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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Social History

Black Robes At The Edge Of Empire: Jesuits, Natives, And Colonial Crisis In Early Detroit, 1728-1781, Eric J. Toups May 2019

Black Robes At The Edge Of Empire: Jesuits, Natives, And Colonial Crisis In Early Detroit, 1728-1781, Eric J. Toups

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the Jesuit missionaries active in the region of Detroit and how their role in that region changed over the course of the eighteenth century and under different colonial regimes. Jesuits Armand de la Richardie, Pierre Potier, and Pierre du Jaunay influenced imperial decision-making and policy in the eighteenth-century pays d’en haut through their notable influence within certain indigenous communities. The priests were deeply influential during the French regime as demonstrated by their impact on several colonial crises discussed in the text. The Seven Years War and the conquest of New France by Great Britain gradually eroded ...


Liberty To Slaves: The Black Loyalist Controversy, Michael Anthony White May 2019

Liberty To Slaves: The Black Loyalist Controversy, Michael Anthony White

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Individuals of African descent who arrived in Nova Scotia during and after the War for American Independence have been the subject of extensive commentary by historians. Spurred by the rise of Social History in the 1970s, these individuals have increasingly been identified as a coherent group – particularly by the historian James W. St. G. Walker, whose pioneering 1976 monograph did a great deal to create the term “black Loyalist” as a category of analysis. In Walker’s wake many other researchers have expanded the concept, which now has a prominent place in the public historical memory of Nova Scotia. However ...


A "Real Social & Political Revolution": Nativism, Class Conflict, And Urban Reform In Portland, Maine (1840-1923), Thomas R. Macmillan Dec 2018

A "Real Social & Political Revolution": Nativism, Class Conflict, And Urban Reform In Portland, Maine (1840-1923), Thomas R. Macmillan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In 1923, Portland, Maine voters approved passed a ballot measure that jettisoned the nearly century-old Council-Mayor plan in favor of a Council-City Manager form of governance. This dramatic alteration was supported by the Portland Chamber of Commerce and the Ku Klux Klan; it allowed the centralization of political power in the hands of an appointed City Manager and a City Council dominated by business interests. Taking this campaign as its focus, the following study incorporates nativism, class conflict, and urban reform in Portland, Maine with a focus on the period of 1840-1923. It blends ethnic, political, and urban history to ...


Le Messager: A Franco-American Newspaper And Its Impact, Mitchel ("Mitch") John Roberge Jan 2017

Le Messager: A Franco-American Newspaper And Its Impact, Mitchel ("Mitch") John Roberge

Franco-American Centre Franco-Américain Undergraduate Scholarship

I grew up in Lewiston as a Franco-American on both sides of my family. My heritage has always been a fascination of mine. Anyone who studies Franco-Americans can’t help but notice that there is a striking sense of what it means to be a part of the big-C Community. Franco Americans are good Catholics, their work ethic is unmatched, families are generally on the large side, and they generally vote Democrat (this is changing a bit, but historically is the case). This social order is well known to those in the community. The idea that Francos have a strongly ...


Department Of History Symposium Series, Featuring Dr. Edward Baptist, University Of Maine Department Of History Oct 2015

Department Of History Symposium Series, Featuring Dr. Edward Baptist, University Of Maine Department Of History

Cultural Affairs Distinguished Lecture Series

As the only Ph.D.-granting department int he Humanities in the entire state, the History Department at the University of Maine plays a crucial role training humanists who staff cultural organizations throughout the state, including all other UMS campuses, and many faculty and staff positions at UMaine. The October 16 Lecture will bring an expert to campus to speak about the Morrill Land Grant act and how it transformed US values for the modern era.This lecture is a keystone in CLAS and UMHC programming for the Homecoming Weekend, and it will be followed by a CLAS alumni and ...


An Introduction To The Paul W. Bean Collection On Digital Commons, August 31, 2015, Edward Andrew Kobylarz Aug 2015

An Introduction To The Paul W. Bean Collection On Digital Commons, August 31, 2015, Edward Andrew Kobylarz

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

An Introduction to the Paul W. Bean Collection on Digital Commons, August 31, 2015. This is a short guide to the Paul W. Bean Collection here on Digital Commons. It is included as a reference for researchers to understand the methodology behind the creation of this collection and hopefully aid in the deepest and richest exploration of it.


