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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1285

Full-Text Articles in United States History

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell Dec 2016

Beyond Cultural Imperialism: Rethinking Americanization, National Identity, And “Difference” In Post-Franco Spain, Hamilton M. Stapell

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

It was in the 1980s that Americanization became seen as a real cultural danger in Europe, especially in France and West Germany. While this resistance to American cultural influence has been well established in the existing scholarship, Spain’s reaction has remained far less clear. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the Spanish response, especially in light of the French reaction. The main argument of this paper is that Spain may be somewhat of an exception to the European norm. Spaniards often welcomed American investment, business know-how, and cultural products with open arms. In these cases it appears ...


Burly Albionite Fools U.S. Customs Agents At Canadian Border, Matthew R. Ballard Dec 2016

Burly Albionite Fools U.S. Customs Agents At Canadian Border, Matthew R. Ballard

Pioneer Record

Frank Loveland, an Albion businessman, found himself under suspicion of theft by U.S. Customs Agents at the Canadian border in 1878. Their mistake earned Loveland a free lunch.


Burroughs As A Political Writer?, Alexander Greiffenstern Dec 2016

Burroughs As A Political Writer?, Alexander Greiffenstern

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Burroughs as a Political Writer?" Alexander Greiffenstern discusses political elements in William S. Burroughs's work. Greiffenstern looks at Burroughs's text "The Coming of the Purple Better One" written for Esquire about the Democratic National Convention in Chicago 1968. By writing a surprisingly personal text, Burroughs might have captured something about the significance of the convention that many later historical accounts miss. In the end, Burroughs leaves the critical reader no other choice than to attempt a historical and political analysis.


Who Really Said What? Mobile Historical Situated Documentary As Liminal Learning Space, Owen Gottlieb Dec 2016

Who Really Said What? Mobile Historical Situated Documentary As Liminal Learning Space, Owen Gottlieb

Articles

This article explores the complexities and affordances of historical representation that arose in the process of designing a mobile augmented reality video game for teaching history. The process suggests opportunities to push the historical documentary form in new ways. Specifically, the article addresses the shifting liminal space between historical fiction narrative, and historical interactive documentary narrative. What happens when primary sources, available for examination are placed inside of a historically inspired narrative, one that hews closely to the events, but creates drama through dialogues between player and historical figure? In this relatively new field of interactive historical situated documentary, how ...


History Reclaimed: Sister Betty Ann Mcneil, D.C., Tells The Hidden Story Of The Daughters Of Charity During The Civil War Dec 2016

History Reclaimed: Sister Betty Ann Mcneil, D.C., Tells The Hidden Story Of The Daughters Of Charity During The Civil War

DePaul Magazine

This article excerpts from Sr. Betty Ann McNeil, D.C.'s “Balm of Hope: Charity Afire Impels Daughters of Charity to Civil War Nursing,” based on her finds while serving as the archivist for the Daughters of Charity, Province of Emmitsburg, Md. The collection is valuable for it gives names which have been suppressed in later transcriptions.


Hell Hound Rogers Or The Great Town Benefactor: Who Was Henry Huttleston Rogers, David Braga Dec 2016

Hell Hound Rogers Or The Great Town Benefactor: Who Was Henry Huttleston Rogers, David Braga

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Rationality, Parapsychology, And Artificial Intelligence In Military And Intelligence Research By The United States Government In The Cold War, Guy M. Lomeo Dec 2016

Rationality, Parapsychology, And Artificial Intelligence In Military And Intelligence Research By The United States Government In The Cold War, Guy M. Lomeo

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

A study analyzing the roles of rationality, parapsychology, and artificial intelligence in military and intelligence research by the United States Government in the Cold War. An examination of the methodology behind the decisions to pursue research in two fields that were initially considered irrational.


Star Wars, Syria, And Our Civil War: Bearing Witness To Atrocity And Suffering, Kevin P. Lavery Dec 2016

Star Wars, Syria, And Our Civil War: Bearing Witness To Atrocity And Suffering, Kevin P. Lavery

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

Bear with me on this one. The American Civil War will make it into this conversation, but I have a lot of other things to talk about first. And I should also warn: minor spoilers ahead.

I was moved to silence after seeing Rogue One, the first spin-off film of the Star Wars franchise. Even now, tears creep into my eyes as I remember how it shook me. I had heard reviews claiming that it was the first Star Wars movie to put the cost of war at the center of the narrative. I hadn’t expected it to be ...


Ambassadors For The Kingdom Of God Or For America? Christian Nationalism, The Christian Right, And The Contra War, Lauren Frances Turek Dec 2016

Ambassadors For The Kingdom Of God Or For America? Christian Nationalism, The Christian Right, And The Contra War, Lauren Frances Turek

History Faculty Research

This essay uses the concept of Christian nationalism to explore the religious dynamics of the Contra war and U.S.–Nicaraguan relations during Ronald Reagan’s presidency. Religious organizations and individuals played crucial roles on both sides in the war in Nicaragua and in the debates in the United States over support for the Contras. Evangelistic work strengthened transnational ties between Christians, but also raised the stakes of the war; supporters of the Sandinistas and Contras alike alleged a victory by their adversary imperiled the future of Christianity in Nicaragua. Christian nationalism thus manifested itself and intertwined in both the ...


