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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1056

Full-Text Articles in United States History

"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger Dec 2010

"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes black and Puerto Rican prison protest in the 1970s. I argue that prisoners elucidated a nationalist philosophy of racial formation that saw racism as a site of confinement but racial identity as a vehicle for emancipation. Trying to force the country to see its sites of punishment as discriminatory locations of repression, prisoners used spectacular confrontation to dramatize their conditions of confinement as epitomizing American inequality. I investigate this radicalism as an effort to secure visibility, understood here as a metric of collective consciousness. In documenting the ways prisoners were symbols and spokespeople of 1970s racial protest ...


Interview With George Mitchell (3) By Andrea L’Hommedieu, George J. Mitchell Dec 2010

Interview With George Mitchell (3) By Andrea L’Hommedieu, George J. Mitchell

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
George J. Mitchell was born on August 20, 1933, in Waterville, Maine, to Mary Saad, a factory worker, and George Mitchell, a laborer. Senator Mitchell spent his youth in Waterville. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Bowdoin College in 1954, he served as an officer in the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps until 1956. In 1960 he earned a law degree from Georgetown University. Mitchell worked for Senator Edmund S. Muskie as executive assistant and as deputy campaign manager during Muskie's 1972 presidential campaign. He later became U.S. senator (D-Maine) 1980-1995, Senate majority leader ...


A Tumultuous Tenure: The Presidency Of Lyndon Baines Johnson., Michael Paul Jones Dec 2010

A Tumultuous Tenure: The Presidency Of Lyndon Baines Johnson., Michael Paul Jones

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a work that focuses on how significant the press was to the success and failure of President Lyndon Baines Johnson. In the thesis, three aspects of the Johnson years are analyzed. The first chapter discusses the media's portrayal of Lyndon Johnson during the presidential campaign of 1964. The second chapter is an analysis of how the press reported on President Johnson concerning the issue of civil rights. The third chapter dissects the media's perception of Lyndon Johnson during the Vietnam conflict. The primary research used in the thesis is a culmination of polls, editorials, personal ...


Trustees Of Augusta College (Lg 425), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Trustees Of Augusta College (Lg 425), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid, full scan and photograph (click on "Additional File" below) for Land Grant 425. Original land grant, 4 December 1826, by which Joseph Desha, Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, granted to Trustees of Augusta College, Augusta, Bracken County, Kentucky, 500 acres in Sumner County, Tennessee. Identified as "Kentucky Land-Office Warrant no. 16005." Wax seal has been removed. Signed by Joseph Desha and J. E. Pickett.


Slave Labor: The Taft-Hartley Act And The Tri-State Mining District, Sally Miller-Downing Dec 2010

Slave Labor: The Taft-Hartley Act And The Tri-State Mining District, Sally Miller-Downing

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Before World War II, there was an unstable atmosphere to the industrial sector of the United States economy. As World War II began the industries settled down, and the production of means for the war boomed, as the employees joined together against the Axis powers. After the war, the sense of duty that many union members felt disappeared and the mining industries began to reveal extensive problems with labor relations. Because of these two factors, the Taft-Hartley act was compiled through a joint committee in June 1947. In the act, there were many provisions made to protect both the employer ...


Labor And Health In The Tri-State Mining Area At The Turn Of The 20th Century, Kara Pittman Dec 2010

Labor And Health In The Tri-State Mining Area At The Turn Of The 20th Century, Kara Pittman

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

From the late 1800's continuing through the middle of the 20th century, the tri-state area was a hotbed for the mining industries of materials such as led, zinc, and quarts. Mining camps and boomstowns seemed to pop us over night, and the rust to strike it big seemed to spread faster than wildfire. Through all of this it seemed one of the concerns that least weighed on anyone's minds was concern over the health and general well being of the miners themselves. Diseases such as silicosis and tuberculosis were seen frequently in the miners and often spread to ...


Silicosis: Discovery, Treatment, And Prevention Of The Disease In The Tri-State Mining District From 1900-1950, Aubrey Papen Dec 2010

Silicosis: Discovery, Treatment, And Prevention Of The Disease In The Tri-State Mining District From 1900-1950, Aubrey Papen

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

The mining operation at Picher, Oklahoma was the last successful strike in the Tri-State Area. The Picher Lead Company of Joplin was drilling prospect holes in an isolated farming area somewhere northeast of Commerce, Oklahoma in 1914 and made a rich strike in the area that became known as Picher. The town grew almost overnight as miners and their families flooded into the area to be a part of one of the most successful mines in the area. One Daily Oklahoman correspondent called Picher the "last bonanza" of the Tri-State District and said it was fitting that the district's ...