The American Dream, Equal Opportunity, And Obtaining The Vote, Benjamin Wyman Feb 2015

The American Dream, Equal Opportunity, And Obtaining The Vote, Benjamin Wyman

The Cohen Journal

The United States was founded on the principles of inalienable and natural rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Out of those ideals arose the ideas of an American Creed and American Dream, which have provided aspirations for millions of Americans to pursue their dreams, and, with hard work, the chance to improve their situation in life. The fundamental values of the new American Creed became “liberty, equality, individualism, populism, laissez-faire, and the rule of law under a constitution” (Jillson 2004, 4) while the idea of an American Dream which was first instilled upon the citizens of the ...


Oral History, Working Class Culture, And Local, Pauleena M. Macdougall Jan 2013

Oral History, Working Class Culture, And Local, Pauleena M. Macdougall

Publications

Stories of factory closings from many industries throughout the latter part of the twentieth century are common and numerous studies have documented the economic impact of these unfortunate events. In this case study of Brewer, Maine, oral histories with former workers at the primary source of local employment, Eastern Corporation, illuminate the nature of management-worker interactions at the mill. Eastern’s former employee narratives reveal a surprisingly unified perspective regarding the closing of the mill that does not reflect the public narrative put forward by management and business leaders.


Maine Library History, Melora Norman Jan 2013

Maine Library History, Melora Norman

Maine Policy Review

From the earliest small private and university libraries of the 1700s to today’s high-speed Internet-connected institutions, the history of Maine’s libraries mirrors the development of the state and provides a sense of the concerns people had for access to information and education. Melora Norman describes the development of various kinds of libraries in Maine and the opportunities and challenges they have faced over time. She notes that the 20th century was a time of increasing professionalization and standardization in Maine’s libraries. During the late 1990s through the present, libraries have been changing dramatically as they shift from ...


“Friendship, Sweet Soother Of My Cares!”: Women, Religion, And Power In The Diary Of Sarah Connell Ayer, Shannon M. Risk Apr 2009

“Friendship, Sweet Soother Of My Cares!”: Women, Religion, And Power In The Diary Of Sarah Connell Ayer, Shannon M. Risk

Maine History

The diary of Sarah Connell Ayer (1791-1835) reveals the motivations of a woman caught up in the Second Great Awakening that spread across New England in the early nineteenth century. Ayer arrived in Portland in 1811 and immediately sought out a circle of female friends who espoused the same desires as did she. She joined with other church women in challenging the boundaries of Republican Motherhood ,and under the veil of the church, helped to minister in the greater Portland society.This female church culture helped women like Ayer get through the many pitfalls of womanhood in the early nineteenth ...


Comments On The Ship’S Log Kept By Captain Ephraim Jones Of A Voyage From Falmouth To Bermuda And The Turks Islands,1765, Charles P.M. Outwin Apr 2009

Comments On The Ship’S Log Kept By Captain Ephraim Jones Of A Voyage From Falmouth To Bermuda And The Turks Islands,1765, Charles P.M. Outwin

Maine History

Willis Collection, volume K, rear, Maine Historical Society Collections


Good Roads For Whom? Farmers, Urban Merchants, And Road Administration In Maine, 1901-1916, Richard W. Judd Jun 2008

Good Roads For Whom? Farmers, Urban Merchants, And Road Administration In Maine, 1901-1916, Richard W. Judd

Maine History

The arrival of the automobile challenged Maine to rethink a road system that dated back to colonial times. But as auto advocates soon discovered, this was an immensely controversial issue, bringing years of political turmoil as contending groups questioned matters of road location, financing, and administration at every juncture. As key players in this drama, farmers fought for a road system that linked them to local markets or rail depots; tourist advocates, on the other hand, envisioned a system of “trunk lines” — well-constructed thoroughfares that would carry travelers from one end of the state to the other. Isolation, parochial living ...


