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Articles 61 - 90 of 881

Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Faouda Wa Ruina: A History Of Moroccan Punk Rock And Heavy Metal, Brian Kenneth Trott May 2018

Faouda Wa Ruina: A History Of Moroccan Punk Rock And Heavy Metal, Brian Kenneth Trott

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

FAOUDA WA RUINA: A HISTORY OF MOROCCAN PUNK ROCK AND HEAVY METAL

by

Brian Trott

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2018

Under the Supervision of Professor Gregory Carter

While the punk rock and heavy metal subcultures have spread through much of the world since the 1980s, a heavy metal scene did not take shape in Morocco until the mid-1990s. There had yet to be a punk rock band there until the mid-2000s. In the following paper, I detail the rise of heavy metal in Morocco. Beginning with the early metal scene, I trace through critical moments in its growth, building ...


Of Life And History, Vol. 1 (May 2018) May 2018

Of Life And History, Vol. 1 (May 2018)

Of Life and History

No abstract provided.


Zionism, Ottomanism, And The Young Turk Revolution: What Palestinian Jewish Identity Says About Zionist Political Separatism In 1908-1912, Dimitri Savidis May 2018

Zionism, Ottomanism, And The Young Turk Revolution: What Palestinian Jewish Identity Says About Zionist Political Separatism In 1908-1912, Dimitri Savidis

Of Life and History

No abstract provided.


Gbu-Description, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Apr 2018

Gbu-Description, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

GBU - Gazetteer of Beauplan’s Ukraine

No abstract provided.


The Viability Of Democratic Governance In De Facto States: A Comparative Case Study Of Iraqi Kurdistan And Syria Rojava, Chelsea Vogel Mar 2018

The Viability Of Democratic Governance In De Facto States: A Comparative Case Study Of Iraqi Kurdistan And Syria Rojava, Chelsea Vogel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The following comparative case study of Iraqi Kurdistan and Democratic Federation of Northern Syria-Rojava seeks to fill a gap in literature on the viability of democracy in cases of de facto statehood. There is yet to be an assessment of the potential influence of support from patron states on the degree to which democratization in de facto states is possible. This research expands upon on the argument that the decision to recognize de facto states is at least partially dependent upon the national interests of influential third party states. Syria Rojava has relied heavily on the strength of its internal ...


Bombed And Gassed Into Oblivion: The Lost Oasis Of Damascus, Karen Pinto Mar 2018

Bombed And Gassed Into Oblivion: The Lost Oasis Of Damascus, Karen Pinto

History Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dozens of people, including children, were killed this past weekend by an alleged chemical weapons attack in the eastern Ghouta city of Douma. The attack is the latest reminder that Ghouta, the one-time oasis of Damascus, is being destroyed. Every day brings with it news of renewed bombing, deadly gassing and starved or crushed bodies, accompanied by desperate scenes of mass exodus.


Bmu-Description, Mark Polczynski Mar 2018

Bmu-Description, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Czarny-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Czarny-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Czarny-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Czarny-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Morasky-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Morasky-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Morasky-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Morasky-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Kuszmansky-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Kuszmansky-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Kuszmansky-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Kuszmansky-Kml, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


Bmu-Rivers-Kml, Mark Polczynski Mar 2018

Bmu-Rivers-Kml, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Digital Addenda To: The French Of Outremer: Communities And Communications In The Crusading Mediterranean, Laura Morreale, Nicholas Paul, Alan M. Stahl, Philip Handyside, Massimiliano Gaggero, Angel Nicolaou-Konnari Feb 2018

Digital Addenda To: The French Of Outremer: Communities And Communications In The Crusading Mediterranean, Laura Morreale, Nicholas Paul, Alan M. Stahl, Philip Handyside, Massimiliano Gaggero, Angel Nicolaou-Konnari

Publications

Digital addendum to the essay collection originating with the 2014 Fordham conference entitled The French of Outremer. The addendum includes files for 3-D printing (in .stl format), an enriched manuscript stemma, a Byzantine genealogy, as well as more traditional textual addenda to contributions in the book.

Abstract of the book, from the Fordham University Press website: "The establishment of feudal principalities in the Levant in the wake of the First Crusade (1095-1099) saw the beginning of a centuries-long process of conquest and colonization of lands in the eastern Mediterranean by French-speaking Europeans. This book examines different aspects of the life ...


The Impact Of Ethnic Cleansing And The Eurocentric International System On The Entrance Of The Ottoman Empire Into The Great War, 1878-1914, Parker Lake Jan 2018

The Impact Of Ethnic Cleansing And The Eurocentric International System On The Entrance Of The Ottoman Empire Into The Great War, 1878-1914, Parker Lake

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis examines the reasons for the Ottoman Empire’s entrance into the First World War. It claims that the Empire’s decision was rooted in the failure of the European international system to uphold its diplomatic agreements and the resulting refugee crisis in the Balkans caused by Russian imperialism.