Tri-State District Railroads: Connection And Endurance, Brecken Larson Dec 2010

Tri-State District Railroads: Connection And Endurance, Brecken Larson

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

The purpose of the railroad is to connect-people to places, commodity to consumer, all the while building a network of relationships. In the Tri-State Mining District, the area railroads served the local mining industry by hauling the ore concentrate to the purchasing smelter. Both industries worked to support the Tri-State area, despite governmental intervention and economic downturns Throughout the early to min-1900s, Tri-State District railroads connected to the mining industry, endured the government, and steamed into the future.


The Tri-State District Strike Of 1935: How The Pressures Of The Great Depression And Ignorance Of The Wagner Act Led To Violence, Monnie Brewster Dec 2010

The Tri-State District Strike Of 1935: How The Pressures Of The Great Depression And Ignorance Of The Wagner Act Led To Violence, Monnie Brewster

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

The Tri-State Miner's Strike of 1935 was a result of attempts to unionize the miners in the area. Because of the strike, Eagle Picher Mining Company formed an illegal company union to begin a back to work movement. The pressures of the Great Depression and the threat of communism caused these remarkable events. Silicosis and social conditions also influenced both labor and management of the Tri-State area. The Great Depression led to national Labor Reform Legislation the Tri-State min operators resisted. Tri-State miners, who had previously resisted union organization, now considered the benefits the union offered. The efforts of ...


Doctor For Me? No Sir-E! Common Diseases That Miners Faced During The Early 1900s, Alicia Hansen Dec 2010

Doctor For Me? No Sir-E! Common Diseases That Miners Faced During The Early 1900s, Alicia Hansen

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

Today, going to the doctor is about as eventful as going to the bank. We get check-ups once a year and make a visit every time we get a sniffle, but during the late part of the nineteenth century and early part of the twentieth century people were more reluctant to step foot in the doctor's office in fear of what the diagnosis might be. During the time where you could find an ad for cigarettes in medical journals or buy Adrenalin shots out of a catalog, people did not put their health as their number one priority whether ...


"Looking As Wise As A Tree Full Of Owls": The Tri-State Mining District's Criminal Ring Disrupts Growth, Efficiency, And Stability Of Society In 1918, Sylvia Rusk Dec 2010

"Looking As Wise As A Tree Full Of Owls": The Tri-State Mining District's Criminal Ring Disrupts Growth, Efficiency, And Stability Of Society In 1918, Sylvia Rusk

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

During the year 1918, the criminal ring of the Tri-State mining district was at an all time high. Criminals like Dan Isley, Cedar Red, Harold Pickett, Jimmie Gardner, and the corrupt deputy Sheriff George Gibson terrorized the citizens of Picher, Oklahoma and the surrounding mining towns. These men were solely responsible for bringing and allowing a drug peddling circuit, prostitution, and bootlegging of illegal whiskey and liquor. During the criminal trusts height, the local newspapers of J.J. Shepherd displayed the truths of the illegal actions. These local publications gave the other side of the stories that the corrupt sheriff ...


Reid, Patricia (Ennis) - Collector (Mss 347), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Reid, Patricia (Ennis) - Collector (Mss 347), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 347. Genealogical data collected by Patricia (Ennis) Reid on numerous Ohio County, Kentucky families. Includes a copy of "Early Tax Lists of Warren County, Kentucky, 1797-1807."


Confederate States Of America - Bond Coupons (Sc 2403), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Confederate States Of America - Bond Coupons (Sc 2403), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2403. Full sheet of bond coupons issued by the Confederate States of America in $30 denominations with a full term of thirty years; total $1,000. The bonds were approved by the CSA on 11 February 1864. This sheet is hand numbered "8654" and was part of the "Fifth Series" issue.


Goode, Cecil Earnest, B. 1915 (Sc 2404), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Goode, Cecil Earnest, B. 1915 (Sc 2404), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2404. Typed manuscript copy of Cecil Earnest Goode's book "World Wonder Saved: How Mammoth Cave Became a National Park." Also includes a copy of the book's copyright registration form as sent to the Library of Congress.