Research Note: Searching For Democracy In Colonial Southern Maine, William Robbins Jan 2007

Research Note: Searching For Democracy In Colonial Southern Maine, William Robbins

Maine History

The following article was originally written as a seminar paper for James Henderson’s colonial history class during Robbins’s brief tenure as a graduate student at the University of Maine. The methodology used in this research was quite innovative when it was written in 1966, as the so-called new social history had only just emerged. This era marked an exciting time in the social sciences, with new methods that allowed the historian to approach history “from the bottom up.” Using census records, land records, tax lists, suffrage lists, and an array of other data, historians were able to uncover ...


The Enigma Of The “Jumping Frenchmen Of Maine”, Stephen R. Whalen, Robert E. Bartholomew Jan 2007

The Enigma Of The “Jumping Frenchmen Of Maine”, Stephen R. Whalen, Robert E. Bartholomew

Maine History

The “Jumping Frenchmen of Maine” exhibited unusual reactions when startled, and they became a component of local folklore in northern New England during the late nineteenth century. Medical scientists of the time examined the condition, but came to no definite conclusions. Modern scientists in the late twentieth century also disagreed on its origins. The syndrome appears to have resulted from the unique social and environmental factors peculiar to the logging camps of the time. Stephen R. Whalen has a Ph.D. in history from the University of Maine. Retired from public school teaching, he is currently a member of the ...


"All For Health For All": The Local Dynamics Of Rural Public Health In Maine, 1885-1950, Martha Anne Eastman Jan 2006

"All For Health For All": The Local Dynamics Of Rural Public Health In Maine, 1885-1950, Martha Anne Eastman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Following new discoveries in bacteriology, public health developed slowly in rural Maine during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, initially in response to communicable diseases and poor sanitation. The legislature created the Maine State Board of Health in 1885 and in 1887 required towns to appoint boards of health. Local responses to public health problems and disease control methods led to both cooperation and resistance. By the 1920s governmental and non-governmental health programs involved the participation of farmers, housewives, school children, women's club members, summer residents, business leaders and health professionals. Voluntary health organizations, such as the Maine ...


Class And Gender Roles In The Company Towns Of Millinocket And East Millinocket, Maine, And Benham And Lynch, Kentucky, 1901-2004: A Comparative History, Betty Duff Jan 2004

Class And Gender Roles In The Company Towns Of Millinocket And East Millinocket, Maine, And Benham And Lynch, Kentucky, 1901-2004: A Comparative History, Betty Duff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Company towns were products of nineteenth and early twentieth century attempts to attract and control the labor force needed for industrial production outside of urban areas. A comparison of the paper mill towns of Millinocket and East Millinocket. Maine, with the coal mining towns of Benham and Lynch, Kentucky, explores different management philosophies and methods of labor control employed in towns constructed by corporations in the early twentieth century. Great Northern Paper built Millinocket and East Millinocket; United States Coal and Coke, a subsidiary of United States Steel built Lynch, and Wisconsin Steel, a subsidiary of International Harvester, built Benham ...


Local 21'S Quest For A Moral Economy: Peabody, Massachusetts And Its Leather Workers, 1933-1973, Lynne Nelson Manion Jan 2003

Local 21'S Quest For A Moral Economy: Peabody, Massachusetts And Its Leather Workers, 1933-1973, Lynne Nelson Manion

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The industrial working class began the middle decades of the twentieth century with unlimited hope and possibility but ended them fraught with disillusionment and dismay. This marked a disjointed experience as optimism for the future gave way to disenchantment. With the ratification of the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933 and the National Labor Relations Act in 1935, hundreds of thousands of workers across the United States became union members. The euphoria that this initial burst of unionization created, however, could not be sustained throughout the post-World War II years. The Cold War, McCarthyism and later the onset of de-industrialization ...


