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Ottoman Empire

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Bmu-Description, Mark Polczynski Mar 2018

Bmu-Description, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bszlak-Czarny-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski Mar 2018

Bszlak-Czarny-Shp, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

BSZLAK - Beauplan’s 17th Century Szlak Routes Across the Pontic Steppe

No abstract provided.


A Portrayal Of An Ottoman City And Its Inhabitants: Administration, Society, And Economy In Ottoman Antakya (Antioch), 1750-1840, Ali Capar Dec 2017

A Portrayal Of An Ottoman City And Its Inhabitants: Administration, Society, And Economy In Ottoman Antakya (Antioch), 1750-1840, Ali Capar

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the main features of the social and economic life of the district of Antakya between 1750 and 1840 to essentially understand the characteristics of the daily life of society, administration, political developments, and economic activities in this particular city. While elucidating the city administration, demography, neighborhood life, trade, marketplace, guilds, religious minorities, women, children, and the politics of notables in the district of Antakya between 1750 and 1840; my observations revealed the main aspects of social, economic, and politic life of the city of Antakya- one of the most important religious, political, and commercial centers in the ...


Psikopatlar, Frengililer, Veremliler, Ve Mâderzâd Caniler: Osmanli’Dan Cumhuriyet Türkiye’Sine Dejenerasyon Korkusu, Yucel Yanikdag Nov 2017

Psikopatlar, Frengililer, Veremliler, Ve Mâderzâd Caniler: Osmanli’Dan Cumhuriyet Türkiye’Sine Dejenerasyon Korkusu, Yucel Yanikdag

History Faculty Publications

19I9'da İfham gazetesinde çıkan bir yazısımda, Ömer Seyfettin kendi­sine eski Dahiliye Nazırı Adil Bey tarafindan gönderilen bir mektuptan alımtı yapar. Mektubun burada bizi ilgilendiren kısmı "Türkiye'dc dört milyon Türk vardıf, diyorlar. Bu dört milyondan iki buçuk milyonu geçen muharebede öldü. Geriye kala kala bir buçuk milyon kaldı. Bu bir buçuk milyonunun da dejenere olduğunu muhterem alim, Filozof Rıza Tevfik'le Selim Sırrı Bey müşterek bir makalelerinde vazıhan ispat ettiler," der. Verilen toplam rakamdaki sorun bir yana, nüfusun deje­nere veya tereddi olma konusu ilk defa gündeme gelmiyordu. Ağustos 1915'de psikiyatr Mazhar Osman "Türklerin" mütereddi olup olma ...


Bmu-Land-Shp, Mark Polczynski Jul 2017

Bmu-Land-Shp, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bmu-Rivers-Shp, Mark Polczynski Jul 2017

Bmu-Rivers-Shp, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bmu-Elevation-Tif, Mark Polczynski Jul 2017

Bmu-Elevation-Tif, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bmu-Water-Shp, Mark Polczynski Jul 2017

Bmu-Water-Shp, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Bmu-Ruggedness-Tif, Mark Polczynski Jul 2017

Bmu-Ruggedness-Tif, Mark Polczynski

BMU - Base Maps of Ukraine

No abstract provided.


Hgc-Description, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski May 2017

Hgc-Description, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski

HGC - Historical Gazetteer of Crimea

No abstract provided.


Hgc-Kml, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski May 2017

Hgc-Kml, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski

HGC - Historical Gazetteer of Crimea

No abstract provided.


Hgc-Txt, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski May 2017

Hgc-Txt, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski

HGC - Historical Gazetteer of Crimea

No abstract provided.


Hgc-Qgis-Quick-Start, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski May 2017

Hgc-Qgis-Quick-Start, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski

HGC - Historical Gazetteer of Crimea

No abstract provided.


Hgc-Shp, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski May 2017

Hgc-Shp, Michael Polczynski, Mark Polczynski

HGC - Historical Gazetteer of Crimea

No abstract provided.


