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Articles 1 - 30 of 586

Full-Text Articles in United States History

American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning Nov 2019

American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

A consensus has developed among historians that widespread panic consumed the American public and government as many came to fear a Bolshevik coup of the United States government and the undermining of the American way of life beginning in early 1919. Known as the First Red Scare, this period became one of the most well-known episodes of American fear of Communism in US history. With this focus on the events of 1919 to 1920, however, historians of the First Red Scare have often ignored the initial American reaction to the October Revolution in late 1917 and throughout 1918. A study ...


Russian Language Use In The United States: Demographics And Implications, Julie Brock, Sadia Zoubir-Shaw Oct 2019

Russian Language Use In The United States: Demographics And Implications, Julie Brock, Sadia Zoubir-Shaw

Posters-at-the-Capitol

As a large nation covering 1/9 of the Earth’s surface, Russia and its language necessarily draw linguistic attention. Between the time of the Russian Revolution (1917) until now, Russian speakers (both from Russia itself and former Soviet territories) immigrated to the United States in four or five waves. Russian is currently identified as one of the world’s Critical Languages, according to the U.S. State Department. U.S. Census data indicate that Russian language spoken in respondents’ homes increased by 393% between 1980-2010, with just under a million people speaking Russian in their homes in 2011. English ...


A Look Into The Tuskegee Study Of Untreated Syphilis In The Negro Male In Macon County, Alabama, Austin Valentine Apr 2019

A Look Into The Tuskegee Study Of Untreated Syphilis In The Negro Male In Macon County, Alabama, Austin Valentine

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

In the 1930’s there was growing concerns over a disease known as syphilis. With 300,000 new cases each year, coupled with the disease’s ability to create blindness, arthritis, heart disease and instances of premature death, the search for a way to stop the epidemic quickly was expanding. With such numbers the United States Department of Health needed answers fast (DiIanni 1993).

At this time, the United States was in an economic crisis left by the Great Depression. As a result, the U.S. Department of Health needed to find cheap test subjects in an effort to combat ...


Women Of The War: Female Espionage Agents For The Confederacy, Sarah Stellhorn Apr 2019

Women Of The War: Female Espionage Agents For The Confederacy, Sarah Stellhorn

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

Although historians have frequently examined the role of women on the home front during the Civil War, women who contributed to the cause in more direct ways, such as espionage, are often neglected. An in-depth examination of specific females spying for the Confederacy, such as Rose O’Neal Greenhow and Belle Boyd, proves that their actions, both remarkable and uncharacteristic of women at the time, had a direct impact on the war. A vast network of spies and smugglers existed not only in the southern and border states but also throughout the North, even in Washington D.C. itself. This ...


American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning Apr 2019

American Bolsheviki: The Beginnings Of The First Red Scare, 1917 To 1918, Jonathan Dunning

Scholars Week

A consensus has developed among historians that in the early months of 1919, widespread panic consumed the American public and government as many came to fear a Bolshevik coup of the United States government and the undermining of the American way of life, and this fear persisted until 1920. Known as the First Red Scare, this period became one of the most well-known episodes of American fear of Communism in US history. With this focus on the events of 1919 to 1920, however, historians of the First Red Scare have often ignored the initial American reaction to the October Revolution ...


The Desegregation Of The Sturgis All-White High School - September 1956, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Apr 2019

The Desegregation Of The Sturgis All-White High School - September 1956, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

On September 5th of 1956, nine African American students tried to attend classes at the all-white Sturgis Kentucky High School. The event sparked mixed opinion among the townsfolk, many of whom showed up to protest the student’s enrollment. As a result a number of Kentucky State Police along with members of the Kentucky National Guard were dispatched to calm the crowd and to allow those students the right, granted by the United States Supreme Court, to obtain a quality education free from oppression and racial segregation.


A Modern-Day Review Of The Fort Pillow Massacre - Act Of War Or Genocide, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Apr 2019

A Modern-Day Review Of The Fort Pillow Massacre - Act Of War Or Genocide, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

On April 13th, 1864 Confederate Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Union held Fort Pillow in western Tennessee. The event would later be known as the Fort Pillow Massacre where a number of African American soldiers were killed while trying to surrender to Confederate forces.

Forrest was one who had not been a graduate of a military academy, nor had any military experience. He had simply been a Memphis slave trader turned Confederate sympathizer who enlisted as a private in the Confederate Army on June 14th of 1861. However, he eventually financed and organized his own cavalry unit ...


