing to the nationwide increase in food production that sustained the United States and its armed forces during World War II. At the onset of the war, the Extension Service distributed essential information at the national, state, and local levels through universities and the 4-H program. 4-H drew upon the intellectual and cultural tradition that they had cultivated to motivate and organize the food effort and help the allies win the war. 4-H’s national influence and resources provided eager allies to war-oriented programs. The war had a lasting impact on 4-H ...


From Farming To Gaming: How Native Americans Have Been Pushed Into Poverty, Sarah E. Boomgarden Jun 2019

From Farming To Gaming: How Native Americans Have Been Pushed Into Poverty, Sarah E. Boomgarden

Inter-Text: An Undergraduate Journal for Social Sciences and Humanities

No abstract provided.


Young Dairymen, Mammoth Cave Chapter (Mss 662), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2019

Young Dairymen, Mammoth Cave Chapter (Mss 662), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scans of scrapbooks (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Collection 662. Scrapbooks (scanned copies only) and newsletters for the Young Dairymen, Mammoth Cave Chapter which was located in south central Kentucky and organized byH. Bland Dorris, Jr. The scrapbooks chiefly contain photographs of the group’s activities. Also included are the Chapter’s newsletters, 1982-1986.


Bush, Elkanah Turner, 1832-1900 (Mss 667), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2019

Bush, Elkanah Turner, 1832-1900 (Mss 667), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scans of scrapbooks (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Collection 667. Account book kept by Elkanah Turner Bush for a grocery/general store in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Subsequently the account book was used by John D. Read of Sumner County, Tennessee to record information about his Sumner County, Tennessee farm.


Edens, William Jeptha, 1898-1969 - Relating To (Sc 3404), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2019

Edens, William Jeptha, 1898-1969 - Relating To (Sc 3404), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3404. Report of an interview conducted by WKU student Mary Helen Jenkins of William J. Edens, a former WKU agriculture professor and Arkansas State College president who was then serving as attaché with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The interview discusses his education and career, particularly as an agricultural advisor overseas.


Nunn, Louie Broady, 1924-2004 (Sc 3405), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2019

Nunn, Louie Broady, 1924-2004 (Sc 3405), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3405. Letter, 25 October 1971, to “Fellow Kentuckian” from Kentucky Governor Louie B. Nunn. Preparing to leave office, he provides a report on his administration’s accomplishments with respect to agriculture in the state. Much of the detail is set out in a report to Nunn from the Commissioner of Agriculture that is included with the letter.


Minton, John Dean, Sr., 1921-2008 (Mss 660), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jan 2019

Minton, John Dean, Sr., 1921-2008 (Mss 660), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 660. Letters written by John D. Minton, Sr. to his brother, Layton Minton, while both were in military service during World War II. The collection also contains a small amount of Minton family correspondence and some vocational agriculture notebooks kept by the brothers while in high school.


Pond, Noah Sherman, 1815-1892 (Sc 3203), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2018

Pond, Noah Sherman, 1815-1892 (Sc 3203), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text of letters (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3203. Four letters, 1836-1837, of Noah S. Pond to his sister and brother-in-law in Washington, Connecticut. Writing from New Design, Trigg County, Kentucky, where he is working as a peddler, Pond describes many aspects of life in frontier Kentucky: changeable weather, agricultural practices and prices, lay preaching, voting, and the lives of slaves, who he believes are well treated and better off than the poor in the North. He describes selling to a Dutchman who dislikes “Yankees,” notes recent political developments, and finds Kentucky ...


"Raising Bees" Served As Community Building Activity, Matthew R. Ballard Nov 2017

"Raising Bees" Served As Community Building Activity, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

No building served a more important function to society on the frontier of Western New York than the barn. An essential structure to the operation of early communities, the act of erecting these structures was a significant community event where settlers gathered to assist neighbors and enjoy fellowship.


Steamboat Celina Provided Efficient Shipping By Way Of Canal, Matthew R. Ballard Jul 2017

Steamboat Celina Provided Efficient Shipping By Way Of Canal, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

The Celina was one of the earliest freight steamers along this stretch of the Erie Canal, operated by the Buffalo & Rochester Transit Company's Steamboat Express Line. This particular vessel was operated by James Chamberlain and Judson Webster and docked out of Medina.