Defeating Silicosis: Aluminum Therapy's Impact On Industry, Travis Irion Dec 2010

Defeating Silicosis: Aluminum Therapy's Impact On Industry, Travis Irion

Theory and Practice: Hist 430

At its peak, Silicosis was defined as the most important industrial disease of the twentieth century. This disease was extremely widespread and affected almost every major industry involved with processing hard rock. Several factors led to the dissemination of this disease among the laborers of the world, especially, the lack of knowledge and understanding of the causes of silicosis and means of its prevention. As industry developed and technology progressed, industry and science made significant advances towards understanding and eliminating silicosis from the factories and mines of the world. This disease's eradication, however, required the cooperation of all affected ...


Judicious Modification, Gary L. Mcdowell Dec 2010

Judicious Modification, Gary L. Mcdowell

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

As Thomas Jefferson neared the end of his long life ("with one foot in the grave and the other uplifted to follow it", as he put it), he had occasion to reflect on that extraordinary generation of which he so proudly had been a part. He was convinced that the "host of worthies" that comprised his "generation of 1776" had secured to all mankind in all future times the philosophical grounds for "the blessings and security of self-government", and thereby "the rights of man". Yet his pride in the accomplishments of his own generation was tempered by the nagging fear ...


Ua1b1/5 Martin Luther King Forum, Wku Archives Dec 2010

Ua1b1/5 Martin Luther King Forum, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records regarding the Martin Luther King Forum.


Miller Family Papers (Mss 324), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Miller Family Papers (Mss 324), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 324. Collection consists of a physician's daybook kept by David Griffin Miller, Jr. in Butler County, Kentucky, 1937-1938, and some other material related to Miller's medical career. Also included are numerous photographs from the Miller and Hudson families and a memoir by David Griffin Miller III.


Elrod, Cecil Murray, 1923-2002 (Mss 352), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Elrod, Cecil Murray, 1923-2002 (Mss 352), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscript Collection 352. Material related to Cecil Murray Elrod, chiefly about his service in the U.S. Navy during World War II in the Patrol Bombing Squadron VPB-21. Includes notes on planes and guns discussed during training, aviators flight log books, and other military papers. Also includes information about reunions of the Valley High School (Jefferson County, Kentucky) Class of 1943.


Rich, Louis Arnold, 1921-1944 (Sc 2402), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Rich, Louis Arnold, 1921-1944 (Sc 2402), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2402. Letters of Louis Arnold Rich, a U. S. Army private from Tompkinsville, Kentucky, written to his wife and in-laws during his military training and while hospitalized for a long illness that resulted in his death on 3 August 1944. He writes of his medical condition and mentions other soldiers from home. Includes letters from his wife, Martha, to her parents and grandmother discussing his medical treatment. Also includes an unidentified soldier’s letter and a child’s letter to her father.


Cloud Family Papers (Mss 351), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Cloud Family Papers (Mss 351), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 351. Correspondence, news clippings, and sundry other material related to the Cloud family of Louisville, Kentucky. The bulk of the collection concerns the estates of Willis J. Cloud and Lillian Lee Cloud.


Robertson, J. Lee, B. 1922 (Fa 535), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2010

Robertson, J. Lee, B. 1922 (Fa 535), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 535. Interview with J. Lee Robertson conducted by Kenneth Hines and Gil Calhoun in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Robertson reminisces about the U.S. Army during World war II and his long association with Western Kentucky University.


Class, Class Mobility, And The Consumption Of Household Technology In Salem, Massachusetts, 1890-1914, Candace Stephens Dec 2010

Class, Class Mobility, And The Consumption Of Household Technology In Salem, Massachusetts, 1890-1914, Candace Stephens

Graduate Masters Theses

This study looks at the rise of household technologies available in Salem, Massachusetts from 1890-1914, and examines how these technologies, from importation to sale and consumption, defined class and class aspirations in the city and reflect transformations seen throughout the United States during the turn of the twentieth century. So that we can best understand how technology was used within individual homes, this research centers almost exclusively around four families whose businesses, and residences are dissected to better identify how their consumption of goods and technology created new opportunities, as well as problems, for household members and domestic servants employed ...


Worker Cooperatives And Revolution: History And Possibilities In The United States, Christopher Wright Dec 2010

Worker Cooperatives And Revolution: History And Possibilities In The United States, Christopher Wright

Graduate Masters Theses


Worker cooperatives have a long and tortured history, but recently they have been advancing globally on a more stable foundation than before. In this essay I provide a theoretical context for the current growth of cooperatives, drawing on Marxist theory to illuminate their potential. I also consider the sociology and economics of worker cooperatives, in addition to expounding and evaluating their history in the United States.

A case-study of a cooperative printing press in Jamaica Plain gives a more intimate portrayal of worker co-ops, and hopefully provides lessons for future cooperators. I interpret society as on the cusp of a ...


