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Articles 1 - 30 of 499

Full-Text Articles in Social History

Rotuli Parisienses: Supplications To The Pope From The University Of Paris, Volume 3: 1387-1394, 2 Vols. Edited By William J. Courtenay And Eric D. Goddard, Alex J. Novikoff Sep 2019

Rotuli Parisienses: Supplications To The Pope From The University Of Paris, Volume 3: 1387-1394, 2 Vols. Edited By William J. Courtenay And Eric D. Goddard, Alex J. Novikoff

Alex Novikoff

No abstract provided.


Protecting All Animals: A Fifty-Year History Of The Humane Society Of The United States, Bernard Unti Sep 2019

Protecting All Animals: A Fifty-Year History Of The Humane Society Of The United States, Bernard Unti

Bernard Unti, PhD

In 1954, when The Humane Society of the United States was founded by a small handful of dedicated visionaries, the modern concept of "animal welfare" barely existed. Fifty years later, The HSUS is the nation's largest animal protection organization, with a constituency of more than 8 million people, and a leader in the parallel rise of the modern animal welfare movement. Protecting All Animals: A Fifty-Year History of The Humane Society of the United States is more than a chronicle of one organization; it is the saga of the journey toward a truly humane society.


On The Margins, Rowan Cahill Aug 2019

On The Margins, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

An overview of the work of Australian activist/historian Iain McIntyre, and a review of his anthology On the Fly! Hobo Literature and Songs, 1879-1941 (PM Press, 2018)


Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr. May 2019

Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

No abstract provided.


No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome Apr 2019

No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome

Dermot M Groome

The conduct and quality of investigations pursued by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have come under increasing scrutiny and criticism from judges on the Court. Criticism is directed at the time and length of investigations; the quality of the evidence advanced in court; the inappropriate delegation of investigative functions, and the failure to interview witnesses in a way that is consistent with the Prosecution’s obligation to conduct investigations fairly under Article 54 of the Rome Statute. This essay explores these criticisms and concludes that the judges are justified in their concerns regarding the Prosecution ...


Review Of Port Kembla: A Memoir (2019) - A Local History That Captures The Diversity Of Australia, Rowan Cahill Apr 2019

Review Of Port Kembla: A Memoir (2019) - A Local History That Captures The Diversity Of Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of the book by Pam Menzies, 'Port Kembla: A Memoir', an account of the history of the industrial town of Port Kembla on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. In the process of reviewing the book, Cahill ruminates on the nature of 'local history' as a cultural industry in Australia, and as a democratic activity. 


Translating Scholarship Into Policy, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Amy C. Gaudion Jan 2019

Translating Scholarship Into Policy, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Amy C. Gaudion

Amy C. Gaudion

There is an ever widening gap between conflict resolution policy makers and scholars—a tragedy given practitioners’ dire need for new ideas to help resolve deadly conflicts and the growing knowledge researchers have to share. Research tends to swing like a pendulum between analytic and rigorous methods and accessible and relevant approaches. We reject this tradeoff. We believe that research can be simultaneously rigorous and relevant, and analytic and accessible. Given the devastating loss of life associated with armed conflict, the need for translating research results into policy prescriptions is especially strong in peacemaking. The goal of this issue of ...


Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 9: The South Asian Connection, Charles H. Smith, Sahotra Sarkar, Nirmali Wijegoonawardana Dec 2018

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 9: The South Asian Connection, Charles H. Smith, Sahotra Sarkar, Nirmali Wijegoonawardana

Charles H. Smith

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823−1913) is best known for his natural history explorations and theoretical biology, but he was also a potent social critic on subjects ranging from land tenure and colonial policy to antivaccinationism and poverty. Here, one of his emphases in the latter domain is spotlighted: his interest in South Asian affairs. This extended to a variety of subjects in the areas of politics, economics, health, literature, sociology, etc., and to a degree that may have had some influence on the development of thought of some major South Asian figures, including Mahatma Gandhi and Ananda K. Coomaraswamy.  


Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Contemporaries of Oliver Otis Howard and historians alike have disagreed on the degree of his success as a Civil War general and as commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau.  Some describe his performance as inept and others as skillful.  Some laud his Christian example while others believe that he allowed his religious and political beliefs to diminish his efforts.  Whatever one’s perspective, evidence indicates that Howard’s political and religious beliefs influenced his actions as Civil War general and as Freedmen’s Bureau commissioner, and—although he experienced some failure in both arenas—his leadership is exemplified by what ...