Making An Impression: Butter Prints, The Butter Market, And Rural Women In Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Pennsylvania, Jennifer L. Putnam Jun 2017

Making An Impression: Butter Prints, The Butter Market, And Rural Women In Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Pennsylvania, Jennifer L. Putnam

Madison Historical Review

Pre-industrial butter-making was an arduous process, involving milking, churning, proper storage, printing, and, sometimes, transport to market. The 19th-century economy in Philadelphia was forever changed by the practice of rural women selling their surplus butter as a response to the rise of consumerism. Butter-making provided rural women with the means to earn their own income, providing economic agency and increasing their independence by allowing them to work outside of the home. Butter prints emerged as a way to brand one’s butter with a signature trademark. A print’s size and shape, the materials and methods used in its construction ...


J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture, David Delbert Kruger May 2017

J. C. Penney: The Man, The Store And American Agriculture, David Delbert Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Amazon is now providing hardcover and Kindle versions of this book:



Ennis, William Franklin, Sr., 1856-1939 (Mss 614), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2017

Ennis, William Franklin, Sr., 1856-1939 (Mss 614), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 614. Journals with short entries about daily happenings and listings of farm expenses for William F. Ennis, a farmer, quarry owner, and businessman from Warren County, Kentucky. Also includes some poetry, weather information, and data about an unnamed individual conducting a school.


Negotiating Community Values: The Franklin County Agricultural Society Premium Lists, 1844-1889, Chris Burns Jan 2017

Negotiating Community Values: The Franklin County Agricultural Society Premium Lists, 1844-1889, Chris Burns

University Libraries Faculty and Staff Publications

The creation of agricultural fairs was originally intended as a way to achieve agricultural and economic reform. Once they took shape, however, the meaning and impact of the fairs was shaped as much or more by those who attended the fairs as it was by the organizers.


“Where The West Began: Environment, Transportation, And Capitalism In Marion County, Indiana, 1820-1860”, Kelly Stephen Wenig Jan 2017

“Where The West Began: Environment, Transportation, And Capitalism In Marion County, Indiana, 1820-1860”, Kelly Stephen Wenig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines Midwestern development and focuses on the early development of Marion County, Indiana, through the end of the Civil War and examines the ways that the region’s overwhelmingly rural residents adapted to the challenges and successes of the urban growth and market interconnectivity that they sought from the moment of settlement. Starting with initial meetings of the Marion County Commissioners and examining major municipal turning points including the passage of the Mammoth Internal Improvements Bill, the Panic of 1837, the arrival of the first railroad a decade later, and the onset of the Civil War, this work ...


Bluegrass Capital: An Environmental History Of Central Kentucky To 1860, Andrew P. Patrick Jan 2017

Bluegrass Capital: An Environmental History Of Central Kentucky To 1860, Andrew P. Patrick

Theses and Dissertations--History

This dissertation traces the long-term evolution of the Inner Bluegrass region of central Kentucky with a focus on the period between the first Euro-American incursions into the area and the Civil War era. Utilizing an agroecological perspective that analyzes cultivated landscapes for their ecological features, it explores the ever-shifting mix of cultural and natural influences that shaped the local environment. Most prominently, it reveals the extent to which intertwined strands of capitalism and slavery mingled with biology to produce the celebrated Bluegrass agricultural system.

It begins with an appraisal of the landscape before white men like Daniel Boone arrived, emphasizing ...


Peppermint Kings: A Rural American History, Dan Allosso Jan 2017

Peppermint Kings: A Rural American History, Dan Allosso

Doctoral Dissertations

Explores rural history through the experiences of three families that dominated the American peppermint oil business from its beginning in the early nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century. The rural entrepreneurs who became Peppermint Kings acted in ways that challenge traditional historical depictions of rural people. The freethinking Ranney clan built a family business that extended from Massachusetts to western New York and Michigan during the first half of the nineteenth century. The Hotchkiss brothers entered the international market and ventured into finance and banking at a time when the United States government was reducing opportunities for regional bankers ...


