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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1025

Full-Text Articles in United States History

Merry Christmas From A Land Of Hope And Sorrow, John M. Rudy Dec 2011

Merry Christmas From A Land Of Hope And Sorrow, John M. Rudy

Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public

I was driving home from work a few weeks ago, flipping through the radio stations and I came upon one of those dedicated progressive/modern/pop holiday formats you hear so often this time of year. I tarried, only planning to spend a moment there. It was a cover version of "O Holy Night" performed by Josh Groban. I'm not the biggest fan of Groban, so my hand instinctively went back to the dial when I stopped. [excerpt]


Experience + Interaction, Jacob Dinkelaker Dec 2011

Experience + Interaction, Jacob Dinkelaker

Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public

What do our historic sites and museums offer to visitors? More importantly, what should we strive to offer? Right now, I think many of our historic sites offer two different things: a variety of experiences and access to a wealth of information. Sites like Antietam offer a number of different experiences – from taking a tour over the battleground where so many fought and died, to driving through the battlefield at night seeing thousands of luminaries, each one representing a life. Our historic sites also offer access to knowledge and information – many times through those experiences they offer. Continuing to use ...


Mcclister Family Papers (Sc 330), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Mcclister Family Papers (Sc 330), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 330. Three photocopied letters of the McClister family of Adair County, Kentucky, which deal chiefly with family news.


Crump, Malcolm Hart, 1849-1925 (Sc 331), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Crump, Malcolm Hart, 1849-1925 (Sc 331), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 331. Letters, 1886-1889 (15), telegrams, 1886-1889 (9), and receipts, 1886-1889 (10), which relate to Crump’s activities as an officer in the Kentucky State Guard and to his interest in constructing the proposed Bowling Green and Northern Railroad.


On The Imperishable Face Of Granite: Civil War Monuments And The Evolution Of Historical Memory In East Tennessee 1878-1931., Kelli Brooke Nelson Dec 2011

On The Imperishable Face Of Granite: Civil War Monuments And The Evolution Of Historical Memory In East Tennessee 1878-1931., Kelli Brooke Nelson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

After the Civil War individuals throughout the country erected monuments dedicated to the soldiers and events of the conflict. In East Tennessee these memorials allowed some citizens to promote their ideas by invoking both Union and Confederate Civil War sympathies. Initially, East Tennesseans endorsed the creation of a Unionist image to advertise the region's potential for industrialization. By 1910 this depiction waned as local and northern whites joined to promote reconciliation and Confederate sympathizers met less opposition to their ideas than in the past. After 1919 white East Tennesseans, enmeshed in the boom and bust cycles of the national ...


Neither A Borrower Nor A Lender Be: America Attempts To Collect Its War Debts 1922-1934., James Chambers Dec 2011

Neither A Borrower Nor A Lender Be: America Attempts To Collect Its War Debts 1922-1934., James Chambers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

During and immediately after World War I the United States lent over $10 billion to various countries to sustain their war efforts and to provide post-war relief. The United States's insistence that these loans be repaid led to sharp disagreements with its erstwhile allies as to the nature of these loans and whether they should actually be repaid.

This thesis examines the processes, and the policies upon which those processes were based, by which the United States attempted to compel the debtor nations to begin repaying their loans.

The central theme of the thesis was developed largely from primary ...


From Confederate Deserter To Decorated Veteran Bible Scholar: Exploring The Enigmatic Life Of C.I. Scofield 1861-1921., D. Jean Rushing Dec 2011

From Confederate Deserter To Decorated Veteran Bible Scholar: Exploring The Enigmatic Life Of C.I. Scofield 1861-1921., D. Jean Rushing

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cyrus Ingerson Scofield portrayed himself as a decorated Confederate veteran, a successful lawyer, and a Bible scholar who was providentially destined to edit his 1909 dispensational opus, The Scofield Reference Bible. This thesis offers a multilayered image of Dr. Scofield's life by considering political and regional influences, racial and gender attitudes, and religious views he encountered between 1861 and 1921. This study includes an examination of his participation in the American Civil War including his desertion of the South in 1862. After becoming a Union loyalist, Scofield excelled as a lawyer and Republican politician before corruption rumors radically altered ...