Skbd-Ichg18-Poster, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Jan 2018

Skbd-Ichg18-Poster, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

SKBD - Sawran Kodyma Border Dispute

No abstract provided.


'Not Cruelty But Piety': Circumscribing European Crusading Violence, Susanna A. Throop Jan 2018

'Not Cruelty But Piety': Circumscribing European Crusading Violence, Susanna A. Throop

History Faculty Publications

Was there such a thing as “crusading violence”? Traditionally the crusading movement has been sharply distinguished from other forms of Christian violence motivated, or at least justified, by religion. However, we have increasingly come to recognize the difficulties of drawing clear-cut boundaries between crusading and other aspects of western European culture in the Middle Ages. This chapter assesses the ways in which crusader violence was like and unlike other forms of medieval Christian violence.


Prosocial Religion And Games: Lost & Found, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber Jan 2018

Prosocial Religion And Games: Lost & Found, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber

Articles

In a time when religious legal systems are discussed without an understanding of history or context, it is more important than ever to help widen the understanding and discourse about the prosocial aspects of religious legal systems throughout history. The Lost & Found (www.lostandfoundthegame.com) game series, targeted for an audience of teens through twentysomethings in formal, learning environments, is designed to teach the prosocial aspects of medieval religious systems—specifically collaboration, cooperation, and the balancing of communal and individual/family needs. Set in Fustat (Old Cairo) in the 12th century, the first two games in the series address laws ...


Crusader Orientalism: Depictions Of The Eastern Other In Medieval Crusade Writings, Henry Schaller Jan 2018

Crusader Orientalism: Depictions Of The Eastern Other In Medieval Crusade Writings, Henry Schaller

Summer Research

This paper examines the ways in which different texts (crusade chronicles, French epic poems, and crusade sermons) written during the early Crusades and Crusader States created a coherent portrait of the East. It compare the ways Edward Said’s Orientalism, which examines colonial texts, and the effect their portrait of the East had on European identity, with texts of the Crusades. These texts cast the Orient into a place that was the antithesis of Christendom, defining what it meant to have a Christian, European white identity. This was done through representations of: threatening sexuality, skin color, unlimited wealth, and a ...


Lcsh In The Southern Levant, Steven W. Holloway Jan 2018

Lcsh In The Southern Levant, Steven W. Holloway

Libraries

The article demonstrates how Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) geographic headings for the Southern Levant mirror the political investment of Congress and the American public in Middle East politics over the last thirty years. The headings’ evolution as well as Library of Congress rules governing their creation is charted in detail. These LCSH headings contrast markedly with those established in other national libraries (BnF, DNB) and independent value vocabularies (TGN, GeoNames), and global opinion regarding the legal status of the occupied territories. I sketch the historical context of their formation and offer suggestions as to how libraries can “decolonize ...


Worldwide Waters: Laurasian Flood Myths And Their Connections, Logan A. Mcdonald Jan 2018

Worldwide Waters: Laurasian Flood Myths And Their Connections, Logan A. Mcdonald

University Honors Program Theses

In various cultures, stories of great floods have arisen, and many scholars agree that the writers of these stories based their accounts on an actual flooding event. However, these narratives vary in characters, plot, and even their meaning to each culture. This thesis examines several Laurasian flood narratives, perhaps the most ancient narratives in Western literature, including those of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Sumerian, and Israeli cultures. These civilizations all rose and existed in close proximity to one another, which makes the historicity of a flooding event more probable. A structural examination of the narratives and a comparison of their ...


Cuneiform And The Rise Of Early Alphabets In The Greater Arabian Peninsula: A Visual Investigation, Saad D. Abulhab Jan 2018

Cuneiform And The Rise Of Early Alphabets In The Greater Arabian Peninsula: A Visual Investigation, Saad D. Abulhab

Publications and Research

Scholars trace the roots of most historical and modern alphabets in the Near East and Europe, including Arabic and Latin, to a single obscure script, namely the Proto-Sinaitic or Proto-Canaanite script. This presumed script was attested by Western scholars in the early 20th Century following the discovery in 1905-06 of a few, very short graffiti inscriptions at “Serabit el-Khadim” in the Sinai Peninsula and the subsequent discovery in 1999 of a few similar ones at “Wadi el-Hol” in the middle of Egypt. According to these scholars, Proto-Sinaitic was derived from the Egyptian Hieroglyphs writing system between 18th-15 ...