From Access To Excess: Agribusiness, Federal Water Programs, And The Historical Roots Of The California Water Crisis, Tracy Marie Neblina Dec 2016

From Access To Excess: Agribusiness, Federal Water Programs, And The Historical Roots Of The California Water Crisis, Tracy Marie Neblina

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The purpose of this paper is to show the link between water use, land consolidation, agribusinesses, and the water crisis that California began to experience in 2011. In order to better understand the relationship between the growth of agribusiness in the state and the evolution of water policy, this paper explores the historical context of land policy, the growth of farming in the San Joaquin Valley, and the development of federally funded water projects in the Central Valley. Years of expanding farmland and use of surface and underground water with limited regulation played an important role in exacerbating California’s ...


Agricultural And Industrial Development Board (Sc 2993), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Mar 2016

Agricultural And Industrial Development Board (Sc 2993), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2993. Summary report for 1948 on the activities of the Agricultural and Industrial Development Board, an agency created by the Kentucky General Assembly in February, 1948 to survey, study and promote the state’s natural and man-made resources for future development.


Agricultural Crisis And Biological Well-Being In Mexico, 1730-1835, Amilcar Challú Jan 2016

Agricultural Crisis And Biological Well-Being In Mexico, 1730-1835, Amilcar Challú

Amilcar Challu

The article examines how adverse climatic conditions and high food prices influenced the opportunities of peasants in pre-industrial Mexico between 1730 and 1835. Particular attention is paid to data of soldier heights, global climate events, warm-season tree growth, and real food prices to determine how these factors may have affected urban and rural populations. Declines were seen in the general standard of living and average height, while the cost of food increased. It is argued that distribution and acquisition of food has an equal influence on biological well-being as the availability of food at any specific given time.


Run Of The Mine: Miners, Farmers, And The Non-Union Spirit Of The Gilded Age, 1886-1896, Dana M. Caldemeyer Jan 2016

Run Of The Mine: Miners, Farmers, And The Non-Union Spirit Of The Gilded Age, 1886-1896, Dana M. Caldemeyer

Theses and Dissertations--History

“Run of the Mine” examines why workers refused to join unions in the late nineteenth century. Through a focus on the men and women involved in the southern Midwest coal industry who quit or did not join unions, this dissertation analyzes the economic, geographic, and racial factors that contributed to workers’ attitudes toward national unions like the United Mine Workers of America (UMW). It argues that the fluidity between rural industries that allowed residents to work in multiple occupations throughout the year dramatically shaped worker expectations for their unions. This occupational fluidity that allowed miners to farm and farmers to ...


Nourse, Charles Ewing, 1826-1866 (Sc 3000), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2015

Nourse, Charles Ewing, 1826-1866 (Sc 3000), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and typescripts of three Mexican War letters (click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3000. Correspondence of Charles Ewing Nourse, Bardstown, Kentucky, and his wife Mary “Mollie” (Brown) Nourse. Three letters of Charles, serving in the 4th Kentucky Infantry during the Mexican War, describe military life, illness, Mexican cities, and encounters with the enemy. Mary’s father writes from Cadiz, Kentucky, of his work as a circuit judge, and an 1850 letter wishes Charles and Mary well on their marriage. Includes Mary’s letter to Charles with family news, and two verses, both probably by ...


Increasing The Value Of Wool In Wyoming And Beyond: The Impact Of Uw's Wool Lab And Library, David Kruger Jun 2015

Increasing The Value Of Wool In Wyoming And Beyond: The Impact Of Uw's Wool Lab And Library, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

At the turn of the twentieth century, little more than a decade after Wyoming attained statehood, a young agricultural student at the University of Wyoming saw a pressing need to improve the quality and reputation of Wyoming wool. When John Arthur Hill became a professor in 1907, the Wool Department he created would go on to not only assist Wyoming sheep ranchers in wool production, but provide the sheep industry with a better understanding of how wool fleeces and fibers could be improved across the nation. Under Hill’s leadership and his later protege Robert Homer Burns, the Wool Department ...