Black Policemen In Jim Crow New Orleans, Vanessa Flores-Robert Dec 2011

Black Policemen In Jim Crow New Orleans, Vanessa Flores-Robert

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Although historians have done in-­‐depth researched on Black police in the South, before the Civil War and during Reconstruction, they seldom assess black policemen’s role in New Orleans between the Battle of Liberty Place and 1913. The men discussed here argue that despite the hardening racial attitudes in Post-­‐ Reconstruction South, in New Orleans opportunity still existed for Blacks to serve in positions of authority, perhaps a heritage of the city’s earlier tri-­‐partite racial order. The information obtained from primary sources such as police manuals, beat books, and newspapers, counters the widely held belief that African ...


Oscar James Dunn: A Case Study In Race & Politics In Reconstruction Louisiana, Brian Mitchell Dec 2011

Oscar James Dunn: A Case Study In Race & Politics In Reconstruction Louisiana, Brian Mitchell

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The study of African American Reconstruction leadership has presented a variety of unique challenges for modern historians who struggle to piece together the lives of men, who prior to the Civil War, had little political identity. The scant amounts of primary source data in regard to these leaders’ lives before the war, the destruction of many documents in regard to their leadership following the Reconstruction Era, and the treatment of these figures by historians prior to the Revisionist movement have left this body of extremely important political figures largely unexplored. This dissertation will examine the life of one of Louisiana ...


Saturday Extra: Guerilla Civic Engagement On The Landscape, John M. Rudy Dec 2011

Saturday Extra: Guerilla Civic Engagement On The Landscape, John M. Rudy

Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public

Over at Civil War Memory, Kevin Levin brought the community's attention to some installations placed on the fences surrounding a few of the statues along Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia. The signs are a redress of sorts to the Confederate narrative told through granite, marble and bronze on the massive monuments. They highlight black citizens of Virginia who challenged the racist establishment of the state throughout its history. [excerpt]


The Israeli Welfare State, Jon Foster Dec 2011

The Israeli Welfare State, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

An analysis of the modern welfare state that exists within Israel. Identifying where the Israeli model falls in relation to the European and American model; differences, similarities, and unique aspects of the Israeli system in comparative perspective.


Challenging Notions Of U.S. Citizenship: The Contributions Of Mexican Americans, Tracy E. Kirby Dec 2011

Challenging Notions Of U.S. Citizenship: The Contributions Of Mexican Americans, Tracy E. Kirby

Master's Theses

The United States has always been a nation of immigrants, in which the idea of “citizenship” has had very strong intrinsic values, and has divided those who “have it” from those who “don’t,” since the first legal construction of such categories in 1790. Longstanding contradictions, characterized by ceremonies awarding citizenship to some and laws of exclusion, deportation, and forced removal for others, have embodied U.S. approaches to citizenship, and created a dichotomy between “citizen” and “alien.” This Master's Thesis will initiate a discussion and reformulation of what it means to be a citizen in the United States ...


Jordan, Milton Ray, B.1925 - Collector (Mss 247), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Jordan, Milton Ray, B.1925 - Collector (Mss 247), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 247. Chiefly correspondence, family group sheets, vital statistics, and other genealogical material related to the Beals and Reeves families. Of interest are documents concerning the Civil War service of Jeremiah Beals, Monroe County, Kentucky, in the Union Army.


Early Prospecting Of The Tri-State District And How It Affected The Picher Field, Charles E. Janssen Dec 2011

Early Prospecting Of The Tri-State District And How It Affected The Picher Field, Charles E. Janssen

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Early mining is critical to understand how it set the stage for the tri-state district of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Missouri to become one of the world's foremost produces of lead and zinc ore from approximately 1880-1950. The particular geological deformation of this region led to prospecting and mining on a hyper-industrial level with the focal point being in and around the Picher-Cardin district of northeastern Oklahoma in Ottawa County. From the initial discovery of lead and zinc ore through the boom and output peak of 1929, the tri-state region saw the discovery, boom, mining techniques, and technological advancements in ...


Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster Dec 2011

Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

Over the past few years, the term “PIIGS” has become synonymous with economic concerns and fears of collapse. The acronym, which currently refers to the European countries of Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain: was originally just ‘PIGS’ , used to group the similar economies of Southern Europe when considering them for acceptance into the European Monetary Union. Nevertheless, as a result of the global financial crisis, this term soon came to identify economically weak and overly indebted nations. However, unlike Italy, Greece, and Portugal, who had before the crisis demonstrated relatively slow growth, modest unemployment, and a propensity to run ...