The Committee Of Union And Progress And World War I, Ella Shipp Jan 2017

The Committee Of Union And Progress And World War I, Ella Shipp

The Student Researcher: A Phi Alpha Theta Publication

The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), which was born out of the Young Turks (founded in 1889), had the stated goal of restoring the 1876 Constitution and Parliament, and was inspired by Young Ottomans such as Namik Kemal.1 However, the group also had a strong streak of nationalism and Social Darwinism influenced by strands of European thought. It became increasingly dominated by rigid thinking and unexperienced young officers who ultimately formed a triumvirate and brought the Ottoman Empire into WWI on the side of the Germans. (first paragraph)


Conflict And Cooperation: Western Economic Interests In Ottoman Iraq 1894-1914, Jameel N. Haque Sep 2016

Conflict And Cooperation: Western Economic Interests In Ottoman Iraq 1894-1914, Jameel N. Haque

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation investigates underutilized U.S. archival sources in order to discuss certain aspects of late Ottoman history in Baghdad and Basra, between 1894 and 1914. Since these sources have been underutilized, their inclusion will widen the scope of possible historical investigation in the study of Late Ottoman Baghdad and Basra. This research will suggest that, in this period, there was an expanding role/presence for America and Americans that is not currently reflected in the historiography. This should, of course, be qualified since Americans and American interests in the region, although on the increase, were still significantly less than ...


Commandeering Empires: Egypt, Tripoli, And Tunis In The Age Of Revolution, 1774-1835, Mukaram Hhana Jan 2016

Commandeering Empires: Egypt, Tripoli, And Tunis In The Age Of Revolution, 1774-1835, Mukaram Hhana

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation interrogates our conceptualizations of space, our understanding of the topographical borders of regions, and our historiographical depiction of the margins between imperial administration and local autonomy the Ottoman Maghreb. It does so by juxtaposing the history of corsairs, Bedouins, desert caravans and empires in turn-of-the-nineteenth-century North Africa. Further, it examines the horizontal connections among the North African provinces and their corresponding systems of governance. The central premise of this dissertation is that one cannot fully understand the policy and affairs of turn of the nineteenth century Egypt, or the Porte, without a firm grasp on the historical context ...


Coffee And The Ottoman Social Sphere, Marita Ervin May 2014

Coffee And The Ottoman Social Sphere, Marita Ervin

History Theses

In 1555 two Syrian merchants named Hakam and Shams opened the first coffeehouse in Ottoman Istanbul. The coffeehouse gained immediate popularity, and within fifteen years there were over six-hundred coffeehouses within the capital alone. Due to Istanbul’s flourishing merchant economy, the Ottoman public had access to many commodities such as chocolate, opium, tobacco, and tea. However, none of these items triggered the emergence of a social sphere. Coffee’s properties, specifically its temperature, bitterness, and thickness, led to the need for a specific space in which to consume the beverage. Although coffee went through many modes of presentation, the ...


The Coverings Of An Empire: An Examination Of Ottoman Headgear From 1500 To 1829, Connor H. Richardson Oct 2012

The Coverings Of An Empire: An Examination Of Ottoman Headgear From 1500 To 1829, Connor H. Richardson

Student Publications

This paper investigates the socio-economic and religious implications of hats worn in the Ottoman Empire from the mid-sixteenth century to 1829, when they were all replaced with the legendary fez. It acts as an initial compendium, drawing heavily from primary sources to explain who wore which style of headgear and why.


The Political Economy Of Mass Printing: Legitimacy And Technological Change In The Ottoman Empire, Metin M. Coşgel, Thomas J. Miceli, Jared Rubin Jan 2012

The Political Economy Of Mass Printing: Legitimacy And Technological Change In The Ottoman Empire, Metin M. Coşgel, Thomas J. Miceli, Jared Rubin

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

New technologies have not always been greeted with full enthusiasm. Although the Ottomans were quick to adopt advancements in military technology, they waited almost three centuries to sanction printing in Ottoman Turkish (in Arabic characters). Printing spread relatively rapidly throughout Europe following the invention of the printing press in 1450 despite resistance by interest groups and temporary restrictions in some countries. We explain differential reaction to technology through a political economy approach centered on the legitimizing relationships between rulers and their agents (e.g., military, religious, or secular authorities). The Ottomans regulated the printing press heavily to prevent the loss ...


