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Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Can “Law” Be Private? The Mixed Message Of Rabbinic Oral Law, Natalie B. Dohrmann Jan 2015

Can “Law” Be Private? The Mixed Message Of Rabbinic Oral Law, Natalie B. Dohrmann

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

A great deal of ink has been spilled on the question of early rabbinic literary culture and the rabbinic dedication to the development of an explicitly oral legal tradition. In this essay I will argue that given that the manifest content of early rabbinic discourse is law, it is productive to look to the very public practices of communication inscribed, literally and figuratively, in the Roman legal culture of the east. Within this context, the rabbinic legal project makes sense as a form of provincial shadowing of a dominant Roman legal culture. This paper will explore the paradoxical rabbinic deployment ...


Making Spaces Sacred: The Sayyeda Zaynab And Bibi Pak Daman Shrines And The Construction Of Modern Shia Identity, Noor Zaidi Jan 2015

Making Spaces Sacred: The Sayyeda Zaynab And Bibi Pak Daman Shrines And The Construction Of Modern Shia Identity, Noor Zaidi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation is a study of the Bibi Pak Daman shrine in Lahore, Pakistan and the Sayyeda Zaynab shrine in Damascus, Syria and of how these shrines were made sacred in the 20th century. Said to house the graves of Ruqayyah and Zaynab, two daughters of â??Ali ibn Abu Talib, the first Shiâ??a Imam, the two shrines would grow from local sites of devotion to critical pilgrimage sites in the 20th century. The dissertation will first trace hagiographies related to Zaynab and Ruqayyah and how these narratives capitalized on transnational collective memories of Karbala to reinterpret their significance ...


No Longer Dhimmis: How European Intervention In The Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries Empowered Copts In Egypt, Patrick Victor Elyas Jan 2012

No Longer Dhimmis: How European Intervention In The Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries Empowered Copts In Egypt, Patrick Victor Elyas

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper will examine how European intervention in Egypt from Napoleon's occupation in 1798 to the departure of the monarchy in 1952 changed the social landscape of the country. Through Napoleonic decrees, diplomatic pressure, influence on the Mohammad Ali dynasty, and the expansion of European missionary education in Egypt, European involvement in Egyptian affairs was essential in allowing Copts and other Christians to reverse centuries of second-class status and ascend to play outsized roles in the economic and political life of the country.