Going Above And Beyond In A Time Of Need, Vicki Engledown Dec 2011

Going Above And Beyond In A Time Of Need, Vicki Engledown

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Since Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881, families and communities have come to expect that in times of need, the Red Cross will be there for them. But in Picher Oklahoma in the 1930s, the Red Cross extended its generosity past the point it needed to be. The comes a point in time when a community needs to take responsibility of its citizens instead of relying on the handouts of others. Today there are millions of people that take advantage of government systems; this was no different during the hardships of the Great Depression in the 1930s ...


Picher's Alcohol: Problems It Caused, Leigha Burns Dec 2011

Picher's Alcohol: Problems It Caused, Leigha Burns

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Alcohol played a major part in the life of a miner and in his community. The outlawing of alcohol in the country caused lots of things in the life of the miner and in his surrounding community. Across the country crime rates began to rise as more people were found with illegal alcohol or were arrested for altercations that they had been involved in because of being intoxicated.


Westerman, Robert - Collector (Sc 2491), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Westerman, Robert - Collector (Sc 2491), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2491. Summons to sheriff of Washington County, Kentucky from Mercer County Court of Quarter Sessions regarding Elijah Faris, 28 March 1799. Includes photo of the summons on display and award ribbon (First Premium, Antiques) from Kentucky State Fair, 2008.


The Past Is A Foreign Country: But They Still Eat Ketchup There, John M. Rudy Dec 2011

The Past Is A Foreign Country: But They Still Eat Ketchup There, John M. Rudy

Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public

Earlier this week, the folks over at the Gettysburg National Military Park Facebook page posted a link to their Gettysburg School Bus blog highlighting a post on integrating the Civil War into a language arts curriculum. I love the concept. I think in the current educational environment, which seems to be spurning history and social studies in primary classrooms, anywhere we can integrate the stories of the past into the state's standards, sneaking the history back in, is awesome.


Open Mines: Deadly Consequences, Alex Schell Dec 2011

Open Mines: Deadly Consequences, Alex Schell

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Problems of the open mines in the Tri-State area had been a hot topic for many years in the early 1900s. The problems that the surrounding communities faced were deadly. Many people, unknowingly, stepped into open mine shafts and were seriously injured or even killed. Properly closing mines after they had been stripped of all their valuable ore was not a priority of the mining companies; seeing how there was no enforcement of the laws when it came to closing down mines and covering up open mine shafts, many companies just left the open shafts uncovered. It was widely known ...


Cloud, Emma Lily (Barnes), B. 1929 (Sc 2490), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Cloud, Emma Lily (Barnes), B. 1929 (Sc 2490), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2490. School autograph books (2), correspondence, and substitute teacher reports of Emma (Barnes) Cloud of Ohio County, Kentucky. Includes a letter and Christmas card from her future husband, Allen C. Cloud, written during his Air Force service.


Undersold: Government Intervention On Indian Land Leases In The Tri-State Area, Lauren Arthur Dec 2011

Undersold: Government Intervention On Indian Land Leases In The Tri-State Area, Lauren Arthur

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Until the early 1800s, the state of Oklahoma was only open prairie. Unsettled and mainly used as a yearly hunting ground for some Plains Indians, Oklahoma was, to French travelers, land of little opportunity. It was Indian land; therefore it was not available to the French. Yet when they sold the land to the United States in 1803, the young government took control of the land and the people who have been living there for thousands of years. One-hundred years later when minerals were found on Quapaw-restricted land in Oklahoma, the government attempted to pass legislation in order to protect ...


The Vatican, American Catholics And The Struggle For Palestine, 1917-1958: A Study Of Cold War Roman Catholic Transnationalism, Adriano E. Ciani Dec 2011

The Vatican, American Catholics And The Struggle For Palestine, 1917-1958: A Study Of Cold War Roman Catholic Transnationalism, Adriano E. Ciani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The modern relationship between the Vatican and the state of Israel is rooted in a much deeper history of relations between Judaism and Christianity. In the main, this relationship was fraught with tensions and animosity, as early Christian writers chastised and demonized Judaism, ensconcing a hostility that endured for centuries. The advent of political Zionism in the nineteenth century renewed Roman Catholic fears of a Jewish-dominated Palestine, where religious sites sacred to Catholics would fall under the political jurisdiction of a Zionist state. In 1904, Pope Pius X granted an audience to the prominent Zionist Theodor Herzl, in which he ...