The Rogues Of 'Quoddy: Smuggling In The Maine New Brunswick Borderlands 1783-1820, Joshua M. Smith Jan 2003

The Rogues Of 'Quoddy: Smuggling In The Maine New Brunswick Borderlands 1783-1820, Joshua M. Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Smuggling has been an important problem in American-Canadian relations. Yet the nature of smuggling is little understood; it is by definition an elusive, secretive, and subtle practice. This dissertation explores smuggling as a social force within a border community on the United States-Canada boundary. Smuggling almost always involved the illicit crossing of political boundaries, and as such can be used as a means of studying popular attitudes toward the creation of national borders. Moreover, because smuggling is directly related to the transition to modem capitalism, this study sheds light on the roots of both American and Canadian economic development. The ...


In The Wings Without A Cue: How Industrialization Upstaged America's Actors And How They Can Re-Take Center Stage, Jay H. Skriletz Jan 2003

In The Wings Without A Cue: How Industrialization Upstaged America's Actors And How They Can Re-Take Center Stage, Jay H. Skriletz

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The social, political, and economic forces of industrialization have transformed the actors' art, especially the relationship between the performer and the audience. When the consolidation of theatre ownership superceded the centuries old tradition of actormanagement, the transmutation of actors into commodities commenced. With the ascendancy of film as the dominant mode of theatrical production this transformation has accelerated until the creative interaction of living performers and audience is not merely an anomalous curiosity: it is nearly extinct. Industrialization has reduced the status of actors and their influence upon the workplace. Employment equilibrium has been distorted by the "star system" of ...


Creative Book Arts Preserving Family History, Sarah Owen Tabor Aug 2002

Creative Book Arts Preserving Family History, Sarah Owen Tabor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For the project I have developed a series of four artist's books from material I have collected pertaining to my family history. Over the last four years I have collected written narratives, photographs, tape-recorded interviews, genealogies, letters, electronic communications, and other documents. The first book in the series is an accordion-style book contrasting a trip my Great Grandmother took to Yellowstone National Park by covered wagon from Oklahoma Territory in 1903 with my trip from Maine to the same park in 1978. Though technology had changed the mode of transportation, and the intervening years had seen changes in many ...


"The Little City In Itself": Middle-Class Aspirations In Bangor, Maine, 1880-1920, Sara K. Martin Jan 2001

"The Little City In Itself": Middle-Class Aspirations In Bangor, Maine, 1880-1920, Sara K. Martin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the inception and growth of "the Little City in Itself," a residential neighborhood in Bangor, Maine, as a case study of middle-class suburbanization and domestic life in small cities around the turn of the twentieth century. The development of Little City is the story of builders' and residents' efforts to shape a middle-class neighborhood in a small American city, a place distinct from the crowded downtown neighborhoods of immigrants and the elegant mansions of the wealthy. The purpose of this study is to explore builders' response to the aspirations of the neighborhood's residents for home and ...


Fishing The Borderlands: Government Policy And Fishermen On The North Atlantic, Brian J. Payne Jan 2001

Fishing The Borderlands: Government Policy And Fishermen On The North Atlantic, Brian J. Payne

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The North Atlantic's nineteenth-century fishing industry covered a vast geographic and socioeconomic unit. It extended from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Atlantic Ocean, around the Grand Banks off Newfoundland, and south to the George's Banks off the coast of Massachusetts. Those who participated in the industry, both merchants and workers, operated within a global economy. Markets for fish products were not always domestic; in fact the majority of fish caught was shipped to foreign markets in the Mediterranean and the West Indies. The capital that was invested in the industry came from London, Halifax, Boston, and ...


Selling America: The Boy Scouts Of America In The Progressive Era, 1910-1921, John Phillips Jan 2001

Selling America: The Boy Scouts Of America In The Progressive Era, 1910-1921, John Phillips

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Created in 1910 during the Progressive Era the Boy Scouts of America was a civic reform, middle-class, professional organization intent on building the characters of America's juvenile boys, believing that America's transformation from a rural and small town culture to an ban society had removed some of the traditional character building opportunities from the boy's normal daily routine. The BSA was mass-oriented and commercial in nature, utilizing a sophisticated advertising program through which it sold itself as the nation's premiere patriotic character building organization and communicated a nationalistic political mythology. The BSA's emphasis on advertising ...


