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Full-Text Articles in Islamic World and Near East History

Salafism, Wahhabism, And The Definition Of Sunni Islam, Rob J. Williams Jan 2017

Salafism, Wahhabism, And The Definition Of Sunni Islam, Rob J. Williams

Honors Program: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

My capstone deals with the historical definition of Sunni Islam, and how it has changed in approximately the past 200 years. Around 1800, Sunni Islam was pretty clearly defined by an adherence to one of four maddhabs, or schools of law: the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali schools and are all based in nearly a millennium of legal scholarship. Since 1800, however, numerous reform movements have sprung up which disavow previous scholarship and interpret Islamic law their own way. However, certain reformist groups, such as Traditionalist Salafis and Wahhabis, claim that their version of Islam is the only “pure ...


Engagement And Resistance: African Americans, Saudi Arabia And Islamic Transnationalisms, 1975 To 2000, Jeffrey Diamant Sep 2016

Engagement And Resistance: African Americans, Saudi Arabia And Islamic Transnationalisms, 1975 To 2000, Jeffrey Diamant

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Since the 1960s, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has financed missionary efforts to Muslims around the world, attempting to spread a Salafi form of Islam that professes strict adherence to Islamic sacred scripture. The effects of this transnational proselytization have depended on numerous factors in “host countries.” This project explores the various impacts of Saudi transnational religious influence in the United States among African-Americans. By relying on previously unused documentary sources and fresh oral histories, it shows how Saudi “soft power” attempted to effect change in religious practices of African-American Muslims from 1975 through 2000. It provides the most detailed ...


The Movie Mogul, Moses And Muslims: Islamic Elements In Cecil B. Demille’S The Ten Commandments (1956), Michael D. Calabria Ofm Apr 2015

The Movie Mogul, Moses And Muslims: Islamic Elements In Cecil B. Demille’S The Ten Commandments (1956), Michael D. Calabria Ofm

Journal of Religion & Film

Cecil B. DeMille’s 1956 film, The Ten Commandments, has come to define the genre of the biblical epic. It has earned a permanent place in American culture due to its annual airing on television during the Easter and Passover holidays. Most viewers are unaware, however, that DeMille had sought to make a film that would appeal to Jews, Christians and Muslims at a time when their common Abrahamic ancestry had yet to be articulated, and interreligious dialogue was all but unheard of. To this end, Henry Noerdlinger, DeMille’s researcher for the film, consulted the Qur’an, and screenwriters ...


Ijtihād Against Madhhab: Legal Hybridity And The Meanings Of Modernity In Early Modern Daghestan, Rebecca Gould Jan 2015

Ijtihād Against Madhhab: Legal Hybridity And The Meanings Of Modernity In Early Modern Daghestan, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


Can “Law” Be Private? The Mixed Message Of Rabbinic Oral Law, Natalie B. Dohrmann Jan 2015

Can “Law” Be Private? The Mixed Message Of Rabbinic Oral Law, Natalie B. Dohrmann

Departmental Papers (Religious Studies)

A great deal of ink has been spilled on the question of early rabbinic literary culture and the rabbinic dedication to the development of an explicitly oral legal tradition. In this essay I will argue that given that the manifest content of early rabbinic discourse is law, it is productive to look to the very public practices of communication inscribed, literally and figuratively, in the Roman legal culture of the east. Within this context, the rabbinic legal project makes sense as a form of provincial shadowing of a dominant Roman legal culture. This paper will explore the paradoxical rabbinic deployment ...


The Optional Ramadan Fast: Debating Q. 2.184 In The Early Turkish Republic, Brett Wilson Dec 2014

The Optional Ramadan Fast: Debating Q. 2.184 In The Early Turkish Republic, Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


Atatürk's Balancing Act: The Role Of Secularism In Turkey, Patrick G. Rear Jan 2014

Atatürk's Balancing Act: The Role Of Secularism In Turkey, Patrick G. Rear

Global Tides

The intersection of religion and politics in the form of a civil religion has been present since time immemorial. This paper looks specifically to the relationship between Turkey’s development of a secular civil religion after gaining independence and the advancing of women’s rights and democratic values. In examining the intersections of state and religion in a secular Islamic society, it draws parallels to the French civil religion as it came to be following the French Revolution. Though Atatürk and other secularists were strong forces in developing the civil religion, the paper also examines liberal democratic and conservative Islamic ...