Labor Unions And Climate Change, Jon Foster Dec 2011

Labor Unions And Climate Change, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

The challenge of climate change and the need for a shift to more ecologically sustainable methods of production and innovation can dramatically redefine the strategy and objectives of the labor movement as a whole. Furthermore, within the specific sectors of: Agriculture, Construction, Utilities, and Automobiles, the reality of a changing environment, and social views, has already begun redefining what the future of these industries will mean in relation to labor unions.


Educational Impacts In Picher, Oklahoma And The Surrounding Tri-State District, Amanda Callaway Dec 2011

Educational Impacts In Picher, Oklahoma And The Surrounding Tri-State District, Amanda Callaway

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

The thirties was a rough decade for our nation's history. It was a time of "Great Depression" when the stock market crashed in 1929. The crash led to major inflation and scarcity of jobs all over the United States. Picher, Oklahoma was in need of operational mines during this time. The people there would do whatever it would take to keep their jobs. This became so extreme that people in the community began not taking care of their homes, keeping good hygiene, and using proper safety precautions. The town seemed to lack education to the outside world. Many today ...


"The Wrong Shall Fail, The Right Prevail, With Peace On Earth, Good-Will To Men!", John M. Rudy Dec 2011

"The Wrong Shall Fail, The Right Prevail, With Peace On Earth, Good-Will To Men!", John M. Rudy

Interpreting the Civil War: Connecting the Civil War to the American Public

This past Saturday night, I was standing in one of my old haunts. The Dry Goods Store at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is perhaps my favorite place to be an interpreter, especially at night. Low wattage lightbulbs (simulating whale oil or tallow lamps) and the darkness outside the windows make that building a perfect time machine. Near the end of the night, a family came in with two enthusiastic sons. One wearing a toy kepi and carrying a brand new souvenir envelope of Confederate money rushed around the store asking if he could, “buy that with this.” His excitement ...


Wendell Hess, Wendell Wayne Hess, Meg Miner Dec 2011

Wendell Hess, Wendell Wayne Hess, Meg Miner

All oral histories

Wendell Hess became a professor in the Chemistry Department at IWU in 1963 and also served as Provost and acting President before retiring in 1989. Remarks on his continuing service to his discipline and to the Bloomington-Normal community are also shared in this interview.


Baird, Nell (Bate), D. 1988 - Collector (Sc 2489), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Baird, Nell (Bate), D. 1988 - Collector (Sc 2489), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2489. Correspondence, wills, slave bills of sale, and genealogical data relating to the Bate family of Sumner County, Tennessee, and associated families. Includes a photostat of a letter of introduction for Eugenia P. (Bate) Bass written by Jefferson Davis, and a list of her assets held separately from her husband.


Tunnel Vision: “Invisible” Highways And Boston’S “Big Dig” In The Age Of Privatization, Michael R. Fein Dec 2011

Tunnel Vision: “Invisible” Highways And Boston’S “Big Dig” In The Age Of Privatization, Michael R. Fein

Humanities Department Faculty Publications & Research

While most analyses of late-twentieth-century highway policy suggest a shift toward open system design, bottom-up federalism, and the devolution of transportation governance, the history of Boston’s Central Artery/Tunnel project, informally known as the “Big Dig,” runs counter to this trend. Though the project emerged in the 1970s during a time of unprecedented citizen activism in transportation planning, ultimately the privatization of political power proved to be the Big Dig’s most important legacy for twenty-first-century urban highway projects.


Cooper, Thomas Poe, 1881-1958 (Sc 2488), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2011

Cooper, Thomas Poe, 1881-1958 (Sc 2488), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2488. Letter from Thomas Cooper, Dean and Director, Agricultural Extension Division, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, University of Kentucky, to Emma L. Barnes, Carlisle, Kentucky. He confirms her appointment to the University’s Agricultural Extension Division as an Assistant Home Demonstration Agent in Nicholas County at an annual salary of $2,700.