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Full-Text Articles in United States History

Downloadable Conference Program, Maine Bicentennial Conference Sep 2019

Downloadable Conference Program, Maine Bicentennial Conference

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A printable Maine Bicentennial Conference schedule with general event information.


An Empirical Examination Of Contemporary American Spiritualism And Mediumship At Lily Dale, New York, Diana Ali Jun 2019

An Empirical Examination Of Contemporary American Spiritualism And Mediumship At Lily Dale, New York, Diana Ali

Western Research Forum

American Spiritualism is an American religion that was born in 1848 in Hydesville, New York. Its central principles state that there is life after death and that mediums have the capability to communicate with discarnate beings. Mediums are persons who claim they can communicate with the dead. Today, Lily Dale, New York is the largest surviving community of American Spiritualism, with a population of mediums that host an annual festival that draws large crowds from around the world upwards of 20,000-30,000 visitors. The author of the present interdisciplinary study outlined a historical overview of American Spiritualism and conducted ...


Move: Philadelphia's Forgotten Bombing, Charles Abraham Jun 2019

Move: Philadelphia's Forgotten Bombing, Charles Abraham

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

On May 13th, 1985, the city of Philadelphia erupted into flames. Under the orders of Mayor Wilson Goode, the Philadelphia Police Department dropped a bomb onto the rowhouse containing MOVE, a cult-like organization, on Osage Avenue in West Philadelphia causing a fire which killed eleven people, including five children, and burning down sixty-one other houses. But instead of the bombing ending his political career, Mayor Goode was reelected, and the bombing slipped into obscurity outside of Philadelphia. This major event in the history of Philadelphia was forgotten because of the lack of connection between the city and the quasi-Rastafarian ...


Beware The Cat In The Hat: How Children's Literature Is The Modern Form Of Segregation, Lucy Kebler Jun 2019

Beware The Cat In The Hat: How Children's Literature Is The Modern Form Of Segregation, Lucy Kebler

Celebration of Learning

Every person grows up exposed to children’s literature. Unfortunately, much of the children’s literature that is published is racially discriminatory, historically inaccurate, blatantly offensive, or pure propaganda. The research for this presentation began in Augustana College’s library and has transitioned to a much broader space: The Saint Louis Country Library. Through this research, it has become obvious that diverse literature is hard to find and is often marketed as only readable for those in the minority race depicted. Many libraries mark literature that contains African Americans, as to help “guide” readers in their selections. Books labeled in ...


Bangor Band Concert, Curvin Farnham, Conductor Jun 2019

Bangor Band Concert, Curvin Farnham, Conductor

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

The printed program that accompanied a performance by the Bangor Band fo rthe Maine Statehood & Bicentennial Conference.


Panel #7: Public Ownership Vs. Private Rights: The Case Of Maine's Disputed Public Lots, Lee Schepps, Richard Barringer, Martin Wilk, Thomas Urquhart Jun 2019

Panel #7: Public Ownership Vs. Private Rights: The Case Of Maine's Disputed Public Lots, Lee Schepps, Richard Barringer, Martin Wilk, Thomas Urquhart

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

When Maine separated from Massachusetts, the Articles of Separation (part of the new state's Constitution) required that as it sold off its public domain (about 8 million acres) Maine continue to reserve four lots of 320 acres per town. Panelists trace the legal analysis and history of the implications of Public Lot policy through the 1980s, finally asking the question, "How did this remarkable change in the history of Maine and to the very map of Maine come about?"


Panel #6: Pine Tree Songscape: Historic Music Of The Folk Of Maine, Laura Artesani, Kristopher Paprocki, Stephen N. Sanfilippo, James Moreira Jun 2019

Panel #6: Pine Tree Songscape: Historic Music Of The Folk Of Maine, Laura Artesani, Kristopher Paprocki, Stephen N. Sanfilippo, James Moreira

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Three panelists combine their musicianship and historical research to perform and present historic songs from Maine's past.


Panel #5: The Maine Centennial In 1920: Commemoration And Remembrance Through Photography, Kevin Johnson, Micah Pawling, Earle G. Shetteworth Jr., Anne Collins Goodyear Jun 2019

Panel #5: The Maine Centennial In 1920: Commemoration And Remembrance Through Photography, Kevin Johnson, Micah Pawling, Earle G. Shetteworth Jr., Anne Collins Goodyear

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A session that included the following presentations:

A Genuine Look at Maine and Its Centennial: The Eastern Illustrating & Publishing Company, Kevin Johnson

The Wabanaki Encampment at the Maine Centennial in 1920: Homeland, Memory, and Ethnohistory, Micah Pawling

Documents of Truth and Beauty: Maine at One Hundred Years Through the Real Photo Post Cards of Charles A. Townsend, Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr.


