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Full-Text Articles in United States History

Bailey's "Race And Redemption In Puritan New England" (Critical Book Review), Jill D. Botticelli May 2019

Bailey's "Race And Redemption In Puritan New England" (Critical Book Review), Jill D. Botticelli

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Bailey's "Race And Redemption In Puritan New England" (Critical Book Review), Jill Botticelli Dec 2018

Bailey's "Race And Redemption In Puritan New England" (Critical Book Review), Jill Botticelli

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Schendel And Cunninghams' "Calling And Vocation: From Martin Luther To The Modern World Of Work" (Book Review), Stefana Dan Laing Dec 2018

Schendel And Cunninghams' "Calling And Vocation: From Martin Luther To The Modern World Of Work" (Book Review), Stefana Dan Laing

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Martinez's "The Story Of Latino Protestants In The United States" (Book Review), Scott Rosen Dec 2018

Martinez's "The Story Of Latino Protestants In The United States" (Book Review), Scott Rosen

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Second Great Awakening And The Making Of Modern America, Kerry Irish May 2018

The Second Great Awakening And The Making Of Modern America, Kerry Irish

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

In the decades before the Civil War which began in 1861, the Second Great Awakening was the most powerful social movement in America. It inspired the conversion of millions of Americans to faith in Jesus Christ. And that faith motivated many of those people to attempt to transform the moral habits of the nation. Slavery was ended, consumption of alcohol reduced, women’s rights, though often opposed by people of faith, were set on a path that would result in woman’s suffrage in the early Twentieth century. A host of other reforms, too many to list, were instigated. It ...


Whose Rebellion? Reformed Resistance Theory In America: Part Ii, Sarah Morgan Smith, Mark David Hall Apr 2018

Whose Rebellion? Reformed Resistance Theory In America: Part Ii, Sarah Morgan Smith, Mark David Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

Students of the American Founding routinely assert that America's civic leaders were influenced by secular Lockean political ideas, especially on the question of resistance to tyrannical authority. In the first part of this series, we showed that virtually all Reformed writers, from Calvin to the end of the Glorious Revolution, agreed that tyrants could be actively resisted. The only debated question was who could resist them. In this essay, we contend that the Reformed approach to active resistance had an important influence on how America's Founders responded to perceived tyrannical actions by Parliament and the Crown.


Grann's "Killers Of The Flower Moon: The Osage Murders And The Birth Of The Fbi" (Book Review), Roderick Leupp Dec 2017

Grann's "Killers Of The Flower Moon: The Osage Murders And The Birth Of The Fbi" (Book Review), Roderick Leupp

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Whose Rebellion? Reformed Resistance Theory In America: Part I, Sarah Morgan Smith, Mark Hall Oct 2017

Whose Rebellion? Reformed Resistance Theory In America: Part I, Sarah Morgan Smith, Mark Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

Students of the American Founding routinely assert that America's civic leaders were influenced by secular Lockean political ideas, especially on the question of resistance to tyrannical authority. Yet virtually every political idea usually attributed to John Locke was alive and well among Reformed political thinkers decades before Locke wrote the Second Treatise. In this two-part essay, we trace just one element of the Reformed political tradition: the question of who may actively and justly resist a tyrant. We focus on the American experience but begin our discussion by considering the early Reformers.


Cook's "The Burning Of The White House" (Book Review), Jennifer A. Rich Apr 2017

Cook's "The Burning Of The White House" (Book Review), Jennifer A. Rich

The Christian Librarian

A review of Cook, J. H. (2106). The burning of the White House. Washington DC: Regnery History. 433 pp. $29.99. ISBN 9781621574781


Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2016, George Fox University Archives Jan 2016

Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2016, George Fox University Archives

Faith and Practice

Faith and Practice: A Book of Christian Discipline, Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends Church 2016. Publication of the Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends.


Were Any Of The Founders Deists? (Chapter 5 Of The Wiley Blackwell Companion To Religion And Politics In The U.S.), Mark David Hall Jan 2016

Were Any Of The Founders Deists? (Chapter 5 Of The Wiley Blackwell Companion To Religion And Politics In The U.S.), Mark David Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

Excerpt: "Scholars and popular authors regularly assert that the founders were deists. For instance, historian Frank Lambert asserts that the “significance of the Enlightenment and Deism for the birth of the American republic, and especially the relationship between church and state within it, can hardly be overstated.” Law professor Geoffrey R. Stone similarly contends that “deistic beliefs played a central role in the framing of the American republic … [and the] founding generation viewed religion, and particularly religion’s relation to government, through an Enlightenment lens that was deeply skeptical of orthodox Christianity.” For a final example, the dean of American ...