To Humbly Serve: Joseph James Dennis And His Contributions To Clark College, Sherese Latrelle Williams Dec 2016

To Humbly Serve: Joseph James Dennis And His Contributions To Clark College, Sherese Latrelle Williams

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

The history of historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) has been traditionally discussed using the “top-down” approach, but this oftentimes leads to the omission of the contributions of the many men and women who are essential to the success of these institutions—men like Dr. Joseph James Dennis who served Clark College for forty-seven years. During his tenure, Dennis served as the chairman of the mathematics department, homecoming committee, and institutional representative and President of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SIAC). The purpose of this study is to explore Dennis’ contributions and why Clark College dedicated a building in his ...


History In Collaboration: Equalizing The Arts And The Humanities In San Francisco, Nicole C. Meldahl Dec 2016

History In Collaboration: Equalizing The Arts And The Humanities In San Francisco, Nicole C. Meldahl

Master's Projects and Capstones

Historically, there has been a critical imbalance in the way history and preservation organizations are civically supported in comparison with the amount of funding that is available to arts organizations in the United States. To correct this imbalance in San Francisco, I propose the creation of a San Francisco Department of Culture that would place the San Francisco Arts Commission equally alongside a San Francisco History Commission within a department that absorbs responsibilities currently managed by other divisions with in city government, such as the Planning Department and the Office and Economic and Workforce Development. City government necessarily takes time ...


"The Most Patient Of Animals, Next To The Ass:" Jan Smuts, Howard University, And African American Leandership, 1930, Robert Edgar, Myra Ann Howser Dec 2016

"The Most Patient Of Animals, Next To The Ass:" Jan Smuts, Howard University, And African American Leandership, 1930, Robert Edgar, Myra Ann Howser

Articles

Former South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts’ 1930 European and North American tour included a series of interactions with diasporic African and African American activists and intelligentsia. Among Smuts’s many remarks stands a particular speech he delivered in New York City, when he called Africans “the most patient of all animals, next to the ass.” Naturally, this and other comments touched off a firestorm of controversy surrounding Smuts, his visit, and segregationist South Africa’s laws. Utilizing news coverage, correspondence, and recollections of the trip, this article uses his visit as a lens into both African American relations with ...


Kennedy's Crisis: How John F. Kennedy Used History To Prevent Armageddon, Jordan L. Cerbone Dec 2016

Kennedy's Crisis: How John F. Kennedy Used History To Prevent Armageddon, Jordan L. Cerbone

Honors Scholar Theses

The Cuban Missile Crisis may be equated to a dangerous game of chess played between two powerful rival nations, the United States and the Soviet Union. President John F. Kennedy’s closest advisers, including all Joint Chiefs of Staff, recommended an air strike to destroy the Cuban missiles. Although Kennedy overruled them, he was nevertheless able to resolve the Cuban Missile Crisis through a combination of brilliant intuition and successful diplomacy. The mainstream consensus is that Kennedy’s personality was responsible for ending the crisis amicably. Consequently, Americans can consider the Cuban Missile Crisis as Kennedy’s crisis.

This thesis ...


Escaping Befriended Circles: A Multilogue Response To Benjamin Kelsey Kearl's "Of Laggards And Morons: Definitional Fluidity, Borderlinity, And The Theory Of Progressive Era Special Education (Parts 1 & 2)", Donald Warren Dec 2016

Escaping Befriended Circles: A Multilogue Response To Benjamin Kelsey Kearl's "Of Laggards And Morons: Definitional Fluidity, Borderlinity, And The Theory Of Progressive Era Special Education (Parts 1 & 2)", Donald Warren

Education's Histories

In this multilogue response to "Of Laggards and Morons," Warren affirms Kearl's approach to education history through philosophy and biography.


A Hike Through History: Students Explore The Appalachian Trail, Laurel J. Wilson Dec 2016

A Hike Through History: Students Explore The Appalachian Trail, Laurel J. Wilson

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

Hiking is a great way to get outside, commune with nature, and connect with the surrounding area. A few weeks ago, I had the pleasure of hiking one of my favorite sections of the Appalachian Trail in a manner that was completely different than I had ever before experienced. Instead of dressing in my usual 21st century hiking attire, I, along with several others, opted to take things back about 154 years and dressed as a Union soldier would have in 1862.

[excerpt]


Beyond The Straight State: On The Borderlands Of Sexuality, Ethnicity, And Nation In The United States And Europe, Kevin S. Amidon Dec 2016

Beyond The Straight State: On The Borderlands Of Sexuality, Ethnicity, And Nation In The United States And Europe, Kevin S. Amidon

Kevin S. Amidon

Borderlands-limned, delimited, and defined by the presence, imaginary presence, or absence of geospatial boundaries contingent upon state power have many representations. Positive and negative state sanction through rights, privileges, policing, or enforcement are often determined by a person's position with respect to such boundaries. Sometimes such boundaries, like the borders of nation-states that generally define citizenship, seem to have taken on nearly immutable fixity. The historical processes through which institutional structures accredited to these questions of space and sanction began to take their modem shape in the eighteenth century. Often, however, borderlands are more imagined than physical, more contingent ...