Keynote Event, Alan Taylor, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich May 2019

Keynote Event, Alan Taylor, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Keynote Event

Opening Remarks

Jeffrey Hecker, Executive VP for Academic Affairs & Provost, UMaine

Maulian Dana, Penobscot Nation, Tribal Ambassador

Featured Speakers

Alan Taylor, Thomas Jefferson Foundation Chair, University of Virginia

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, 300th Anniversary University Professor emerita, Harvard University

Moderator

Liam Riordan, Professor of History, University of Maine


Maine History Festival And Reception, Various Student And Community Groups May 2019

Maine History Festival And Reception, Various Student And Community Groups

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Nearly 50 student and community groups shared their work at the Maine History Festival. These informal poster-session exchanges were held in UMaine's Collins Center for the Arts in the afternoon before the keynote. The Festival was co-hosted by the Osher Map Library at the University of Southern Maine and the Maine Folklife Center at UMaine.


Panel #4: The Madawaska Territory And The Aftermath Of Statehood, Beatrice Craig, Elizabeth Mancke, Lise Pelletier, Lisa Lavoie May 2019

Panel #4: The Madawaska Territory And The Aftermath Of Statehood, Beatrice Craig, Elizabeth Mancke, Lise Pelletier, Lisa Lavoie

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Presentations in this session include:

Free Trade Before Free Trade: John Emmerson, Petit Sault Merchant, His Suppliers and Customers in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, Béatrice Craig

Madawaska and the Convergence of Empire, Nation, and State, Elizabeth Mancke

The Effect of 9/11 on a Borderlands Community: Fort Kent, Maine and Clair, New Brunswick, Lisa Lavoie


Panel #3: Circulating Images: The Production, Distribution & Reception Of Visual Culture During The Statehood Era, Bernard Fishman, Martha Mcnamara, Kevin Murphy, Justin Wolff, Frank Goodyear May 2019

Panel #3: Circulating Images: The Production, Distribution & Reception Of Visual Culture During The Statehood Era, Bernard Fishman, Martha Mcnamara, Kevin Murphy, Justin Wolff, Frank Goodyear

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A panel featuring four presentations:

Visualizing Historic Maine: 19th Century Maine Life in Stereophotography (presented in actual 3D), Bernard Fishman

Tovookan's Narrative: Depicting Freedom in Maine During the Statehood Era, Martha J. McNamara

Popular Print and Visual Culture in Statehood Period Maine, Kevin D. Murphy

Rufus Porter in Maine: Art, Spatial Thinking, and the Curious Mind, Justin Wolff


Panel #2: The Maine-Missouri Crisis And The Politics Of Slavery, Mary T. Freeman, Matthew Mason, Diane Mutti Burke, Patrick Rael May 2019

Panel #2: The Maine-Missouri Crisis And The Politics Of Slavery, Mary T. Freeman, Matthew Mason, Diane Mutti Burke, Patrick Rael

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A panel that included three presentations:

African Americans and the Political Consequences of Maine Statehood, Mary T. Freeman

Doughface Pioneer: John Holmes of Maine, 1773-1843, Matthew Mason

Fire Bell in the Night: The Establishment of a Slave Society in Jefferson's Purchase, Diane Mutti Burke


Maine History Festival Flyer, Maine Bicentennial And Statehood Conference May 2019

Maine History Festival Flyer, Maine Bicentennial And Statehood Conference

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A flyer that provides details for the Maine History Festival, a part of the Bicentennial Conference featuring concurrent poster-style presentations by students, scholars, and community groups. The festival will be held in the lobby and gallery space of the Collins Center for the Arts at the University of Maine prior to the Keynote Event.


Crosscurrents: The Daponte String Quartet Explores The Mixed Musics Of Early Maine, Daponte String Quartet May 2019

Crosscurrents: The Daponte String Quartet Explores The Mixed Musics Of Early Maine, Daponte String Quartet

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A performance by musical artists Ferdinand "Dino" Liva (violin), Lydia Forbes (violin), Kirsten Monke (viola), and Myles Jordan (cello).

Program notes by Kirsten Monke provide the following background: When we learned about the notated songs of Membertou (c. early 1500s- 1611), a major shaman-chief of the Mi’kmaq nation, the idea for this program began to percolate. What diversity of music might there have been as so many different peoples explored, fished, and colonized Maine’s rocky coast and European influences began to permeate the land? Fragments of elegant china, unearthed at archaeological sites such as Fort Pemaquid, illustrate how ...