The John Muir Newsletter, Winter 2010/2011, The John Muir Center Dec 2010

The John Muir Newsletter, Winter 2010/2011, The John Muir Center

John Muir Newsletters

Page 1 transcription missing

PAGE 2 John Muir Back and Newsletter Going Digital After a year, we are back! Last year we announced that we would become an "occasional" newsletter, projecting two issues per year. We only released one issue this past year. In an age of high cost of reproduction and mailing we have decided to follow the trail of other newsletters by going digital. Those with e mail can continue to receive at no charge the newsletter as part of a web serve list. Simply e mail us at iohnmuir@pacific.edu and we will include you in ...


From ‘Baggage’ To Not ‘Non-Persons’: Levy V. Louisiana And The Struggle For Equal Rights For ‘Illegitimate’ Children, Sherrie Anne Bakelar Dec 2010

From ‘Baggage’ To Not ‘Non-Persons’: Levy V. Louisiana And The Struggle For Equal Rights For ‘Illegitimate’ Children, Sherrie Anne Bakelar

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study focuses on "illegitimate" children, who are more visible
than other children within the historical record because of the many laws
related to their existence. By examining this group of children, it is
possible to improve upon the framework that shapes our understanding
of childhood and provide a starting point for future studies that will
continue to illuminate children's history. Although illegitimacy laws are
as ancient as Western civilization, the key moment for the United States'
laws related to nonmarital children came in the spring of 1968 and the
pivotal decision of Levy v. Louisiana, 391 U.S ...


The Gendering Of Nevada Politics: The Era Ratification Campaign, 1973-1981, Caryll Batt Dziedziak Dec 2010

The Gendering Of Nevada Politics: The Era Ratification Campaign, 1973-1981, Caryll Batt Dziedziak

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This dissertation examines Nevada‟s Equal Rights Amendment ratification campaign spanning from 1973 through 1981. Using legislative records, newspapers, archival records, oral histories and interviews; this work traces the creation of two distinct political cultures that arose in Nevada during this period. Women from both sides of this debate sought to make themselves heard in the political deliberations over this proposed amendment; thus finding new agency with which to express their political views. As ERA activists led a grassroots campaign for equality under the law, conservative women mobilized existing church networks to effect a massive counter attack. In the end ...


Building Dupont: Capitalism, Manufactures, And Place In Early America, 1800-1820, Christopher Manning Dec 2010

Building Dupont: Capitalism, Manufactures, And Place In Early America, 1800-1820, Christopher Manning

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Though there is a rich literature dealing with the DuPont Company, the historiography remains dedicated to studies of the family’s life, corporate methods, working-class culture, and technological know-how. Rarely do studies engage the company’s wider economic position or regional influence in early America. This study analyzes the way early American culture guided and influenced DuPont’s growth and success. It also examines the company’s efforts to promote manufactures, create markets, and shape its surrounding landscape. As in other parts of the world, the development of industrial capitalism, and the wider acceptance of domestic manufacturers and large-scale industry ...


Lest We Forget: The Library Of Congress's Veterans History Project And "Radical Trust", Christopher Michael Jannings Dec 2010

Lest We Forget: The Library Of Congress's Veterans History Project And "Radical Trust", Christopher Michael Jannings

Dissertations

This dissertation examines the Veterans History Project (VHP), an official U.S. government project created under a bill signed into law by President William J. Clinton on October 27, 2000 to document the experiences of American veterans and their supporters in time of war. It explores the intersections between, cultural, social, public, and military history and addresses the following questions: Who created the VHP, what were the motivations, and what resources did Congress allocate the Library of Congress, the federal agency selected to fulfill the mandate? Who was charged with implementing the VHP, why, and what resources did they employ ...


Conspicuous Publicity: How The White House And The Army Used The Medal Of Honor In The Korean War, David Glenn Williams Dec 2010

Conspicuous Publicity: How The White House And The Army Used The Medal Of Honor In The Korean War, David Glenn Williams

Masters Theses

During the Korean War the White House and the Army publicized the Medal of Honor to achieve three outcomes. First, they hoped it would have a positive influence on public opinion. Truman committed to limited goals at the start of the war and chose not to create an official propaganda agency, which led to partisan criticism and realistic reporting. Medal of Honor publicity celebrated individual actions removed from their wider context in a familiar, heroic mold to alter memory of the past. Second, the Army publicized the Medal of Honor internally to inspire and reinforce desired soldier behavior. Early reports ...