Morocco & The United States: A Shared History, Daniel Valentin Jan 2018

Morocco & The United States: A Shared History, Daniel Valentin

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This thesis reviews existing literature on domestic affairs in Morocco and its interactions with the United States with the goal of examining the main reasons why both countries have been in positive relations throughout their shared history. Through an extensive analysis of time periods that include their origin of international relations, the American-led invasion of Axis-controlled Morocco during World War II, and the Cold War collaboration between both countries, I argue that the current friendship between the United States and Morocco is the result of unprecedented and unexpected actions taken by leaders in both countries on behalf of the other ...


What The Walls Say: Finding Meaning And Value In Tel Aviv’S Street Art, Rachel R. Bird Jan 2018

What The Walls Say: Finding Meaning And Value In Tel Aviv’S Street Art, Rachel R. Bird

Honors Theses

This thesis explores street art in Tel Aviv, Israel through anthropological concepts of value. By defining street art as an interstitial practice—one that exists between permeable, socially defined boundaries and is characterized differently by different power structures—I attempt to define some of the different regimes of value that apply to street art. Using the emerging market of “street art tours” as a fieldwork site, I look at how street art is presented and re-presented to both tourists and locals. By situating my research in a historical and geographic context, I hope to understand the ways different value schema ...


Review Of Rulers, Religion, & Riches: Why The West Got Rich And The Middle East Did Not, Lynne P. Doti Jan 2018

Review Of Rulers, Religion, & Riches: Why The West Got Rich And The Middle East Did Not, Lynne P. Doti

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

A review of Jared Rubin's Rulers, Religion, & Riches: Why the West Got Rich and the Middle East Did Not.


Sacred Orientation: The Qibla As Ritual, Metaphor, And Identity Marker In Early Islam, Ari Michael Gordon Jan 2018

Sacred Orientation: The Qibla As Ritual, Metaphor, And Identity Marker In Early Islam, Ari Michael Gordon

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Scholars of early Islam often take for granted the title of this study—that facing the qibla (i.e. the geographic direction of worship) is an important Islamic ritual and that Muḥammad’s turn toward the Kaʿba after facing Jerusalem for prayer marked the identity of his nascent community. This postulate is rarely questioned, but the mechanisms by which the qibla expressed and inscribed a collective Islamic identity remain largely unexplored. Rather, study of Islam’s sacred direction tends to focus on either historical reconstruction of Islamic origins or on the science of qibla-calculation. The former seeks to question or ...


Forging The Progressive Path: Literary Assemblies And Enlightenment Societies In Azerbaijan, 1850-1928, Kelsey Rice Jan 2018

Forging The Progressive Path: Literary Assemblies And Enlightenment Societies In Azerbaijan, 1850-1928, Kelsey Rice

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation examines the role ethnic Azeri enlightenment societies in the Southeastern Caucasus played in the broader movement of secular modernist reform throughout the Muslim world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century. These societies, which published literature and periodicals, founded schools, built reading rooms, and sponsored musical and dramatic performances, were the primary means through which intellectuals in Azerbaijan mobilized projects of cultural reform. Starting in the mid-nineteenth-century almost every significant Azeri artist and intellectual was involved in these societies to some degree, either as active members or through benefiting from society patronage. Azeri reformist intellectuals were ambitious in ...


Locating Palestine’S Summer Residence: Mandate Tourism And National Identity, Andrea L. Stanton Jan 2018

Locating Palestine’S Summer Residence: Mandate Tourism And National Identity, Andrea L. Stanton

Religious Studies: Faculty Scholarship

The carving up of the Ottoman Levant into British and French Mandates after World War I introduced new realities for the inhabitants of the region. This article uses Lebanese tourism and the promotion of Lebanon as a tourist destination to Palestinians of all religious backgrounds as a case study to investigate the challenges and potentials of the new Mandate structures. Using Palestinian government archives and newspapers, it examines how Lebanon was marketed to Palestinian vacationers. It concludes by suggesting that tourism, with its mixture of private and government sector interests, serves as a key node for observing the messy process ...


Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson Dec 2017

Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson

Judaica Librarianship

When Solomon Schechter published his opus magnum, the co-edited volume of The Wisdom of Ben Sira, in 1899, he took the trouble to express his gratitude towards one Reginald Q. Henriques for his help in the past and still ongoing. This article attempts to answer the question: who was this Mr. Henriques and what was the nature of his connection to Schechter? Using previously unpublished archival evidence, this question is explored in depth, as well as the question of why Schechter chose to acknowledge this individual precisely at that point. It also provides an in-depth account, together with transcriptions of ...