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Articles 1 - 30 of 92

Full-Text Articles in Social History

Cutting Out Worry: Popularizing Psychosurgery In America, Antonietta Louise Iannaccone Dec 2014

Cutting Out Worry: Popularizing Psychosurgery In America, Antonietta Louise Iannaccone

Antonietta Louise Iannaccone

Contemporary Americans think of the lobotomy as an utterly primitive and brutal form of psychosurgery. The film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, especially, popularized the image of it as a violent form of suppression and mind control. But when it was first introduced, the procedure was considered compassionate, effective, and so delicate it was compared to “cutting through butter.” The therapeutic effect was described as “cutting out worry.” Between 1936 and 1978 it is estimated that 40,000 psychiatric patients received lobotomies in the United States; the procedure was not only tolerated, it was popular. How did it ...


Monkee Business: The Musical And Commercial Revolution Of The 1960s, Andrew T. Murphree Jan 2014

Monkee Business: The Musical And Commercial Revolution Of The 1960s, Andrew T. Murphree

Andrew T Murphree

Very few bands in the history of American popular music possess a more captivating story of rapid ascension to commercial acclaim than that of The Monkees, an American rock band that was brought together in 1966 by executives at Screen Gems, a division of Columbia Pictures. Originally conceived for the purpose of a television show that followed the everyday life of four young musicians aspiring to become the next Beatles, their artificial construction as a band represented their primary purpose as a commercial venture as opposed to a traditional artistic endeavor. While The Monkees rose to success as a merchandising ...


Globalization's Shift In Accountability: Textile Suppliers And Merchants In 18th And 21st Century Bangladesh, Margaret Jennings May 2013

Globalization's Shift In Accountability: Textile Suppliers And Merchants In 18th And 21st Century Bangladesh, Margaret Jennings

jenningsmargaret@icloud.com

The British East India Company in the 18th century and Wal-Mart in the 21st century share synonymous business practices: the exchange between a less developed nation's unlimited labor force and a developed country's insatiable appetite for cheap garments. By contrasting two events of corruption charges, the Warren Hastings' Trial of the Century and the Tazreen Factory Fire of 2012 illustrate how the accountability of the exchange between the merchant and the suppliers has shifted.


The Great War Heritage: A "Heritage Of One's Own"?, Anne Hertzog Jan 2013

The Great War Heritage: A "Heritage Of One's Own"?, Anne Hertzog

Janie Tremblay

2009. As part of the European cross-border program Inter- reg IV, a research program supported by the Nord department council has been launched by researchers from the University of Lille 3. The aim is to collect the remembrance items and witness accounts from collectors of objects from the two world wars that took place in France so as to be able to conserve and display them.


World War One Centenary 1914-1918, P. Chandler Jan 2013

World War One Centenary 1914-1918, P. Chandler

Janie Tremblay

As the Centenary of World War One approaches it provides many opportunities for cross-curricular working. Listed here are a number of useful sites which offer ideas around what could be planned in school or sites which help with research for preparation for trips or about former pupils. This article reviews the websites of: 1) Imperial War Museum (www.iwm.org.uk), 2) First World War Centenary 1914-1918 (http://www.1914.org), 3) Europeana 1914-1918 (http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/en) , 4) Commonwealth War Graves Commission (http://www.cwgc.org), and 5) Oxford University WWI Literature Site (http://www.oucs.ox.ac ...


Landscapes Of Freedom And Inequality: Environmental Histories Of The Pacific And Caribbean Coasts Of Colombia, Shawn Van Ausdal Jan 2013

Landscapes Of Freedom And Inequality: Environmental Histories Of The Pacific And Caribbean Coasts Of Colombia, Shawn Van Ausdal

Shawn Van Ausdal

In this comparative environmental history, we examine the divergent trajectories of Colombia’s coastal forests since the mid-19th century. In the Pacific lowlands, natural resource extraction by a black peasantry altered the forested landscape but did not transform it completely. Left by the white, merchant elite in charge of the extractive process, this post-emancipation society maintained their territorial independence and avoided significant internal differentiation. Racial divisions, however, signaled the continuation of disparities that had their origin in slavery and colonialism. In the Caribbean, by contrast, the expansion of cattle ranching better integrated the region into the nation, but at the ...


Cloud Based Storage: A Brief Look At Dropbox, James Gross Jan 2013

Cloud Based Storage: A Brief Look At Dropbox, James Gross

James Gross

Brief review of dropbox, a cloud based service for digital file storage.


Book Review: Mormon Convert, Mormon Defector: A Scottish Immigrant In The American West, 1848—1861, David M. Morris Sep 2012

Book Review: Mormon Convert, Mormon Defector: A Scottish Immigrant In The American West, 1848—1861, David M. Morris

David M Morris

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Mass Consumption On American Society, Jon Foster May 2012

The Effects Of Mass Consumption On American Society, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

For a generation that doesn’t relate to the ‘eighties’, fondly remembers the ‘nineties’, and came of age in the two thousands, we often think of the sixties with a bit of nostalgia; reminiscing about Woodstock, and hippies, the nuclear family or maybe the Beatles. Unfortunately, much of this understanding is isolated within a bubble; wherein the sincere socioeconomic issues of the time, often become detached from their idealistic counterpart. To clarify, the causal relations that gave rise to what my generation remembers and typifies as the ‘sixties’, becomes distorted within the context of the rapidly changing times.