Translating The Qur'an In An Age Of Nationalism: Print Culture And Modern Islam In Turkey, Oxford University Press, Brett Wilson Dec 2013

Translating The Qur'an In An Age Of Nationalism: Print Culture And Modern Islam In Turkey, Oxford University Press, Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


Inimitability Versus Translatability: The Structure Of Literary Meaning In Arabo-Persian Poetics, Rebecca Gould Jan 2013

Inimitability Versus Translatability: The Structure Of Literary Meaning In Arabo-Persian Poetics, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


Leaving The House Of Memory: Post-Soviet Traces Of Deportation Memory, Rebecca Gould Jan 2012

Leaving The House Of Memory: Post-Soviet Traces Of Deportation Memory, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


Imam Shamil (1797–1871), Rebecca Gould Jan 2012

Imam Shamil (1797–1871), Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


No Longer Dhimmis: How European Intervention In The Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries Empowered Copts In Egypt, Patrick Victor Elyas Jan 2012

No Longer Dhimmis: How European Intervention In The Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries Empowered Copts In Egypt, Patrick Victor Elyas

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper will examine how European intervention in Egypt from Napoleon's occupation in 1798 to the departure of the monarchy in 1952 changed the social landscape of the country. Through Napoleonic decrees, diplomatic pressure, influence on the Mohammad Ali dynasty, and the expansion of European missionary education in Egypt, European involvement in Egyptian affairs was essential in allowing Copts and other Christians to reverse centuries of second-class status and ascend to play outsized roles in the economic and political life of the country.


Beyond Anti-Semitism, Rebecca Gould Nov 2011

Beyond Anti-Semitism, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

Focusing on internal contradictions within the Israeli left, this essay considers the impact of the historical legacy of anti-Semitism on everyday thinking about Israel and the Palestinian territories. Contesting the view that to criticize Israel is to engage in anti-Semitic defamation, it offers an historical account of how Israel's actions in the West Bank have come to be immunized from conscientious criticism. It also documents how progressive media outlets in contemporary Israel have silenced or otherwise marginalized Israel's most active critics.


Secularism And Belief In Georgia’S Pankisi Gorge, Rebecca Gould Sep 2011

Secularism And Belief In Georgia’S Pankisi Gorge, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


Review Of Islam And Sufism In Daghestan, Moshe Gammer, Ed. And Daghestan And The World Of Islam, Ed. Moshe Gammer And David J. Wasserstein., Rebecca Gould Jan 2011

Review Of Islam And Sufism In Daghestan, Moshe Gammer, Ed. And Daghestan And The World Of Islam, Ed. Moshe Gammer And David J. Wasserstein., Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


The Modernity Of Premodern Islam In Contemporary Daghestan, Rebecca Gould Jan 2011

The Modernity Of Premodern Islam In Contemporary Daghestan, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

“The Modernity of Premodern Islam in Contemporary Daghestan,” Contemporary Islam: Dynamics of Muslim Life 5.2 (2011): 161-183.


Transgressive Sanctity: The Abrek In Chechen Culture, Rebecca Gould Jan 2007

Transgressive Sanctity: The Abrek In Chechen Culture, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

The ancient tradition of the abrek (bandit) was developed into a political institution during the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth century by Chechen and other Muslim peoples of the Caucasus as a strategy for dealing with the overwhelming military force of Russia's imperial army. During the Soviet period, the abrek became a locus for oppositional politics and arguably influenced the representations of violence and anti-colonial resistance during the recent Chechen Wars. This article is one of the first works of English-language scholarship to historicize this institution. It also marks the beginning of a book project entitled ...