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Full-Text Articles in United States History

Atlanta's Curtain Call: Aids Activism On The Southern Stage, Matthew Kowal Apr 2019

Atlanta's Curtain Call: Aids Activism On The Southern Stage, Matthew Kowal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Throughout the 1980s, gay theatre changed profoundly as this relatively new genre morphed to grapple with the continuing destruction wrought by the AIDS Crisis and its subsequent gentrification. First generation AIDS plays memorialize deceased AIDS victims and provide education or exposure to the grief and gravity of AIDS. Second generation AIDS plays shifted focus to provide accessible avenues into AIDS activism intended to remedy communal heartache. The most recognizable iterations of both subgenres – As Is (1985) and Angels in America (1991), for instance – portray the epidemic from a discernably northern perspective. Before white gay men assumed center stage, Rebecca Ranson ...


White Plague, White City: Landscape And The Racialization Of Tuberculosis In Washington, D.C. From 1846 To 1960, Ivie Orobaton Apr 2019

White Plague, White City: Landscape And The Racialization Of Tuberculosis In Washington, D.C. From 1846 To 1960, Ivie Orobaton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the relationship between health and racism in Washington D.C. during the 20th century with a particular focus on pulmonary tuberculosis in the African American community. Tuberculosis was a leading cause of death in the United States, but African Americans had even greater incidence of the disease than the white population. Contemporary commentators debated whether this was due to a difference in “racial fitness” or a difference in environmental conditions connected to housing. This thesis explores the evolution of theoretical approaches regarding racial disparity in the rates of tuberculosis in the United States, with particular attention to ...


"The Celebrated Madame Campan": Educating Republican Mothers À La Française In Nineteenth-Century America, Lydia Heaton Apr 2019

"The Celebrated Madame Campan": Educating Republican Mothers À La Française In Nineteenth-Century America, Lydia Heaton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Marie Antoinette’s former lady-in-waiting and founder of an internationally acclaimed boarding school for girls, Madame Campan (1752-1822) taught both Napoleon Bonaparte’s stepdaughter and President James Monroe’s eldest daughter. She also published a popular memoir of Marie Antoinette’s life and several educational tracts. While Campan has been largely forgotten today, she is more closely connected to the development of American ideas about female education and republican motherhood than has yet been represented in the historiographical record. The French headmistress carefully crafted an educational system that proved to be influential on the development of American institutional education for ...


From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim Apr 2019

From Pain To Pillar: History And Identity Politics Of Asian-American Students And Youth In The 21st Century And Cultural Self Development Theory, Noah Kim

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the Asian-American population growing at exponential rates, Asian-Americans are forced to face the reality of their place in society. As this processing of identity continues, more become passionate in their search, with some becoming empowered, others seek representation. But in the end, all the interviewees and those in my research sought a collective level movement. Though people were from all different walks to life, there was a sense of commonality and a recognition of the reality of the situation. While people recognized that the Asian-American identity was a socially constructed, there is also a strong sense of commonality that ...


Incident Of War: Civil War Soldiers And Military Executions Of Deserters, Ruofei Qu Feb 2019

Incident Of War: Civil War Soldiers And Military Executions Of Deserters, Ruofei Qu

James Blair Historical Review

Civil War soldiers’ attitudes toward capital punishment for desertion and the rituals of military execution, both conditioned by wartime necessity, influenced each other. Soldiers generally found the scene of executions impressive and distressing but did not explicitly opposed the executions. Rituals of execution were designed to maximize deterrence, and military officials customarily adjusted them to minimize their negative effects on morale. The rituals sometimes had unintended effects, depending on individual observers’ sensitivities. For most soldiers, however, perceived deterrent effects sufficiently justified the cruelty and humiliation involved in executions.


For Prize Or Patriotism: The Understood Role Of Privateers In The American Revolution, Jay F. Feyerabend Feb 2019

For Prize Or Patriotism: The Understood Role Of Privateers In The American Revolution, Jay F. Feyerabend

James Blair Historical Review

This article assess the general effectiveness of privateers (as understood by their contemporaries) versus the understood effectiveness of the Continental Navy, building a clearer picture of the role privateers played during the early periods of the American Revolution. Additionally, it will examine the various perceptions of the role of privateers, and how those perceptions differed among politicians in the Continental Congress, military officials, and the privateers themselves to explain how privateers considered the act of Privateering to be a fiscal practice while the Continental Congress recognized privateers to be more of a militant group.