American Bolsheviki: The First Red Scare In The United States, 1917 To 1920, Jonathan Dunning Jan 2019

American Bolsheviki: The First Red Scare In The United States, 1917 To 1920, Jonathan Dunning

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

This thesis looks to reframe the timeline of the First Red Scare in United States History. Historians of this period have consistently viewed the First Red Scare as occurring from 1919 to 1920. However, by viewing the First Red Scare as beginning in 1919, historians missed the fear of communism that developed in the US government and the American press and society throughout 1917 and 1918, starting immediately after the Bolshevik Revolution. Moreover, in the past, historians have done little to detail the connections between the Allied Intervention in Russia from 1918 to 1920 and the First Red Scare, despite ...


World War I And The People Of The Purchase, Caroline Mikez, David Pizzo Nov 2018

World War I And The People Of The Purchase, Caroline Mikez, David Pizzo

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: World War I and The People of the Purchase

Author: Cari Mikez

Faculty Mentor: Dr. David Pizzo

Department: Murray State History Department

ABSTRACT

The extensive impacts of World War I pervaded society on a global scale during the early twentieth century. The United States officially joined the international conflict in April of 1917 by aligning with the Triple Entente composed of Britain, France and Russia in the fight against the central European powers of Germany, Austro-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. In a similar fashion as the other warring nations, the American war effort depended on the development of a ...


A Voyage Into The Abyss – A Look Into The First Year Of The Jamestown Settlement, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Jr. Oct 2018

A Voyage Into The Abyss – A Look Into The First Year Of The Jamestown Settlement, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Jr.

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

A brief introduction into the first year at the Jamestown settlement and the troubles the settlers faced upon arrival to the New World.


An Assessment Of Parliament’S View Of The Jamestown Settlement In 1652 – 45 Years After The Initial Establishment, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Jr. Sep 2018

An Assessment Of Parliament’S View Of The Jamestown Settlement In 1652 – 45 Years After The Initial Establishment, Austin Valentine, Austin Valentine Jr.

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

A brief opinion piece based on parliament’s view of the Jamestown colony in 1652, 45 years after the colony’s establishment in the new world. The paper is substantiated by early English documents with a present day interpretation.


Revolution Is American Until It Isn't: A Study Of American Reactions To The French Revolution 1789 And The Russian Revolutionary Period Of 1917, Jonathan Dunning Apr 2018

Revolution Is American Until It Isn't: A Study Of American Reactions To The French Revolution 1789 And The Russian Revolutionary Period Of 1917, Jonathan Dunning

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

This study compares American reactions to both the French Revolution of 1789 and the Russian revolutions of 1917, and it finds that there are striking similarities in American responses to both. Early Republic Americans supported the French Revolution when it began, as they believed the French were adopting democratic and liberal ideas. Likewise, World War I era Americans supported the February Revolution in Russia, as they thought the rise of the Provisional Government would create a bright democratic future for the Russian people. However, as the French Revolution turned increasing violent in the 1790s and the Bolsheviks brought about the ...


Republicans, Rivers, And Racism: The French Revolution And The Early American South, Andrew Landreth Apr 2018

Republicans, Rivers, And Racism: The French Revolution And The Early American South, Andrew Landreth

Scholars Week

This paper examines the political impact of the French Revolution and related events on the development of the American South in the early republic, roughly from 1789-1815. This paper argues that the French Revolution and its offshoots helped to sharpen early Southern sectionalism by reinforcing three characteristics that would soon define the region: republicanism, expansionism, and white racism.


Andrew Jackson And The Indian Removal Act Of 1830 Personal Agenda Or Territorial Expansion, Austin Valentine Feb 2018

Andrew Jackson And The Indian Removal Act Of 1830 Personal Agenda Or Territorial Expansion, Austin Valentine

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

For well over a century, historians have pondered Andrew Jackson’s motivation behind the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Was Andrew Jackson’s decision for a massive social cleansing of Native Americans motivated by a personal agenda or by American calls for westward expansion?

Through a brief analysis of Andrew Jackson’s long and winding road to the White House, I hope to shed light on Andrew Jackson and his call for the forced removal of Native American inhabitants residing east of the Mississippi River. With such, I hope to give the reader a better understanding of Jackson’s attitude ...


"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth Nov 2017

"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth

Scholars Week

This paper considers Mary Todd Lincoln from the perspective of her relationship with her home state of Kentucky. Utilizing her own writings and those of her contemporaries, as well as secondary studies, this paper argues that Mary Todd Lincoln's life and relationships embodied many of the same contradictions of her home state and that important aspects of her public and private life were influenced by her upbringing in antebellum Kentucky. Particular emphasis is placed on her views of slavery and on her relationship with the Todd family during the Civil War.