Panel #1: Maine Indians And The Maine State Constitution, James Francis, John Dieffenbacher-Krall, Darren Ranco, Donna Loring, Lhd May 2019

Panel #1: Maine Indians And The Maine State Constitution, James Francis, John Dieffenbacher-Krall, Darren Ranco, Donna Loring, Lhd

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

After a welcome from Emily Haddad, Dean, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, panel participants discuss the topic of Maine Indians and the Maine State Constitution.


Maine Statehood And Bicentennial Conference Poster, Maine Bicentennial Conference May 2019

Maine Statehood And Bicentennial Conference Poster, Maine Bicentennial Conference

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

An 11 x 17 poster for the Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference held in Orono Thursday, May 30 - Saturday, June 1, 2019.


The United States' Relationship With The Insanity Defense Before And After United States V. Hinckley, Natalie R. Peterman May 2019

The United States' Relationship With The Insanity Defense Before And After United States V. Hinckley, Natalie R. Peterman

Young Historians Conference

The United States legal system has had a fluctuating relationship with the insanity defense for decades, and the trial of United States v. Hinckley was a critical milestone for this development. Before John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Ronald Reagan in 1981 and the jury of his trial found him not guilty, American society generally agreed with the death penalty, but both the public and the government were outraged after Hinckley’s verdict. This outrage and the subsequent political backlash against the insanity defense were motivated by progress in the area of mental illness treatment in the United States ...


The Evolution Of Slavery-Built Higher Education And Racial Supremacy In American Universities, Olivia A. Ricketts May 2019

The Evolution Of Slavery-Built Higher Education And Racial Supremacy In American Universities, Olivia A. Ricketts

Young Historians Conference

This paper discusses the connections between American universities and the institution of slavery. It examines four universities connections that were funded in different eras of United States history, including Harvard and Yale in the Colonial Era, University of Chicago in the Antebellum Era, and the University of Oregon in Post-Reconstruction Era, as well as what they are currently doing in the form of reparations. The thesis of the paper is that through the history of the United States, the level of association between slavery and universities decreases, due to the rise of abolitionist ideals.


The Role Of Activism During The Aids Epidemic, Olivia Eaton May 2019

The Role Of Activism During The Aids Epidemic, Olivia Eaton

Young Historians Conference

The paper examines the role of activism within the AIDS epidemic in the United States and the factors that influenced the various protests. It focuses on the activism that had a major impact on the epidemic and the search for a cure with a concentration on the activist group, ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power). The thesis is that because the activists mostly came from oppressed backgrounds of being LGBT or people of color, they were not afraid of their reputation with the public and thus went to great lengths to expose the corruption in the system and within ...


The Radical Impact Of Madame Delphine Lalaurie On Slavery And The Image Of African Americans, 1831-1840, Sophie A. Rehlaender May 2019

The Radical Impact Of Madame Delphine Lalaurie On Slavery And The Image Of African Americans, 1831-1840, Sophie A. Rehlaender

Young Historians Conference

The paper covers the history of Madame LaLaurie, and the public reaction of New Orleans in response to her slave abuse. The paper reviews the social climate between New Orleans Americans and the French Creole society, in which LaLaurie was included in. The rivalry between the two groups influenced the widespread hatred for LaLaurie. The paper addresses the extremity of her abuse of her slaves, and the psychological theories that could have allowed for her behavior. The public reaction to the crimes is considered as well, whereas the New Orleanians developed mob mentality in an attack on LaLaurie's house ...


What Comes After: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, Charles S. Borah May 2019

What Comes After: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, Charles S. Borah

Young Historians Conference

This paper looks at the Exxon Valdez oil spill and the response that followed, including the cleanup efforts, litigation against ExxonMobil and the captain of the Exxon Valdez, Joseph Hazelwood. Also evaluated is the governmental response to the spill, both at the state level in Governor Steve Cowper’s reaction to the spill and the laws passed and hearings held in the federal government. The paper’s thesis is that though there was judicial and legislative action taken as a result of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, it was too narrow in scope to prevent future oil spills from happening ...


Revitalization In Philadelphia, 1940-1970: Rebuilding A City But Straining Race Relations, Abigail E. Millender May 2019

Revitalization In Philadelphia, 1940-1970: Rebuilding A City But Straining Race Relations, Abigail E. Millender

Young Historians Conference

This paper examines government and privately sponsored revitalization projects in inner city and Center City Philadelphia from 1940-1970. These projects—including the construction of rail lines connecting Center City to the suburbs, changes to the National Housing Act, and the revitalization of Society Hill—were meant to bring investment back into the city after the economy had declined from de-industrialization. These projects successfully rebuilt the inner city’s economy, however, they ultimately hurt African-American and minority populations and encouraged segregation. The revitalization of Center City over other parts of inner city and the perpetuation of subprime loans displaced many African ...


Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin Apr 2019

Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Electoral College is used by the United States of America to elect the president every four years. It has been amended and updated several times; however, it remains an extremely convoluted and outdated system. Four presidencies were the product of incongruent elections –– the candidate won the electoral college but lost the popular vote –– and each of these presidencies resulted in immense consequences. Reforming the current electoral college will be difficult, but it is extremely vital and necessary. The American election system must be restructured so that it may fairly and adequately represent the voices of its citizens.


Keynote: Copper, The Capital, And Carroll, Keith Edgerton Apr 2019

Keynote: Copper, The Capital, And Carroll, Keith Edgerton

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Carroll College was founded during the early, formative period of Montana’s colorful late 19th and early 20th century history. It was an age when copper mining in Butte influenced nearly all facets of political, social, and economic life in Montana, including the epic, statewide donnybrook between the copper mining rivals (our famed Copper Kings), Marcus Daly and William. A. Clark, over determining which Montana city would be fortunate enough to become Montana’s permanent capital city. In 1894 Helena won, albeit with the narrowest of margins. Mining also drew thousands of immigrants, many from predominantly Catholic-leaning countries or regions ...


Decolonizing National Parks: A Conversation About Repatriation And Shared Authority, Stephanie Walrath Apr 2019

Decolonizing National Parks: A Conversation About Repatriation And Shared Authority, Stephanie Walrath

Graduate Student Research Symposium

This project explores how shared authority in national parks can be reassessed through the lens of administrative repatriation. The majority of NPS interpretations focus on conservation and naturalist education, perpetuate a mythology of “gifted land,” and have neglected cultural imprints as an integral element of the land’s history. The rich histories of the peoples that have occupied these lands over time provide an opportunity for the NPS that few museums possess: to present an American history that is deeply interwoven with the natural landscape and recall events back farther than any constructed museums can possibly venture. National parks have ...


A Tale Of Two Bonnies: Comparing “Lost Cause” Narratives And Post-War Memory From The American Civil War And The 1745 Jacobite Rebellion Through Art, William Robert Tharp Apr 2019

A Tale Of Two Bonnies: Comparing “Lost Cause” Narratives And Post-War Memory From The American Civil War And The 1745 Jacobite Rebellion Through Art, William Robert Tharp

Student Scholar Showcase

In the cultures of Scotland after the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion and the American South after the Civil War, defeatist memories and art featured prominently in mythmaking and served as a focal point for many who wished to make political statements or critiques of current realities. In Scotland, romanticism revolving around “Bonnie Prince Charlie” and the Jacobites in 1745 lessened the burden of defeat for many. Contextualizing their loss within a broader historical framework, which stressed different features depending on the group’s purpose, some Scots utilized Jacobite memory as a potent political critique of Scotland’s place within Great Britain ...


The First Sectional Crisis: The 1844-1845 Texas Annexation Debate, James Griffin Apr 2019

The First Sectional Crisis: The 1844-1845 Texas Annexation Debate, James Griffin

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The topic of this paper is the Texas annexation and the role of sectionalism. Looking at Texas as the start the sectionalism issue within America and connecting with political scholars that discuss the sectional crisis within this annexation. Where I differ is that I view this as not just another sectional crisis but the first. Looking at the Missouri Compromise as the act that began to split America along ideological and geographical divides. To see this, this paper engages first four prominent voices from within the Democrat and Whig parties. Using them allows you to see how the ideologies that ...


The Battle Of Trenton, Jacob Mikuls Apr 2019

The Battle Of Trenton, Jacob Mikuls

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The paper considers the elements that were necessary for the Battle of Trenton to be successful and also the impact that the battle had on the remainder of the war. There is little doubt in my mind that without the Battle of Trenton the British would have won the Revolutionary War. It is George Washington’s skill as a leader and elaborate use of strategy and even spying that helped the Continental Army to secure victory at Trenton. The paper discloses the way that Colonials perceived Washington and also delves into the aspect of Nathanael Greene’s impact at the ...


American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning Apr 2019

American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning

Scholars Week

A consensus has developed among historians that in the early months of 1919, widespread panic consumed the American public and government as many came to fear a Bolshevik coup of the United States government and the undermining of the American way of life, and this fear persisted until 1920. Known as the First Red Scare, this period became one of the most well-known episodes of American fear of Communism in US history. With this focus on the events of 1919 to 1920, however, historians of the First Red Scare have often ignored the initial American reaction to the October Revolution ...