Jcpenney And His Agrarian Animals: The Award-Winning Livestock Of A Department Store Icon, David Kruger Jun 2015

Jcpenney And His Agrarian Animals: The Award-Winning Livestock Of A Department Store Icon, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Widely known for his department store chain, James Cash Penney (1875-1971) greatly contributed to American agriculture through his horse and cattle breeding enterprises. Beginning in 1917, three years after moving to New York City, Penney began using his personal capital to acquire, breed, and sell outstanding animals for agricultural purposes. By the 1920s, his Guernsey dairy herd had earned a worldwide reputation for quality and production, with herd sire Foremost eventually becoming the namesake for one of the largest dairy cooperatives in the United States. By the 1940s, Penney was personally developing award-winning beef cattle herds on the Missouri farm ...


The Society For Establishing Useful Manufactures: Class And Political Economy In The Early Republic, Daniel Pace May 2015

The Society For Establishing Useful Manufactures: Class And Political Economy In The Early Republic, Daniel Pace

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures was one of the first corporations in American history. The company was an attempt by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, with the help of his Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Tench Coxe, to turn Hamilton’s “Report on Manufactures” into a physical reality. Although the SUM would dissolve only five years after openings its doors, there is plenty to extract from the company’s practices. Through the SUM, Alexander Hamilton and his Federalist contemporaries attempted to recreate, and unite, a weak and fledgling United States by strengthening the nation politically and economically. The ...


Shelton Family Papers (Mss 527), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Mar 2015

Shelton Family Papers (Mss 527), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 527. Letters and compositions written by Butler County, Kentucky native Curran Ralph Shelton, while a student at Glasgow Normal School. Also includes a diary in which he records family, church, and local community happenings in 1891. Also includes several small diaries kept by Curran’s wife John Annie during the Great Depression.


Jcpenney As Cattleman, David Kruger Jan 2015

Jcpenney As Cattleman, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Though widely known for his department store chain and its Wyoming origins, James Cash Penney also played a prominent role as a cattleman from the 1920s until his death in 1971. This presentation will explore Penney's personal and professional involvement in the cattle industry, including his significant contributions within the Angus, Hereford, and Guernsey breeds.


"Waste Not, Want Not": Farmers' Reactions To The New Deal In Minnesota, Kacie Phillips Jan 2015

"Waste Not, Want Not": Farmers' Reactions To The New Deal In Minnesota, Kacie Phillips

Departmental Honors Projects

By the time of the Stock Market Crash in 1929, farmers in America were already in financial trouble with the drop in demand after World War I. With poverty and malnourishment rampant, the motto of the Great Depression became “waste not, want not.” The government focused on alleviating human suffering in President Franklin Roosevelt’s “Hundred Days” of 1933 and instituted numerous legislative acts for relief, with special attention paid to farmers. As the rest of the nation fell into economic hardship, the government gave unprecedented attention to agriculture and developed relief programs to aid farmers and their families. Some ...


The Original Progressive Farmer: The Agricultural Legacy Of Thomas Spalding Of Sapelo, Dylan E. Mulligan Jan 2015

The Original Progressive Farmer: The Agricultural Legacy Of Thomas Spalding Of Sapelo, Dylan E. Mulligan

University Honors Program Theses

During the first half of the nineteenth century, a thriving plantation emerged on Sapelo Island, Georgia. The plantation’s owner was Thomas Spalding (1774-1851), who was one of Georgia’s foremost planters, and yet his substantial contributions to Georgia’s agricultural development have gone unnoticed by most historians. Spalding built a prosperous enterprise around staple crops such as Sea Island cotton; however, he was better known for his experiments with novel crops such as sugar cane, as well as his innovations in the areas of crop rotation and diversification and the successful implementation of tabby as a viable construction material ...


Pulling The Wool Under Your Eyes: Preserving A Century-Old Wool Lab And Library At The University Of Wyoming, David Kruger Dec 2014

Pulling The Wool Under Your Eyes: Preserving A Century-Old Wool Lab And Library At The University Of Wyoming, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Sheep and wool have long been integral to the agrarian heritage of Western states, and still play a vital role in the region’s agricultural economy. From 1907-2012, Wyoming’s sole university supported wool research around the world through its Wool Department, complete with its own wool laboratory and library. When the Wool Department was permanently dissolved and its building condemned for demolition in 2012, the University of Wyoming (UW) Libraries partnered with UW Extension and the UW College of Agriculture and Natural Resources to preserve the unusual print and physical artifacts of this unique collection, as well as disseminate ...