Brackney's "Baptists In Early North America: Swansea, Massachusetts (Vol. 1)" (Book Review), Mark Hanson Jan 2016

Brackney's "Baptists In Early North America: Swansea, Massachusetts (Vol. 1)" (Book Review), Mark Hanson

The Christian Librarian

A review of Brackney, W.I. (Ed.). (2013) Baptists in early North America: Swansea, Massachusetts (Vol. 1). Macon, GA: Mercer University Press. 415 pp. $60.00. ISBN 9780881464399


Kennedy's "The First American Evangelical: A Short Life Of Cotton Mather" (Book Review), Robert W. Caldwell Iii Jan 2016

Kennedy's "The First American Evangelical: A Short Life Of Cotton Mather" (Book Review), Robert W. Caldwell Iii

The Christian Librarian

A review of Kennedy, R. (2015). The first American Evangelical: A short life of Cotton Mather. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. 162 pp. $17.00. ISBN 9780802872111


The Stuttgart Declaration Of 1945: A Casy Study Of Guilt, Forgiveness And Foreign Policy - Chapter 15 From "Trinity And Transformation: J. B. Torrance's Vision Of Worship, Mission, And Society", Roger Newell Jan 2016

The Stuttgart Declaration Of 1945: A Casy Study Of Guilt, Forgiveness And Foreign Policy - Chapter 15 From "Trinity And Transformation: J. B. Torrance's Vision Of Worship, Mission, And Society", Roger Newell

Faculty Publications - College of Christian Studies

J. B. Torrance was one of the few theologians of our era whose exposition of fundamental Christian theology spoke prophetically to the church’s social and political witness to the Gospel. This essay examines how Torrance’s analysis of forgiveness casts fresh light on the process whereby relations between the Protestant churches of Europe and America were restored in the chaotic aftermath of postwar Germany. The essay argues that the result of their meeting for reconciliation, the Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt, prepared the way for the Allies to set aside policies of collective punishment in favor of policies which supported ...


Madison’S Memorial And Remonstrance, Jefferson’S Statute For Religious Liberty, And The Creation Of The First Amendment, Mark Hall Apr 2014

Madison’S Memorial And Remonstrance, Jefferson’S Statute For Religious Liberty, And The Creation Of The First Amendment, Mark Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

Jurists, scholars, and popular writers routinely assert that the men who framed and ratified the First Amendment were influenced by James Madison’s Memorial and Remonstrance (1785) and Thomas Jefferson’s Statute for Religious Liberty (1786). In this essay I demonstrate that there is little evidence to support these claims. Because these documents represent only one approach to church-state relations in the era, jurists and others who believe that the religion clauses should be interpreted in light of the founders’ views need to look well beyond these texts if they want to understand the First Amendment’s “generating history.”


Vindiciae, Contra Tyrannos: The Influence Of The Reformed Tradition In The American Founding (Chapter 2 Of Faith And The Founders Of The American Republic), Mark David Hall Jan 2014

Vindiciae, Contra Tyrannos: The Influence Of The Reformed Tradition In The American Founding (Chapter 2 Of Faith And The Founders Of The American Republic), Mark David Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

In his magisterial history of religion in America, Yale historian Sydney Ahlstrom estimated that the Reformed tradition was “the religious heritage of three-fourths of the American people in 1776.” This chapter traces the development of Reformed or Calvinist political thought from John Calvin to the American founding. It highlights ways in which Reformed ideas and concerns exacerbated tensions between the American colonies and Great Britain, provided a theological rationale for resisting British rule, and proposed a political framework for republican self-government.


Wampum, Tawagonshi, And The Two Row Belt, Paul Otto Jan 2013

Wampum, Tawagonshi, And The Two Row Belt, Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

This essay outlines the early history of wampum, explaining its origin, its value to Native Americans, and its first observations by Europeans. It then considers how wampum, as it existed in the 1610s, fits the role of wampum as described in the Tawagonshi document and fits with its manifestation in the Two Row Belt. The essay argues that key elements in the Tawagonshi document and the Two Row Belt itself are inconsistent with wampum use as recorded in archaeological, documentary, and visual sources. This finding does not discount the possibility of a Dutch-Native agreement similar to the one recorded in ...


Common Practices And Mutual Misunderstandings: Henry Hudson, Native Americans, And The Birth Of New Netherland, Paul Otto Jan 2013

Common Practices And Mutual Misunderstandings: Henry Hudson, Native Americans, And The Birth Of New Netherland, Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


Letters To Annie : Ordinary Women In Late Nineteenth Century Maine, Rachel C. Thomas Nov 2012

Letters To Annie : Ordinary Women In Late Nineteenth Century Maine, Rachel C. Thomas

Faculty Publications - George Fox University Libraries

Table of Contents:

  • Letters to Annie: introduction
  • Religion: "I wonder if I am a Baptist because you are?"
  • Education: "I will see my dear niece an accomplished woman"
  • Romance and insanity: "He cast 'those eyes' on me and they spoke volumes"
  • A question of legacy
  • Pease family papers transcriptions.


Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2012, George Fox University Archives Jan 2012

Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2012, George Fox University Archives

Faith and Practice

Faith and Practice: A Book of Christian Discipline, Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends Church 2012. Publication of the Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends.


Reformed Political Theory In The American Founding (Chapter Two Of Roger Sherman And The Creation Of The American Republic), Mark David Hall Jan 2012

Reformed Political Theory In The American Founding (Chapter Two Of Roger Sherman And The Creation Of The American Republic), Mark David Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

This chapter provides an overview of the Calvinist world into which Sherman was born and raised. It offers an introduction to Reformed political theory, and sketches its transmission from Europe to America. It considers and rejects the possibility that the founders were significantly influenced by a secularized Lockean liberalism. It concludes by demonstrating, contrary to assertions by many scholars, that Sherman was a serious Calvinist.


Kidd's "God Of Liberty: A Religious History Of The American Revolution"- Book Review, Mark Hall Jun 2011

Kidd's "God Of Liberty: A Religious History Of The American Revolution"- Book Review, Mark Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


Wampum: The Transfer And Creation Of Rituals On The Early American Frontier, Paul Otto Jan 2010

Wampum: The Transfer And Creation Of Rituals On The Early American Frontier, Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


World War I And Peace : The Development And Rise Of The Peace Process In Early Twentieth Century United States, Jeff Pugh Jan 2010

World War I And Peace : The Development And Rise Of The Peace Process In Early Twentieth Century United States, Jeff Pugh

Seminary Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Justice, Law, And The Creation Of The American Republic: The Forgotten Legacy Of James Wilson, Mark Hall Jun 2009

Justice, Law, And The Creation Of The American Republic: The Forgotten Legacy Of James Wilson, Mark Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

James Wilson was one of six men to sign both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. In the Federal Convention of 1787, he spoke more often than all but one other delegate (Gouverneur Morris), and by all accounts he played a critical role in framing the Constitution. His early defense of the proposed Constitution and his leadership in the Pennsylvania ratifying convention did much to secure the document's acceptance. Wilson served as one of the new nation's first Supreme Court Justices, and his Lectures on Law contain some of the period's most ...


Intercultural Relations Between Natives And Europeans In New Netherland And New York, Paul Otto Jan 2009

Intercultural Relations Between Natives And Europeans In New Netherland And New York, Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2009, George Fox University Archives Jan 2009

Faith And Practice: A Book Of Christian Discipline 2009, George Fox University Archives

Faith and Practice

Faith and Practice: A Book of Christian Discipline, Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends Church 2009. Publication of the Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends.


Jeffersonian Walls And Madisonian Lines: The Supreme Court’S Use Of History In Religion Clause Cases, Mark Hall Jan 2006

Jeffersonian Walls And Madisonian Lines: The Supreme Court’S Use Of History In Religion Clause Cases, Mark Hall

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

In Everson v. Board of Education (1947), Justice Wiley Rutledge observed that '[n]o provision of the Constitution is more closely tied to or given content by its generating history than the religious clause of the First Amendment. It is at once the refined product and the terse summation of that history.' Scholars and activists argue about the relevance or irrelevance of the Supreme Court’s use of history in general, and the extent to which Justices are good historians. These debates have been particularly furious with respect to the Court’s use of history in religion clause cases. Although ...


Trade (Chapter 2 Of The Dutch-Munsee Encounter In America: The Struggle For Sovereignty In The Hudson Valley), Paul Otto Jan 2006

Trade (Chapter 2 Of The Dutch-Munsee Encounter In America: The Struggle For Sovereignty In The Hudson Valley), Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

"Just as word of Hudson's arrival must have spread among the Indians, so too did news of his discovery spread in Europe. Motivated by the 1deals of material acquisition and driven by economic forces in Europe, Dutch merchants in Amsterdam wasted no time in dispatching trade expeditions after learning of the newly discovered lands and the valuable supply of furs in the Hudson River region. The Munsees, already engaged in trade with other native peoples throughout northeastern North America, welcomed the new source and availability of goods and provided a nexus through which Europeans would have access to Indian ...


Review Of Shorto's "The Island At The Center Of The World: The Epic Story Of Dutch Manhattan And The Forgotten Colony That Shaped America", Paul Otto Jun 2005

Review Of Shorto's "The Island At The Center Of The World: The Epic Story Of Dutch Manhattan And The Forgotten Colony That Shaped America", Paul Otto

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.