Making The Gilded Age: Myth, Money, And Misery In A Market Society, Austbrook D. Hudson Jan 2017

Making The Gilded Age: Myth, Money, And Misery In A Market Society, Austbrook D. Hudson

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

This project argues myths are central to society. For the Gilded Age, this was especially true. Myths helped to explain the world, individually and nationally. Stories structure life. Stories structure nations. They are consequential in times of change when the world is incomprehensible. At an individual level, the self-made ideal explained success and failure. It came with an implicit promise: every individual had an equal opportunity to succeed in the new economy, and the system was fair. Myths of the Western experience explained national identity. It revealed traits including rugged individualism, independence, and perseverance came from taming the frontier. These ...


Cry Havoc: The Rise And Collapse Of America's Contractors In Iraq, Samuel Brown Jan 2017

Cry Havoc: The Rise And Collapse Of America's Contractors In Iraq, Samuel Brown

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

This work aims at examining the development of Private Security Contracting, specifically Blackwater, and their role in destabilizing the United States’ mission in Iraq. In that examination, it looks at existing literature on the subject and the efforts that people involved in the Bush Administration made regarding the War on Terror that allowed these companies and Blackwater to develop. Choices made by Vice President Dick Cheney, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, and CPA leader Paul Bremer all added to the chaos and the shortage of manpower that would see these companies fill in the gaps in American planning. This work ...


Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss Nov 2016

Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Through a generous donation to Morehead State University, research has been conducted on thousands of slides containing images of artwork and artifacts of historical significance. These images span from Egyptian hieroglyphs to the inaugural dress of every first lady of the United States. The slides are in the process of being recorded and catalogued for future use by students in hopes of furthering academic comprehension and awareness of the influence of fashion and costume history through the ages. Special thanks to the family of Gretel Geist Rutledge, faculty mentor Denise Watkins, as well as the Department of Music, Theatre, and ...


Varsity Theater Finding New Life Jul 2016

Varsity Theater Finding New Life

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Varsity Theater Finding New Life

Linda Thurston


From Despair To Hope: The Story Of Paducah's 1937 "Super-Flood" From The Personal Accounts Of Those Who Survived Jul 2016

From Despair To Hope: The Story Of Paducah's 1937 "Super-Flood" From The Personal Accounts Of Those Who Survived

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

FROM DESPAIR TO HOPE: The Story of Paducah's 1937 "Super-Flood" From The Personal Accounts of Those Who Survived

Richard B. Davis


"A Man Unsatisfied By Little Things:" The Life And Times Of Graves County Native Adron Doran Jul 2016

"A Man Unsatisfied By Little Things:" The Life And Times Of Graves County Native Adron Doran

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

"A Man Unsatisfied By Little Things:" The Life and Times of Graves County Native Adron Doran

Christopher Beckham


History Of The National Fireworks Company Shell Loading Plant At Viola, Kentucky Jul 2016

History Of The National Fireworks Company Shell Loading Plant At Viola, Kentucky

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

History of the National Fireworks Company Shell Loading Plant at Viola, Kentucky

Joseph E. and Maria Campbell Brent


Jackson Purchase Feuds Jul 2016

Jackson Purchase Feuds

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Jackson Purchase Feuds

Richard D. Parker


Civil War Diary Of Private Hawley V. Needham, 134th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, June 10 To October 2, 1964 Jul 2016

Civil War Diary Of Private Hawley V. Needham, 134th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, June 10 To October 2, 1964

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Civil War Diary of Private Hawley V. Needham, 134th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, June 10 to October 2, 1864

Dieter Ullrich


Supplemental Report For Camp Beauregard, Kentucky: Military Unit Presence, Illness, And Death Reports Jul 2016

Supplemental Report For Camp Beauregard, Kentucky: Military Unit Presence, Illness, And Death Reports

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Supplemental Report for Camp Beauregard, Kentucky: Military Unit Presence, Illness, and Death Reports

Gregory S. Miller and William L. Wells


Early Calloway County Connections Between Wpa Road Projects And The Bookmobile Jul 2016

Early Calloway County Connections Between Wpa Road Projects And The Bookmobile

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Early Calloway County Connections Between WPA Road Projects and the Bookmobile

Melony Shemberger, Ed.D.


Old Wadesboro Courthouse Revisited Jul 2016

Old Wadesboro Courthouse Revisited

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Old Wadesboro Courthouse Revisited

William Lochridge Wells


History Of The Murray Woman's Club Jul 2016

History Of The Murray Woman's Club

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

History of the Murray Woman's Club

Linda Gass Scott


Book Review: Kentucky Confederates: Secession, Civil War, And The Jackson Purchase Jul 2016

Book Review: Kentucky Confederates: Secession, Civil War, And The Jackson Purchase

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Book Review

Kentucky Confederates: Secession, Civil War, and the Jackson Purchase

Matthew E. Stanley


Book Review: Alben Barkley: A Life In Politics Jul 2016

Book Review: Alben Barkley: A Life In Politics

Jackson Purchase Historical Society

Book Review

Alben Barkley: A Life in Politics

George Humphreys