"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton Jul 2018

"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"By the Dear, Immortal Memory of Washington" Americans have long used the Founding Fathers as symbols of patriotism, invoking their names and using their images whenever they wish to demonstrate that a particular way of thinking or acting is true to American ideals. The vague patriotic image of the founders tends to eclipse their actual character, allowing diverse and competing movements to all use them. This has been especially true of George Washington, who long enjoyed a preeminent and almost mythic status among the founders. During the 1860s, both secessionists and unionists claimed him as their own in order to ...


Althea Hunt: Behind The Curtain, Samantha Ryan Apr 2018

Althea Hunt: Behind The Curtain, Samantha Ryan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Althea Hunt is not a name well known outside of Phi Beta Kappa Hall. Yet, she pioneered the establishment of William and Mary Theatre as a single, female professor in 1926. Hunt never married, nor did she have children during an era in which this was an expectation of upper-middle class women. Hunt provides an insight to nontraditional womanhood and first-wave feminism on our campus. As a woman in the professional world, Hunt was a minority; however, her educational experiences with other women created a comfortable environment in which Hunt was able to thrive and perform confidently. Hunt defied gender ...


American Education Reform And The Humanism Of Mathematics, 1890-1940, James Leach May 2017

American Education Reform And The Humanism Of Mathematics, 1890-1940, James Leach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the early 20th century, mathematicians and math teachers became interested in the connections between mathematics and areas of humanistic interest such as philosophy, aesthetics, music, and especially history. This thesis narrates how this interest came about and explains mathematics educators' motivation and understanding of mathematics as a humanistic discipline. Math educators reacted to an attack on their subject from progressive educators who argued that math education was inefficient or useless to children. In response, math educators stressed the cultural value of the subject, portraying it as an important part of human culture and an essential subject in the school ...


Jimmy Carter’S Human Rights Diplomacy And The Democratization Of Taiwan, Cody A. Grogan May 2017

Jimmy Carter’S Human Rights Diplomacy And The Democratization Of Taiwan, Cody A. Grogan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

President Carter began a new era of American diplomacy by attempting to refocus America's foreign policy towards promoting human rights. Taiwan provides an interesting case study to see the effectiveness of Carter's human rights policy and the difficulty in applying it to nations that were of critical importance during the Cold War. In particular, this thesis analyzes the relationship between arms sales to Taiwan, human rights, and the process of normalization with the People's Republic of China, as well as the integration of human rights into foreign policy decision making. This paper also examines the impact of ...


A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg May 2017

A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis will examine the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to anthropology, archaeology and history in both academic and museum settings. Using the “Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon” exhibit as a case study, the necessity of teaching from an interdisciplinary perspective at an undergraduate level, if not before is stressed. Specific attention is given to the subfield of archaeology, the role of oral histories and descendant communities in creating museum exhibitions and the ways in which the museum presents a historical narrative about a complex and emotionally charged topic to visitors who arrive with diverse ...


"A Corps Of Much Service:" The German Regiment Of The Continental Army, John B. Weaver Apr 2017

"A Corps Of Much Service:" The German Regiment Of The Continental Army, John B. Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The German Regiment was a unit raised for service in the Continental Army in the summer of 1776 from among the ethnic German populations of Pennsylvania and Maryland, which saw service in late 1776 at the Battle of Trenton and in early 1777 at the Battles of Assunpink Creek (Second Trenton) and Princeton. This thesis to examines the role of the regiment from the time it was raised to the aftermath of the campaign in New Jersey and Pennsylvania in late 1776 and 1777, emphasizing the social makeup of the regiment's officers and men, and its place as an ...


“No Great Mischief If They Should Fall”: Scottish Highland Soldiers In The French And Indian War, Douglas Breton Apr 2017

“No Great Mischief If They Should Fall”: Scottish Highland Soldiers In The French And Indian War, Douglas Breton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Although now among the most recognizable soldiers in the British Army, Scottish Highlanders were once regarded with suspicion and hostility. A number of clans revolted against the king in 1745-1746, and this act was punished severely with the proscription of Highland dress and weapons. Yet only one decade later, as the British government faced a critical shortage of troops in the French and Indian War, it decided to create two new Highland regiments and enlarge a third for service in North America. Men from formerly rebellious clans enlisted in droves, later showing themselves to be among the king’s best ...