The Unknown Legacy Of The 13th Amendment, Danielle E. Jones Dec 2016

The Unknown Legacy Of The 13th Amendment, Danielle E. Jones

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

On January 31, 1865, Congress passed the 13th Amendment, declaring slavery illegal in the United States. Or so it seemed. The second line of the Amendment, and the most oft unknown, states that slavery can still be used as a form of punishment for crimes, and this practice became widely used as a part of southern backlash to Reconstruction Era policies. After the end of the Civil War, many southern states struggled with rebuilding their infrastructures and government systems. In order to avoid falling into more debt, many of these states turned towards the convict lease system, which claimed that ...


Jimmy Carter And Anwar El-Sadat: Relationships And Motivations Behind The 1978 Camp David Accords, Treston Paul Chandler Dec 2016

Jimmy Carter And Anwar El-Sadat: Relationships And Motivations Behind The 1978 Camp David Accords, Treston Paul Chandler

Senior Theses

This thesis addresses the American and Egyptian motivations behind the conclusion of the 1978 Camp David Accords between the United States, Egypt, and Israel. In addition, it considers the role the personal relationships developed between the principal leaders played in reaching an ultimate agreement. The thesis primarily relies on recently declassified Department of State and Central Intelligence Agency documents to reconstruct the American and Egyptian impetuses for peace, as seen from the outset of Jimmy Carter’s presidency. It also draws on the memoirs and writings of those directly involved in the peace process. Then, the thesis reviews how these ...


Referendums Education In The United States: Reform Or Assimilation?, Francisco Ramos Dec 2016

Referendums Education In The United States: Reform Or Assimilation?, Francisco Ramos

Franciso Ramos

The antibilingüe movement that is spreading across the United States has become one of the most controversial in the debate on the education of linguistic minorities issues. Ron Unz, the California millionaire who has managed to eliminate bilingual programs in California and Arizona and trying to do the same today in Colorado and Massachusetts, is a clear example of assimilationist movement, which argues that immigrants should give up their languages and vernacular cultures to integrate into American society. This article summarizes the history of bilingualism in the United States, focusing on decisions that have affected the education of minority students ...


Biographical Sketch Of Martha Green, Elizabeth Lizzie Hall Dec 2016

Biographical Sketch Of Martha Green, Elizabeth Lizzie Hall

History Class Publications

Martha Glennie Greene was born on November 9, 1907 in Louisiana to Myal and Georgia Greene. Belonging to one of Arkadelphia’s pioneer families who first arrived from Virginia in 1836, her family was very involved in the community.


Green County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Green County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Green County, Kentucky.


Lincoln County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Lincoln County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Lincoln County, Kentucky.


X - Miscellaneous Kentucky Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

X - Miscellaneous Kentucky Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Miscellaneous Kentucky place names.


Wolfe County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Wolfe County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Wolfe County, Kentucky.


X - Kentucky Community Nicknames, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

X - Kentucky Community Nicknames, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Kentucky community nicknames.


Woodford County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Woodford County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Woodford County, Kentucky.


Webster County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Webster County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Webster County, Kentucky.


Whitley County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Whitley County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Whitley County, Kentucky.


The 2016 Fortenbaugh Lecture: Individual Responses To Lincoln’S Assassination, Hannah M. Christensen Dec 2016

The 2016 Fortenbaugh Lecture: Individual Responses To Lincoln’S Assassination, Hannah M. Christensen

The Gettysburg Compiler: On the Front Lines of History

Every year on November 19th, the anniversary of the Gettysburg Address, a distinguished scholar of the Civil War Era is invited to speak as part of the Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture and present an aspect of the Civil War in a format that the general public can understand. This year, the 55th annual Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture was delivered by Dr. Martha Hodes of New York University. Dr. Hodes’ lecture was based on her book Mourning Lincoln and argued, based on personal primary sources from the immediate aftermath of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination, that Americans’ responses were by no means consistent ...


From Love Canal To The Flint Water Crisis: Government, Public Opinion, And Environmental Crises, Sarah Hughey Dec 2016

From Love Canal To The Flint Water Crisis: Government, Public Opinion, And Environmental Crises, Sarah Hughey

Honors Theses

After the rise of the modern-day environmental movement, environmentalism in the United States focused more and more on issues and crises related to the areas in which people lived and to the aspects that impacted public health. In particular, the crisis at Love Canal in Niagara Falls, New York during the late 1970s and early 1980s provided a starting point to the awareness and activism of modern environmental history. Recently, an environmental crisis related to drinking water occurred in Flint, Michigan in the mid-2010s that showcases how various aspects of the environmental movement have developed over time since the Love ...