Piracy, Slavery, And Assimilation: Women In Early Modern Captivity Literature, David C. Moberly Apr 2011

Piracy, Slavery, And Assimilation: Women In Early Modern Captivity Literature, David C. Moberly

Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research: Department of English

This thesis examines a hitherto neglected body of works featuring female characters enslaved in Islamicate lands. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, many Englishmen and women were taken captive by pirates and enslaved in what is now the Middle East and North Africa. Several writers of the time created narratives and dramas about the experiences of such captives. Recent scholarship has brought to light many of these works and pointed out their importance in establishing what was still a young, unsure, and developing English identity in this early period. Most of this scholarship, however, has dealt with narratives of the ...


Gallipoli: The Spark That Would Ignite An Empire, Brendan Quigley Jan 2011

Gallipoli: The Spark That Would Ignite An Empire, Brendan Quigley

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The expansion and growth of the Ottoman Empire in the early 1300s is one that has both intrigued and puzzled Western scholars for many years. Small bands of Islamic frontier raiders were able to join together and ultimately become a powerful empire that spanned three continents and had subjects of many different religions, cultural backgrounds and ethnicities. How did this happen? What was the spark that ignited the wildfire that would become the mighty and feared Ottoman Empire? Looking back on Ottoman history, one major acquisition, that is, the successful capture of a peninsula known as Gallipoli or Gelibolu in ...


The Ottoman Gunpowder Empire And The Composite Bow, Nathan Lanan Jan 2010

The Ottoman Gunpowder Empire And The Composite Bow, Nathan Lanan

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The Ottoman Empire is known today as a major Gunpowder Empire, famous for its prevalent use of this staple of modern warfare as early as the sixteenth century. However, when Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq visited Constantinople from 1554 to 1562, gunpowder was not used by the Sipahi cavalry who stubbornly, it seems, insisted on continuing to use the composite bow that the Turks had been using for centuries. This continued, despite their fear of European cavalry who used “small muskets” against them on raids. Was this a good idea? Was the composite bow a match or contemporary handheld firearms? Were ...


The First Translations Of The Qur'an In Modern Turkey (1924-1938), Brett Wilson Jul 2009

The First Translations Of The Qur'an In Modern Turkey (1924-1938), Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


The Sick Man’S Last Fight: The Role Of The Ottoman Empire In The First World War, Henry A. Crouse Jun 2009

The Sick Man’S Last Fight: The Role Of The Ottoman Empire In The First World War, Henry A. Crouse

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

The Great War in 1914 to 1918 destroyed mighty empires, and created nations from their ashes. Both the Allied and Central Powers had been dominated by powerful empires. The Ottoman Empire, established by the Turks was at one point the largest empire in the world. Prior to World War I, it had fallen into decline as its territories were gobbled up by other powers. The world dismissed the Ottoman Empire as “the Sick Man of Europe.” Throughout the Nineteenth Century, the rest of Europe waited for the empire to implode. A few years before war broke out, the Turks had ...


Letter From Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson To Beekman Winthrop, June 25, 1909, Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson Jun 1909

Letter From Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson To Beekman Winthrop, June 25, 1909, Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson

Other Correspondence

The document is a carbon copy of a typed letter from the Assistant Secretary of State to Beekman Winthrop, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, concerning the movement of the ships the Montana and the North Carolina.


Letter From Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson To Edward H. Ozmun, June 11, 1909, Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson Jun 1909

Letter From Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson To Edward H. Ozmun, June 11, 1909, Francis Mairs Huntington-Wilson

Other Correspondence

The document is a carbon copy of a typed letter from the Assistant Secretary of State to Edward Ozmun concerning a package of Turkish cigarettes.