World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

A cost rarely considered in the study of war is its impact on education.  Government budgets shift funding from schools to armies.  Parents and teachers go off to war or modify their own activities to support the cause.  Older students prepare to fight while younger ones are evacuated or kept safe at home.  Educational experiences are certainly different for students in war-torn countries than for those in countries far from battle.  Nevertheless, war impacts education in a number of ways, and there are many examples of how World War II certainly did this.       


History Of American Indian Education: A Journey Toward Autonomy And Reciprocity, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

History Of American Indian Education: A Journey Toward Autonomy And Reciprocity, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

As the 500th anniversary approached of Christopher Columbus’s arrival to the New World, hundreds of Native Americans, representing 120 Indian nations, gathered in Quito, Ecuador, to write a joint declaration entitled “500 Years of Indian Resistance.”  Reflecting on their struggles and identity as a people, they rejected the planned celebrations for 1992.  They reaffirmed their commitment to self-determination, demanded respect for their culture, and defended their ability to educate autonomously. Since the arrival of Europeans in the New World, Native Americans have indeed struggled to educate future generations autonomously.  At times, indigenous peoples have willingly embraced the ways of ...


The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill Oct 2018

The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of The Far Left in Australia Since 1945, edited by Jon Piccini, Evan Smith and Matthew Worley (Routledge, 2019).


Prophetic Rhetoric And Natural Rights - Mlk Mountaintop.Pptx, Jon P. Radwan Oct 2018

Prophetic Rhetoric And Natural Rights - Mlk Mountaintop.Pptx, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


The Significance Of John S. Mbiti's Works In The Study Of Pan-African Literature, Babacar Mbaye Sep 2018

The Significance Of John S. Mbiti's Works In The Study Of Pan-African Literature, Babacar Mbaye

Babacar Mbaye

No abstract provided.


Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray Aug 2018

Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray

Audrey Gray

How is a cultural identity created, defined, and used?  In this study, I have traced Bethnal Green’s cultural identity in the period between 1550 and1945.  It was a cultural identity defined by poverty, but also by hope; residents were poor but scrappy, able to make do with the worst of circumstances.  That cultural identity defined the area to outsiders; it was also embraced by the residents.   Following the area’s path from an idyllic and genteel area to an overcrowded slum, I have traced the experience of poverty, and the development and impact of poverty relief, from the perspective ...


Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray Aug 2018

Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray

Audrey Gray

How is a cultural identity created, defined, and used?  In this study, I have traced Bethnal Green’s cultural identity in the period between 1550 and1945.  It was a cultural identity defined by poverty, but also by hope; residents were poor but scrappy, able to make do with the worst of circumstances.  That cultural identity defined the area to outsiders; it was also embraced by the residents.   Following the area’s path from an idyllic and genteel area to an overcrowded slum, I have traced the experience of poverty, and the development and impact of poverty relief, from the perspective ...


New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway Jun 2018

New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway

Steven W Holloway

No abstract provided.


Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet Apr 2018

Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

No abstract provided.


Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer Jan 2018

Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer

Barry Mauer

On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen killed 49 people and injured 53 at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. We may never know or understand what was in Mateen’s mind, but we can situate his attack within the history of eliminationism in America. Islamist terrorism is just part of a larger phenomenon: right wing eliminationism. But despite centuries of right wing eliminationist words and deeds in the U.S., there is little or no mainstream recognition of the phenomenon. Instead, we are treated to more denial, more distraction, more obfuscation. Until we look this problem squarely in the face ...


Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp Dec 2017

Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Bicycle Messenger Boys And The Evolution Of American Labor Laws, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2017

Bicycle Messenger Boys And The Evolution Of American Labor Laws, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

This article examines how bicycle messenger boys found themselves entwined in evolving American labor laws from 1890-1940. Anti-child labor organizations such as the National Child Labor Committee used exposés of the working conditions of messenger boys to help force passage of the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act. Beyond child labor laws, bicycle messenger boys also shaped workplace liability and worker’s compensation laws. Companies who employed bicycle messengers who were injured or killed on the job usually claimed the boys owned their own bicycles and worked as independent contractors rather than employees therefore absolving themselves of liability.


Jonathan Edwards: Educational Philosophy And Practice, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Jonathan Edwards: Educational Philosophy And Practice, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Most narratives on Jonathan Edwards describe his life experiences, family, education, conversion, ministry, and missions work with the Indians.  They identify him as an intellectual, theologian, and scientist.  Some accounts note his significance as an apologist, especially as he argued against Enlightenment thought, deism, and Unitarianism.  Primarily, he is presented as the famed Great Awakening preacher.  There is yet, however, another prominent role Edwards has played, and that is in the field of educational philosophy.  Though usually granted only token attention in typical foundations of education textbooks, Edwards’ theory of knowledge and of learning is deserving of much deeper study ...


Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

In his comprehensive study of colonial Bermuda Jarvis places Bermuda in "the eye of trade," i.e., the center of the Anglo-American Atlantic. He proceeds to use this new perspective to explore six key characteristics of Bermudian life: its transition from a tobacco society to a maritime society; the island’s unique system of slavery; the emphasis placed on kinship connections and communal activities; Bermudian exploitation of the Atlantic’s natural resources; the effect of Bermuda’s maritime economy on its residents; and the impact of the American Revolution on Bermudian society. With their maritime skills, unique slave system and ...


Charles R. Foy Review Of Simon Middleton And Billy G. Smith, “Class Matters: Early North America And The Atlantic World,” Journal Of The Early Republic 27:2 (Summer 2009): 168-171., Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

Charles R. Foy Review Of Simon Middleton And Billy G. Smith, “Class Matters: Early North America And The Atlantic World,” Journal Of The Early Republic 27:2 (Summer 2009): 168-171., Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

Class Matters is the culmination of an ongoing effort by Smith and Middleton to make class, often disparaged during the past two decades as of little use, once again a relevant category of historical analysis. The editors seek to encourage scores of different approaches, recognizing that the variety of early modern contexts makes a unified approach inapt. Applying a multitude of approaches, each of the collection’s authors agrees that socioeconomic inequality remains critical to understanding the lives of all those who lived in the Atlantic world during the transition from the early modern to the modern era. The essays ...


“Many Middle Passages: Forced Migration And The Making Of The Modern World”, Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

“Many Middle Passages: Forced Migration And The Making Of The Modern World”, Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

This anthology of essay provides a persuasive basis for widening our geographic Emma Christopher et. al. (eds.), “Many Middle Passages: Forced Migration and the Making of the Modern World,” Journal of the Early Republic 28:3 (Fall 2008): 474-477. lens when considering coerced voyages across the Atlantic. It offers as a useful framing tool to consider the social and cultural transformations of a variety of people coercively transported that middle passages were ‘‘the structuring link between expropriation in one geographic setting and exploitation in another.” Additionally, the editors consider a variety of ‘‘prisons’’ central to these middle passages, and claim ...


Jane Wilson Mcwilliams, “Annapolis, A City On The Severn: A History” In Maryland Historical Magazine, 107, No. 2 (Summer 2012), 234-35., Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

Jane Wilson Mcwilliams, “Annapolis, A City On The Severn: A History” In Maryland Historical Magazine, 107, No. 2 (Summer 2012), 234-35., Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

McWilliams frames Annapolis’ history as one in which disparate newcomers, including white retirees and striving Hispanic immigrants, have been drawn to the port by its “location, its culture, or its economic possibilities.” A strength of the book is its inclusion of short essays by other historians. Where the book is lacking is in not connecting Annapolis’ history to larger national and global issues.


Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill Sep 2017

Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review article based on the author's reading of the autobiographical novel by Stephen Moline, Red (Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2017). The novel is discussed in the context of the historiography of the Communist Party of Australia.


End Of Paragraph, Rowan Cahill Aug 2017

End Of Paragraph, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

A tribute to the life and work of US journalist, author, soldier, script writer, leftist activist, Clancy Sigal (1926-2017), with particular reference to his novel/memoir Going Away (1962).


Barren County, Nancy Richey Jun 2017

Barren County, Nancy Richey

Nancy Richey

Barren County, located in the heart of south central Kentucky, was formed in 1799 and is the commonwealth’s 13th largest county. Pioneers found the land without the usual, extensive wooded areas and so it looked barren to them in comparison. The area is anything but “barren,” as its land and population have been productive in agriculture, commerce, education, medicine, and the military. Voted in 2007 by Progressive Farmer magazine as the “Best Place to Live in Rural America,” the county has also produced one of the South’s first African American mayors, two governors, renowned musicians, a Pulitzer Prize ...


Homes Across The Border: Russian Summer Houses In The Karelian Isthmus And The Finnish State, 1917–1927, Kitty Lam Mar 2017

Homes Across The Border: Russian Summer Houses In The Karelian Isthmus And The Finnish State, 1917–1927, Kitty Lam

Kitty Lam

At the end of the 19th century, numerous St. Petersburg residents established their summer homes in the Karelian Isthmus, a picturesque region in the Grand Duchy of Finland, an autonomous province of the Russian Empire. The ease of travel between the Russian imperial capital and the Finnish seaside towns contributed to this practice. After 1917, a new border regime delineated the nascent Finnish state from the equally new Russian/ Soviet state. This change displaced the majority of Russian proprietors, as well as those imperial subjects who rented vacation properties from local Finns. This article addresses how state-building practices distinguishing between ...