Analysis: Williams V Scott, Jon Foster Apr 2012

Analysis: Williams V Scott, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

In the case of Williams v Scott, the Court has been asked to determine the constitutionality of Senate Bill 2100 in relation to the rights of public sector employees to collectively bargain.


El Conflicto En Xinjiang, Alberto Sánchez Estrada Jan 2012

El Conflicto En Xinjiang, Alberto Sánchez Estrada

Alberto Sánchez Estrada

ANÁLISIS DEL CONFLICTO DE LA PROVINCIA MUSULMANA XINJIANG DEL EXTREMO OESTE DE CHINA, CONTRA LA POLÍTICA COMUNISTA.


Europeana 1914-1918 Collection Days, Mikkel Christoffersen Jan 2012

Europeana 1914-1918 Collection Days, Mikkel Christoffersen

Janie Tremblay

To commemorate the centenary of World War I, Europeana has initiated a couple of projects under the header of Europeana 1914-1918. One of these is Collection Days. Modelled on the British antique road shows, at a Collection Day, people turn up with their 1914-1918 memorabilia and have them digitized and catalogued on the spot. They also get to tell their family story, which is the main thing. In this project, the object supports the story rather than vice-versa. In the spring of 2012, a Collection Day was held at Sonderborg Castle in Denmark. It is a democratisation of Denmark's ...


New Collection Gathers World War I Artifacts, John Charlton Jan 2012

New Collection Gathers World War I Artifacts, John Charlton

Janie Tremblay

It is no surprise that Europeana, Europe's online cultural archive, will be commemorating the start of World War I in 1914. With the help of eight national and major libraries across Europe, Europeana is ammassing digitized versions of relevant materials that illustrate the impact of the war into the Europeana Collections 1914-1918, which will be officially launched in 2014. More than 400,000 items will be digitized and offered online as part of this initiative, while personal material submitted from the public will be digitized and added to another Europeana online archive called Europeana 1914-1918. In other news, the ...


Table Of Contents, Mary T. Lyons-Barrett, Phd Jan 2012

Table Of Contents, Mary T. Lyons-Barrett, Phd

Mary T Lyons-Barrett, PhD

No abstract provided.


Museo De Aguas De Alicante El Agua En El Origen De Alicante Una Visión Histórico-Arqueológica Desde La Prehistoria Hasta La Época Moderna, Pablo Rosser Jan 2012

Museo De Aguas De Alicante El Agua En El Origen De Alicante Una Visión Histórico-Arqueológica Desde La Prehistoria Hasta La Época Moderna, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

A partir de restos arqueológicos, de documentación de archivo y de cartografía histórica, se hace una evolución sobre cómo el agua y su uso permitió el asentamiento de población en Alicante desde el neolítico hasta época contemporánea.


The Israeli Welfare State, Jon Foster Dec 2011

The Israeli Welfare State, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

An analysis of the modern welfare state that exists within Israel. Identifying where the Israeli model falls in relation to the European and American model; differences, similarities, and unique aspects of the Israeli system in comparative perspective.


Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster Dec 2011

Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

Over the past few years, the term “PIIGS” has become synonymous with economic concerns and fears of collapse. The acronym, which currently refers to the European countries of Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain: was originally just ‘PIGS’ , used to group the similar economies of Southern Europe when considering them for acceptance into the European Monetary Union. Nevertheless, as a result of the global financial crisis, this term soon came to identify economically weak and overly indebted nations. However, unlike Italy, Greece, and Portugal, who had before the crisis demonstrated relatively slow growth, modest unemployment, and a propensity to run ...


Labor Unions And Climate Change, Jon Foster Dec 2011

Labor Unions And Climate Change, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

The challenge of climate change and the need for a shift to more ecologically sustainable methods of production and innovation can dramatically redefine the strategy and objectives of the labor movement as a whole. Furthermore, within the specific sectors of: Agriculture, Construction, Utilities, and Automobiles, the reality of a changing environment, and social views, has already begun redefining what the future of these industries will mean in relation to labor unions.


Confounding Identity: Exploring The Life And Discourse Of Lucy E. Parsons, Michelle Diane Wright Jun 2011

Confounding Identity: Exploring The Life And Discourse Of Lucy E. Parsons, Michelle Diane Wright

Michelle Diane Wright

Despite the vast research conducted on radical activist history of late nineteenth century Chicago, there is very little that examines political and social ideologies that diverged from the westernized male archetype of the era. Furthermore, the contrived disciplinary divide that separates scholarly study into artificial and static compartments such as labor history, anarchist history, women’s studies or others, oversimplifies the contributions of individuals that straddle all categories of endeavor. Lucy Parsons, a woman of color, was born in Waco, Texas in 1853 but moved to Chicago in 1873 and became a pivotal figure in the labor and anarchist movements ...