U.S. Combat Morale In The World Wars: The European Theater Of Operations, Monica J. Cronin Apr 2017

U.S. Combat Morale In The World Wars: The European Theater Of Operations, Monica J. Cronin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the combat factors that impacted the morale of the United States infantrymen in the European Theater of Operations in the world wars, and analyzes the measures taken by the military to maintain the morale of their troops. Morale was a critical, but often misunderstood factor of combat performance on the front line. By parsing the environmental factors in combat that influenced the morale of the infantry and gauging administrative response over time, a clearer understanding of the role of morale in the lives of the troops emerges, as does the importance of military authority in providing a ...


Self-Made Freak: The Exceptionalism Of General Tom Thumb, The Celebrity Body, And The American Dream, Megan Sonner Apr 2017

Self-Made Freak: The Exceptionalism Of General Tom Thumb, The Celebrity Body, And The American Dream, Megan Sonner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This essay seeks to explore bodily difference’s cultural significance at a time when the freak show took center stage in the theater of American amusement, while modern American capitalism took shape from the Antebellum era to the Gilded Age. Why did the wedding of two freak show performers enrapture the nation? In seeing and talking about dwarf freak show performer General Tom Thumb (born Charles Stratton), Americans interrogated disability’s entanglement with American cultural identity, national unity, and the evolving relationship between individual body and capitalist economy. Thumb’s wedding operates as a pivotal moment in which American celebrity ...


Textiles And Trade: Williamsburg's Material Culture, 1699-1815, Evelyn M. Strope Dec 2016

Textiles And Trade: Williamsburg's Material Culture, 1699-1815, Evelyn M. Strope

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This undergraduate honors thesis analyzes the development of a distinct material culture in eighteenth-century Williamsburg, Virginia, arguing that the city remained a cultural and economic center after the capital moved to Richmond by retaining this material culture. It includes a case study of the textile trades and the tradesmen and women who produced and consumed a significant number of material goods throughout the century, providing cohesive examples of the fluidity of Williamsburg’s consumer and material cultures in the Revolution and the capital’s move to Richmond. In Williamsburg, an economic standard of choice formed through the consumer marketplace, which ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel May 2016

What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine the rise of the religiously unaffiliated in the United States. The Pew Research Center has recently reported on this phenomenon in their “America’s Changing Religious Landscape” demographic study. In this analysis, Pew has defined the unaffiliated to include atheists, agnostics and Americans who identify with “nothing in particular.” However, atheists and agnostics only make up about a third of the total population of religiously unaffiliated Americans. This means that a large portion of the religiously affiliated may be spiritual or even religious to some degree outside of organized religion. Who are the religiously unaffiliated ...


History Influencing History: Changing Perceptions Of The Starving Time At Jamestown, Kelsey Fenske May 2016

History Influencing History: Changing Perceptions Of The Starving Time At Jamestown, Kelsey Fenske

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Starving Time is a fascinating period in American history, and the subject of substantial research for over a century. This paper closely examines twenty-four scholarly works that attempt to understand this period and place it in its proper context. The widespread fascination with the Starving Time stems from Jamestown’s importance in the history of the United States as the first permanent English settlement in America. Upon first glance, famine is not something that is usually associated with success, though. So it is intriguing that many Americans accept that the early years of what would become the United States ...


Black Genocide, Reproductive Control, And The Crisis Pregnancy Center Movement: A Conspiracy Narrative Of Racial Hegemonic Order, Jordan Taffet Apr 2016

Black Genocide, Reproductive Control, And The Crisis Pregnancy Center Movement: A Conspiracy Narrative Of Racial Hegemonic Order, Jordan Taffet

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Over the past several decades, many individuals, organizations, and movements have brought attention to the role of race within the setting of reproduction by highlighting the possibility of black genocide. In particular, the crisis pregnancy center movement has appropriated this narrative in order to fulfill a pro-life agenda. By tracing and comparing the histories of the black genocide narrative and the crisis pregnancy center movement, I underline the various vulnerabilities within the crisis pregnancy center movement's use of the black genocide narrative.


Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter Jan 2016

Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation, "Uniting Interests: Money, Property, and Marriage in America, 1750-1860," examines how marriage was an essential economic transaction that responded to the development of capitalism in early America. Drawing on scholarship on the history of economic development, household organization, law, and gender, I argue that families actively distributed resources at marriage as part of larger wealth management strategies that were sensitive to regional and national economic growth. I focus particularly on women's property holding and how families deployed the legal protection of women's property as bulwarks against financial disaster. This project restores the family and women to ...


