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Full-Text Articles in United States History

Jcpenney And His Agrarian Animals: The Award-Winning Livestock Of A Department Store Icon, David Kruger Jun 2015

Jcpenney And His Agrarian Animals: The Award-Winning Livestock Of A Department Store Icon, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Widely known for his department store chain, James Cash Penney (1875-1971) greatly contributed to American agriculture through his horse and cattle breeding enterprises. Beginning in 1917, three years after moving to New York City, Penney began using his personal capital to acquire, breed, and sell outstanding animals for agricultural purposes. By the 1920s, his Guernsey dairy herd had earned a worldwide reputation for quality and production, with herd sire Foremost eventually becoming the namesake for one of the largest dairy cooperatives in the United States. By the 1940s, Penney was personally developing award-winning beef cattle herds on the Missouri farm ...


Jcpenney As Cattleman, David Kruger Jan 2015

Jcpenney As Cattleman, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Though widely known for his department store chain and its Wyoming origins, James Cash Penney also played a prominent role as a cattleman from the 1920s until his death in 1971. This presentation will explore Penney's personal and professional involvement in the cattle industry, including his significant contributions within the Angus, Hereford, and Guernsey breeds.


The Main Street Spirit Of Jcpenney: A Department Store Chain In The Downtowns Of Washington, David Kruger Dec 2014

The Main Street Spirit Of Jcpenney: A Department Store Chain In The Downtowns Of Washington, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

For the better part of the 20th Century, the JCPenney chain had a rich history of Main Street locations throughout Washington state. The article traces the origins of James Cash Penney's operations in Washington, including the Golden Rule philosophy of its founder and unique architectural features of Penney's downtown locations, notably the company's first metropolitan store that served downtown Seattle from 1931-1982.


"The Most Interesting Trip I Have Ever Taken Among The Stores": James Cash Penney's Return To Wyoming In The Great Depression, David Kruger Dec 2013

"The Most Interesting Trip I Have Ever Taken Among The Stores": James Cash Penney's Return To Wyoming In The Great Depression, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

The article explores James Cash Penney's return trip to Wyoming during the Great Depression, and contextualizes the Wyoming origins of the JCPenney department store chain. Penney's ongoing relationship with the state after the Great Depression is also explored.


J. C. Penney: Missouri Man, Wyoming Institution, David Kruger Dec 2007

J. C. Penney: Missouri Man, Wyoming Institution, David Kruger

David Delbert Kruger

Traces the business career of James Cash Penney (1875-1971), founder of the national chain of J. C. Penney stores. Born in Missouri, Penney came to Wyoming in 1902 and became partners with Guy Johnson and Thomas Callahan, owners of the small chain of Golden Rule stores. Penney opened a store in Kemmerer, Wyoming, that was immediately successful. A deeply religious man, Penney believed in making his store a part of the community rather than exploiting the customers. Business quickly expanded and more Golden Rule stores opened, and, eventually, Penney bought out his partners. At its peak the Penney chain numbered ...