Tactics, Politics, And Propaganda In The Irish War Of Independence, 1917-1921, Mike Rast May 2011

Tactics, Politics, And Propaganda In The Irish War Of Independence, 1917-1921, Mike Rast

M. C. Rast

This thesis examines the influences on and evolution of the Irish Republican Army’s guerrilla war strategy between 1917 and 1921. Utilizing newspapers, government documents, and memoirs of participants, this study highlights the role of propaganda and political concerns in waging an insurgency. It argues that while tactical innovation took place in the field, IRA General Headquarters imposed policy and directed the conflict with a concern for the political results of military action. While implementing strategies necessary to effective conduct of the war, this Headquarters staff was unable to reconcile a disjointed and overburdened command structure, leading its disintegration after ...


“The World Must Know What Happened, And Never Forget,” Dwight David Eisenhower, Control Of Masturbation, Missiles, Weapons, And The Holocaust-How Control Of Difference In One Region Can Affect The Whole World, James T. Struck Jan 2011

“The World Must Know What Happened, And Never Forget,” Dwight David Eisenhower, Control Of Masturbation, Missiles, Weapons, And The Holocaust-How Control Of Difference In One Region Can Affect The Whole World, James T. Struck

James T Struck

The world must know what happened here and never forget was Eisenhower's gift to us on seeing the Nazi death camps. Such a policy of telling the world about something can be wonderful to let us understand the world better and horrible in bringing more parties into an action without need. Still, National Socialists stated that they imitated US disability and prison experimentation in Illinois. Telling the whole world about the Holocaust includes telling the whole world about US disability discrimination. Control of masturbation led to sterilization policies throughout the US and expanded into control of difference within National ...


Recreational Spending, Taste, And Milieu Of The Elite In London, C. 1700-1820, Benjamin Heller Jan 2011

Recreational Spending, Taste, And Milieu Of The Elite In London, C. 1700-1820, Benjamin Heller

Benjamin Heller

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 B, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 B, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 C, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 C, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 E, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 E, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 D, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 D, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


San Roque Y Laderas Del Benacantil, Como Origen De La Población Urbana De Alicante., Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

San Roque Y Laderas Del Benacantil, Como Origen De La Población Urbana De Alicante., Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

Tres artículos firmados por Pablo Rosser, J.A. Barrios y J. M. Galán sobre distintos aspectos de la historia de Alicante, y más concretamente del barrio de San Roque en el Casco Antiguo de Alicante. Destaca de nuestro artículo el hallazgo arqueológico reciente de un posible Oratorio tardoantiguo de tipo rupestre.


Politics And Conflicts In Ebiraland, Nigeria: The Need For A Centralised Leadership Since 1917, Mohammed S. Audu (Phd) Sep 2010

Politics And Conflicts In Ebiraland, Nigeria: The Need For A Centralised Leadership Since 1917, Mohammed S. Audu (Phd)

Mohammed S Audu (PhD)

The Term Ebira is synonymous with behaviour and character. It may either be good or bad. The Latent and manifest meaning of Ebira is good behavior, according to Yaqub (1999), the Ebira person was known to be hospitable, loving, caring, responsible, lawful, resourceful etc. The decay in the people’s social, political behaviour in recent time has put them at a crossroad, thus, demeaning its name Ebira (good character). The legacies of ideal virtues bequeathed to the people by their forefathers have been eroded by lack of dedication, commitment and centralized command structure which is the crux of the paper.


Decentralizing Culture: The Effect Of Digital Networks On Copyright And Music Distribution, Benjamin Gibert Aug 2010

Decentralizing Culture: The Effect Of Digital Networks On Copyright And Music Distribution, Benjamin Gibert

Benjamin Gibert

The advance of technology profoundly impacts how people interact with culture as the proliferation of digital networks transforms the effects of copyright in modern societies. This paper argues that the oligopolistic conditions of content markets and the legal discourse of intellectual property law have historically enabled copyright holders to promote a limited conception of art and obscure the complexities of copyright theory. While conceptual ambiguity is inevitable in the construction of aesthetic legal categories, current practices impose too many restrictions. The practical choices made concerning copyright in cyberspace will determine the evolution of culture in increasingly networked societies. The music ...


Barricading The Digital Frontier: Copyright, Technology And The War On Music Piracy, Benjamin Gibert Aug 2010

Barricading The Digital Frontier: Copyright, Technology And The War On Music Piracy, Benjamin Gibert

Benjamin Gibert

The Internet is changing the way vast numbers of people experience culture today. Providing tools to interact with, manipulate and freely redistribute content, technology is dissolving conventional divisions between creators and consumers of cultural artefacts. As new technological and legislative mechanisms are deployed to stop digital piracy, there is a need to reflect on the meaning of copyright, piracy and culture in the context of digital technologies. This paper discusses the relationship between copyright and cultural participation. It refers to the music industry in order to depict the changing patterns of consumption behavior precipitated by the rise of digital networks ...