The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani Jan 2016

The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson Jan 2016

Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson Jan 2016

Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"We Made You": The Contrived And Contested Nature Of Authenticity In American Folk And Hip Hop Subcultures, Kathryn E. Plunkett May 2015

"We Made You": The Contrived And Contested Nature Of Authenticity In American Folk And Hip Hop Subcultures, Kathryn E. Plunkett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The pursuit and preservation of authenticity has been of key importance to artists and musicologists throughout history. However, the emergence of a booming capitalist culture in the early twentieth century complicated the concept of authenticity and thus heightened intellectual interest. In particular, the American folk revival generated conflict over the term by demonstrating its dynamism — while some artists adhered to the strict, traditionalist, Old-Leftist canon of folk purists, younger artists increasingly commodified themselves and their music to fit in with a more commercial environment. More recently, the emergence of hip hop and its perpetually shifting parameters of “realness” have prompted ...


“Among The Graves”: Constructing Community, Resistance, And Freedom On Nineteenth Century Plantation Burial Grounds, Whitney N. Fields May 2015

“Among The Graves”: Constructing Community, Resistance, And Freedom On Nineteenth Century Plantation Burial Grounds, Whitney N. Fields

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the uses of plantation burial grounds by enslaved people. Drawing on the testimony in the Works Progress Administration Slave Narratives and nineteenth century narratives written by formerly enslaved people, I locate the grave as a space of resistance where enslaved people formed community, deliberately resisted plantation owner demands, and reinterpreted the meaning of freedom. In Chapter One, I identify the uses of burials grounds for funerals. From looking after the body, and preparing it, to traveling from other plantations to attend wakes and funerals, enslaved people transformed burial grounds into a space for community and the unbridled ...


The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose May 2015

The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On September 11, 1973, a military junta led by General Augusto Pinochet seized power in Chile, overthrowing the government of socialist president Salvador Allende. In the days that followed, agents of the Chilean junta rounded up, detained, imprisoned, and in many cases executed those perceived to be sympathetic to the former government. In the first two weeks following the coup, the Central Intelligence Agency estimated that the military government executed nearly 2,000 people. One victim of this repression was a U.S. citizen, Charles Horman, a journalist and filmmaker who, along with his wife, had settled in Chile in ...


Foundations Of Empire: The American Military Government In The Philippine-American War, 1899-1902, Luke Frerichs May 2015

Foundations Of Empire: The American Military Government In The Philippine-American War, 1899-1902, Luke Frerichs

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper discusses the American military government in the Philippine islands during the Philippine-American War. It examines the legal and political foundations of the American territory system and the Philippine islands place in the new American system. It then examines how the United States Army formed the colonial government by modifying the preceding Spanish colonial state through a series of General Orders that reshaped the municipal structure in the Philippine Islands. It then goes on to discuss Filipino nationalist responses to the new American government including the introduction of Amigo warfare and the American response through the use of forced ...


Examining The Role Of Cultural Paradigm Shift On Originalist Interpretation: Implications On The Second Amendment, Arvin Alaigh Apr 2015

Examining The Role Of Cultural Paradigm Shift On Originalist Interpretation: Implications On The Second Amendment, Arvin Alaigh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Second Amendment is traditionally understood within the bounds of originalism, a method of Constitutional interpretation that calls on founding-era history as a means of ascertaining original meanings of the Constitution. Both proponents and opponents of gun regulation appeal to this history as a means of justifying their respective viewpoints – the former assumes an ‘individual right’ reading of the Amendment, while the latter maintains a ‘collective right’ interpretation. In this project, I describe the origins of the Second Amendment and its original context, affirming Saul Cornell’s ‘civic right’ interpretation, against both the individual and collective rights interpretations. I illustrate ...


Historical Precedents And Early Modern Interpretations: English Histories Of America, 1500-1700, Madeline H. Grimm Apr 2015

Historical Precedents And Early Modern Interpretations: English Histories Of America, 1500-1700, Madeline H. Grimm

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, English scholars and travelers created the first English studies of the environment and inhabitants of the New World. This thesis suggests that historical interpretation formed the intellectual foundations for English colonization in America. Writers applied their knowledge of the past to questions of why to colonize America, how to know the New World, and how to understand the Native Americans. These writers struggled to construct a biblical or classical genealogy to explain how the Native Americans had arrived in the New World and the identity of their ancestors. Debates over various historical narratives for ...