Thompson Document 05: Henrietta Thompson's Notes On Interviewing Jack Belden, Henrietta Thompson Jan 1972

Thompson Document 05: Henrietta Thompson's Notes On Interviewing Jack Belden, Henrietta Thompson

Henrietta Thompson Papers

Undated notes, written by Henrietta Thompson sometime after she interviewed Jack Belden in October 1972. Her attempts to put down the “essence” of Belden, and the prompt she assigns herself: “What do I know about Jack Belden now?” suggest that these notes were written not long after the interview, or at least were written in an effort to preserve her memories of the interview.


Thompson Document 06: Henrietta Thompson's Summary Of Jack Belden's Activities Before The Walkout, Henrietta Thompson Jan 1972

Thompson Document 06: Henrietta Thompson's Summary Of Jack Belden's Activities Before The Walkout, Henrietta Thompson

Henrietta Thompson Papers

Henrietta Thompson’s attempt to narrate a version of Jack Belden’s account in the third person. Her several thoughtful accounts of her interview with Belden seem to suggest the great importance Thompson attached to her meeting with the writer.


1910 First Maine Cavalry Reunion Post Card, J. P. Cilley Aug 1910

1910 First Maine Cavalry Reunion Post Card, J. P. Cilley

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

Post-Card from Corresponding Secretary J.P. Cilley to Almore, Haskell, August 10, 1910. The bulk of the postcard explains the planned events for the reunion including lunch and dinner, automobile rides and other festivities. There is also a request for the names of veterans who died for the purpose of commemoration.

Taken from the Paul W. Bean Collection, Box no. 279, f.59


Medal Of Honor Legion Fourteenth Annual Convention Booklet, Unknown Sep 1904

Medal Of Honor Legion Fourteenth Annual Convention Booklet, Unknown

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

This booklet produced as a guide for those attending the 1904 annual banquet and convention for the Medal of Honor Legion is a rich source filled with information about living and deceased members of the society and the events of the weekend.

Taken from the Paul W. Bean Collection, Box no. 278, f.49


Letter From Hiram S. Davis And Hannah Davis To Lieutenant J. L. Ham, April 16, 1880, Hiram S. Davis, Hannah Davis Apr 1880

Letter From Hiram S. Davis And Hannah Davis To Lieutenant J. L. Ham, April 16, 1880, Hiram S. Davis, Hannah Davis

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

Letter from Hiram S. and Hannah Davis to Lieutenant J.L. Ham, April 16, 1880. These are two separate letters that were mailed together. Both Hiram and Hannah inquired of Ham if he knew William Davis, Hiram's brother and Hannah's son who was in the same prison camp at Salisbury, North Carolina around the same time and died in January of 1865. They provide unique commentary on Northern reactions to the Confederate treatment of Union prisoners and the bitter attitude still held nearly fifteen years after the war.

Taken from the Paul W. Bean Collection, Box no. 279 ...


Letter From Delphina E. Mendenhall To John L. Ham, February 1, 1879, Delphina E. Mendenhall Feb 1879

Letter From Delphina E. Mendenhall To John L. Ham, February 1, 1879, Delphina E. Mendenhall

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

Letter from Delphina E. Mendenhall to John L. Ham, February 1, 1879. Delphina wrote to John Ham as an attempt to rekindle an old friendship made during the bitterest months of the war when he was released with a few other prisoners from the Salisbury, North Carolina prison camp around the time General Sherman made his march through there.Due to the state of affairs both before and during the war she and her husband were one of the few slave owners that attempted to emancipate their slaves before the war, and she mentioned that of those former slaves several ...


Mcclellan's Military Career Reviewed And Exposed, Union Congressional Committee Jan 1864

Mcclellan's Military Career Reviewed And Exposed, Union Congressional Committee

Paul W. Bean Civil War Papers

McClellan's Military Career Reviewed and Exposed: The Military Policy of the Administration Set Forth and Vindicated (1864).

This pamphlet is a thirty two page exposé regarding former Union General George B. McClellan's military record and stances during the war used as an attempt to discredit him in his bid for the U.S. Presidency in 1864.

Printed by Lemuel Towers

Taken from the Paul W. Bean Collection, Box no. 278, f.42